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Encyclopedia > Reasonable Doubt
Reasonable Doubt
Reasonable Doubt cover
Studio album by Jay-Z
Released June 25, 1996
Recorded D&D Studios, 1995–1996
Genre East Coast hip hop, Mafioso rap
Length 59:24
Label Roc-A-Fella (U.S.)
Northwestside (UK)
Priority (distribution)
Producer Big Jaz, Clark Kent, Dahoud Darien, Damon Dash, DJ Irv, DJ Premier, Knobody, Peter Panic, Sean Cane, Ski
Professional reviews
Jay-Z chronology
Reasonable Doubt
(1996)
In My Lifetime, Vol. 1
(1997)
Singles from Reasonable Doubt
  1. "Dead Presidents"
    Released: February 20, 1996
  2. "Ain't No Nigga"
    Released: 1996
  3. "Can't Knock the Hustle"
    Released: August 27, 1996
  4. "Feelin' It"
    Released: April 15, 1997

Reasonable Doubt is the debut album by East Coast rapper Jay-Z. It was released on June 25, 1996 by Roc-A-Fella Records in the United States and Northwestside Records in the United Kingdom. The album features production from DJ Premier, Ski and Clark Kent, and guest vocals by Memphis Bleek, Sauce Money and The Notorious B.I.G. It peaked at #23 on the Billboard 200, received platinum status in 2002,[1] and sold 1.4 million copies as of 2006.[2] Four singles were released, the most popular being "Ain't No Nigga" and "Can't Knock the Hustle". Both reached the top 40 in the United Kingdom, but were less popular in the United States; the former reached #50 on the Billboard Hot 100, while the latter reached #73. In the common law, burden of proof is the obligation to prove allegations which are presented in a legal action. ... Image File history File links Reasonable_Doubt_New. ... A studio album is a collection of studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The seminal hip hop recording studio for the 1990s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. ... Mafioso rap is a hip hop sub-genre which flourished in the mid-1990s. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Roc-A-Fella Records is an American hip hop/rap record label. ... Northwestside Records was a record label acquired by Arista Records. ... Priority Records is an American based record label, owned and operated by EMI, and has made a name for itself dealing primarily in hip hop music. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Super DJ Clark Kent (born Rodolfo Franklin) is a hip hop DJ and record producer. ... Damon Dash, also known as Dame Dash, (born May 3, 1971 in Harlem, New York) is an African-American label executive; the former CEO and co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records with Shawn Jay-Z Carter and Kareem Biggs Burke. ... Irv Gotti (born Irving Lorenzo) (born June 26, 1970 in Hollis, Queens, New York, U.S.A) is a prominent hip hop and R&B record producer and is the head of The Inc. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... David Willis, known by most as Ski and Ski Beatz, is an African-American record producer mainly working in hip hop. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Steve Flash Juon is an American journalist and web master who writes about hip-hop music and culture. ... Image File history File links Stars10100. ... A 2005 cover of XXL, featuring Snoop Dogg and The Game. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... The Rolling Stone Album Guide, previously known as The Rolling Stone Record Guide, is a book that, along with its sister publication Rolling Stone magazine, contains professional reviews of popular music. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Singles from Released: September 16, 1997 Released: February 3, 1998 Released: 1998 In My Lifetime, Vol. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... Dead Presidents is the first single released in promotion of rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Aint No Nigga is the second single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Cant Knock the Hustle is the second single from New York rapper Jay-Zs critically acclaimed debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Feelin It is the fourth and final single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. ... Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Roc-A-Fella Records is an American hip hop/rap record label. ... Northwestside Records was a record label acquired by Arista Records. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... David Willis, known by most as Ski and Ski Beatz, is an African-American record producer mainly working in hip hop. ... Super DJ Clark Kent (born Rodolfo Franklin) is a hip hop DJ, record producer and music executive. ... Malik Thuston Cox (born on June 23, 1980), better known by his rap persona of Memphis Bleek, is a New York rapper who regularly came in contact with rap legends such as The Notorious B.I.G. and Jay-Z. After his childhood, he has collaborated with artists such as... Sauce Money is a legendary rapper hailing from the Marcy Projects of Brooklyn. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets. ... Aint No Nigga is the second single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Cant Knock the Hustle is the second single from New York rapper Jay-Zs critically acclaimed debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ...


Reasonable Doubt received strong critical reviews and has been heralded as Jay-Z's "crowning achievement", a seminal work[3] and an "undisputed classic".[4][5] Reasonable Doubt received a "5 Mics" rating from The Source and five stars from Allmusic,[6] the highest ratings issued by each publication. The Source ranks it among the top 100 albums of all time,[7] Blender ranks it as one of the 500 best albums of all time,[8] and Rolling Stone ranks it at 248 on their 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[9] Reasonable Doubt and Raekwon's Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... is considered to have popularized Mafioso rap and "revolutionized the hip hop scene".[10] The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Blender is an American magazine that bills itself as the ultimate guide to music and more. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time was the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2003. ... Corey Woods (born January 12, 1970), known by his stage name Raekwon, is an American East Coast rapper and a member of the Wu-Tang Clan. ... Only Built 4 Cuban Linx. ... Mafioso rap is a hip hop sub-genre which flourished in the mid-1990s. ...

Contents

Conception

Background

Shawn Carter grew up in Brooklyn's Marcy Houses, a New York housing project. Shawn's father abandoned the family when he was 11, the first of many traumas that led him to write raps.[11] In his neighborhood, Carter was known as "Jazzy", a nickname that developed into his stage name, "Jay-Z". The moniker is a homage to his musical mentor Jaz-O and to the J-Z subway lines that stop by Marcy Avenue. Fellow Brooklynite Jaz-O gave Jay-Z his first break by recruiting him on the 1989 song "Hawaiian Sophie". Jay-Z appeared on two more Jaz-O songs in the next year, but when Jaz-O was dropped from his label EMI, Jay-Z began supporting himself by dealing drugs.[11] He continued to pursue a rap career, however, and appeared on two songs from Original Flavor's 1993 album Beyond Flavor. Jay-Z then caught Big Daddy Kane's attention and began touring with him; they collaborated on Kane's 1994 posse cut "Show & Prove".[11] This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In the United States and Canada, public housing is a federal, state or provincial, or local program designed to provide subsidized assistance for low-income and poor people. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jamaica Center to Chambers Street or Broad Street The J Nassau Street Express and Z Nassau Street Express (earlier Jamaica Express) are two rapid transit services of the B Division of the New York City Subway. ... Marcy Avenue is the first/last stop in Brooklyn on the Jamaica Line. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... Posse cut is a popular form of song in hip hop music, that involves successive verses by four or more rappers. ...


