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Encyclopedia > Red Ensign
 The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdom's Merchant Navy
The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdom's Merchant Navy
The Red Ensign of the United Kingdom in use in London
The Red Ensign of the United Kingdom in use in London

The Red Ensign or "Red Duster" is a flag that originated in the early 17th century as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. The precise date of its first appearance is not known, but surviving receipts indicate that the Navy was paying to have such flags sewn during the 1620s. It is currently used as the civil ensign of the United Kingdom. Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links FIAV_000100. ... The British Red Ensign. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 246 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Onecanadasquarebishopsgatecommons Own work File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 246 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Onecanadasquarebishopsgatecommons Own work File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... The civil ensign (a. ...

Contents

History

In 1674, a Royal Proclamation of Charles II confirmed that the Red Ensign was the appropriate flag to be worn by English merchant ships. The wording of the 1674 proclamation indicates that the flag was customarily being used by English merchantmen before that date. At this time, the ensign displayed the English Cross of St George in the canton. The Red Ensign was also flown by ships of the Royal Scots Navy, with a Saltire in the canton. Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Merchant Navy. ... St Georges cross The St Georges Cross is a red cross on a white background. ... The Scottish Red Ensign, flown by ships of the Old Scots Navy The Royal Scottish Navy (or Old Scots Navy) was the navy of the Kingdom of Scotland from its foundation in the 11th century until its merger with the Royal Navy in 1707. ... The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ...

The British Red Ensign (1707–1801)
The British Red Ensign (1707–1801)
English Red Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century.
The Scottish Red Ensign, flown by ships of the Royal Scots Navy

In 1707, an Act of Union united the Kingdom of Scotland with the Kingdom of England (which included the Principality of Wales) in the Kingdom of Great Britain, which resulted in a new red ensign. This flag placed the first Union Flag in the first quarter. The new design of the Red Ensign was proclaimed by Queen Anne, who indicated that it was to be used by both the navy and ships owned by "our loving subjects." This was the flag that flew over the thirteen American colonies before the American Revolution and was a precursor to the flag of the United States. Image File history File links British-Red-Ensign-1707. ... Image File history File links British-Red-Ensign-1707. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Image File history File links Scottish_Red_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Scottish_Red_Ensign. ... The Acts of Union were twin Acts of Parliament passed in 1707 (taking effect on 26 March) by the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. ... Motto Latin: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) (Scots: Wha daur meddle wi me) Capital Edinburgh¹ Language(s) Gaelic, Scots Government Monarchy King/Queen  - 843-860 Kenneth I  - 1587–1625 James VI  - 1702-1714 Anne Legislature Parliament of Scotland History  - United 843  - Union of the... Motto Dieu et mon droit(French) God and my right Territory of the Kingdom of England Capital Winchester; London from 11th century Language(s) Old English (de facto, until 1066) Anglo-Norman language (de jure, 1066 - 15th century) English (de facto, gradually replaced French from late 13th century) Government Monarchy... For an explanation of terms such as Scotland, Wales, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom, see British Isles (terminology). ... Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702, succeeding William III and II. Her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII, was forcibly deposed in 1688; her brother-in-law and her sister then became joint monarchs as William III... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... Union Jack. ...


In 1801, with another Act of Union, Ireland joined the United Kingdom, which resulted in the present Union Flag being added to the canton. The St Patrick's Cross was added to the Union Flag of the United Kingdom and, accordingly, to the first quarters of the British ensigns. The Act of Union 1800 merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself a merger of England and Wales and Scotland under the Act of Union 1707) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801. ... Statue of Saint Patrick Saint Patrick (died March 17, 462, 492, or 493), is the patron saint of Ireland. ... “Union Jack” redirects here. ...


In 1854, the Merchant Shipping Act included a specific provision that the Red Ensign was the appropriate flag for a British merchantman. This provision was repeated in successive British shipping legislation (i.e., 1889, 1894 (section 73) and 1995).


