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Encyclopedia > Recreational diving

Recreational diving is a type of diving that uses SCUBA equipment for the purpose of leisure and enjoyment. Diving in the sense of going underwater, has these purposes. ... SCUBA is an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. ...

Contents


History

Recreational scuba diving grew out of related activities such as snorkelling and underwater hunting. For a long time, recreational underwater excursions were limited by the amount of breath that could be held. However, the development of the aqualung in the early 1950s by Jacques Cousteau led to a revolution in recreational diving. However, for much of the 1950s and early 1960s, recreational scuba diving was a sport limited to those who were able to afford or make their own kit, and prepared to undergo intensive training to use it. // Swimmers snorkel Snorkel A snorkel is a tube about 30 cm / 12 inches long, usually J-shaped, fitted with a reasonably comfortable mouthpiece, and constructed of rubber or plastic. ... Dutch fishermen using tridents in the 17th century Spearfishing is a form of fishing that has been popular the whole world over for centuries. ... For other uses of the word underwater, see Underwater (disambiguation) An underwater scene just beneath the surface Underwater, sometimes shortened as U/W, is a term describing the realm below the surface of water where the water exists in a natural feature (called a body of water) such as an... An aqua-lung (often spelt aqualung in the United Kingdom) is a type of SCUBA diving equipment consisting of a high pressure diving cylinder and a diving regulator that supplies the diver with breathing gas at ambient pressure. ... Jacques-Yves Cousteau (June 11, 1910 - June 25, 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. ...


As the sport became more popular, manufacturers became aware of the potential market, and equipment began to appear that was easy to use, affordable and reliable. Continued advances in SCUBA technology, such as buoyancy compensators, modern diving regulators, diving suits and dive computers, increased the safety, comfort and convenience of the gear encouraging more people were to train and use it. A buoyancy compensator (or buoyancy control device, BC or BCD) is a piece of diving equipment worn by divers to provide: life saving emergency buoyancy both underwater and on the surface. ... A diving regulator is a gas pressure regulator which supplies SCUBA divers with breathing gas at ambient pressure from a diving cylinder. ... Two divers, one wearing a 1 atmosphere diving suit and the other standard diving dress, preparing to explore the wreck of the RMS Lusitania, 1935. ... A dive computer or decompression meter is an electronic device used by a scuba diver to display information about the time and depth of a dive so that the diver can take measures to avoid decompression sickness. ...


Until the early 1950s, navies and other organisations performing professional diving were the only providers of diver training, but only for their own personnel and only using their own types of equipment. There were no training courses, in the modern sense, available to civilians who bought the first scuba equipment. Some of the first training started in 1953 Trevor Hampton created the first British diving school, the British Underwater Centre and 1954 when Los Angeles County created an Underwater Instructor Certification Course. Early instruction increased in the form of amateur teaching within a club environment, as exemplified by organisations such as the Scottish Sub-Aqua Club and the British Sub Aqua Club from 1953, Los Angeles County from 1954 and the YMCA from 1959. Professional instruction started in 1959 when the National Association of Underwater Instructors was formed. Professional Association of Diving Instructors was formed in 1966, providing training in a retail environment. // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby-boom from returning... Professional diving is diving for payment. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Captain Trevor Hampton was born in Birmingham in 1912 or 1913. ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... The British Sub-Aqua Club or BSAC is the governing body of recreational diving in Britain. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternate meaning: YMCA (song) The YMCA (or Young Mens Christian Association) is an ecumenical Christian organization seeking to provide support for young people and their activities. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) is a SCUBA diver training organization concerned with promoting dive safety through education. ... The Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) is the worlds largest recreational diving membership organization and diver training organization. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ...


Diving Today

Further developments in technology have reduced the cost of training and diving. Scuba-diving has become a popular leisure activity, and many diving locations have some form of dive shop presence that can offer air fills, equipment and training. Most bodies of water can and are used for recreational diving including: seas and oceans - consist of salt water and a huge variety of flora and fauna. ...


In tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world, there is a large market in 'holiday divers'; people who train and dive while on holiday, but rarely dive close to home.


Technical diving and use of rebreathers are increasing, particularly in areas of the world where deeper wreck diving is the main underwater attraction. Technical diving is a form of SCUBA diving that exceeds the scope of recreational diving. ... Inspiration closed circuit diving rebreather A rebreather is a type of breathing equipment that provides a breathing gas containing oxygen and recycles exhaled gas. ... Wreck diving is a type of recreational diving where shipwrecks are explored. ...