Despite the exposure he received from Kane, Jay-Z was still without a record deal. He began selling tapes from his car with help from friend Damon Dash.[12] The success of his street-level marketing led to a deal with Payday Records, which released his first solo single, "In My Lifetime" and its B-side "I Can't Get wid Dat". In an unconventional move, Jay-Z then spurned the record contract he had long sought and left Payday Records to form his own label, Roc-A-Fella Records, with Damon Dash and Kareem "Biggs" Burke. Jay-Z later explained that he thought he could do a better job of marketing his records on his own: Damon Dash, also known as Dame Dash, (born May 3, 1971 in Harlem, New York) is an African-American label executive; the former CEO and co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records with Shawn Jay-Z Carter and Kareem Biggs Burke. ... In My Lifetime is the first single ever released by Jay-Z. It is produced by Ski and is not featured on either of Jay-Zs first two albums, but is remixed by Big Jaz on the Streets Is Watching soundtrack. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Roc-A-Fella Records is an American hip hop/rap record label. ...

[Payday] eventually signed me to a deal, but were acting shady the whole time, like they didn't know how to work a record or something," says Jay. "The things that they were setting up for me I could have done myself. They had me traveling places to do instores, and my product wasn't even available in the store. We shot one video, but when the time came for me to do the video for the second single, I had to be cut out. They gave me the money and I started my own company. There was a little arguing back and forth, but our conflict finally got resolved. The bottom line was they wasn't doing their job, so I had to get out of there.[12]

Jay-Z rented a small, cheap office for Roc-A-Fella Records on John Street in one of the "dreariest parts of the busiest city in the world".[12] Jay-Z and his compatriots thought of their low-rent headquarters as a "starting point" that would eventually lead them to Manhattan.[12] In 1995 and early 1996, Jay-Z appeared on records by Big L and Mic Geronimo, further raising his profile. At this point, he was still considered an "underground"[13] rapper with a "new jack" style.[14] For other uses, see Big L (disambiguation). ... Mic Geronimo (b. ... Underground hip hop, underground rap, or undie (to draw comparison to indie or independent rock) is an umbrella term for hip-hop and rap music outside the general commercial cannon. ...


Recording sessions

Reasonable Doubt was recorded in Manhattan's D&D Studios and mixed at Platinum Island, but its beats were formed elsewhere. Knobody produced "Can't Knock the Hustle" at his mother's home in 1994 and Ski produced "Feelin' It" and "Politics as Usual" while recording with Camp Lo.[15] The recording sessions were generally dominated by competition; Ski and Clark Kent created similar beats for "Politics as Usual", but Ski submitted his to Jay-Z first causing his to appear on the album.[15] "Brooklyn's Finest" was a competitive, though friendly battle between Jay-Z and The Notorious B.I.G. in which Jay-Z tried proving that he is of Biggie's caliber, while Biggie tried brushing his rhymes off as insignificant.[15] Although the rappers had already met on the set for the "Dead Presidents II" music video, they discovered that neither write down their rhymes while recording.[15] The recording of "Brooklyn's Finest" spanned two months and moved from D&D Studios to Giant Studios where the Clark Kent-sung chorus was recorded.[15] The studio sessions affected Jay-Z mentally: as he told Rolling Stone, "The studio was like a psychiatrist's couch for me".[9] This article is about the borough of New York City. ... The seminal hip hop recording studio for the 1990s. ... Audio mixing is used in sound recording, audio editing and sound systems to balance the relative volume and frequency content of a number of sound sources. ... Cant Knock the Hustle is the second single from New York rapper Jay-Zs critically acclaimed debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... David Willis, known by most as Ski and Ski Beatz, is an African-American record producer mainly working in hip hop. ... Feelin It is the fourth and final single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Camp Lo is an American hip hop duo, formed in 1995, which hails from The Bronx, New York. ... Super DJ Clark Kent (born Rodolfo Franklin) is a hip hop DJ, record producer and music executive. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dead Presidents is the first single released in promotion of rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... This article is about the magazine. ... For other uses, see Psychiatrist (disambiguation). ...


Music

Lyrical content

Reasonable Doubt is generally classified as Mafioso rap because of Jay-Z's prevalent references to crime within his songs. David Drake of Stylus Magazine considers the lyrics to be characterized by "gritty realism".[16] Aside from the lyrical showcase on "22 Two's", the discussion of relationship infidelities on "Ain't No Nigga" and braggadocios rhymes on "Brooklyn' Finest", the album's subject matter exclusively deals with Jay-Z's past criminal lifestyle. Allmusic's Steve Huey describes him as a "a street hustler from the projects who rapped about what he knew—and he was very, very good at it...detailing his experiences on the streets with disarming honesty".[6] Multiple aspects of this lifestyle are explored: "Can't Knock the Hustle" details Jay-Z's hustling talent, "Cashmere Thoughts" and "Dead Presidents II" explain his financial goals and other tracks like "D'evils" and "Regrets" detail how hustling negatively affects the mind. Huey summarizes the album's subject matter saying: Mafioso rap is a hip hop sub-genre which flourished in the mid-1990s. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... // Literary realism most often refers to the trend, beginning with certain works of nineteenth-century French literature and extending to late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century authors in various countries, towards depictions of contemporary life and society as they were. In the spirit of general realism, Realist authors opted for... Aint No Nigga is the second single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ...

He's cocky bordering on arrogant, but playful and witty, and exudes an effortless, unaffected cool throughout. And even if he's rapping about rising to the top instead of being there, his material obsessions are already apparent [...] the album's defining cut might [...] be the brief "22 Two's," which not only demonstrates Jay-Z's extraordinary talent as a pure freestyle rapper, but also preaches a subtle message through its club hostess: Bad behavior gets in the way of making money. Perhaps that's why Jay-Z waxes reflective, not enthusiastic, about the darker side of the streets.[6]

Production

The beats on Reasonable Doubt were provided by already established East Coast hip hop producers, including DJ Premier, Clark Kent and Ski. The production relies on soul, funk and jazz samples of artists such as Isaac Hayes, the Ohio Players and Ahmad Jamal. The refrains of a few songs contain vocal samples of rappers including Nas, Fat Joe and Snoop Dogg. Allmusic's Steve Birchmeier describes this production style as representing "the pre-gangsta era, a foregone era when samples fueled the beats and turntablism supplied the hooks" which "sets Reasonable Doubt apart from Jay-Z's later work".[17] East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... Super DJ Clark Kent (born Rodolfo Franklin) is a hip hop DJ and record producer. ... David Willis, known by most as Ski and Ski Beatz, is an African-American record producer mainly working in hip hop. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ... Ahmad Jamal (born on July 2, 1930)[1] is a noted American jazz pianist. ... A refrain (from the Old French refraindre to repeat, likely from Vulgar Latin refringere) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the chorus of a song. ... For other uses, see Nas (disambiguation). ... Joseph Antonio Cartagena (born August 19, 1970), better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper of Puerto Rican descent, and is signed to Imperial Records. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... DJ Mixer. ...