Until 1864, the Red Ensign was also the principal ensign of the Royal Navy, and as such it was worn by ships of the Red Squadron of the navy, as well as by those warships that were not assigned to any squadron (i.e., those sailing under independent command). The white ensign and the blue ensign were also used by the Royal Navy.


Many in the Admiralty felt that the Royal Navy's use of three separate ensigns (i.e., the red, white, and blue) was outdated and confusing. Many also felt that steam merchantmen should be clearly distinguishable from warships. In July 1864, an order-in-council provided that the White Ensign was the ensign of the Royal Naval Service. The Blue Ensign was designated as the proper national colours for ships commanded by an officer of the Royal Naval Reserve, and (with an appropriate badge) as national colours for ships in government service. The Red Ensign was assigned to British merchantmen. This basic structure remains today. Flag of the Lord High Admiral The Admiralty was formerly the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ...


A few years later (1867–1869), the Admiralty determined that the blue ensign charged with an appropriate badge in the fly would be used as the ensign by those ships in the armed, or public, service of the many British colonies. Most British colonies needed to use the blue ensign due to the fact that most had government vessels; some colonies, such as South Australia, had warships. As a result, the Blue Ensign was used throughout the Empire and thus became the model for the flags used by a number of colonies and former colonies in the British Empire. At the same time, the red ensign (which was designated in 1864 as the flag for merchant shipping) was used by merchantmen of those colonies which obtained an Admiralty warrant. Not all colonies obtained an Admiralty warrant, however; ones that did tended to be larger, and included Canada (1892); New Zealand (1899); Australia (1901); South Africa (1910) and Cyprus (1922). Those areas that did not have an Admiralty warrant used the plain Red Ensign, although unofficial local versions of the Red Ensign were used. RFA Brambleleaf flying the square Blue Jack based on the Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Today, Red Ensigns charged with the local emblem are available to be used by ships registered on several of the component registers of the Red Ensign Group: Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey and Isle of Man. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


For more information see British ensigns. The White Ensign. ...


Australia

Australian Red Ensign
Australian Red Ensign
The British Red Ensign being paraded alongside the Australian Red Ensign during the 2007 Anzac Day celebrations in Brisbane, Australia.
The British Red Ensign being paraded alongside the Australian Red Ensign during the 2007 Anzac Day celebrations in Brisbane, Australia.

The Australian Red Ensign, is a red version of the Australian Flag and is a reserved civil ensign. From 1901 to 1954 the flag was used as a civil flag, to be flown by private citizens on land, while the government used the Blue Ensign reflecting British practice. In 1941, Prime Minister Robert Menzies stated that there should be no restrictions on private citizens using the Blue Ensign on land and, in 1947, Prime Minister Ben Chifley reaffirmed this position but it wasn't until the passage of the Flags Act 1953 that the restriction on civilians flying the Blue Ensign was officially lifted after which use of the Red Ensign on land became a rarity. Under the Navigation and Shipping Act 1912 and the Shipping Registration Act 1981 the Red Ensign remains the only flag permitted for use by merchant ships registered in Australia. Pleasure craft may use either the Red Ensign or the national flag, but not both at the same time. Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Australian Red Ensign resulted from the Commonwealth Government Federal Design Competition, which required an official flag and a merchant or shipping version of the same design. ... ANZAC Day is commemorated by Australia and New Zealand on 25 April every year to remember members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who in the Battle of Gallipoli landed at Gallipoli in Turkey during World War I. ANZAC Day is also a public holiday in the... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... National flag and state ensign. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, FRS, QC (20 December 1894 – 15 May 1978), Australian politician, was the twelfth and longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia, serving eighteen and a half years. ... Joseph Benedict Chifley (22 September 1885 – 13 June 1951), Australian politician and 16th Prime Minister of Australia, was one of Australias most influential Prime Ministers. ...


