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Encyclopedia > Recall election

A recall election is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office. Along with the initiative, referendum, and direct primary, it was one of the major electoral reforms advocated by leaders of the Progressive movement in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This movement was less than successful because in the United States recall elections are currently prohibited in the federal system. The majority of states allow recall elections in local jurisdictions, but only 18 states permit recall elections to remove statewide officers (as of 2006). [1] initiative, see Initiative (disambiguation). ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... A primary election is an election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select the candidates who will enter a subsequent election (nominating primary). ... Electoral reform projects seek to change the way that public desires are reflected in elections through electoral systems. ... In the United States, the Progressive Era was a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s through the 1920s. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...

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Representative recall in Canada

The Canadian province of British Columbia enacted representative recall in 1995. In that province, voters in a provincial riding can petition to have a sitting representative removed from office, even a Premier presently leading a government. If enough registered voters sign the petition, the Speaker of the legislature announces before the House that the member has been recalled and a by-election follows as soon as possible; it gives the opportunity to replace the politician in question. In January 2003, a record 22 recall efforts had been launched. No one has technically been recalled, however, the recall of Paul Reitsma in 1998 looked to have enough signatures to succeed. During the secondary verification stage, Reitsma resigned and the recall count ended. In Canada, the Governor-General and Lieutenant-Governors can also theoretically call federal and/or provincial elections at will, but have never done so without the request of the corresponding first minister. Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For the song by Chamillionaire, see Ridin. In the British Isles since Anglo-Saxon times, a riding is traditionally a sub-division (especially in three) of a county[1]. The term has similar or analogous meanings in other countries. ... Look up Petition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A by-election or bye-election is a special election held to fill a political office when the incumbent has died or resigned. ... 2003: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for January, 2003. ... Paul Reitsma, former member of the legislative assembly of British Columbia for Parksville-Qualicum. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... A Lieutenant Governor or Lieutenant-Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ...


Recall in the Venezuelan constitution of 1999

Article 72 of the 1999 Constitution of Venezuela enables a recall of any elected representative, including the president, and has been used in the Venezuelan recall referendum, 2004: The Venezuelan recall referendum of 15 August 2004 was a referendum to determine whether Hugo Chávez, the current President of Venezuela, should be recalled from office. ...

Article 72: All [...] offices filled by popular vote are subject to revocation.
Once one-half of the term of office to which an official has been elected has elapsed, a number of voters representing at least 20% of the registered voters in the affected constituency may petition for the calling of a referendum to revoke that official's mandate.
When a number of voters equal to or greater than the number of those who elected the official vote in favour of the recall, provided that a number of voters equal to or greater than 25% of the total number of registered voters vote in the recall referendum, the official's mandate shall be deemed revoked and immediate action shall be taken to fill the permanent vacancy as provided for by this Constitution and by law.

Recall in the United States

In the eighteen U.S. states that today allow the recall of state officials, only two Governors have ever been successfully recalled. In 1921, North Dakota's Lynn J. Frazier was recalled over a dispute about state-owned industries, and in 2003, California Governor Gray Davis was recalled over mismanagement of the state budget. Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Lynn Frazier Lynn Joseph Frazier (December 21, 1874 - January 11, 1947) was a U.S. Senator from North Dakota (1923-1941) and the Governor of that state from 1917 until being recalled in 1921. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Joseph Graham Davis Jr. ...


In Alaska, Georgia, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Rhode Island, and Washington, specific grounds are required for a recall. Some form of malfeasance or misconduct while in office must be identified by the petitioner. The target may choose to dispute the validity of the grounds in court, and a court would then judge whether the allegations in the petition rise up to the level where a recall is necessary. In the other eleven states, no grounds are required and recalls may be circulated for any reason. However, the target is permitted to submit responses to the reasons for recall. For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...


The minimum number of signatures and time limit to qualify a recall varies between states. In addition, the means of how recalls are handled once they qualify differ. In some states, a recall triggers a simultaneous special election, where the vote on the recall, as well as the replacement, should the recall succeed are on the same ballot. The 2003 California recall election is a good example of this, with over 100 candidates on the replacement portion of the ballot. In other states, a separate special election is held after the target is recalled, or a replacement is appointed by the Governor of the state or some other body. Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ...


List of recall elections

The 1921 North Dakota Recall was a recall election of North Dakota Governor Lynn Frazier in 1921. ... The 1978 Cleveland Recall Election was a recall election that determined whether or not Clevelands 53rd mayor, Dennis J. Kucinich would be removed from office. ... The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... (Redirected from 2004 Venezuela recall) The Venezuelan recall referendum of 15 August 2004 was a referendum to determine whether Hugo Chávez, the Venezuela, should be recalled from office. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... James Elton West, best known as Jim West, is the former mayor of Spokane, Washington. ...

Unsuccessful attempts at recall

  • Evan Mecham, an Arizona Governor, was scheduled for a recall election on May 17, 1988 after a successful petition drive (301,000 signatures). However, the Supreme Court of Arizona canceled the election since he had already been impeached and removed from office by the Senate on April 4.
  • Saundra McFadden-Weaver, a Kansas City, Missouri councilwoman, was the subject of an unsuccessful recall attempt in late 2004 and early 2005, the first in Kansas City history.[2]

Paul Reitsma, former member of the legislative assembly of British Columbia for Parksville-Qualicum. ... Legislature Building in Victoria, BC The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is located in Victoria. ... Evan Mecham (IPA: ; born May 12, 1924) was the 19th Governor of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. ...

See also

This article is about the political process. ... Vote redirects here. ... A motion of no confidence, also called a motion of non-confidence, a censure motion, a no-confidence motion, or simply a confidence motion, is a parliamentary motion traditionally put before a parliament by the opposition in the hope of defeating or embarrassing a government. ... The term right of recall has two different meanings: The right of citizens to recall a representative or executive. ... Pieces of broken pottery as voting tokens. ... Athenian democracy (sometimes called Direct democracy) developed in the Greek city-state of Athens. ...

Books and monographs

Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil in Portuguese) is a group of dialects of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple of million Brazilian emigrants, mainly in the United States, United Kingdom, Portugal, Canada, Japan, and Paraguay. ...

References

  1. ^ Article in the Canadian Parliamentary Review, Vol 21, Number 3, 1998
  2. ^ Article, reported by The Pitch on January 6, 2005

  Results from FactBites:
 
2003 California recall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4000 words)
After several legal and procedural efforts failed to stop it, California's first-ever gubernatorial recall election was held on October 7, and the results were certified on November 14, 2003, making Davis the first governor recalled in the history of California, and just the second in U.S. history.
This was to be the second gubernatorial recall election in the United States history and the first in the history of California.
On October 7 the recall election was held, and voters decisively voted to recall Davis and to elect Schwarzenegger as his replacement.
Recall election - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (464 words)
Along with the initiative and referendum, it was one of the major electoral reforms advocated by leaders of the Progressive movement in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In 2003, several million citizens petitioned the government for a gubernatorial recall election.
If enough voters sign the petition, the Speaker of the legislature announces before the House that the member has been recalled and a by-election follows as soon as possible, it gives the opportunity to replace the politician in question.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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