"Can't Knock the Hustle" contains a "silky smooth"[18] atmospheric beat layered with hard-hitting programmed drums and a xylophone loop. "Politics as Usual" has an R&B sound with its softer drums and sample of "Hurry Up This Way Again" by The Stylistics.[18] "Brooklyn's Finest" contrasts heavily with the first two tracks; it features an upbeat honky tonk piano loop and smooth drums sampled from "Ecstasy" by the Ohio Players. "Dead Presidents" contains a down tempo beat composed of three samples: the drums from "Oh My God (remix)" by A Tribe Called Quest, the melody and piano loop from "A Garden of Peace" by Lonnie Liston Smith and a vocal sample from "The World Is Yours" by Nas. According to IGN's Spence D., "Ski brings back the stripped down piano fill style lending the track a late night jazz vibe" on "Feelin' It".[18] "D'evils" features a downtrodden piano loop sampled from Allen Toussaint's "Go Back Home" and vocal samples from LL Cool J's "I Shot Ya (remix)" and Snoop Dogg's "Murder Was the Case". "22 Two's" has a "mournful jazz inclined groove" that prominently features string instruments.[18] Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... The Stylistics was one of the best-known Philadelphia soul groups of the 1970s. ... Honky tonk was originally the name of a type of bar common throughout the southern United States, also Honkatonk or Honkey-tonk. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ... Oh My God was the third single from A Tribe Called Quests third album Midnight Marauders. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... Lonnie Liston Smith, Jr. ... Nas in The World Is Yours music video The World Is Yours is a 1994 single by Nas, from his debut album, Illmatic. ... For other uses, see Nas (disambiguation). ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Paul Shaffer (L) and Allen Toussaint on the September 7, 2005 show of The Late Show with David Letterman Allen Toussaint (born January 14, 1938) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer and one of the most influential figures in New Orleans R&B. In the 1960s and 1970s... James Todd Smith III (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J, is an American hip hop artist and actor. ... Mr. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ...


"Can I Live" samples Isaac Hayes' cover of "The Look of Love" creating a slow beat with a mix of percussion, brass and string instruments. "Ain't No Nigga" contains a quick funky beat that samples the melody and drums from "Seven Minutes of Funk" by The Whole Darn Family. "Friend or Foe" follows with a slower funky beat that contains heavy use of brass and a programmed drum loop. "Coming of Age" contains a Clark Kent-produced beat "built around a low-end piano fill, thumping quiet storm bass, and swirling synth".[18] "Cashmere Thoughts" samples the guitar loop from Bohannon's "Save Their Souls" and adds claps and other sound effects. "Bring It On" contains a down tempo slow beat that features a string instrument loop and programmed drums. "Regrets" is driven by a jazzy sample from "It's So Easy Loving You" by Earl Klugh and Hubert Laws, as well its heavy triangle use and acoustic guitar loop. For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ... The Look Of Love is a popular song. ... Percussion redirects here. ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ... Smokey Robinsons 1975 hit single provided the name for the quiet storm radio programming format and the music category. ... Synth redirects here. ... Album cover Hamilton Bohannon (b 7 March 1942, Newnan, Georgia) is an American percussionist, bandleader and record producer who was one of the leading figures in 1970s disco music. ... Earl Klugh (born September 16, 1954 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American smooth jazz/jazz fusion guitarist and composer. ... Hubert Laws is an American jazz flutist, who also studied classical music. ...


Singles

Four singles—"Dead Presidents", "Ain't No Nigga", "Can't Knock the Hustle" and "Feelin' It"—were released in promotion of Reasonable Doubt. "Dead Presidents" features lyrics about illegally acquiring money and a somber Ski-produced beat that samples Lonnie Liston Smith's "A Garden of Peace". Its chorus, sampled from Nas' "The World Is Yours",[19] illustrates the song's lyrical thesis and was cited throughout the Nas vs. Jay-Z feud. "Dead Presidents" is the only single that did not chart, but it was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America.[1] "Dead Presidents II" appears on Reasonable Doubt, while the original appears on a single and on a music video directed by Abdul Malik Abbott. "Dead Presidents II" has the same beat and chorus as the original, but its lyrics are different. David Willis, known by most as Ski and Ski Beatz, is an African-American record producer mainly working in hip hop. ... Lonnie Liston Smith, Jr. ... For other uses, see Nas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the thesis in academia. ... The feud between hip hop artists Nas and Jay-Z received public attention beginning in 2001 and ended in 2005. ... In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets. ... RIAA redirects here. ...


The second single, "Ain't No Nigga", features female rapper Foxy Brown. The song details a love relationship between Jay-Z and the materialistic Foxy Brown. The chorus interpolates "Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got)" by The Four Tops. The funky Big Jaz-produced beat sounds like EPMD's "It's My Thing" because both tracks sample "Seven Minutes of Funk" by The Whole Darn Family. "Ain't No Nigga" was the most commercially successful single, reaching #50 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #1 on the Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales.[20] Abdul Malik Abbot directed the song's music video. For the 1974 blaxploitation film, see Foxy Brown (film). ... In music, interpolation is an abrupt change of elements, with (almost immediate) continuation of the first idea. ... Aint No Woman (Like the One Ive Got) is a 1973 hit single written by Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter and was released as a single by The Four Tops on the ABC/Dunhill record label. ... The Four Tops are an American vocal quartet, whose repertoire has included doo-wop, jazz, soul music, R&B, disco, adult contemporary, and showtunes. ... Jaz-O is an East Coast rapper, active in the late 1980s and early 1990s, best known for being a mentor of sorts to Jay-Z. Jaz-O is also known as The Originator. ... EPMD is an American rap group from Brentwood, New York, active from 1987 to 1999; one of the prominent acts in East coast hip hop. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Hot Dance Singles Sales (formerly known as Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales) is a Billboard is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States. ...