See also: Australian Red Ensign Flag ratio: 1:2 The Australian Red Ensign resulted from the Commonwealth Government Federal Design Competition, which required an official flag and a merchant or shipping version of the same design. ...

  • External link: Australia's forgotten flag: The Red Ensign

Bermuda

Bermuda's Red Ensign
Bermuda's Red Ensign

Bermuda, uniquely among British overseas territories, uses the Red Ensign as its land flag, which apparently has been flown unofficially since Bermuda's arms were granted in 1910. (Note, however, that many other British territories use local versions of the Red Ensign at sea). There appears to be no formal adoption of the Bermuda flag for use on land, although a 1969 Foreign & Commonwealth Office circular mentions its use. The white and green shield has a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture one mile off the coast of Bermuda in 1609. The ship struck a reef after being caught in a hurricane. The Red Ensign is likely to have been chosen as Bermuda's land flag due to Canadian influence. (In the early twentieth century, Canada made use of the Red Ensign defaced with the Canadian shield as an unofficial land flag). Bermuda's 2002 shipping legislation officially recognizes the flag as an ensign for Bermudian registered ships. Prior to 2002, the flag was often used unofficially by Bermudian ships as an ensign, as reflected in Admiralty correspondence dating back to the 1950s. Image File history File links Flag_of_Bermuda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bermuda. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, more commonly known as the Foreign Office (or the FCO), is the United Kingdom government department responsible for promoting the interests of the United Kingdom abroad. ...


Canada

The term Red Ensign is often used in particular to refer to the Canadian Red Ensign, the former de facto national flag of Canada. It was informally adopted following Canadian Confederation in 1867 and, from 1892, it was the official flag for use on Canadian merchant ships, but on land the official national flag was the Union Flag. Despite its lack of official status the Red Ensign was widely used on land as well. In 1924 it was approved for use on Canadian government buildings outside Canada, and in 1945 for those inside Canada as well. Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign. ... The Canadian Red Ensign. ... The Canadian Red Ensign. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark, is the oldest state flag still in use. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ...


Canada's Red Ensign bore various forms of the shield from the Canadian coat of arms in its fly during the period of its use. The picture shows the official form between 1957 and 1965. Canada also used a blue ensign for ships operated by the Canadian government and for the Royal Canadian Navy. Coat of Arms of Canada (since 1994) The Coat of Arms of Canada, formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, is the official coat of arms of the Canadian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. These arms are used by the Queen in her official capacity... RFA Brambleleaf flying the square Blue Jack based on the Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. ... For history after 1968, see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three Canadian armed services were unified to form the Canadian Forces. ...


The Red Ensign served as Canada's national flag until 1965 when, after considerable debate, it was replaced by today's Maple Leaf Flag. The Red Ensign is still popular amongst traditionalists and monarchists and even though the flag is no longer in use nationally (with the exception of historical reasons and extremely important events), the original provincial versions of the flag, with the coat of arms of the respective provinces in the fly, continue as the official flags of Manitoba and Ontario. The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leafed), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy as a form of government in a nation. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...


See also: Great Flag Debate; see Flag of Manitoba and Flag of Ontario for surviving provincial Red Ensigns. 1957 version of the Canadian Red Ensign that had evolved as the de facto national flag until 1965. ... Manitobas official flag since 1965 The Flag of Manitoba is a variation of the Red Ensign which bears the shield of the provincial coat of arms. ... Ontarios official flag since 1965 The current Flag of Ontario was proclaimed the official flag of the Canadian province of Ontario by the Flag Act on May 21, 1965. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ...

HBC Corporate flag
HBC Corporate flag

The HBC also used a Red Ensign as part of their corporate flag. Image File history File links Hudsons_Bay_Company_Flag. ... Image File history File links Hudsons_Bay_Company_Flag. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ...


