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Encyclopedia > Record producer

In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. This has been a major function of producers since the inception of sound recording, but in the later half of the 20th century producers also took on a wider entrepreneurial role. The music industry is the business of music. ... Audio mixing is used in sound recording, audio editing and sound systems to balance the relative volume and frequency content of a number of sound sources. ... Mastering, a form of audio post-production, is the process of preparing and transferring recorded audio from a source containing the final mix to a data storage device (the master); the source from which all copies will be produced (via methods such as pressing, duplication or replication). ...

The music producer could be compared to the film director in that the producer's job is to create, shape and mold a piece of music in accordance with their vision for the album.

2 < math > Insertformulahere</math>==History== Freed from this traditional system by the advent of independent commercial studios, the new generation of entrepreneurial producers -- many of whom were former record company employees themselves -- were able to create and occupy a new stratum in the industry, taking on a more direct and complex role in the musical process. This development in music was mirrored in the TV industry by the concurrent development of videotape recording and the consequent emergence of independent TV production companies like Desilu, established by '50s TV superstars Lucille Ball and her then husband Desi Arnaz. Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... Desilu Productions was a company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Heres Lucy. ... Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American musician, actor and television producer. ...

These producers now typically carried out most or all of these various tasks themselves, including selecting and arranging songs, overseeing sessions (and often engineering the recordings) and even writing the material. Independent music production companies rapidly gained a significant foothold in popular music and soon became the main intermediary between artist and record label, signing new artists to production contracts, producing the recordings and then licensing the finished product to record labels for pressing, promotion and sale. (This was a novel innovation in the popular music field, although a broadly similar system had long been in place in many countries for the production of content for broadcast radio.) The classic example of this transition is renowned British producer George Martin, who worked as a staff producer and A&R manager at EMI for many years, before branching out on his own and becoming a highly successful independent producer. A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ...

