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Encyclopedia > Realdo Colombo

Matteo Realdo Colombo or Renaldus Columbus (c. 1516-1559) was a professor of anatomy and a surgeon at the University of Padua (1544-1559). He was a pupil of Vesalius and his successor. Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Anatomical drawing of the human muscles from the Encyclopédie. ... Location within Italy Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua The city of Padua (Lat. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Andreas Vesalius or Andreas Vesal, or Andras van Wesele (1514 - 1564) was a Belgian anatomist and the author of the first complete textbook on human anatomy: De Humanis Corporis Fabrica (On the workings of the Human Body) (Basel, 1543). ...

He published a book of anatomy entitled De re anatomica in which he corrected some of the omissions and errors of his master. Anatomical drawing of the human muscles from the Encyclopédie. ...

His contributions to anatomy and medicine included the following:

  • showed that the lens lies to the front of the eyeball, not in the centre
  • showed that arteries expand with each heartbeat
  • showed that the pulmonary valve of the heart closes during diastole, preventing reflux
  • demonstrated that blood flows from the right side of the heart through the lungs

The book was also known for describing the clitoris, which he called the "love or sweetness of Venus," and which he claimed to have discovered. This claim was disputed by Gabriel Fallopius, who claimed that he had discovered it. Both claims were later dismissed by Kasper Bartholin in the 17th century, who stated that the clitoris had been widely known to anatomists since the second century AD. [1] (http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a3_212b.html) The lens or crystalline lens is a component of the eye. ... An eye is an organ that detects light. ... Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. ... The heart (Latin cor) is a hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions. ... Diastole is the period of time when the heart relaxes after contraction. ... The heart with relation to the lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) This x-ray of the human chest shows the lungs as dark regions The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... A womans clitoris extends from the visible portion to a point below the pubic bone. ... Gabriele Falloppio (1523- October 9, 1562), often known by his Latin name of Fallopius, was one of the founders of the study of human anatomy. ... Caspar Bartholin (or Berthelsen), alternatively Bartholinus (Latin) was the name of two leading figures in the history of the science of human anatomy -- grandfather and grandson. ...

His discoveries paved the way for William Harvey's discovery of the circulation of blood. Harvey studied in Padua some 50 years later. William Harvey William Harvey (April 1, 1578 - June 3, 1657) was a medical doctor who first correctly described in exact detail the circulatory system of blood being pumped around the body by the heart. ... The circulatory system or cardiovascular system is the organ system which circulates blood around the body of most animals. ...

See also: Timeline of medicine and medical technology. Timeline of medicine and medical technology c. ...

Realdo Colombo in fiction

  • The Anatomist - Federico Andahazi (1998) ISBN 0385494009

External link

  Results from FactBites:
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Mateo Realdo Colombo (327 words)
Colombo occupied this post until 1548, when he received a call to the chair of anatomy in the Papal University at Rome.
Colombo made as many as fourteen dissections in one year at Rome.
Colombo is famous as a teacher of anatomy and physiology, and first used living animals to demonstrate various functions, especially the movements of the heart and lungs.
CalendarHome.com - 1559 - Calendar Encyclopedia (461 words)
November 20 - Lady Frances Brandon, claimant to the throne of England (born 1517)
Realdo Colombo, Italian surgeon and anatomist (born 1516)
Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone, Irish rebel (born 1480)
  More results at FactBites »



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