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Encyclopedia > Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born February 26, 1954) became prime minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. He is the leader of the Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (AK Party, or Justice and Development Party). Recep Tayyip Erdoğan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Recep Tayyip Erdoğan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AKP) is a Turkish political party. ...


Erdoğan, was born in Tokat, but spent his early childhood in Rize on the Black Sea Coast before returning to Istanbul at the age of 13. He was educated at a religious Imam Hatip school and at Marmara University's faculty of economics and business. Erdoğan played semi-professional football for 16 years and worked for Istanbul's municipal transport company, and became active in politics with the now-defunct Islamist National Salvation Party (Milli Selâmet Partisi), led by Necmettin Erbakan. Tokat is a city in Turkey, and the capital of Tokat Province. ... Rize is a town in the north-eastern part of Turkey and the capital of Rize Province. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... In Turkey, an Imam Hatip school is a religious oriented educational institution typically attended before university. ... Marmara University is one of the leading universities in Turkey. ... U.S. Economic Calendar Economics at the Open Directory Project Economics textbooks on Wikibooks The Economists Economics A-Z Institutions and organizations Bureau of Labor Statistics - from the American Labor Department Center for Economic and Policy Research (USA) National Bureau of Economic Research (USA) - Economics material from the organization... Categories: Business | Academic disciplines | School subjects ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... Necmettin Erbakan Necmettin Erbakan became the first Islamist prime minister of Turkey in 1996, serving until mid-1997. ...


After the military coup of 12 September 1980, he gave up football and left to work in the private sector, before going for mandatory military service in 1982 as a commissioned officer. The Turkish military coup of 1980 was a military coup made by the highest ranking commanders of the Turkish Army on September 12, 1980. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Conscription is a general term for forced labor demanded by some established authority, e. ... 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the 1980 coup, all political parties were disbanded, but the National Salvation Party's former members founded the Welfare Party (Refah Partisi) after the restoration of democracy in 1983. In 1985 Erdoğan became the Welfare Party's chairman in Istanbul Province and stood for election as Mayor of the cosmopolitan Beyoğlu borough in central Istanbul and as a candidate for the Turkish Grand National Assembly several times in the late 1980s. 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... once the most popular area of Istanbul for nightlife some areas of bayoglu have now something of a seedy reputation. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 60s and 70s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ...


In 1991, the Welfare Party passed the (then) 5% barrier necessary to gain seats in the Grand National Assembly for the first time, and Erdoğan was elected as a Member of Parliament from Istanbul Province, although this was withdrawn by the High Electoral Committee due to the then-existing voting system. In the local elections of 27 March 1994, however, the Welfare Party became the largest party in Turkey for the first time, and Erdoğan became Mayor of Greater Istanbul as well as President of the Greater Istanbul Metropolitan Council. 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Democracy Series Liberal democracy History of democracy Representative democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Elections Elections by country Elections by calender Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by ideology Voting systems are methods (algorithms) for groups of... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... This is a list of Mayors of Istanbul, Turkey. ...


As Mayor of Istanbul, he made a name for himself as a populist, effective administrator, building up Istanbul's infrastructure and transportation grid, while simultaneously beautifying the city, becoming one of Turkey's most popular politicians in the process.


On 12 December 1997 at a public meeting in Siirt in southeastern Turkey, he read a poem by Ziya Gökalp, in which was stated: "Mosques are our barracks, domes our helmets, minarets our bayonets, believers our soldiers." As a consequence, he was tried and convicted of inciting religious hatred in 1998. He was sentenced to four months imprisonment between March and July 1999. December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ziya Gökalp (March 23, 1876 - October 25, 1924) was a prominent Turkish ideologue of the pan-Turkist or Turanism camp. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