As a result of these changes, record producers began to exert a strong influence, not only on individual careers, but on the course of popular music. A key example of this is of Phil Spector who defined the gap between Elvis and the Beatles (1958–1964) with such acts as The Ronettes, The Crystals, Darlene Love, The Righteous Brothers and The Paris Sisters. Spector's Wall of Sound production technique also persisted after that time with his select recordings of The Beatles, The Ramones, Leonard Cohen, George Harrison, Dion and Ike and Tina Turner. Other notable past and present independent producers include Jerry Fuller, Danger Mouse, Todd Rundgren, Swizz Beatz, Don Kirshner, Mickie Most, Steve Lillywhite, Tony Visconti, David Briggs, Terry Date, Rick Rubin, Kanye West, David Kershenbaum, Nigel Godrich, RZA, DeVante Swing, Dr. Dre, Norman Whitfield, Eddie Galan, Timbaland, Jerry Finn, Charlie Peacock, Daniel Lanois, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Matthew Thiessen, John Leckie, Jay Orpin, King Tubby, Scott Storch, Chet Atkins, Owen Bradley, Pharrell Williams, David Foster and Ponomo. Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26, 1939) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer. ... The Ronettes first album The Ronettes were a girl group of the 1960s from New York City, best known for their work with producer Phil Spector. ... The Crystals were one of the most successful girl groups of the 1960s. ... Darlene Love (born Darlene Wright, 26 July 1941, Los Angeles, California) is an American popular music singer. ... The Righteous Brothers The Righteous Brothers were the musical duo of Bill Medley and Bobby Hatfield. ... The Paris Sisters (Priscilla, Sherell & Albeth) were an American girl group from San Francisco. ... This article is about the music production effect. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Ramones (L-R, Johnny, Tommy, Joey, Dee Dee) on the cover of their debut self-titled album (1976), cementing their place at the dawn of the punk movement. ... Leonard Norman Cohen, CC (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. ... For other persons named George Harrison, see George Harrison (disambiguation). ... Dion DiMucci (born Dion Francis DiMucci, 18 July 1939), better known as Dion, is an American singer-songwriter, now widely recognized as one of the top singers of his era, blending the best elements of doo-wop, pop, and R&B styles. ... Tina Turner on the cover of her 1991 album Simply the Best Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939) is an African American R&B, pop, rock and soul singer, Buddhist and occasional actress probably best known for her scorching performances with the Ike and Tina Turner... This article is about the music producer. ... Todd Harry Rundgren (born June 22, 1948 in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, United States), is an American musician, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... Kasseem Dean (born September 17, 1978) better known by his stage name Swizz Beatz, is a New York-based American hip hop record producer/rapper of Puerto Rican & African American descent. ... Don Kirshner (born April 17, 1934), known as The Man With the Golden Ear, is an American song publisher and rock producer who is best known for managing songwriting talent as well as successful pop groups such as The Monkees and The Archies. ... Mickie Most, born Michael Peter Hayes (20 June1938–30 May2003), was a successful English record producer, notably with a string of Number One hit singles with his own RAK Recordsand acts such as The Animals, Hermans Hermits, Donovan, and Suzi Quatro. ... For other uses, see Tony Visconti (disambiguation). ... David Briggs is the name of: David Briggs (producer) (1944-1995), American record producer David Briggs (musician) (b. ... Terry Date Terry Date is an American record producer and engineer, specialising in the rock and metal genres. ... Frederick Jay Rick Rubin (born March 10, 1963 in Lido Beach, New York) is a Jewish American record producer and is currently the co-head of Columbia Records. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kÉ‘njÉ›j/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... RZA (IPA pronunciation: ; born , July 5, 1969) is an American hip hop producer, rapper and actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... Eddie Galan (born February 4, 1979) is a Los Angeles born singer/musician, 4 time #1 Hit Billboard songwriter and record producer, with 14x Platinum status. ... Timothy Z. Mosley, who works under the performing name Timbaland (born March 10, 1971), is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer, composer, rapper, and singer. ... Jerry Finn is a record producer who has worked on albums by popular bands like blink-182, Alkaline Trio, MxPx, Rancid, Green Day, and The Offspring. ... Charlie Peacock (born Charles William Ashworth, August 10, 1956, also goes by Charlie Peacock-Ashworth) is a songwriter, record producer, musician, and writer, best known for his work in the field of Christian Contemporary Music. ... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ... Lee Scratch Perry Lee Scratch Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, on March 20, 1936, in Kendal, Jamaica) is a reggae and dub artist, who has been highly influential in the development and acceptance of reggae and dub music in Jamaica and overseas. ... Matthew Arnold Thiessen (born on August 12, 1980 in St. ... This article is about the British music producer. ... Jay Orpin is a Swedish songwriter and producer, who is team up with Max Martin in Cherion He also write songs and produce for The Backstreet Boys, NSYNC, Robyn, Ace of Base and Britney Spears. ... King Tubby King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Scott Storch (born December 16, 1973) is a Canadian[1] record producer. ... This article is about the musician. ... The cover of Bradleys biggest single as a performer, Big Guitar. ... Pharrell Williams (born April 5, 1973) is an American producer, singer, rapper,and songwriter. ... For other persons named David Foster, see David Foster (disambiguation). ...