Issues

There are several recreational diving issues that are currently topics of discussion within the diving community. They include:


Training Levels


There is a certain amount of disquiet over the level of training and experience necessary to qualify as a diver. Under most entry-level programs (PADI, NAUI) divers can complete a certification with as few as five 'open-water' dives. Such a qualification allows a diver to rent equipment, request air fills, and dive without any higher supervision, provided they do so with a buddy. Critics claim that five dives is too few to prepare new divers for such a level of responsibility, and that either the total should be raised or the certification qualified. Certification agencies normally answer that they advise their students to dive within the envelope of their experience and training, and to seek to extend both through properly supervised programs. The Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) is the worlds largest recreational diving membership organization and diver training organization. ... National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) is a SCUBA diver training organization concerned with promoting dive safety through education. ... When using the buddy system, two or more SCUBA divers dive togther and co-operate with each other, so that they can help or rescue each other in the event of an emergency. ...


Regular vs. Leisure


Some divers see a split beginning to emerge in recreational diving between regular recreational divers, who often dive in their home communities, and leisure divers, characterised as those who dive occasionally, normally when abroad on holiday. It is sometimes observed that there is a tension between the two, and that leisure divers are often inexperienced, either under-trained or over-qualified, and sustain only a minimal empathy with the underwater world. The call is usually not that these divers be restrained from diving, but that they be encouraged to dive more regularly in their home communities so as to gain experience and support their local diving scene.


Specialities

There are many diving activities which need further training than that provided by the initial courses: Diving in the sense of going underwater, has these purposes. ...

Many diver training agencies such as ACUC, BSAC, CMAS, IANTD, NAUI, PADI, SSI and YMCA offer training in these areas, as well as opportunities to move into professional instruction, technical diving, commercial diving and others. Altitude diving is significant in recreational diving because the decompression stops used for dives at altitude are different from those used for the same dive profile at sea level. ... Inside the cave at Cave Stream, New Zealand Caving is the recreational sport of exploring caves. ... Drift diving is a type of recreational diving where the diver is transported by the currents caused by the tide. ... Ice diving is a type of penetration diving where the dive takes place under ice. ... Marine biology is the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems. ... Maritime archaeology is a discipline that studies human interaction with the sea, lakes and rivers through the study of vessels, shore side facilities, cargoes and human remains. ... Night diving is a type of recreational diving which takes place in darkness. ... Snorkeling is the practice of swimming at the surface of a body of water equipped with a mask and a short tube called a snorkel. ... A NikonosV underwater camera with flash and lanyard Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while underwater. ... Underwater Videography is the branch of underwater photography concerned with capturing underwater moving images either as a recreational diving or commercial documentary or movie making activity. ... Wreck diving is a type of recreational diving where shipwrecks are explored. ... Safe diving requires training. ... The British Sub-Aqua Club or BSAC is the governing body of Britain. ... The Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) is the World Underwater Federation. ... International Association of Nitrox and Technical Divers (IANTD) are a SCUBA diving organization concerned with certification and training in Enriched Air Nitrox diving, Technical Diving and Free Diving. ... National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) is a SCUBA diver training organization concerned with promoting dive safety through education. ... The Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) is the worlds largest recreational diving membership organization and diver training organization. ... Scuba Schools International or SSI is an organisation that teaches the skills involved in scuba diving. ... Alternate meaning: YMCA (song) The YMCA (or Young Mens Christian Association) is an ecumenical Christian organization seeking to provide support for young people and their activities. ... Technical diving is a form of SCUBA diving that exceeds the scope of recreational diving. ... Commercial diving is a branch of professional diving carried out by commercial organizations for purposes such as: Civil engineering in harbours, water supply and drainage systems Contructing, testing and maintaining equipment for the crude oil and offshore construction industries Boat and ship inspection, cleaning and maintenance Fish farm maintenance Fishing...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Recreational diving - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (750 words)
Recreational diving is a type of diving that uses SCUBA equipment for the purpose of leisure and enjoyment.
However, for much of the 1950s and early 1960s, recreational scuba diving was a sport limited to those who were able to afford or make their own kit, and prepared to undergo intensive training to use it.
Technical diving and use of rebreathers are increasing, particularly in areas of the world where deeper wreck diving is the main underwater attraction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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