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Encyclopedia > Reckoning (R.E.M. album)
Reckoning
Reckoning cover
Studio album by R.E.M.
Released UK 9 April 1984
U.S. 16 April 1984
Recorded December 8, 1983
January 16, 1984
Genre Jangle pop, College rock
Length 38:11
Label I.R.S. Records
Producer(s) Mitch Easter and Don Dixon
Professional reviews
R.E.M. chronology
Murmur
(1983)
Reckoning
(1984)
Fables of the Reconstruction
(1985)

Reckoning is the second album by the band R.E.M. It was released in 1984 by independent label I.R.S. Records to critical acclaim and stronger record sales than their debut. Image File history File links REM_Reckoning_cover. ... A Studio Album is an album of regular studio recordings. ... It has been suggested that Hornets Attack Victor Mature be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A music genre is a category (or genre) of pieces of music that share a certain style or basic musical language (van der Merwe 1989, p. ... Jangle pop was an American musical genre that arose in the middle of the 1960s, combining angular, chiming guitars and power pop structures. ... In the USA, college rock was a term used to describe 1980s alternative rock before the term alternative came into common usage. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... I.R.S. Records was a record label, started in the US in 1979 by Miles Copeland III along with Jay Boberg and Carl Grasso. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the performers, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Mitch Easter is a musician and producer, most notable for his work with R.E.M., though he has worked with many other acts and was the frontman for the band Lets Active. ... Don Dixon is a record producer, songwriter, musician, bassist, and very occasional actor, originally from North Carolina. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... Robert Christgau (sometimes abbreviated in print to Xgau), born April 18, 1942, is an American essayist, music journalist, and rock critic. ... Rolling Stone is an American magazine devoted to music, politics and popular culture. ... Image File history File links 4_stars. ... It has been suggested that Hornets Attack Victor Mature be merged into this article or section. ... Murmur is the first full-length album released by Athens, Georgia alternative rock band R.E.M.. Released in April 1983, Murmur was preceded by the Chronic Town EP the previous year. ... Fables of the Reconstruction was the third album released by the band R.E.M. and was released in 1985. ... It has been suggested that Hornets Attack Victor Mature be merged into this article or section. ... I.R.S. Records was a record label, started in the US in 1979 by Miles Copeland III along with Jay Boberg and Carl Grasso. ...

Contents

Details

Reckoning features some of R.E.M.'s more popular early songs, including "So. Central Rain (I'm Sorry)" and "(Don't Go Back To) Rockville." Avoiding romantic themes once again, lyricist Michael Stipe instead ruminates on cold weather, a fairy tale in which a child drowns, a flood, superficiality, and separation. The upbeat tone of the music contrast with the dark lyrics. The final song, "Little America", is written about rural America, and predates the Southern themes on the following album, Fables of the Reconstruction (1985). So. ... (Dont Go Back To) Rockville was the second and final single released by R.E.M. from their second studio album Reckoning. ... Michael Stipe (middle) John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960 in Decatur, Georgia) is the founding member, lead singer and creative head of the American rock band R.E.M. Stipe has become well-known (and occasionally parodied) for the mumbling style of his early career and for his complex... Fables of the Reconstruction was the third album released by the band R.E.M. and was released in 1985. ...


The cover art for Reckoning is the result of a collaboration between lead singer Michael Stipe and Georgia artist Howard Finster. Paradise Gardens in Summerville, GA, built by Finster. ...


Reckoning reached #27 in the U.S. (where it went gold in 1991), and became R.E.M.'s first UK chart album, where it peaked at #91.


Track listing

All songs written by Bill Berry, Peter Buck, Mike Mills and Michael Stipe. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Peter Lawrence Buck (born December 6, 1956 in Berkeley, California) is the guitarist and co-founder, along with Bill Berry, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe of the seminal 1980s alternative rock band R.E.M.. Biography After spending time in Los Angeles and San Francisco, the Buck family moved to... Michael Edward Mills (born December 17, 1958 in Orange County, California) is the bass player of the band R.E.M. As a young boy, he moved with his family to Macon, Georgia in the early 60s. ... Michael Stipe (middle) John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960 in Decatur, Georgia) is the founding member, lead singer and creative head of the American rock band R.E.M. Stipe has become well-known (and occasionally parodied) for the mumbling style of his early career and for his complex...

  1. "Harborcoat" – 3:54
  2. "7 Chinese Bros." – 4:18
  3. "So. Central Rain" – 3:15
  4. "Pretty Persuasion" – 3:50
  5. "Time After Time (annElise)" – 3:31
  6. "Second Guessing" – 2:51
  7. "Letter Never Sent" – 2:59
  8. "Camera" – 5:25
  9. "(Don't Go Back To) Rockville"1 – 4:32
  10. "Little America"2 – 2:58

So. ... (Dont Go Back To) Rockville was the second and final single released by R.E.M. from their second studio album Reckoning. ...

Netherlands reissue

On August 10, 1992, EMI (which owns the I.R.S. catalogue) re-released Reckoning in the Netherlands with five bonus tracks: The EMI Group is a major record label, based in Kensington in London, in the United Kingdom. ...

