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Encyclopedia > Realism (visual arts)

Realism is a style of painting that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can see. Realists render everyday characters, situations, dilemmas, and objects, all in verisimilitude. They tend to discard theatrical drama, lofty subjects and classical forms in favor of commonplace themes. For other uses, see Realism (disambiguation). ... Everyday life is the sum total of every aspect of common human life as it is routinely lived. ... For other uses, see Verisimilitude (disambiguation). ... Classicism door in Olomouc, The Czech Republic Teatr Wielki in Warsaw Church La Madeleine in Paris Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for classical antiquity, as setting standards for taste which the classicist seeks to emulate. ...

Gustave Courbet is credited with coining the term. Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. ...

Realism appears in art as early as 2400 BC in the city of Lothal in what is now India, and examples can be found throughout the history of art. In the broadest sense, realism in a work of art exists wherever something has been well observed and accurately depicted, even if the work as a whole does not strictly conform to the conditions of realism. For example, the proto-Renaissance painter Giotto di Bondone brought a new realism to the art of painting by rendering physical space and volume far more convincingly than his Gothic predecessors. His paintings, like theirs, represented biblical scenes and the lives of the saints. Ancient Lothal as envisaged by the Archaeological Survey of India. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Giotto di Bondone (c. ... The Western (Royal) Portal at Chartres Cathedral ( 1145). ...

In the late 16th century, the prevailing mode in European art was mannerism, an artificial art of elongated figures in graceful but unlikely poses. Caravaggio emerged to change the direction of art by depicting flesh-and-blood human beings, painted directly from life with an immediacy never before seen. In Parmigianinos Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, affected poses, and unclear perspective. ... For other uses, see Caravaggio (disambiguation). ...

A fondness for humble subjects and homely details characterizes much of Dutch art, and Rembrandt is an outstanding realist in his renunciation of the ideal and his embrace of the life around him. In the 19th century a group of French landscape artists known as the Barbizon School emphasized close observation of nature, paving the way for the Impressionists. In England the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood rejected what they saw as the formulaic idealism of the followers of Raphael, which led some of them to an art of intense realism. Dutch art describes the history of visual arts in the Netherlands, after the United Provinces separated from Flanders. ... This article is about the Dutch artist. ... The Gleaners. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... This article is about the Renaissance artist. ...

Trompe l'oeil (literally, "fool the eye"), a technique which creates the illusion that the objects depicted actually exist, is an extreme example of artistic realism. Examples of this tendency can be found in art from antiquity to the present day. [[: Le Image:Mural de Narbonne. ...

Jean-François Millet. The Gleaners. 1857. Musée d'Orsay, Paris.
Edward Hopper. Office in a Small City. 1953. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

Among the important realist painters are: Download high resolution version (800x640, 138 KB)The Gleaners. ... Download high resolution version (800x640, 138 KB)The Gleaners. ... Jean-François Millet (October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. ... Vincent Van Gogh: Starry Night Over the Rhone, painted in September 1888 at Arles Pierre-Auguste Renoir: Bal au moulin de la Galette, Montmartre, 1876 Édouard Manet: The Luncheon on the Grass, 1862-3 Gustave Courbet: The Artists Studio (detail), 1855 Paul Cézanne: Apples and Oranges, circa 1899... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nighthawks. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ...

Fallen Monarchs by Baker. ... Le Printemps, 1866 Adolphe William Bouguereau (November 30, 1825 - August 19, 1905) was a French academic painter. ... Karl Pavlovich Briullov (Карл Павлович Брюллов), called by his friends the Great Karl (December 12, 1799, St Petersburg - June 11, 1852, Rome), was the first Russian painter of international standing. ... The Last of England, 1855 Ford Madox Brown (April 16, 1821 – October 6, 1893) was an English painter of moral and historical subjects, notable for his distinctively graphic and often Hogarthian version of the Pre-Raphaelite style. ... Self portrait. ... Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (portrait by Nadar) Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (July 26, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape painter. ... Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. ... Honoré Daumier (portrait by Nadar). ... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, printmaking and drawing. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Nighthawks. ... Self portrait (1902), National Academy of Design, New York. ... Portrait of Alexei Potechin, painted by Nikolai Ge Nikolai Ge (Russian: ; 1831 – 1894) was a Russian painter. ... The Sea, painted by Aleksander Gierymski around 1891 Ignacy Aleksander Gierymski (born 30 January 1850 in Warsaw, died between 6 and 8 March 1901 in Rome) - Polish painter working in the 19th century, younger brother of Maksymilian Gierymski. ... Violin, 1886 Colt, 1890 William Michael Harnett (1848-1892) was an Irish-American painter who helped pioneer a trompe loeil (literally, fool the eye) style of realistic painting. ... [[: Le Image:Mural de Narbonne. ... Antoine, Louis, and Mathieu Le Nain were painters in early 17th century France. ... “Manet” redirects here. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Jean-François Millet (October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. ... Self-portrait Ilyá Yefímovich Répin (Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин) (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. ... Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 - October 4, 1669) is generally considered one of the greatest painters in European art history, and the most important United Provinces (Netherlands) painter of the seventeenth century. ...

See also

Realistic art

This article refers to the art movement. ... The Vienna School of Fantastic Realism was a group of artists formed in Austria in 1946. ... The Creation of Adam, a figurative work by Michelangelo Figurative art describes artwork - particularly paintings - which are clearly derived from real object sources, and are therefore by definition representational. ... Illustration by Jessie Willcox Smith. ... Genre works, also called genre scenes or genre views, are pictorial representations in any of various media that represent scenes or events from everyday life, such as markets, domestic settings, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes. ... Heroic realism is an artistic style which includes both the Socialist realism style of propaganda art associated with Communist regimes, and Nazi heroic realism, the very similar art style associated with Fascism. ... Magic realism (or magical realism) is an artistic genre in which magical elements appear in an otherwise realistic setting. ... Naturalism in art refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting. ... New Realism (in French: Nouveau Réalisme) refers to an artistic movement founded in 1960 by Pierre Restany and Yves Klein. ... Photorealism is the genre of painting resembling a photograph, most recently seen in the splinter hyperrealism art movement. ... The painting by Nick Gaetano used as the cover of a later edition of Ayn Rands novel The Fountainhead Romantic Realism is an aesthetic term that usually refers to art that deals with the themes of volition and value while also acknowledging objective reality and the importance of technique. ... A Diego Rivera mural depicting factory workers in Detroit Social Realism is an artistic movement, expressed in the visual and other realist arts, which depicts working class activities as heroic. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ...


The Gleaners. ... Peredvizhniki (Передвижники, in Russian) - the Russian artists-realists entering into Company of mobile art exhibitions (1870-1923). ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ...


West, Shearer (1996). The Bullfinch Guide to Art. UK: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. ISBN 0-8212-2137-X. 



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