"Can't Knock the Hustle", the third single, features soulful singing by Mary J. Blige. The song features Jay-Z bragging about the lifestyle he created by becoming a successful hustler. Produced by Knobody, the beat samples "Much Too Much" by Marcus Miller and "Fool's Paradise" by Meli'sa Morgan. It reached #73 on the Billboard Hot 100 making it the second most successful single on the album,[20] but it also reached #30 on the UK Singles Chart making it the most successful single in the United Kingdom.[21] A high budget music video directed by Hype Williams was made for "Can't Knock the Hustle". Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer-songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, actress, and hip hop icon who has sold more than 40 million records and over 10 million singles worldwide. ... Marcus Miller (born June 14, 1959 in New York) is a jazz musician, composer and producer, perhaps best known as a bass guitarist with Miles Davis, Luther Vandross and David Sanborn. ... Melisa Morgan is a female African American R&B singer born in Queens New York who had a string of R&B and dance music hits in the eighties and nineties. ... “British Hit Singles” redirects here. ... Harold Hype Williams (born 1970 in Queens, New York) is an American music video and film director of African-American and Honduran descent. ...


The fourth and final single is the jazzy "Feelin' It". Guest singer Mecca sings the song's chorus and Jay-Z provides three verses about his lifestyle as a hustler. The song's piano-led beat is produced by Ski, who samples "Pastures" by jazz musician Ahmad Jamal. "Feelin' It" is the third most commercially successful single, reaching #79 on the Billboard Hot 100.[20] A low budget music video directed by Alan Ferguson was created for "Feelin' It". A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Ahmad Jamal (born on July 2, 1930)[1] is a noted American jazz pianist. ...


Reception

Reasonable Doubt peaked at #23 on the Billboard 200, a rank lower than Jay-Z's future studio albums,[22] and it was certified platinum on February 7, 2002.[1] The album received positive reviews from music critics. Allmusic awarded it five stars,[6] Entertainment Weekly ranked it B+[23] and The Source gave it four mics, but later changed it to a full five mic rating. The Source also ranked the album as one of the "100 Best Rap Albums of All Time" in 1998.[7] It also ranks on top albums lists by Rolling Stone (2003's "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time"),[9] Blender (2003's "500 CDs You Must Own Before You Die"),[8] Vibe (2004's "51 Albums Representing a Generation, a Sound and a Movement")[8] and Hip Hop Connection (2006's "The 100 Greatest Rap Albums 1995-2005").[8] The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Rolling Stones 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, Magazine Cover, November 2003. ... Blender is an American magazine that bills itself as the ultimate guide to music and more. ... Janet Jackson on the cover of Vibe in 1998. ... Hip Hop Connection (HHC) is the longest running magazine devoted entirely to hip hop in the world. ...


Lyrically, the album is praised for its honest and visual depictions of a hustler's life. Journalist Dream Hampton explains Jay-Z's lyrics saying: "MC's had definitely touched, you know, on hustling. But Jay, talks about what it can do to a person's inner peace, and what it can do to their mind".[11] Allmusic's Steve Huey explains that the lyrical appeal lies within Jay's "effortless, unaffected cool" flow, "disarming honesty", and his knack for "writing some of the most acrobatic rhymes heard in quite some time".[6] Huey writes that this lyrical depth "helps Reasonable Doubt rank as one of the finest albums of New York's hip-hop renaissance of the '90s".[6] Fellow Allmusic writer Jason Birchmeier claims that Jay-Z's lyrics are "candidly professional, but it's the producers more so than Jay-Z himself that make this album so untouchable".[17] Birchmeier remarks that the album "boasts an amazing roster of producers", and Steve Juon agrees describing Ski, Clark Kent and DJ Premier as "the best beatmakers in rap".[14] Juon also recognizes the album's lyrical strength and describes the album's reception saying: This article does not cite any references or sources. ... East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. ... Steve Flash Juon was born in Ames, IA on June 20th, 1974. ...

[T]his is not only the definitive album from H to the Izzo's catalogue, it's one of the ten most important rap records of the entire 1990's. It's possible to live without having heard it - but after you do, you'll wonder how you ever managed without it. Even nearly six years later, this album stands up to the best production and strongest lyricism coming out of any rap around the globe. If an album could be said to have made corny MC's into Jay-Z haters, this is the one. Izzo (H.O.V.A.) was a single released from Jay-Z in 2001 from his sixth album The Blueprint. ...

Steve Juon, [14]

Significance

Subsequent Jay-Z albums

Despite being the lowest charting Jay-Z album,[22] it is generally considered his best record.[4] It differs from his future albums in its lack of "pop-crossover" songs and chart topping hits.[4] Also, future Jay-Z albums were mainly produced by The Hitmen, Timbaland and Swizz Beatz. Shaheem Reid of MTV explains, "Reasonable Doubt might not have the radio hits or club bangers of many of his other albums, but it may be Jay at his most lyrical—and certainly at his most honest, according to him".[13] Jay-Z continued many themes from Reasonable Doubt on future albums; his second album In My Lifetime, Vol. 1 featured a song named "Friend or Foe '98" that continues the story from "Friend or Foe" and features similar DJ Premier production. Jay-Z's third album Vol. 2... Hard Knock Life contains a track named "Coming of Age (Da Sequel)". It features Memphis Bleek as does the original "Coming of Age", but it is produced by Swizz Beatz and its story changes drastically. Jay-Z feels that recreating Reasonable Doubt is challenging because he was living a different lifestyle with a completely different state of mind as he wrote the album.[13][19][24] Ian Cohen of Stylus Magazine states its significance in context of Jay-Z's other major albums, The Blueprint and The Black Album: "Reasonable Doubt was the come-up, The Blueprint was the comeback, and The Black Album may not have found him at his strongest lyrically, but it gained gravitas from meta-awareness and introspection".[25] This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Hitmen is a production team formed by Sean Diddy Combs to produce Hip Hop and R&B records for his Bad Boy labels recording artists. ... Timothy Z. Mosley, who works under the performing name Timbaland (born March 10, 1971), is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer, composer, rapper, and singer. ... Kasseem Dean (born September 17, 1978) better known by his stage name Swizz Beatz, is a New York-based American hip hop record producer/rapper of Puerto Rican & African American descent. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Singles from Released: September 16, 1997 Released: February 3, 1998 Released: 1998 In My Lifetime, Vol. ... Singles from Released: April 1998 Released: July 21, 1998 Released: September 1, 1998 Released: October 20, 1998 Released: February 23, 1999 Released: November 30, 1999 Vol. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... For other uses, see Blueprint (disambiguation). ... Singles from The Black Album Released: November 11, 2003 Released: January 13, 2004 Released: April 13, 2004 The Black Album is a 2003 hip hop music album by rapper Jay-Z. It was supposedly his last studio album until Jay-Z announced a return to solo recording in 2006. ...