During this period Turkish Islamist politics entered a period of chaos. In 1996, the Welfare Party was declared unconstitutional and was shut down on the grounds of threatening the secular nature of the state. The disbanded party promptly reformed itself under a new name, the Virtue Party (Fazilet Partisi), which in turn was found unconstitutional on the same grounds in 1999. This provoked a split in the party's ranks, with the gelenekçiler or traditionalists remaining true to the Turkish Islamist movement's traditional Islamic fundamentalism, and the yenilikçiler or renewalists, led by Erdoğan seeking to adopt Islamist politics to a secular democratic system. Erdoğan led the renewalists into the new Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi), while the traditionalists formed the Felicity Party (Saadet Partisi). The Justice and Development Party, on the back of widespread discontent with the traditional parties' handling of the economy and the 1999 earthquake, took 34.3% of the vote in the 3 November 2002 parliamentary elections, and due to Turkey's system of allotting seats, won an overall majority in the Grand National Assembly. 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Virtue Party (Fazilet Partisi) is a political party in Turkey. ... The phrase Islamic fundamentalism is primarily used in the West to describe Islamist groups. ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AKP; often referred to in Turkey as the Ak Party, Ak being Turkish for white, clean, or unblemished) is a Turkish political party. ... The Felicity Party is a Turkish political party of strongly Islamist views, often seen as the main voice of Islamic fundamentalism in Turkey. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a trembling or a shaking movement of the Earths surface. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Erdoğan's appointment as Prime Minister was delayed after his party's victory in the elections for legal reasons. The prime minister in Turkey must be a member of parliament and the constitution excluded those with previous convictions from standing. A prominent supporter of Erdoğan, Abdullah Gül, became a stand-in prime minister and pushed through a constitutional amendment that allowed Erdoğan to win a freshly vacant seat in the province of Siirt in a by-election. Gül resigned (to become foreign minister) and Erdoğan was appointed Prime Minister by President Ahmet Necdet Sezer. Abdullah Gül with US National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice during his visit at the White House in July 2003 Abdullah Gül (born 29 October 1950) is a Turkish politician. ... Ahmet Necdet Sezer Ahmet Necdet Sezer (born September 13, 1941 in Afyon) is the tenth and current President of Turkey. ...


Erdoğan has since provoked some tension with the country's powerful and staunchly secular military by pursuing what it perceives as an Islamist agenda. In particular, Erdoğan has provoked Turkey's secular élite by seeking to make the qualifications of graduates from the religious Imam Hatip schools equal to those of conventional high school graduates in university admission. However, chastened by the experience of the Welfare and Virtue parties, he has not pursued issues such as Turkey's headscarf ban as rigorously as expected, and has maintained close military relations with the United States and Israel. Islamism refers to a set of political ideologies derived from conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism, which hold that Islam is not only a religion, but also a political system that governs the legal, economic and social imperatives of the state. ... In Turkey, an Imam Hatip school is a religious oriented educational institution typically attended before university. ...


His distrust for the military has, however, led to a thawing of relations with Greece, as he has little sympathy for its staunch nationalism, and little interest in maintaining a hard line on Turkish control of Northern Cyprus, preferring instead to focus on domestic issues and on improving foreign relations. In May 2004, he became the first Turkish prime minister to visit Greece since 1988, and the first to visit the Turkish minority of Thrace since 1952. The visit was remarkably congenial on both sides, and Erdoğan scored an important victory when his Greek counterpart, Costas Caramanlis, declared that Greece would support a Turkish bid for European Union membership, a major aim of Erdoğan's administration (see Accession of Turkey to the European Union). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths in May • 28 Gerald Anthony • 27 Umberto Agnelli • 22 Richard Biggs • 20 Len Murray • 17 Tony Randall • 17 Ezzedine Salim • 9 Alan King • 9 Akhmad Kadyrov • 8(?) Nick Berg • 7 Waldemar Milewicz Other recent deaths Ongoing... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thrace is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe spread over southern Bulgaria, northeastern Greece, and European Turkey. ... 1952 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Kostas Karamanlis, the prime minister of Greece Kóstas Karamanlís (Greek: Κώστας = Kostas, full name Κωνσταντίνος Αλεξάνδρου Καραμανλής = Konstantinos Alexandrou Karamanlis, IPA ) (born September 14, 1956) became Prime Minister of Greece on March 10, 2004 following his partys victory in the March 7 parliamentary elections. ... Turkey formally applied to join the European Community—the organisation that has since developed into the European Union—on April 14, 1987. ...


Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been married to Emine since 4 July 1978, and has two sons and two daughters. July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


External links

  • Official home page
  • Turkey's charismatic pro-Islamic leader; BBC; 4 November 2002


November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Preceded by:
Abdullah Gül
Prime Minister of Turkey
2003–present
Succeeded by:
-


Abdullah Gül with US National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice during his visit at the White House in July 2003 Abdullah Gül (born 29 October 1950) is a Turkish politician. ... This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (946 words)
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born February 26, 1954) became prime minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003.
The visit was remarkably congenial on both sides, and Erdoğan scored an important victory when his Greek counterpart, Costas Caramanlis, declared that Greece would support a Turkish bid for European Union membership, a major aim of Erdoğan's administration (see Accession of Turkey to the European Union).
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been married to Emine since 4 July 1978, and has two sons and two daughters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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