  1. "Windout" (with friends), guest vocalists Bertis Downs, IV and Jefferson Holt
  2. "Pretty Persuasion" (Live in the Studio)
  3. "White Tornado" (Live in the Studio)
  4. "Tighten Up"
  5. "Moon River"

The original studio recordings of "Windout" and "White Tornado" can be found on Dead Letter Office. Bertis Downs, IV originally provided legal counsel (particularly for initial contracts) and then became both counselor and manager for the rock band R.E.M. Members of the public encountering Bertis are generally particularly impressed with his courtesy and patience. ... Jefferson Holt is the former manager of rock band R.E.M., from 1980-1996. ... Dead Letter Office is a rarities and B-sides collection by R.E.M. and released in 1987 as their fifth official album. ...


Notes

1 A brief, informal jam takes place at the start of the track.
2 A 28-second noise collage followed this song on the initial vinyl pressing and the Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab gold CD release. It can be heard as incidental music during the Left of Reckoning video.[1] Noise music is music that uses sounds regarded as unpleasant or painful under normal circumstances. ... Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab (MFSL, or MoFi) is a company that produces audiophile releases of classic CDs and vinyl records. ... Left of Reckoning is a short film by James Herbert, set to the first half of the R.E.M. album Reckoning (hence the title). ...


Personnel

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is mostly a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... A percussion instrument can be any object which produces a sound by being struck with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. ... Peter Lawrence Buck (born December 6, 1956 in Berkeley, California) is the guitarist and co-founder, along with Bill Berry, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe of the seminal 1980s alternative rock band R.E.M.. Biography After spending time in Los Angeles and San Francisco, the Buck family moved to... Different kinds of guitars The guitar is a fretted and stringed musical instrument, used in a wide variety of musical styles, and is also widely known as a solo classical instrument. ... Michael Edward Mills (born December 17, 1958 in Orange County, California) is the bass player of the band R.E.M. As a young boy, he moved with his family to Macon, Georgia in the early 60s. ... Martin EB18 Bass Guitar in flight case. ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ... Michael Stipe (middle) John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960 in Decatur, Georgia) is the founding member, lead singer and creative head of the American rock band R.E.M. Stipe has become well-known (and occasionally parodied) for the mumbling style of his early career and for his complex... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Harmonica A harmonica is a free reed musical wind instrument (also known, among other things, as a mouth organ or mouth harp, Hobo Harp, French harp, tin sandwich, lickin stick, blues harp, simply harp, or Mississippi saxophone), having multiple, variably-tuned brass...

Charts

Album

Year Chart Position
1984 The Billboard 200 27 (53 weeks on chart)
1984 UK album chart 91 (2 weeks on chart)

The Billboard 200 is a listing of the 200 highest selling music albums in the United States, published weekly in Billboard magazine. ... The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ...

Certifications

Organization Level Date
RIAA – U.S. Gold June 24, 1991

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ R.E.M. discography (English). Retrieved on 2006-10-03.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

External links

R.E.M.
Peter Buck | Mike Mills | Michael Stipe | Bill Berry
Other musicians: Scott McCaughey | Bill Rieflin | Ken Stringfellow | Nathan December | Buren Fowler | Peter Holsapple | Barrett Martin | Joey Waronker
Management and producers: Bertis Downs, IV | Pat McCarthy | Joe Boyd | Don Dixon | Mitch Easter | Don Gehman | Jefferson Holt | Scott Litt
Discography
EPs: Chronic Town
Albums: Murmur | Reckoning | Fables of the Reconstruction | Lifes Rich Pageant | Document | Green | Out of Time | Automatic for the People | Monster | New Adventures in Hi-Fi | Up | Reveal | Around the Sun
Singles: Radio Free Europe | Talk About the Passion | So. Central Rain (I'm Sorry) | (Don't Go Back to) Rockville | Can't Get There From Here | Driver 8 | Wendell Gee | Fall On Me | Superman | The One I Love | It's the End of the World as We Know It (And I Feel Fine) | Finest Worksong | Stand | Orange Crush | Pop Song 89 | Get Up | Losing My Religion | Shiny Happy People | Near Wild Heaven | Radio Song | Drive | Man on the Moon | The Sidewinder Sleeps Tonite | Everybody Hurts | Nightswimming | Find the River | What's the Frequency, Kenneth? | Bang and Blame | Star 69 | Strange Currencies | Crush With Eyeliner | Tongue | E-Bow the Letter | Bittersweet Me | Electrolite | How the West Was Won and Where It Got Us | Daysleeper | Lotus | At My Most Beautiful | Suspicion | The Great Beyond | Imitation of Life | All the Way to Reno (You're Gonna Be a Star) | I'll Take the Rain | Bad Day | Animal | Leaving New York | Aftermath | Electron Blue | Wanderlust
Compilations: Dead Letter Office | Eponymous | The Best of R.E.M. | R.E.M.: Singles Collected | R.E.M.: In the Attic | In Time: The Best of R.E.M. 1988-2003 | And I Feel Fine... The Best of the I.R.S. Years 1982-1987
Soundtracks: Man on the Moon
Videos: Succumbs | Tourfilm | Pop Screen | This Film Is On | Parallel | Road Movie | In View: The Best of R.E.M. 1988-2003 | Perfect Square | When the Light Is Mine: The Best of the I.R.S. Years 1982-1987
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