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Encyclopedia > Red Hat
Red Hat, Inc.
Type Public (NYSE:RHT)
Founded 1995
Headquarters Flag of North Carolina Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Key people Matthew Szulik, Chairman, President, CEO
Bob Young, Founder
Marc Ewing, Founder
Industry Computer software
Products Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Red Hat Directory Server
Red Hat Certificate System
Fedora
Revenue $278.3 million USD (2006)
Employees ~2200 (April, 2007)
Website http://www.redhat.com

Red Hat, Inc. (NYSERHT) is one of the larger and more recognized companies dedicated to free software / open source. It is also the largest distributor of the Linux operating system[citation needed]. Red Hat was founded in 1995 and has its corporate headquarters in Raleigh, North Carolina with satellite offices worldwide. [1] Image File history File links Redhat_Logo. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Carolina. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Matthew J. Szulik - Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of Red Hat, leader of some other technology companies, such as Interleaf and MapInfo for more than 20 years. ... Bob Young Robert Bob Young was born in Ancaster, Ontario, Canada and graduated from the University of Toronto. ... Marc Ewing is the enterprising creator and originator of the Red Hat brand of software, most notably the Red Hat range of Linux operating system distributions. ... Software redirects here. ... Red Hat Enterprise Linux (often abbreviated to RHEL) is a Linux distribution produced by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market, including mainframes. ... The Fedora Directory Server (FDS) is an LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) server developed by Red Hat, as part of Red Hats community-supported Fedora Project. ... Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is an RPM-based, general purpose Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... USD redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about work. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... For the corporation that produces Red Hat Enterprise Linux, see Red Hat. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... Open source software is computer software which source code is available under a license (or arrangement such as the public domain) that meets the Open_source_definition. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ...


The company is best known for its enterprise-class operating system, Red Hat Enterprise Linux and more recently through the acquisition of open source enterprise middleware vendor JBoss. Red Hat provides operating system platforms along with middleware, applications, and management solutions, as well as support, training, and consulting services. Red Hat Enterprise Linux (often abbreviated to RHEL) is a Linux distribution produced by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market, including mainframes. ... JBoss (pronounced Jay Boss) is an open source Java EE-based application server implemented in Java. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

History

In 1993 Bob Young incorporated the ACC Corporation, a catalog business that sold Linux and UNIX software accessories. Then in 1994 Marc Ewing created his own version of Linux, which he named Red Hat Linux. Ewing released it in October, and it became known as the Halloween release. Young bought Ewing's business in 1995, and the two merged to become Red Hat Software with Young serving as CEO. Bob Young Robert Bob Young was born in Ancaster, Ontario, Canada and graduated from the University of Toronto. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Marc Ewing is the enterprising creator and originator of the Red Hat brand of software, most notably the Red Hat range of Linux operating system distributions. ... Red Hat Linux was a popular Linux distribution assembled by Red Hat until the early 2000s, when it was discontinued. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ...


Red Hat went public on August 11, 1999, the eighth-biggest first-day gain in Wall Street history. Matthew Szulik succeeded Bob Young as CEO in November of that year. is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Elaborate marble facade of NYSE as seen from the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ... Matthew J. Szulik - Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of Red Hat, leader of some other technology companies, such as Interleaf and MapInfo for more than 20 years. ...


On November 15, 1999, Red Hat acquired Cygnus Solutions. Cygnus provided commercial support for free software and housed maintainers of GNU software products such as GNU Debugger and GNU Binutils. One of the founders, Michael Tiemann, served as the Chief Technical Officer of Red Hat and now serves as the vice president of open source affairs. Later it acquired WireSpeed, C2Net and Hell's Kitchen Systems. is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Cygnus Solutions, originally Cygnus Support, was founded in 1989 by John Gilmore, Michael Tiemann and David Henkel-Wallace to provide commercial support for free software. ... Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a computer operating system composed entirely of free software. ... The GNU Debugger, usually called just GDB, is the standard debugger for the GNU software system. ... The GNU Binutils is a collection of programming tools developed by the Free Software Foundation for the manipulation of object code in various object file formats. ... Michael Tiemann is Vice President, Open Source Affairs at Red Hat Inc. ... A chief technical officer or chief technology officer (abbreviated as CTO) is an executive position whose holder is focused on scientific and technical issues within a company. ... C2Net was an Internet cryptography company owned by Sameer Parekh, which was sold to RedHat in 2000. ...


In February 2000, InfoWorld awarded Red Hat with its fourth consecutive “Operating System Product of the Year” award for Red Hat Linux 6.1. In 2001 it acquires Planning Technologies, Inc, and in 2004 AOL's iPlanet directory and certificate server software. InfoWorld is an information technology online media and events business operating under the umbrella of InfoWorld Media Group, a division of IDG (International Data Group). ... For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ... iPlanet is the name of a computer software company. ...


Company headquarters were moved from Durham, NC, to N.C. State University's Centennial Campus in Raleigh, NC in February of 2002. Durham is a city located in Durham County, North Carolina. ... North Carolina State University is a public, coeducational, extensive research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States. ... This article is about NCSUS Centennial Campus. ... springfield va ...


The following March Red Hat introduced the first enterprise-class Linux operating system: Red Hat Advanced Server, later named Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Dell, IBM, HP and the Oracle Corporation announced their support of the platform. This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ...


In December of 2005 CIO Insight Magazine conducted their annual Vendor Value Survey, where Red Hat ranked #1 in value for the second year in a row.


