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Encyclopedia > Red Cross

The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the "Anarchist Red Cross". The Anarchist Black Cross (or ABC) is an anarchist political Prison Abolition organization, first started in Russia as the Anarchist Red Cross, a support organization for political prisoners. ...

The band Redd Kross was originally called "Red Cross". Redd Kross, an alternative rock/garage rock/power pop/cover version band from Hawthorne, California had their roots in 1978 in a band called The Tourists begun by Jeff and Steve McDonald while the brothers were still in middle school. ...

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The terms Red Cross and Red Crescent are often used as short names for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, or its two leading international organs, the ICRC and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. This page is about the emblem itself, see respective articles for information about the organizations and movements. Somebody please clean this up. ... The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a committee of Swiss nationals and probably will be so as long as the ICRC exists. ... The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) is an international humanitarian organisation, often better known as the Red Cross or the Red Crescent. ...

The Red Cross is an emblem which under the Geneva Conventions is to be placed on humanitarian and medical vehicles and buildings to protect them from military attack on the battlefield. The Red Cross flag is not to be confused with the St George cross which is the flag of England, Barcelona, Freiburg and several other places. The red cross of the St George cross extends to the edge of the flag, whereas the red cross on the Red Cross flag does not. The symbol of Int. ... Development of the Geneva Conventions from 1864 to 1949 The Geneva Conventions consist of four treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ... Humanitarianism is the view that all people should be treated with the respect and dignity they deserve as human beings, and that advancing the well-being of humanity is a noble goal. ... The St Georges cross, a red cross on a white background, is the national flag of England and has been from about 1277. ... A flag is a piece of coloured cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually for purposes of signalling or identification. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia, an autonomous community in northeastern Spain, and Spains second-largest city (after Madrid). ... Freiburg city from Schlossberg Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 200,000 inhabitants. ... The St Georges cross, a red cross on a white background, is the national flag of England and has been from about 1277. ...

Originally only the Red Cross (being the flag of Switzerland reversed) was to be used as an emblem of the Geneva Conventions, but most of the Muslim nations (primarily the Ottoman Empire, later Turkey) objected to this, and as a result an additional emblem (the Red Crescent) was to be provided for. Later Persia (now Iran) managed to have a red lion and sun (the lion and sun being the emblem of Persia) added to the list of available emblems; though the emblem no longer being used by Iran has fallen into disuse in favour of the Red Crescent, Iran has in the past reserved the right to take it up again at any time. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (Ottoman Turkish for the Eternal State) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Constantinople (İstanbul) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ...

For over 50 years, Israel has requested the addition of a Red Star of David, arguing that since Christian and Muslim emblems were recognized the corresponding Jewish emblem should be as well. This emblem is the one currently used by Magen David Adom, but it is still not recognized by the International Red Cross. The Red Cross movement has rejected this Israeli request, reasoning that if Jews (or another group) were to be given another emblem, there would be no end to the number of religious or other groups claiming an emblem for themselves. That would detract from the original intention of the Red Cross emblem, which was to be a single emblem to mark vehicles and buildings protected on humanitarian grounds. The Star of David The Star of David (Magen David in Hebrew or Mogen Dovid in Ashkenazi Hebrew, Shield of David, Solomons Seal, or Seal of Solomon) is a generally recognized symbol of Judaism and Jewish identity. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... Islam   listen? (Arabic: al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second largest religion. ... Judaism is the religious culture of the Jewish people. ... The Magen David Adom is Israels only official emergency medical, disaster, ambulance and blood bank service. ...

In response, the Red Cross movement is in the process of developing a new emblem, which will be without any religious connotations and also easily recognizable on the battlefield; As of 2004 the most likely candidate is a red lozenge or diamond on a white background, most likely it will be known as the "Red Crystal" (since, in the English language, it would preserve the "RC" of "Red Cross" and "Red Crescent"). The mechanism for adoption of this emblem is a Diplomatic Conference of States Party to the Geneva Conventions, which would have before it a draft Third Protocol to these Conventions. As and when this Protocol is adopted, it will create the new Emblem in law, and also introduce further flexibility in the use of existing emblems. No country or National Society will be obliged to change their emblems, none will be obliged to use the new one, but all will be required to respect it in the same manner . Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A pullover with a lozenge pattern A lozenge is a parallelogram which usually has two corners pointing up and down that are farther apart than the corners pointing sideways. ...