Realising the potential for creating recordings that could match their musical vision, many successful recording artists have become producers in their own right. Examples are Jimmy Page, Johnny Marr, Paul Oakenfold, Dimebag Darrell Abbott, Vinnie Paul Abbott, Ray Davies, Trent Reznor, John Feldmann, Nile Rodgers, Ken Andrews, Jeff Lynne, Brian Wilson, Brian Eno, Steve Vai, John Petrucci, Mike Portnoy, James Plotkin, Jack White, Madonna and George Michael. For the Scottish football (soccer) player, see Jimmy Page (footballer). ... Johnny Marr (born John Martin Maher on 31 October 1963 in Ardwick, Manchester) is an English guitarist, keyboardist, harmonica player and singer. ... Paul Oakenfold (born August 30, 1963 in Greenhithe, Kent[1] England) is a record producer and one of the best-known Trance DJs worldwide. ... Dimebag Darrell Lance Abbott (August 20, 1966 – December 8, 2004) (also credited as Diamond Darrell) was the guitarist in the heavy metal bands Pantera and Damageplan. ... Vinnie Paul (Vincent Paul Abbott) was born on Wednesday, March 11, 1964 in Dallas, Texas, USA. He is a heavy metal drummer and producer. ... Raymond Douglas Davies, CBE (born June 21, 1944 at Fortis Green, London) is an influential English rock musician, best known as lead singer-songwriter for The Kinks - one of the most influential, prolific and long-lived British Invasion bands - which he led with his younger brother, Dave. ... Michael Trent Reznor (born May 17, 1965) is an American musician, singer, producer, and multi-instrumentalist. ... John Feldmann John Feldmann, also goes by Feldy (born 1967) is an American musician and producer who is the lead singer of the band Goldfinger. ... Nile Gregory Rodgers (born September 19, 1952 in New York City) is a prolific and influential musician, composer, arranger, guitarist and music producer, and co-founding member of the seminal multi-platinum hit R&B band Chic, with influential bassist, the late Bernard Edwards. ... Ken Andrews, born Kenneth Andrew Doty, is an American musician and producer, based out of Los Angeles, California. ... Jeff Lynne (born December 30, 1947 in Shard End, Birmingham) is a Grammy Award-winning English rock songwriter, singer, guitarist and record producer. ... For other persons named Brian Wilson, see Brian Wilson (disambiguation). ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Steven Steve Siro Vai (born June 6, 1960 in Carle Place, New York) is a Grammy Award winning guitarist, composer, vocalist, and record producer. ... John Petrucci (born John Peter [1] Petrucci on July 12, 1967, Kings Park, Long Island, New York) is an American guitarist best known as a founding member of the progressive metal band Dream Theater. ... Michael Stephen Mike Portnoy (born April 20, 1967) is an American drummer primarily known for his work with the progressive metal band Dream Theater. ... James Plotkin is an American guitarist and producer, famous for his role in bands such as Khanate and O.L.D. but has an extensive catalogue outside these bands. ... For other persons named Jack White, see Jack White (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ...

Some producers also became de facto recording artists, often creating records with anonymous studio musicians and releasing them under a pseudonym. Examples of this phenomenon include the records by fictional groups The Archies and Josie & The Pussycats, produced by Don Kirshner and Danny Jansen respectively, who were contracted by TV production companies to produce these records to promote the animated children's TV series of the same name. Similarly, Jeff Barry and Andy Kim recorded as The Archies. The Archies, ca. ... This article is about the Josie and the Pussycats musical group and album. ... Jeff Barry (born Joel Adelberg, 1938, Brooklyn, N.Y.) and Ellie Greenwich (born 1940, Brooklyn, N.Y.) comprised one of the most prolific and successful Brill Building song writing and production teams in the early 1960s. ... Andy Kim, born December 5, 1952 in Lala Land, Jupiter, is a pop singer/songwriter. ... The Archies, ca. ...

He worked with the famous beat master, Hansel Caminero, of H.E.R. Entertainment. There curently working on there debut CD, "Still IN School". The cd is comprised of three members, Richie Rich, Erik the Quik, HaNSWeL tha SUPER Villian. You can check them out on myspace.com, go to www.myspace.com/hanswelbeats.

Producers and modern recording technology

In modern digital music, it is possible for the producer to be the only person involved in the creation of a musical recording. Said producer is responsible for writing, performing, recording and arranging the material. This change has been partially due to the increase of inexpensive yet powerful music production software (such as ProTools, Logic, Cubase, Sonar, and Garageband), which allows for entire tracks to be composed, arranged and recorded on a single computer, allowing the roles traditionally carried out by a team of people to be performed by one individual. With the advent of portable recording equipment, live album production has become much more cost-effective than in the past. This has resulted in countless live music recordings. Categories: Stub | Audio editors | Musical software ... Logic Studio is a music production suite by Apple Inc. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Cakewalk Sonar is a computer program made by Cakewalk for recording, editing, mixing, mastering and outputting music and other audio. ... GarageBand is a software application that allows users to create music or podcasts. ...