Mafioso rap/hip hop music

Less than two years before Reasonable Doubt's release, three popular Mafioso rap albums were released: Raekwon's Only Built 4 Cuban Linx, AZ's Doe or Die and Nas' It Was Written. Jay-Z then burst on to the scene with his debut album that further popularized a genre in which drinking Cristal, driving Lexus automobiles and living out the plots of films like Scarface was commonplace.[26] Stylus Magazine writer Evan McGarvey claims that hustler rap group The Clipse try emulating Jay-Z's Reasonable Doubt sound on their 2006 song "We Got It for Cheap".[27] Mafioso rap is a hip hop sub-genre which flourished in the mid-1990s. ... Corey Woods (born January 12, 1970), known by his stage name Raekwon, is an American East Coast rapper and a member of the Wu-Tang Clan. ... Only Built 4 Cuban Linx is an influential East Coast rap album by rapper Raekwon, released in 1995. ... Anthony Cruz (born March 9, 1972 in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York), better known as AZ, is an American rapper currently residing in Englewood, New Jersey. ... Doe or Die is the debut album by gangsta rapper AZ. Released in 1995 AZ was introduced to the world in Nass Illmatic in 1994. ... It Was Written is the second album by Queensbridge rapper Nas. ... A bottle of Louis Roederer Cristal (1993). ... Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Scarface is a 1983 film directed by Brian De Palma, written by Oliver Stone and starring Al Pacino as Antonio Tony Montana. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... The Clipse are a Virginia based multi-platinum selling hip-hop duo. ...


Jay-Z's influence also extended to hip hop music in general. On the title track from The Game's 2005 album The Documentary, he references Reasonable Doubt as a classic album. Jean Grae also references the album on her 2004 song "Not like Me" by claiming that she would argue whether Reasonable Doubt or Nas' Illmatic is a better album. The album's vocals have been sampled on multiple occasions: Chubb Rock's "Survive", Termanology's "Watch How It Go Down", Apathy's "9 to 5" and Mary J. Blige's "Round and Round" contains samples from "D'evils" and De La Soul's "Shopping Bags (She Got from You)" contains samples from "Brooklyn's Finest". It is often "considered one of hip-hop's landmark albums" according to Pitchfork Media's Ryan Schreiber.[24] It is compared to The Notorious B.I.G.'s Ready to Die and Nas' Illmatic as a classic album.[6][28][29] Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... The Documentary is Los Angeles rapper The Games first major-label album. ... Jean Grae (formerly What? What?; real name Tsidi Ibrahim) is an American hip hop artist. ... Illmatic is the debut album by rapper Nas, released on April 19, 1994 through Columbia Records, and featuring production from Large Professor (of Main Source), Pete Rock (of Pete Rock & CL Smooth), Q-Tip (of A Tribe Called Quest) and DJ Premier (of Gang Starr), as well as a guest... Chubb Rock Chubb Rock (born Richard Simpson on May 28, 1968 in Jamaica) is rapper who released several commercially successful hip hop albums circa 1990. ... Daniel Carrillo, (better known by his stage name Termanology), is a Puerto Rican-American rapper from Lawrence, Massachusetts, who later moved to Haverhill, Massachusetts. ... Apathy (born March 8th, 1979) the self-proclaimed “King of Connecticut” (and formerly the Alien Tongue), is an underground rapper currently signed to Atlantic Records. ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer-songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, actress, and hip hop icon who has sold more than 40 million records and over 10 million singles worldwide. ... De La Soul is a Grammy-award winning hip hop group from Long Island, New York. ... Shopping Bags (She Got From You) is the first official single to be released by De La Soul, from their seventh studio album, The Grind Date. ... Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a United States-based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. ... For other uses, see Ready to Die (disambiguation). ...


10 Year Anniversary Concert

In 2006, Jay-Z performed the songs from Reasonable Doubt at the Radio City Music Hall to celebrate its ten-year anniversary. The concert's band included The Roots' drummer Questlove, the Illadelphonics, a 50-piece orchestra dubbed The Hustla's Symphony and Just Blaze, the performance's disc jockey.[13] It featured vocals from all original album guests except Mary J. Blige, The Notorious B.I.G. and Jaz-O. Beyoncé Knowles replaced Mary J. Blige for "Can't Knock the Hustle", Jay-Z rapped The Notorious B.I.G.'s verses on "Brooklyn's Finest" and Jaz-O's verse was left out of "Bring It On". While Blige was preparing for her Breakthrough Tour and The Notorious B.I.G. had died nine years before the concert, Jaz-O did not perform because of his feud with Jay-Z.[13] Jay-Z added a verse to "22 Two's" in which he says variations of the words "for/four" 44 times over the beat of "Can I Kick It?" by A Tribe Called Quest. Other alterations include Jay-Z changing a lyrical mention of Cristal to Dom Pérignon and Jay-Z's band "spruc[ing] up tracks like 'Regrets' to add more energy".[13] Celebrities including Alicia Keys, Young Jeezy, Jadakiss, Chris Tucker, Lebron James and Carmelo Anthony attended the concert. Three thousand tickets were put on sale; all were sold within two minutes according to Roc-A-Fella Records' website.[30] Radio City Music Hall at Christmas 2005 Radio City Music Hall is an entertainment venue located in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The Roots, also variously known as The Legendary Roots Crew, The Fifth Dynasty, The Square Roots and The Foundation, are an influential, Grammy-winning hip-hop band based out of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, famed for a heavily jazzy sound and live instrumentation. ... ?uestlove (born Ahmir Khalib Thompson in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is the drummer, producer and arranger for the Roots. ... Justin Smith (born in Paterson, New Jersey on January 14, 1978), better known as Just Blaze, is an American hip hop music producer. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer-songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, actress, and hip hop icon who has sold more than 40 million records and over 10 million singles worldwide. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Beyoncé Giselle Knowles (pronounced [1]) (born September 4, 1981) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, actress, dancer, and fashion designer. ... The Breakthrough is the Grammy Award-winning seventh studio album by American R&B and soul singer Mary J. Blige, released by Geffen Records in Britain on December 12, 2005 and December 20 in North America (see 2005 in music). ... Can I Kick It? was the third single from A Tribe Called Quests debut album Peoples Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... A bottle of Louis Roederer Cristal (1993). ... Dom Pérignon is a famous and expensive champagne produced by Moët et Chandon. ... Alexis is Alicias #1 fan. ... Jay Jenkins (born September 28, 1977 in Columbia, South Carolina) formerly known as Lil J currently known as Young Jeezy, is an American rapper. ... Jayson T. Phillips (born May 27, 1975), also known by his stage name Jadakiss, is an American rapper. ... Christopher Tucker (born August 31, 1972) is an American actor and comedian most widely known for his role as James Carter in the Rush Hour trilogy. ... LeBron Raymone James (born December 30, 1984) is an American professional basketball player who currently plays for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). ... Carmelo Anthony (born May 29, 1984 in the Red Hook Projects of Brooklyn, New York)[1] is an American professional basketball player at the small forward position for the Denver Nuggets of the National Basketball Association and the USA National Team. ...