Use of the Red Cross

As provided for by the Geneva Conventions, the red cross emblem is to be used only to denote the following: Development of the Geneva Conventions from 1864 to 1949 The Geneva Conventions consist of four treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ...

  • facilities for the care of injured and sick armed forces members
  • armed forces medical personnel and equipment;
  • military chaplains;
  • Red Cross groups such as the International Committee of the Red Cross; the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, formerly "the League of Red Cross Societies"; and the 182 national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies.

The Geneva Conventions obliged their signatories to prevent the unauthorized use of the name and emblem in wartime and peacetime in order to ensure universal respect for the emblem. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is the worlds largest group of humanitarian non-governmental organizations, often known simply as the Red Cross, after its original symbol. ...

Nevertheless, the emblem, in various colours, is an international emblem indicating first aid, medical supplies, and the like, which are abuses of the emblem and shall be forbidden by all signatory powers to the Geneva Conventions. First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ...

Belgian Red Cross volunteers
Belgian Red Cross volunteers

Download high resolution version (1280x960, 415 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 415 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

See also

A WWII-era poster encouraged American women to volunteer for the Red Cross as part of the war effort. ... The Australian Red Cross was established in 1914, two days after the commencement of World War I, by Lady Helen Munro-Ferguson, the wife of the Governor-General Ronald Munro-Ferguson, when she formed a branch of the British Red Cross. ... The British Red Cross Society is a prominent part of the largest independent humanitarian organisation in the world – the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. ... The Canadian Red Cross Society is a non-profit, humanitarian organization formed in Canada responsible for providing volunteer aid in accordance with the Geneva Conventions. ... The German Red Cross (German: Deutsches Rotes Kreuz) is the national Red Cross Society of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Hague Conventions were international treaties negotiated at the First and Second Peace Conferences at The Hague, Netherlands in 1899 and 1907, respectively, and were, along with the Geneva Conventions, among the first formal statements of the laws of war and war crimes in the nascent body of international law. ... Jean Henri Dunant (May 8, 1828 - October 30, 1910) (often called Henry Dunant or Henri Dunant) was a Swiss businessman and humanitarian who founded the Red Cross movement. ... The official Italian Red Cross page is here: [1] (Italian) For other information about international Red Cross/Crescent societies and news from most of these organisations, visit the homepage of the International Federation of Red Cross, Red Crescent Societies at [www. ... Japanese Red Cross (Nihon Sekijuji) is a humanitarian corporation established by the Japanese Red Cross Law of 1952. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
American Red Cross - Credit Card Contribution: (479 words)
Your local Red Cross chapter is committed to meeting the humanitarian needs of the people in your area, be it in disaster preparedness, disaster response, first aid and CPR training, or disease prevention.
The American Red Cross is not a government agency and all Red Cross disaster assistance is free thanks to the generosity of people like you.
The value of your donation is increased by the fact that the ratio of volunteer Red Cross workers to paid staff is almost 36 to one.
American Red Cross - Preparing Communities for Emergencies and Keeping People Safe - Preparedness (451 words)
After four hours of continuous rain and unstable ground conditions, volunteers from the El Salvador Red Cross successfully managed to rescue Jennifer Vanessa Cerna, a five-year-old girl trapped in mud and rubbish after a brick building collapsed next to her home.
The Pakistan Red Crescent and Indian Red Cross responded immediately and continue to lead search and rescue efforts, provide emergency supplies, and assist with emergency medical needs.
The American Red Cross has teamed with the Southern Baptist National Convention and Red Cross society workers from France, Norway and Canada to feed victims of Hurricane Katrina in St. Tammany Parish, La.
  More results at FactBites »



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