With the advent of the computer web applications like Facebook, You Tube and MySpace, record producers can now serve in very non-traditional roles, using "social networking." They can produce music via the internet by having their clients email .mp3 or .wav files to them. In this way the producer can be located in a different geographic location and still accomplish their goal.


  • Gronow, Pekka and Ilpo Saunio (1998). An International History of the Recording Industry. ISBN-X. Cited in Moorefield (2005).
  • Moorefield, Virgil (2005). The Producer as Composer: Shaping the Sounds of Popular Music. ISBN.

External links

For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For the academic study of history of music, see Music history. ... Ancient music is music that developed in literate cultures, replacing prehistoric music. ... The category Middle Eastern music refers to music from the Middle East and its different regions such as North Africa, the Levant and the Persian Gulf States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1750 to 1830, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The expression romantic music and the homophone phrase Romantic music have two essentially different meanings. ... A revolution occurred in 20th century music listening as the radio gained popularity worldwide, and new media and technologies were developed to record, capture, reproduce and distribute music. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... Image File history File links GClef. ... Musical composition is a phrase used in a number of contexts, the most commonly used being a piece of music. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... The term musical form refers to two related concepts: the type of composition (for example, a musical work can have the form of a symphony, a concerto, or other generic type -- see Multi-movement forms below) the structure of a particular piece (for example, a piece can be written in... In music, a suite is an organized set of instrumental or orchestral pieces normally performed at a single sitting, as a separate musical performance, not accompanying an opera, ballet, or theater-piece. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Musical improvisation is the spontaneous creative process of making music while it is being performed. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... A History of Western Music Seventh Edition by J. Peter Burkholder, Donald J. Grout, and Claude V. Palisca is one of several popular books used to teach Music History in North America. ... For album by Prince, see Musicology (album). ... Ethnomusicology, formerly comparative musicology, is cultural musicology or the study of music in its cultural context. ... Music cognition is an interdisciplinary field involving such disparate areas as cognitive science, music theory, psychology, musicology, neuroscience, computer science, philosophy, psychoacoustics, etc. ... Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a qualified professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... Look up lyrics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the musical composition. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... A compilation album is an album (music or spoken-word) featuring tracks from one or multiple recording artists, often culled from a variety of sources (such as studio albums, live albums, singles, demos and outtakes. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... This page aims to list articles related to music. ... Music is a human expression in the medium of time using the structures of sounds or tones and silence. ... This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores. ... A list of musical forms. ... The following is a list of musical instruments, categorized by section. ... The definition of music is a contested evaluation of what constitutes music and varies through history, geography, and within societies. ... Music theorists often use mathematics to understand musical structure and communicate new ways of hearing music. ... There is a long history of the connection between music and politics, particularly political expression in music. ...

  Results from FactBites:
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Record producer (2828 words)
The music producer could be compared to the film director in that the producer's job is to create, shape and mold a piece of music in accordance with their vision for the album.
Within the first half of the 20th century, the record producer's role was comparable to that of a film producer, in that the record producer organised and supervised recording sessions, paid technicians, musicians and arrangers, and sometimes chose material for the artist.
Until the 1960s most producers and AandR directors were salaried staff on the payroll of major record labels, and most recordings were made at studios owned and operated by major record labels, such as the famous EMI Abbey Road Studios in London.
Record producer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (942 words)
Within the first half of the 20th century, the record producer's role was comparable to that of a film producer, in that the record producer organised and supervised recording sessions, paid technicians, musicians and arrangers, and sometimes chose material for the artist.
Until the 1960s most producers and AandR directors were salaried staff on the payroll of major record labels, and most recordings were made at studios owned and operated by major record labels, such as the famous EMI Abbey Road Studios in London.
This change was facilitated by the introduction of high-fidelity magnetic tape recording technology in the mid-1950s, which dramatically altered the processes and economics of music recording.
  More results at FactBites »



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