Red Hat stock was added to the NASDAQ-100 on December 19, 2005. The NASDAQ-100 is a stock market index of 100 of the largest domestic and international non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange based on market capitalization. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Red Hat acquired open source middleware provider JBoss on June 5, 2006 and JBoss became a division of Red Hat. In 2007 it acquired Metamatrix and made an agreement with Exadel to distribute its software. JBoss (pronounced Jay Boss) is an open source Java EE-based application server implemented in Java. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On September 18, 2006, Red Hat released the Red Hat Application Stack, the first certified stack integrating JBoss technology. is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On December 12, 2006, Red Hat moved from NASDAQ (RHAT) to the New York Stock Exchange (RHT). is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ...


On March 15, 2007 Red Hat released Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, and in June, they acquired Mobicents Mobicents is a highly scalable event-driven application server with a robust component model and fault tolerant execution environment. ...


Fedora Project

Main article: Fedora Project

The Fedora Project is a Red Hat-sponsored, community-supported open-source project. Its stated goal is to promote the rapid progress of free and open-source software and content, and its rapid innovation is possible using open processes and public forums. The Fedora Project logo The Fedora Project is the community responsible for producing the Fedora Linux distribution, along with a variety of other projects. ...


The project is led by the Fedora Project Board, which comprises community leaders and Red Hat members, and this group steers the direction of the project and of Fedora, the Linux distribution it develops. Red Hat employees work with the code alongside community members, and many Fedora Project innovations make their way into new releases of Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is an RPM-based, general purpose Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ... A Linux distribution, often simply distribution or distro, is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like operating systems comprising the Linux kernel, the non-kernel parts of the GNU operating system, and assorted other software. ...


Business model

Red Hat operates on a professional open-source business model based on open code, community development, professional quality-assurance services, and subscription-based customer support. Professional open-source is a business model that many open-source software venders are attempting to follow. ... The term business model describes a broad range of informal and formal models that are used by enterprises to represent various aspects of business, such as operational processes, organizational structures, and financial forecasts. ... Tech Support is the modern term for assistance with electronics or software, usually computer related. ...


Developers take the open source Linux kernel and adapt and improve it to fit certain needs. The code they write is open, so more programmers can make further adaptations and improvements. When a problem is found, an entire community of users can come together to find a solution. The whole development process is said by some[citation needed] to work at a faster pace and at a lower cost than that of a proprietary model where the code is not visible to users. The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ...


Red Hat sells subscriptions to the support, training, and integration services that help customers in using the open source software. Customers pay one set price for access to services such as Red Hat Network and up to 24x7 support, and they receive unlimited access to these services.


Programs and projects

One Laptop per Child

Red Hat engineers work with the One Laptop per Child initiative, a non-profit organization created by members of the MIT Media Lab. The mission is to create an inexpensive laptop and provide every child in the world access to open communication, open knowledge, and open learning. The Children's Machine, or 2B1, is the latest version of this technology. The machines will run a slimmed-down version of Fedora as the operating system. The Childrens Machine, also known as XO-1 and previously as the $100 Laptop, is a proposed inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children around the world, especially to those in developing countries, to provide them with access to knowledge and modern forms of education. ... A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ... The building interior near the entrance The MIT Media Lab in the School of Architecture and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology engages in education and research in the digital technology used for expression and communication. ... Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is an RPM-based, general purpose Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. ...


108

108 is an open content and collaboration portal aimed at developers. It lets Red Hat deliver developer-oriented content and facilitates the collaboration of Red Hat project managers, customers, partners, and communities. 108 was announced at the 2006 Red Hat Summit in Nashville and is currently a beta. Beta is the second letter of the Greek alphabet (β). Beta may also refer to: In mathematics, statistics, and economics: Beta function in mathematics Beta distribution in statistics Beta coefficient in finance Standardized coefficient in statistics, also sometimes known as beta coefficient In physics: Beta-function in quantum field theory Beta...


Mugshot

Red Hat sponsors Mugshot, an open project that is creating "a live social experience" based around entertainment. It refocuses technological thinking from objects (files, folders, etc) to activities, like web browsing or music sharing. These topics are the focus of the first two features in Mugshot, Web Swarm and Music Radar. These were already underway when the project was announced at the 2006 Red Hat Summit in Nashville. Mugshot is a community software system created by Red Hat. ...


Dogtail

Dogtail is an open source automated GUI test framework. It was initially developed by Red Hat, and is free software released under the GPL. It is written in Python and allows developers to build and test their applications. Red Hat announced the release of Dogtail at the 2006 Red Hat Summit in Nashville. Dogtail is an open source GUI test tool and automation framework written in Python. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... The GNU logo For other uses of GPL, see GPL (disambiguation). ... Python is a high-level programming language first released by Guido van Rossum in 1991. ...


Red Hat Magazine

Red Hat Magazine is the online news publication produced by Red Hat. It brings together issues of interest from inside and outside of the company, focusing on in-depth discussion of the development and application of open source technologies. It covers news from Red Hat and the Fedora Project, it updates readers on public licensing and the Creative Commons, and it features interviews with industry leaders and the movers and shakers of the open source world. Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... The Fedora Project logo The Fedora Project is the community responsible for producing the Fedora Linux distribution, along with a variety of other projects. ... The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. ...


Under the Brim was the company's original newsletter. Wide Open Magazine was first published in March 2004 as a means for Red Hat to share technical content with subscribers on a regular basis. Under the Brim and Wide Open Magazine merged in November of 2004 to become Red Hat Magazine.


Red Hat Exchange

Red Hat recently announced that it has reached an agreement with major free software / open source (FOSS) companies that will allow them to make a distribution portal called Red Hat Exchange, which will resell FOSS software with the original branding intact.[2]. Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... Open source software is computer software which source code is available under a license (or arrangement such as the public domain) that meets the Open_source_definition. ...


References

  1. ^ redhat.com - Corporate Facts. Retrieved on 2006-08-26.
  2. ^ Red Hat Prepares Business Application Stacks [1]

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Free software Portal

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