FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rear wheel drive

Rear wheel drive was a common form of engine/transmission layout used in automobiles throughout the 20th century. RWD typically places the engine in the front of the vehicle, but the mid engine and rear engine layouts are also used. An engine is something that produces some effect from a given input. ... In mechanics, a transmission or gearbox is the gear and/or hydraulic system that transmits mechanical power from a prime mover (which can be an engine or electric motor), to some form of useful output device. ... A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... In Automobile design, an MR or Mid-engine, Rear wheel drive layout drives the rear wheels with an engine placed just in front of them, behind the passenger compartment. ... In Automobile design, an RR, or Rear-engine, Rear wheel drive, layout places both the engine and drive wheels at the rear of the vehicle. ...


The vast majority of rear wheel drive vehicles use a longitudinally-mounted engine in the front of the vehicle, driving the rear wheels via a driveshaft linked via a differential between the rear axles. Some FR layout vehicles place the transmission at the rear, though most attach it to the engine at the front. Cardan driveshaft with universal joints A driveshaft or driving shaft or Cardan shaft is a mechanical device for transferring power from the engine or motor to the point where useful work is applied. ... In this differential, input torque is applied to the ring gear (blue). ... In Automobile design, an FR, or Front-engine, Rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ...


Rear wheel drive has fallen out of favor in passenger cars since the 1980s, due in part to higher manufacturing costs, and a perception by many car buyers that front wheel drive is safer, and that it performs better on slippery roads. The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ...


It still sees heavy use in taxi and police fleets, due to cheaper maintenance, and in the case of police fleets, better performance. A taxicab (sometimes called taxi, cab, or hack) is a vehicle for hire which conveys passengers between locations of their choice. ...

Contents


Advantages

  • Better handling in dry conditions - less force is applied to the front wheels, allowing more of their friction to be used to steer the vehicle and allowing more power to be applied through the rear wheels, which are unburdened by steering.
  • Less costly and easier maintenance - Rear wheel drive is mechanically simpler and typically does not involve packing as many parts into as small a space as does front wheel drive, thus requiring less disassembly or specialized tools in order to replace parts.
  • Even weight distribution - The division of weight between the front and rear wheels has a significant impact on a car's handling, and it is much easier to get a 50/50 weight distribution in a rear wheel drive car than in a front wheel drive car, as more of the engine can lie between the front and rear wheels (in the case of a mid engine layout, the entire engine), and the transmission is moved much farther back.
  • Towing - Rear wheel drive puts the wheels which are pulling the load closer to the point where a trailer articulates, helping steering, especially for large loads.
  • Weight transfer during acceleration. (During heavy acceleration, the front end rises, and more weight is placed on the rear, or drving wheels).
  • Drifting - Drifting is a controlled skid, where the rear wheels break free from the pavement as they spin, allowing the rear end of the car to move freely left and right. This is of course easier to do on slippery surfaces. Severe damage and wear to tires and mechanical components can result from drifting on dry asphalt. Drifting can be used to help in cornering quickly, or in turning the car around in a very small space. Many enthusiasts make a sport of drifting, and will drift just for the sake of drifting. Drifting requires a great deal of skill, and is not recommended for most drivers. It should be mentioned that front wheel drive and four wheel drive cars may also drift, but only with much more difficulty. When front wheel drive cars drift, the driver usually pulls on the emergency brake in order for the back wheels to stop and thus skid. This technique is also used for 'long' drifts, where the turn is accomplished by pulling the e-brake while turning the steering wheel to the direction the driver desires. With drifting, there is also the importance of 'counter-steering' - where while temporarily out of control, the driver regains it by turning the wheel in the opposite direction and thus preparing for the next turn or straight-away.

In physics, a force is defined as a rate of change of momentum (Newtonian definition). ... Friction is the force that opposes the relative motion or tendency of such motion of two surfaces in contact. ... Steering is the term applied to the collection of components, linkages, etc. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern automobiles, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... In Automobile design, an MR or Mid-engine, Rear wheel drive layout drives the rear wheels with an engine placed just in front of them, behind the passenger compartment. ... In automobiles, weight transfer (often confused with load transfer) refers to the redistribution of weight supported by each tire during acceleration (both longitudinal and lateral). ... A drifting exhibition in Atlanta in 2005. ... Firestone tire A tire (US spelling) or tyre (UK spelling) is a roughly toroidal piece of (usually) rubber placed on a wheel to cushion it. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ...

