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Encyclopedia > Rear Admiral

Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank that originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons and can trace its origins to the Royal Navy. Each Naval Squadron would be assigned an admiral as its head, who would command from the centre vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The admiral would in turn be assisted by a vice, or vice admiral, who commanded the lead ships which would bear the brunt of a naval assault. Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ...


In the rear of the Naval Squadron, a third admiral would command the remaining ships and, as this section of the squadron was considered the least dangerous, the admiral in command of the rear would typically be the most junior of the squadron admirals. This has survived into the modern age, with the rank of rear admiral the first and junior-most of the admiralty ranks of most navies.


In some European navies and in the Canadian Force French translations, the rank of rear admiral is known as counter admiral. In the Royal Netherlands Navy this rank is known as schout-bij-nacht (lit: Supervisor during nighttime - denoting the role junior to the squadron admiral). Counter Admiral is an Anglification of a naval rank found in some European navies; in the Deutsche Marine: Konteradmiral. ... Royal Netherlands Navy Jack The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy ) is the navy of the Netherlands. ...

Contents

United Kingdom

The Royal Navy maintains a rank of rear admiral. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...

Canada

In the Canadian Forces, the rank of rear-admiral (RAdm) (contre-amiral or cam in French) is a Navy rank equal to a major-general of the Army or Air Force. A rear-admiral is a flag officer, the naval equivalent of a general officer. A rear-admiral is senior to a commodore or brigadier-general, and junior to a vice-admiral or lieutenant-general. The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... HMCS Bastion, flagship of the Canadian Navy. ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Canadian Forces Land Force Command (LFC) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Forces. ... CF-18 off the coast Hawaii CH-124 Sea King CH-149 Cormorant CC-115 Buffalo Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM) is the air force element of the Canadian Forces. ... A Flag Officer is a naval officer of a high rank entitling him to fly a personal flag, especially on his flagship. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a Flag Officer. ... Brigadier General (sometimes known as a one-star general from the United States insignia) is the lowest rank of general officer in some countries, usually ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


The rank insignia for a rear-admiral is two gold maple leaves beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, worn on the shoulder straps of the Service Dress jacket, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. The Service Dress tunic also features a wide strip of gold braid around the cuff. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves. St. ...


Rear-admirals are initially addressed by rank and name; thereafter by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am", as applicable. Rear-admirals are normally entitled to staff cars. The Buick Century Series 60 A staff car is a vehicle used by a senior military officer, and is part of their countrys white fleet. ...


United States

In the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps and the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, rear admiral is considered a "Flag rank" and is divided into two grades, being that of the Lower Half (RDML) O-7, and Upper Half (RADM) O-8. This practice began in the late 19th century, when rear admirals would be assigned a seniority on the Navy or Coast Guard promotion list. Those on the upper half of the list would receive a higher rate of pay, even though all rear admirals were considered the same rank. The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... The NOAA Corps is the smallest of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States, having only approximately 300 commissioned officers. ... The Public Health Service Commissioned Corps is the uniformed division of the United States Public Health Service (PHS) and one of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


When the United States Navy and Coast Guard abolished the rank of commodore (which was also briefly known as "commodore admiral"), rear admirals on the lower half of the promotion list assumed duties of one star admirals, although until the 1980s all rear admirals still wore two stars as their badge of rank. Since then, rear admirals (Lower Half) wear one star while rear admirals (Upper Half) wear two; verbal address remains "rear admiral" for both ranks. On correspondence, where the rear admiral's rank is spelled out, an (LH) and (UH) follows the rear admiral's rank title to distinguish between one and two stars. The military abbreviations for the ranks are RDML (one star) and RADM (two stars). The flags flown for rear admirals have one and two white, single point up stars on blue fields for the lower half and upper half. Commodore is a rank of the United States Navy with a somewhat complicated history. ... Commodore Admiral was a short lived military rank of the United States Navy that existed for less than 11 months during the year 1982. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ...


Promotion

To be promoted to RDML (O-7) and/or RADM (O-8), officers who are eligible for promotion to these ranks are screened by an in-service promotion board comprising of other flag officers from that branch of the service. This promotion board then generates a list of officers they recommend for promotion to flag rank to the president for consideration. The president nominates officers to be promoted from this list with the advice of the Secretary of Defense, the secretary of that service branch, and the service's chief of staff or commandant. The president may nominate an eligible officer who is not on the recommended list if he chooses to do so, but this is extremely rare. The nominated officers must then be confirmed by majority vote by the Senate before they can be promoted. The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is...


For the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps and the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, many flag officers are normally not screened by a promotion board and are recommended to the president by their respective department secretary for promotion.


Retirement

The mandatory retirement age for all flag officers is 62. This can be deferred to age 64 in some cases by the Secretary of their service, the Secretary of Defence, or by the President. Under the law (10 USC, Sec 635), an officer who has been promoted to O-7, but is not on the recommended list and/or nominated to O-8, must retire five years after promotion to O-7, or 30 years of active duty service, whichever is later.


An O-8 must retire five years after being promoted to O-8, or 35 years of service, whichever is greater (10 USC, Sec 636).


The Secretary of the their respective service can defer the above mandatory retirements, up until the time that the officer reaches the age of 62 (10 USC, Sec 637). The Secretary of Defence can defer the retirement age to 64 and the President can defer it to 66 if they choose.

See also

U.S. commissioned officer ranks
  Student
Officer
O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 O-11
(wartime only)
Special
Grade
Army: CDT/OC 2LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN GOA General of
the Armies
Marine Corps: Midn 2ndLt 1stLt Capt Maj LtCol Col BGen MajGen LtGen Gen (no equivalent) (no equivalent)
Navy: MIDN/OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM FADM Admiral of
the Navy
Air Force: Cadet 2d Lt 1st Lt Capt Maj LtCol Col BrigGen MajGen LtGen Gen GOAF (no equivalent)
Coast Guard: CDT ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM (no equivalent) (no equivalent)
PHSC Corps: (no equivalent) ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM (no equivalent) (no equivalent)
NOAA Corps: (no equivalent) ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM (no equivalent) (no equivalent) (no equivalent)
The tri-service badge
Officer ranks of the Flag of the United Kingdom British Armed Forces
Student Officer OF(D) OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10
Royal Navy: Mid SLt Lt Lt Cdr Cdr Capt Cdre RAdm VAdm Adm Adm of the Fleet
Royal Marines: 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen
Army: OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen FM
Royal Air Force: OC / SO APO / Plt Off Fg Off Flt Lt Sqn Ldr Wg Cdr Gp Capt Air Cdre AVM Air Mshl Air Chf Mshl MRAF

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rear Admiral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (396 words)
Rear Admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank that originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy.
The Admiral would in turn be assisted by a Vice, or Vice Admiral, who commanded the lead ships which would bear the brunt of a naval assault.
In the rear of the Naval Squadron, a third Admiral would command the remaining ships and, as this section of the squadron was considered the least dangerous, the Admiral in command of the rear would typically be the most junior of the squadron Admirals.
Admiral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (359 words)
Admiral is a word from the Arabic term Amir-al-bahr (commander of the sea).
As the word was used by people speaking Latin or Latin-based languages it gained the "d" and endured a series of different endings and spellings leading to the English spelling "admyrall" in the 14th century and to "admiral" by the 16th century.
The word Admiral has today come to be almost exclusively associated with the highest naval rank in most of the world's navies, equivalent to the rank of (Full) General.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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