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Encyclopedia > Red International of Labour Unions

Profintern, or the Red International of Labour Unions, was an international body established with the aim of co-ordinating Communist activities within trade unions. It was intended to act as a counterweight to the influence of the 'Amsterdam International', the Social Democratic International Federation of Trade Unions. Its formation was proposed by Grigory Zinoviev at the Congress of the Russian Communist Party in March 1920, but the founding conference, attended by national delegations from a large number of countries, did not take place until July 1921. The full-time secretariat of RILU consisted of the Spaniard, Andres Nin, the Russian trade unionist Mikhail Tomsky and General Secretary Alexei Losovsky. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Grigory Yevseevich Zinoviev (Григо́рий Евсе́евич Зино́вьев, real name Ovsel Gershon Aronov Radomyslsky (Радомысльский), also known as Hirsch Apfelbaum), (September 23 [September 11, Old Style], 1883 - August 25, 1936) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet Communist politician. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Andres Nin, a. ... Mikhail Tomsky (1880-1936) was a factory worker, trade unionist and Bolshevik leader. ...

In addition to its Moscow headquarters, RILU established four overseas offices in Berlin (Central European Bureau), Paris, (Latin Bureau), Bulgaria (Balkan Bureau) and the United Kingdom (British Bureau). In Britain, the Bureau worked closely with the National Minority Movement. Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva. ...   Berlin? (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Stalinism's victory over the oppositions (4196 words)
A further step was taken at the 6th Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI) with the ratification of the resolution elaborated by the organisational conference «on the organisation and structure of the communist fractions in the trade unions»;.
As for the International, it is sufficient to recall that when the strike started on the 3rd of May, both the ECCI and the Profintern sent a series of proposals for common action to the Amsterdam International.
Meanwhile, «the Communist International»; (April 15), pointing to the danger of a rift between the CCP and the KMT, asserted that this could only be avoided «by the CP infusing the revolutionary blood of the workers and peasants into the veins» of the KMT.
CHNN, No 8, July 2000: Thesis Reports (3644 words)
The Red International of Labour Unions (RILU or, in the Russian abbreviation, Profintern) was founded in Moscow in 1921 shortly after the Comintern's Third Congress and was dissolved sixteen years later.
The new international immediately had to confront the questions of its narrow organisational base, the contradiction of claiming to be an independent organisation, and having a sizeable proportion of its members inside its principal competitor in the labour movement.
The RILU survived mainly because of the collapse of the Anglo-Russian Committee and the 'left' turn of the Comintern which led to the adoption of the 'dual unionism' perspective (i.e., taking a hostile stand towards the reformist unions which were declared to be 'social-fascist').
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