India

Indian Red Ensign with the Star of India

The flag representing British India was usually the Union Jack superimposed with the Star of India. However in many International events and International associations the Red Ensign with the Star of India was used to represent India. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 398 pixelsFull resolution (992 × 493 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This photograph belongs to me. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 398 pixelsFull resolution (992 × 493 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This photograph belongs to me. ... The Star of India may refer to one of the followings: Star of India (gem): the largest star sapphire in the world. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... The Star of India may refer to one of the followings: Star of India (gem): the largest star sapphire in the world. ...


Newfoundland

Newfoundland Red Ensign
Newfoundland Red Ensign

The Red Ensign with the great seal in the fly was Newfoundland's unofficial flag, to be flown by commercial shipping, from 1904 until 1931. The flag was never formally adopted by the national parliament. The badge in the flag consists of Mercury, the God of Commerce and Merchandise, presenting to Britannia a fisherman who, in a kneeling attitude, is offering the harvest of all the sea. Above the device in a scroll are the words Terra Nova, and below the motto Haec Tibi Dona Fero or "These gifts I bring thee." The seal was redesigned by Adelaine Lane, niece of Governor Sir Cavendish Boyle in 1903. Image File history File links Newfoundland_Red_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Newfoundland_Red_Ensign. ... A sculpture of the Roman god Mercury by 17th-century Flemish artist Artus Quellinus. ... For other uses, see Britannia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Sir Cavendish Boyle (1849-1916) was a British colonial administrator. ...


New Zealand

Example of a Red Ensign used by New Zealand Māori.
Example of a Red Ensign used by New Zealand Māori.
New Zealand's Red Ensign

The New Zealand Red Ensign with the Union Flag in the first quarter, and the Southern Cross, represented by four five-pointed white stars featured in the fly became the official flag in New Zealand for merchant vessels in 1901.[1] Previously a plain red ensign was used. Image File history File links NZ-Takitimu-Flag. ... Image File history File links NZ-Takitimu-Flag. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... Southern Cross is the English name of Crux Australis, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Merchant Navy. ...


The red ensign may continue to be flown on land in Māori areas or during Māori events under the Flags, Emblems, and Names Protection Act 1981 [2] in recognition of long held Māori preference for red flags. New Zealand law allows the defacement of the flag in accordance to Māori custom in which white capital letters identifying a particular family or Māori tribe are added. In the case of the flag on the left, TAKITIMU refers to a grouping of Māori tribes descended from the crew of the ancestral canoe of that name [3]. This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Today, private and merchant craft can choose to fly the Flag of New Zealand (which is a blue ensign) or the Southern Cross red ensign. The Flag of New Zealand is a defaced blue ensign with the Union Flag in the canton, and four red stars with white borders to the right. ...


South Africa

The Union of South Africa used a Red Ensign as its de facto national flag from 1910 until 1928, with the shield of its coat of arms in the fly. There was also a Blue Ensign which was mostly used on overseas offices. Motto Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Anthem Die Stem van Suid-Afrika Capital Cape Town (legislative) Pretoria (administrative) Bloemfontein (judicial) Language(s) Afrikaans, Dutch, English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1952-1961 Queen Elizabeth II Governor-General  - 1959-1961 Charles Robberts Swart Prime Minister  - 1958-1961 Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd... RFA Brambleleaf flying the square Blue Jack based on the Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. ...


Both ensigns were changed slightly in 1912 when the shield of the coat of arms was placed on a white roundel. The South African coat of arms that defaced the flag was intended to represent both British and the Boer settlers equally. This article is about the Boer people (Boerevolk). ...

Red Ensign of the Union of South Africa as it appeared from 1910 to 1912.
Red Ensign of the Union of South Africa as it appeared from 1910 to 1912.