Disadvantages

  • More difficult to master - While the handling characteristics of rear-wheel drive may be useful or fun in the hands of someone who knows how to use them, in the hands of most drivers, having the rear wheels move about is unintuitive and dangerous. Rear wheel drive rewards skill, and punishes the lack of it. Other layouts are much more forgiving, but don't offer the same rewards in handling.
  • Decreased interior space - This isn't an issue in a vehicle with a ladder frame like a pickup truck, where the space used by the drive line is unusable for passengers or cargo. But in a passenger car, rear wheel drive means: Less front leg room (the transmission tunnel takes up a lot of space between the driver and front passenger), less leg room for center rear passengers (due to the tunnel needed for the drive shaft), and sometimes less trunk space (since there is also more hardware that must be placed underneath the trunk).
  • Increased weight - The components of your typical rear wheel drive vehicle's power train may be less complex, but there are more of them. The driveshaft adds weight. The transmission is probably heavier. There is extra sheet metal to form the transmission tunnel. There is a rear axle or rear half-shafts. A rear wheel drive car will weigh slightly more than a comparable front wheel drive car (but less than four wheel drive).
  • Higher purchase price - Probably due to more complicated assembly (the powertrain is not one compact unit) and added cost of materials, rear wheel drive is typically slightly more expensive to purchase than a comparable front wheel drive vehicle. This might also be explained by production volumes, however.
  • More difficult handling on low grip surfaces (wet road, ice, snow, gravel...) as the car is pushed rather than pulled.

Body-on-frame is an automobile construction technology. ... An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. ... Powertrains, in the automobile world, consist of all the components of a vehicles drive system. ... ... Oversteer, in an automobile, occurs when the rear tires have a loss of traction during a cornering situation, thus causing the rear of the car to head towards the outside of the corner. ... Fishtailing is a problem with rear wheel drive vehicles. ...

Current or recent rear wheel drive cars to 2006

While the popularity of rear wheel drive has declined, it's still around, and has been making something of a resurgence. Here is list of current or recent rear wheel drive vehicles. See also Category:Rear wheel drive vehicles.

Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer prepares to offload Skoda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For other meanings, see Truck (disambiguation). ... Honda NSX sports car A sports car is a type of automobile designed for sporting performance. ... BMW AG (an abbreviation of Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, or in English, Bavarian Motor Works), is a German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... The BMW or New MINI is a car produced by BMW since 2001. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury automobile, part of the General Motors corporation, produced and mostly sold in the United States; outside of North America, they have been less successful. ... The CTS is Cadillacs luxury sports sedan. ... The Cadillac SRX is a luxury SUV based on the companys rear wheel drive Sigma automobile platform. ... The STS (Seville Touring Sedan) is a luxury car sold by Cadillac. ... Chevrolet, or Chevy for short, is a brand of automobile, now a division of General Motors. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chevrolet Camaro The Chevrolet Camaro was introduced in North America by the Chevrolet Motor Division of General Motors at the start of the 1967 model year as competition for the Ford Mustang. ... 1972 Chevrolet Caprice 1976 Chevrolet Caprice Classic Landau Australian-designed and built 2001 Chevrolet Caprice, for Middle Eastern markets and based on the Holden Statesman The Chevrolet Caprice (later called Caprice Classic) was a series name of automobile produced by Chevrolet, a division of General Motors, in the United States... The Chevrolet Corvette is a sports car first manufactured by Chevrolet in 1953 and is built today exclusively at a General Motors assembly plant in Bowling Green, Kentucky. ... There have been three entirely different Dodge vehicles bearing the Charger nameplate, but the name has generally denoted a performance model in the Dodge range: 1966–1978 Dodge Charger (B-body) — rear wheel drive muscle car 1983–1987 Dodge Charger (L-body) — front wheel drive compact hatchback 2006–present Dodge... The Dodge Magnum name has been used on a number of different Dodge automobiles. ... The Chrysler Corporation is a United States-based automobile manufacturer, since 1998 merged with Daimler_Benz into DaimlerChrysler. ... The Chrysler 300 is a luxury car from Chrysler. ... The current Ferrari logo Ferrari is an Italian manufacturer of high-end Formula One cars, race cars, Exotic cars and high-performance sports cars formed by Enzo Ferrari in 1929. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... The Ford Crown Victoria is a fullsize car produced by the Ford Motor Company in the 1950s, and then again in the 1970s. ... The Ford Falcon is a car which has been manufactured by Ford since 1960. ... The Ford Mustang is a popular American automobile. ... Ford Scorpio Limousine The Ford Scorpio was a large car produced by the Ford Motor Company at its factory in Cologne, Germany between 1985 and 1999. ... 1991 Ford Sierra 3-door in period publicity photograph -this model was not sold in the UK. The Ford Sierra was an medium-size car built by Ford in Europe between 1982 and 1993. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ford Thunderbird The Ford Thunderbird is a car manufactured in the USA by the Ford Motor Company. ... The Monaro is a vehicle produced by Holden, the Australian branch of General Motors. ... 1965 Pontiac GTO convertible The Pontiac GTO was an automobile built by Pontiac from 1964 to 1974. ... The Vauxhall Monaro is the British version of the Australian-made Holden Monaro, even though it too is made in Australia. ... The Holden Commodore is a car series built by the Holden division of General Motors in Australia, available as a sedan, wagon or, from 1989, utility). ... Honda Motor Co. ... The Honda S2000 is a roadster automobile hand assembled by Honda. ... The Honda NSX (Acura NSX in North America) is a sports car made by Honda. ... Acura is a Japanese brand name used by Honda in the US, Canada, Mexico, and Hong Kong since March 1986 to market luxury automobiles and near-luxury vehicles. ... The Hyundai Group (pronounced: Hyun-dae, meaning modern in Korean), founded by Chung Ju-yung in 1947 as a construction company, was once South Koreas biggest conglomerate (chaebol). ... The Hyundai Pony (Hangul: 현대 포니), was a small rear wheel drive automobile produced by the Hyundai Motor Company from 1975 to 1988. ... The Hyundai Stellar (Hangul: 현대 스텔라) is a midsized rear wheel drive car that was produced by Hyundai Motor Company. ... Infiniti is Nissan Motors luxury brand in the United States, Canadian, Middle Eastern, South Korean and Taiwanese markets. ... The Infiniti G35 is a sport luxury car introduced to North America in the 2003 model year. ... The M30, M45, and M35 are luxury cars from Nissans Infiniti marque. ... The M30, M45, and M35 are luxury cars from Nissans Infiniti marque. ... The Infiniti Q45 is a fullsize luxury car from Nissans Infiniti marque. ... 2003 Infiniti M45 2006 Infiniti M45 The M30, M45, and M35 are luxury cars from Nissans Infiniti marque. ... The Infiniti J30 was a rear wheel drive luxury car. ... Jaguar Cars is a British-founded subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company famous for its luxury saloon and sports cars. ... Jaguar X-TYPE 2004 Jaguar X-TYPE estate The Jaguar X-TYPE is a model of motorcar that first began production in 2001 (as a 2002 model) and remains in production at Jaguars Halewood, UK facility. ... Lexus is a Japanese brand name used by the Toyota Motor Corporation for such export markets as North America, Middle East, Europe, Africa, Latin America, Asia and Oceania, for luxury automobiles. ... The Lexus IS (originally known as the Toyota Altezza in Japan) is a compact luxury sports car from Lexus. ... First-generation Aristo(JZS147) Second-generation Lexus GS(JZS160) Third-generation Lexus GS(GRS190) The Lexus GS is a car manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corp. ... Lexus LS (sold as the LS 430 and in Japan as the Toyota Celsior as well as the forthcoming LS 460) is a Japanese rear wheel drive luxury car with a V8 engine serves as the flagship of Toyotas luxury Lexus division. ... The Lexus SC series is a family of luxury coupes built by the Lexus division of Toyota. ... Lincoln is an American luxury automobile brand, operated under the Ford Motor Company. ... The Lincoln Town Car is a fullsize luxury sedan and serves as the flagship of Fords luxury Lincoln division. ... The LS (also called LS6 and LS8 depending on engine choice) is a midsize, rear wheel drive entry-level luxury car from Lincoln. ... Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports cars and racing cars based in East Anglia and formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. ... Present Maserati logo Maserati is a famous Italian manufacturer of racing cars and sports cars, established in 1914 in Bologna. ... Mazda Motor Corporation (マツダ Matsuda) TYO: 7261 is a Japanese automobile maker based in Hiroshima, Japan. ... The Mazda MX-5 is a popular sports car built by Mazda in Hiroshima, Japan. ... The Mazda RX-7 (also called the Savanna and Efini RX-7) is a sports car that began production in 1978. ... The Mazda RX-8 is a car manufactured by Mazda Motor Corporation which first appeared in North America at the North American International Auto Show in 2001. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... 2004 Mercedes-Benz W169 A200 The A-Class (popularly known as the Baby-Benz) is a supermini car from Mercedes-Benz. ... Mercedes-Benz B-Class W245 The B-Class (W245) is a compact MPV from Mercedes-Benz introduced in March 2005. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... Mercury is an automobile brand name of the Ford Motor Company founded in 1939 to market semi-luxury cars slotted between entry-level Ford and luxury Lincoln models. ... // Overview The Mercury Grand Marquis is a more upscale version of the Ford Crown Victoria produced by the Ford Motor Company. ... The Mercury Marauder was the name of different automobiles made by the Mercury division of Ford Motor Company. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Nissan 350Z Coupe The 35th Anniversary 350Z The Nissan 350Z, also known as the Fairlady Z version S, is a coupé and roadster built by Nissan Motor Company. ... Z-car Z-car usually refers to a series of sports cars manufactured by Nissan. ... The Nissan Skyline is an intermediate-size automobile range sold in Japan and other countries. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... 1999 Nissan Silvia The Silvia or S-chassis series of cars are Nissans budget rear wheel drive (RWD), front mounted engine sports coupes on the Nissan S platform. ... (Redirected from 240SX) The Nissan 240SX was a car introduced to the North American market by Nissan in 1989 and sold there until 1998. ... The Nissan 180sx is a flying mystical nigger from beyond the land of tooth. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and conform with our NPOV policy, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Pontiac Solstice is a roadster automobile from the Pontiac division of General Motors. ... Porsche (), properly pronounced as a two syllable word (porsh-eh, IPA: ) , is a German manufacturer of sports cars, founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche, the engineer who created the first Volkswagen. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Porsche Cayenne The Porsche Cayenne is an SUV automobile made by Porsche since 2002. ... The Saturn Sky is a roadster automobile which will go on sale in early 2006. ... Toyota redirects here. ... The Toyota Supra was a sports car produced by Toyota. ... Second-generation Toyota MR2 Turbo Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Toyota MR2 The Toyota MR2 was a two-seat, mid-engined, rear wheel drive sports car produced by Toyota from 1984 to 2005. ... 2001 Lexus IS300 The Altezza (known as the Lexus IS 200 and Lexus IS 300 in export markets) is a compact luxury car from Toyota. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... 1990 Toyota Cressida The Toyota Cressida was a midsize, high-end luxury sedan introduced by Toyota in 1973, with exportation commencing with the second generation in 1977. ... TVRs logo TVR 280i TVR S series 1986 TVR 350i 1986 TVR Chimaera TVR Cerbera TVR is a manufacturer of sports cars, located in Blackpool in Lancashire, England. ... The Vauxhall Carlton was an automobile sold by Vauxhall in the UK, from 1978 to 1994 in two generations. ... The Opel Omega was a large automobile from Opel, the main European subsidiary of General Motors. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Toyota.com : Help : Glossary (11249 words)
Referring to a vehicle's wheel alignment, it is the proper adjustment of a vehicle that uses the front and rear suspension for camber, toe, caster and ride height.
TRAC helps to avoid slippage of the driving wheels by slightly applying the brake on a slipping drive wheel and reducing the throttle to maintain traction according to the road surface conditions.
The horizontal distance from the center of the vehicle's front wheel to the center of the rear wheel.
CanadianDriver: Front wheel drive vs rear wheel drive (827 words)
We used to have predominately rear wheel drive (RWD) automobiles on the road, but by the late 1970's, front wheel drive (FWD) vehicles were beginning to dominate.
Rear tire traction is decreased and the car may swap ends on icy roads easier.
RWD is used on all the world's fastest road course race cars and many performance production vehicles for this reason.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m