Track listing

# Title Time Songwriters Producer(s) Guests(s) Sample(s)[31]
1 "Can't Knock the Hustle" 5:17 Shawn Carter
Jerome Foster
Marcus Miller
Knobody
Dahoud Darien
Sean Cane for The Hitmen
Mary J. Blige
2 "Politics as Usual" 3:41 Cynthia Biggs
Shawn Carter
David Willis
Ski
3 "Brooklyn's Finest" 4:36 Leroy Bonner
Shawn Carter
Rodolfo Franklin
Marshall Jones
Ralph Middlebrooks
Walter Morrison
Andrew Noland
Marvin Pierce
Christopher Wallace
Greg Webster
Clark Kent The Notorious B.I.G.
4 "Dead Presidents II" 4:27 Shawn Carter
Nasir Jones
Peter Phillips
Lonnie Liston Smith
David Willis
Ski
5 "Feelin' It" 3:48 Shawn Carter
David Willis
Ski Mecca
6 "D'Evils" 3:31 Shawn Carter
Chris E. Martin
DJ Premier
7 "22 Two's" 3:29 Shawn Carter
David Willis
Ski
8 "Can I Live" 4:10 Burt Bacharach
Shawn Carter
Hal David
Irving Lorenzo
Irv Gotti
9 "Ain't No Nigga" 4:03 Jonathan Burks
Shawn Carter
Dennis Lambert
Inga Marchand
August Moon
Brian Potter
Tyrone Thomas
Big Jaz Foxy Brown
  • "Seven Minutes of Funk" by The Whole Darn Family
  • "Ain't No Woman (Like the One I Got)" by The Four Tops
10 "Friend or Foe" 1:49 Shawn Carter
Chris E. Martin
DJ Premier
  • "Hey What's That You Say" by Wood, Brass & Steel
  • "Hey What's That You Say" by Brother to Brother
11 "Coming of Age" 3:59 Shawn Carter
Rodolfo Franklin
James Mtume
Clark Kent Memphis Bleek
  • "Inside You" by Eddie Henderson
12 "Cashmere Thoughts" 2:56 Hamilton Bohannon
Shawn Carter
Leroy Emanuel
Rodolfo Franklin
Melvin Ragin
Clark Kent
13 "Bring It On" 5:01 Jonathan Burks
Shawn Carter
Todd Gaither
Chris E. Martin
DJ Premier Big Jaz, Sauce Money
14 "Regrets" 4:34 Shawn Carter
F. DiPasquale
Peter Panic
15* "Can I Live II"
International bonus track
3:57 Shawn Carter
Malik Cox
M. Johnson
K-Rob Memphis Bleek
  • "Mother's Day" by 24 Carat Black
16* "Can't Knock the Hustle (Fool's Paradise remix)"
International bonus track
4:45 Shawn Carter
Irving Lorenzo
Meli'sa Morgan
Lesette Wilson
Irv Gotti

Cant Knock the Hustle is the second single from New York rapper Jay-Zs critically acclaimed debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... The Hitmen is a production team formed by Sean Diddy Combs to produce Hip Hop and R&B records for his Bad Boy labels recording artists. ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer-songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, actress, and hip hop icon who has sold more than 40 million records and over 10 million singles worldwide. ... Marcus Miller (born June 14, 1959 in New York) is a jazz musician, composer and producer, perhaps best known as a bass guitarist with Miles Davis, Luther Vandross and David Sanborn. ... Melisa Morgan is a female African American R&B singer born in Queens New York who had a string of R&B and dance music hits in the eighties and nineties. ... David Willis, known by most as Ski and Ski Beatz, is an African-American record producer mainly working in hip hop. ... The Stylistics was one of the best-known Philadelphia soul groups of the 1970s. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ... Walter Junie Morrison or simply Junie Morrison is a musician and producer born in Dayton, Ohio. ... Super DJ Clark Kent (born Rodolfo Franklin) is a hip hop DJ, record producer and music executive. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ... Carlitos Way is a 1993 gangster film based on the novels Carlitos Way and After Hours by Judge Edwin Torres. ... Dead Presidents is the first single released in promotion of rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Pete Rock (born Peter Phillips, June 21, 1970[1] in Bronx, New York) is an American hip hop DJ, producer and rapper. ... Lonnie Liston Smith, Jr. ... Nas in The World Is Yours music video The World Is Yours is a 1994 single by Nas, from his debut album, Illmatic. ... For other uses, see Nas (disambiguation). ... Oh My God was the third single from A Tribe Called Quests third album Midnight Marauders. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... Feelin It is the fourth and final single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Ahmad Jamal (born on July 2, 1930)[1] is a noted American jazz pianist. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... Paul Shaffer (L) and Allen Toussaint on the September 7, 2005 show of The Late Show with David Letterman Allen Toussaint (born January 14, 1938) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer and one of the most influential figures in New Orleans R&B. In the 1960s and 1970s... Mr. ... James Todd Smith III (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J, is an American hip hop artist and actor. ... Albert Johnson (born November 2, 1974), better known as Prodigy, is an American rapper and one-half of the hip-hop duo Mobb Deep with Havoc. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Can I Kick It? was the third single from A Tribe Called Quests debut album Peoples Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... This biographical article needs additional references for verification. ... Hal David (born May 25, 1921 in New York City, New York) is an American lyricist and songwriterFicticiousbyMichaelAlfredMontalbano. ... Irv Gotti (born Irving Lorenzo) (born June 26, 1970 in Hollis, Queens, New York, U.S.A) is a prominent hip hop and R&B record producer and is the head of The Inc. ... The Look Of Love is a popular song. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ... Aint No Nigga is the second single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Four Tops are an American vocal quartet, whose repertoire has included doo-wop, jazz, soul music, R&B, disco, adult contemporary, and showtunes. ... James Mtume is an 80s artist perhaps best known for his hit song Juicy Fruit. ... Malik Thuston Cox (born on June 23, 1980), better known by his rap persona of Memphis Bleek, is a New York rapper who regularly came in contact with rap legends such as The Notorious B.I.G. and Jay-Z. After his childhood, he has collaborated with artists such as... Melvin Wah-Wah Watson Ragin, better known as just Wah-Wah Watson, is a guitarist famed for his wah-wah skills. ... Album cover Hamilton Bohannon (b 7 March 1942, Newnan, Georgia) is an American percussionist, bandleader and record producer who was one of the leading figures in 1970s disco music. ... Sauce Money is a legendary rapper hailing from the Marcy Projects of Brooklyn. ... 1, 2 Pass It is a collaboration song by the short lived D&D All-Stars, a group consisting of Doug E. Fresh, Fat Joe, Jeru the Damaja, KRS-One, Mad Lion and Smif-N-Wessun. ... Earl Klugh (born September 16, 1954 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American smooth jazz/jazz fusion guitarist and composer. ... Hubert Laws is an American jazz flutist, who also studied classical music. ... Marcus Miller (born June 14, 1959 in New York) is a jazz musician, composer and producer, perhaps best known as a bass guitarist with Miles Davis, Luther Vandross and David Sanborn. ... Melisa Morgan is a female African American R&B singer born in Queens New York who had a string of R&B and dance music hits in the eighties and nineties. ...