The most notable usage of the flag was when General Louis Botha flew the flag over Windhoek in what was then German South West Africa after the town's capture by South African troops in 1915. Image File history File links South_Africa_Red_Ensign. ... Image File history File links South_Africa_Red_Ensign. ... Motto Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Anthem Die Stem van Suid-Afrika Capital Cape Town (legislative) Pretoria (administrative) Bloemfontein (judicial) Language(s) Afrikaans, Dutch, English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1952-1961 Queen Elizabeth II Governor-General  - 1959-1961 Charles Robberts Swart Prime Minister  - 1958-1961 Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd... Louis Botha Louis Botha (September 17, 1862-August 27, 1919) was an Afrikaner and first Prime Minister of the modern South African state, then called the Union of South Africa. ... --193. ... Flag of German South West Africa German South-West Africa (German: Deutsch-Südwestafrika or DSWA) was a colony of Germany from 1884 to 1915, when it was taken over by South Africa and administered as South-West Africa, later becoming Namibia. ...


The Red Ensign was used in the early years after the creation of the Union of South Africa in the aftermath of the Second Boer War when the pro-British South African Party of Botha and Jan Smuts formed the government. However in 1924, the Afrikaner nationalist National Party first gained power, and the South African Flag Controversy of 1925 to 1928 ensued. The government, led by republican James Barry Munnik Hertzog sponsored a contest to choose a new banner based on the old Prinsevlag horizontal tricolour was chosen in 1927, and became the official flag in 1928. Combatants British Empire Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Sir Redvers Buller Lord Kitchener Lord Roberts Paul Kruger Louis Botha Koos de la Rey Martinus Steyn Christiaan de Wet Casualties 6,000 - 7,000 (A further ~14,000 from disease) 6,000 - 8,000 (Unknown number from disease) Civilians... The South African Party was a liberal political party that existed in the Union of South Africa from 1911 to 1934. ... Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts, OM, CH, PC, ED, KC, FRS (May 24, 1870 – September 11, 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader, and philosopher. ... This article is about the Southern African ethnic group. ... The National Party (Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) (with its members sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats) was the governing party of South Africa from June 4th 1948 until May 9th 1994, and was disbanded in 2005. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cover of Time Magazine (April 27, 1925) James Barry Munnik Hertzog, better known as Barry Hertzog, (1866-1942) was Prime Minister of South Africa from 1924 to 1939. ... French tricolour flag A tricolour is a flag or banner having three colours, usually in approximately equal size (horizontally or vertically) and lacking additional symbols. ...


See also Flag of South Africa Flag ratio: 2:3 The current flag of the Republic of South Africa was adopted on April 27, 1994, after the first free elections and the end of apartheid. ...


(source: Harry Saker, The South African Flag Controversy 1925-1928, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, 1980.)


The Scout Association

Red Ensign of the Sea Scouts in the United Kingdom.

Certain groups within The Scout Association can be Royal Navy Registered, and are allowed to fly a defaced Red Ensign to signify that they are Sea Scouts. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sea scouts are members of the international scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on sea-based activities. ... It has been suggested that Gimmie 5 be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Sea scouts are members of the international scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on sea-based activities. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Red Ensigns

  Results from FactBites:
 
Red Ensign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1664 words)
Until 1864, the Red Ensign was the principal ensign of the Royal Navy, and as such it was worn by ships of the Red Squadron of the navy, as well as by those warships that were not assigned to any squadron (i.e., those sailing under independent command).
Red Ensign of the Union of South Africa as it appeared from 1910 to 1912.
The Red Ensign was used in the early years after the creation of the Union of South Africa in the aftermath of the Boer Wars when the pro-British South African Party of Botha and Jan Smuts formed the government.
Canadian Red Ensign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (815 words)
The Red Ensign was used as early as 1868 on an informal basis.
In 1924, the Red Ensign was approved for use on Canadian government buildings outside Canada, and in 1945, the flag was officially approved for use by government buildings inside Canada as well, and once again flew over Parliament.
A blue ensign, also bearing the shield of the Canadian coat of arms, was the jack flown by the Royal Canadian Navy and the ensign of ships owned by the Canadian government until 1965.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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