Chart positions

Album

Chart (1996)[22] Peak
position
U.S. Billboard 200 23
U.S. Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums 3

The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ...

Singles

Song Chart (1996)[20] Peak
position
"Ain't No Nigga" U.S. Billboard Hot 100 50
U.S. Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 17
UK Singles Chart 31
"Can't Knock the Hustle" U.S. Billboard Hot 100 73
U.S. Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 35
UK Singles Chart 30
Song Chart (1997) Peak
position
"Can't Knock the Hustle" New Zealand Singles Chart 26
"Feelin' It" U.S. Billboard Hot 100 79
U.S. Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 46

“Hot 100” redirects here. ... Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, formerly known by various names including Hot Soul Singles, Hot Black Singles, and Hot R&B Singles (before the hip-hop term was added in the late 1990s), is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States. ... “British Hit Singles” redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c RIAA Platinum and Gold Searchable Database. Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved on July 22, 2007.
  2. ^ Jay-Z Brings Life To "Reasonable Doubt". Billboard (2006-06-08). Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  3. ^ Lewis, Miles (2006-11-27). Hova's Slight Return. The Village Voice. Retrieved on 2008-02-09.
  4. ^ a b c Birchmeier, Jason. Jay-Z Biography. Allmusic. Retrieved on July 22, 2007.
  5. ^ Thompson, Bonsu (2006-06-23). Jay-Z: Cocaina. XXL Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Huey, Steve. Reasonable Doubt Review. Allmusic. Retrieved on July 20, 2007.
  7. ^ a b 100 Best Rap Albums. The Source (Jan 1998). Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  8. ^ a b c d Acclaimed Music: Jay-Z. Acclaimed Music. Retrieved on July 21, 2007.
  9. ^ a b c 500 Greatest Albums of All Time: #248 (Reasonable Doubt). Rolling Stone (2003-11-01). Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  10. ^ Mr. S (2001-02-03). Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... Review. RapReviews.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  11. ^ a b c d Driven: About the Episode. VH1. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  12. ^ a b c d Hunter, Asondra. Rockin' On A Roc-A-Fella at Yahoo! Music. Music.Yahoo.com. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Reid, Shaheem. Jay-Z Rolls Out Classics, Big Surprises At Reasonable Doubt 10th Anniversary Show. VH1. Retrieved on July 21, 2007.
  14. ^ a b c Juon, Steve (2001-12-12). Reasonable Doubt Review. RapReviews.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  15. ^ a b c d e The Making of Reasonable Doubt Told U So. XXL Magazine (2006-06-23). Retrieved on 2007-06-20.
  16. ^ Drake, David (2004-04-28). RBG (Revolutionary But Gangsta) Review. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  17. ^ a b Birchmeier, Jason. Reasonable Doubt (Clean) Review. Allmusic. Retrieved on July 21, 2007.
  18. ^ a b c d e Spence D. (2003-11-10). Reasonable Doubt Review. IGN.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  19. ^ a b c Hatfield, Quinton (2007-01-07). Roc-A-Biz: Ski Beatz. HNNLive.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  20. ^ a b c d Jay-Z: Billboard Singles. Allmusic. Retrieved on July 20, 2007.
  21. ^ UK Top 40 Hit Database: Jay-Z Singles. EveryHit.com. Retrieved on July 20, 2007.
  22. ^ a b c Jay-Z: Billboard Albums. Allmusic. Retrieved on July 22, 2007.
  23. ^ Music Capsule Review. Entertainment Weekly (1996-08-02). Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  24. ^ a b The Black Album Review. Pitchfork Media (2003-11-17). Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  25. ^ Cohen, Ian (2006-11-22). Kingdom Come Review. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  26. ^ Hip-hop Generations: Defining Albums - A&E. The Clarion (2007-04-11). Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  27. ^ McGarvey, Evan (2006-11-27). Hell Hath No Fury Review. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  28. ^ McGarvey, Evan (2007-05-10). Da Drought 3 Review. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  29. ^ Breihan, Tom (2006-06-26). Jay-Z's Reasonable Doubt Anniversary Show at Radio City: Really That Good. The Village Voice. Retrieved on 2008-02-09.
  30. ^ Humphreys, Quanah (2006-06-13). Jay-Z to Play Reasonable Doubt Anniversary Gig. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  31. ^ Rap Sample FAQ Search: Jay-Z. The-Breaks.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-09.
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This article is about a New York newspaper. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A 2005 cover of XXL, featuring Snoop Dogg and The Game. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A 2005 cover of XXL, featuring Snoop Dogg and The Game. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a United States-based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the online music and film magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about a New York newspaper. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a United States-based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Singles from Released: September 16, 1997 Released: February 3, 1998 Released: 1998 In My Lifetime, Vol. ... Singles from Released: April 1998 Released: July 21, 1998 Released: September 1, 1998 Released: October 20, 1998 Released: February 23, 1999 Released: November 30, 1999 Vol. ... For other uses, see Blueprint (disambiguation). ... Singles from The Black Album Released: November 11, 2003 Released: January 13, 2004 Released: April 13, 2004 The Black Album is a 2003 hip hop music album by rapper Jay-Z. It was supposedly his last studio album until Jay-Z announced a return to solo recording in 2006. ... This article is about the Jay-Z album. ... For other uses, see American Gangster. ... The Blueprint 2. ... Greatest Hits is a compilation album by Jay-Z. Can I Get A... Hard Knock Life (The Ghetto Anthem) Wishing on a Star (DJ Influence Remix) Cant Knock the Hustle Aint No Nigga Ride or Die Brooklyns Finest Imaginary Player Friend or Foe Friend or Foe 98... The Best of Both Worlds is a 2002 collaborative album by R. Kelly & Jay-Z. It reached #2 on the US Billboard 200 Albums Chart. ... Unfinished Business is the second collaboration LP between Jay-Z and R. Kelly (following The Best of Both Worlds, their first collaboration in 2002), released in 2004. ... Linkin Park chronology Singles from Collision Course Released: December 13, 2004 Released: 2005/2006 Collision Course is a CD/DVD set released on November 30, 2004 by Jay-Z & Linkin Park. ... In My Lifetime is the first single ever released by Jay-Z. It is produced by Ski and is not featured on either of Jay-Zs first two albums, but is remixed by Big Jaz on the Streets Is Watching soundtrack. ... Dead Presidents is the first single released in promotion of rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Aint No Nigga is the second single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Cant Knock the Hustle is the second single from New York rapper Jay-Zs critically acclaimed debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Feelin It is the fourth and final single from rapper Jay-Zs debut album Reasonable Doubt. ... Who You Wit is a 1997 single by rapper Jay-Z that is produced by Ski. ... (Always Be My) Sunshine is a the first single from rapper Jay-Zs second album In My Lifetime, Vol. ... The City Is Mine is a the second single from rapper Jay-Zs second album In My Lifetime, Vol. ... Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem) was a 1998 hit single from rapper Jay-Zs third album Vol. ... Jigga What, Jigga Who was a single from rapper Jay-Zs third album, Vol. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Can I Get A... was a hit single from rapper Jay-Zs album Vol. ... Its Alright is a 1998 single by rappers Jay-Z and Memphis Bleek. ... Money Aint a Thang is the second single from rapper Jermaine Dupris 1998 album Life in 1472. ... Big Pimpin is a 2000 single by Jay-Z, featuring UGK. It is the most successful single from Jay-Zs album Vol. ... Do It Again (Put Ya Hands Up) is the second single from rapper Jay-Zs fourth album Vol. ... Jigga My Nigga is the first single from rapper Jay-Zs fourth album Vol. ... Girls Best Friend is a 1999 single by rapper Jay-Z that features vocals from Theresa Rodriguez. ... I Just Wanna Luv U (Give It 2 Me) was the first single from rapper Jay-Zs album The Dynasty: Roc La Familia. ... Guilty Until Proven Innocent is the third and final single from rapper Jay-Zs 2000 album The Dynasty: Roc La Familia. ... Change the Game is the second single from rapper Jay-Z from his 2000 album The Dynasty: Roc La Familia. ... Izzo (H.O.V.A.) was a single released from Jay-Z in 2001 from his sixth album The Blueprint. ... Girls, Girls, Girls was the second single from rapper Jay-Zs album The Blueprint. ... Jigga that Nigga is the third single from rapper Jay-Zs sixth studio album, The Blueprint. ... Song Cry was the fourth single from Jay-Zs album The Blueprint. ... 03 Bonnie & Clyde is a single from Jay-Zs album The Blueprint²: The Gift & The Curse. ... Excuse Me Miss is a 2003 hit single for rapper Jay-Z on the The Blueprint 2: The Gift & the Curse album. ... Change Clothes is the first official single from rapper Jay-Zs studio album The Black Album. ... Dirt Off Your Shoulder was a single released from Jay-Zs 2003 album The Black Album. ... Encore is a song from Jay-Zs The Black Album. ... What More Can I Say is a song released on Jay-Zs The Black Album. ... 99 Problems is a single released by American rapper Jay-Z in 2003 from the The Black Album. ... Show Me What You Got is a single by rap artist and Def Jam president Jay-Z. // It is the first single from his comeback album Kingdom Come. ... Lost One is the second single from Jay-Zs comeback album Kingdom Come. ... Minority Report is a single from the Jay-Z album Kingdom Come released with Beach Chair as its B side. ... Beach Chair is a song from rapper Jay-Zs comeback album Kingdom Come. ... Beyoncé singles chronology Listen (2007) Welcome To Hollywood (2007) Beautiful Liar (2007) Hollywood is the fourth single from Jay-Zs latest solo album Kingdom Come. ... ‹ The template below (CurrentSingles) is being considered for deletion. ... Blue Magic will be the first single from Jay-Zs upcoming tenth album, American Gangster. ... Roc Boys (And the Winner Is). ... This is the discography of hip hop artist Jay-Z. // 2002: Chapter One: Greatest Hits 2003: Bring It On: The Best of Jay-Z 2006: Greatest Hits 1998: Streets Is Watching 2000: Hard Knock Life 2002: State Property 2002: Paper Soldiers 2004: Fade to Black 2006: Diary of Jay-Z... Roc-A-Fella Records is an American hip hop/rap record label. ... The feud between hip hop artists Nas and Jay-Z received public attention beginning in 2001 and ended in 2005. ... Beyoncé Giselle Knowles (pronounced [1]) (born September 4, 1981) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, actress, dancer, and fashion designer. ... Def Jam Recordings, commonly referred to as Def Jam Records or just Def Jam is an United States based hip-hop record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... The following is a list of songs by Jay-Z organized by alphabetical order. ...

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Language Log: Reasonable doubt about reasonable doubt (779 words)
Reasonable doubt, as the name implies, is a doubt based on reason -- a doubt for which you have a reason based upon the evidence or lack of evidence in the case.
Reasonable doubt is the kind of doubt that would cause a reasonable person, after careful and thoughtful reflection, to hesitate to act in the graver or more important matters of life.
However, it is not imaginary doubt, nor a doubt based on speculation or guesswork; it is a doubt based on reason.
Reasonable Doubt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (597 words)
Reasonable Doubt was rapper Jay-Z's debut hip hop album, released on June 25, 1996 (see 1996 in music).
In spite of this lack of initial recognition, Reasonable Doubt received strong critical reviews and is now acknowledged as one of the most influential Mafioso rap albums of the mid-1990s.
Reasonable Doubt is often considered Jay-Z's best album by hip-hop fans who dislike the crossover-oriented sound of his subsequent efforts (though his sixth album The Blueprint, gained equal critical praise upon its release).
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