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Encyclopedia > Real Academia Española

The Real Academia Española ( This article is about the international language known as Spanish. For other languages spoken in Spain see Languages of Spain. Spanish or Castilian is an Iberian Romance language, and the third or fourth most spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by about 352 million... Spanish for Royal Spanish Academy; often RAE) is the institution responsible for regulating the This article is about the international language known as Spanish. For other languages spoken in Spain see Languages of Spain. Spanish or Castilian is an Iberian Romance language, and the third or fourth most spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by about 352 million... Spanish language. It is based in This article is about the Spanish capital. For other entries, see Madrid (disambiguation). Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25N, 3°45W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was... Madrid, The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain, but is affiliated with national language academies in This article is about the international language known as Spanish. For other languages spoken in Spain see Languages of Spain. Spanish or Castilian is an Iberian Romance language, and the third or fourth most spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by about 352 million... 21 Spanish-speaking nations.



The RAE has as its goal the preservation and continuity of the Spanish language, and as such is considered conservative. One description of its aim is "to assure that Spanish speakers will always be able to read Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (September 29, 1547 - April 23, 1616), was a Spanish author, best known for his novel Don Quixote de la Mancha. Biography Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was born to a family of modest means in 1547 in Alcalá de Henares, Spain. He never obtained a university education... Cervantes", but it also exercises a progressive influence in keeping the formal language up-to-date: one such step was its 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. Events January January 1 - North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect January 6 - Nancy Kerrigan is clubbed on the right leg by an assailant under orders from... 1994 ruling that the Spanish consonants ch and ll would be alphabetized with c and l, respectively, and not as separate letters as in the past.

The Academy also watches small details, such as adding an accent in 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin. January 1 - Cuba: Fulgencio Batista flees Havana when forces of Fidel Castro advance January... 1959 to the orthography of conjugations of reunir (to reunite) to ensure that the eu was not taken as a diphthong.

The RAE has a formal procedure for "admitting" words to the Spanish language and is a major publisher of For other uses of dictionary, see dictionary (disambiguation). A dictionary is a list of words with their definitions, a list of characters with their glyphs, or a list of words with corresponding words in other languages. Many dictionaries also provide pronunciation information, word derivations, histories, or etymologies, illustrations, usage guidance... dictionaries and This article is about grammar from a linguistic perspective. For English grammar rules see English writing style. According to the structuralist point of view, grammar is the study of the rules governing the use of a language. That set of rules is also called the grammar of the language, and... grammars. Its website includes an online dictionary and many other resources, all in Spanish.

Criticisms of the Academy

The Academy frequently receives criticism, particularly in The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. The term also usually includes the Caribbean, the islands in and around the Caribbean Sea, and Greenland, though not... the Americas, for being excessively Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. There are also a number of Conservative political parties in various countries. All of these are primarily (though not necessarily exclusively) identified with the political right. While the intellectual roots of conservatism date back centuries... conservative, elitist, and slow to change; excessively focused on usages found in the Madrid region and dismissive of variants found in other parts of Spain, let alone other countries; and excessively slow in revising its authoritative Dictionary of the Spanish Language. The dictionary is also the target of frequent criticisms for its imprecise, incomplete, archaic, and ideologically partial definitions and limited coverage. Supporters respond saying that RAE's purpose is not to register local or ephemeral uses of Spanish but to try and protect a united Spanish language and to prevent national variants from becoming incomprehensible to other Hispanics – a task in which RAE seems to be enjoying a degree of success.

Even most of the Academy's fiercest critics acknowledge that recent versions of the dictionary (the 20th and subsequent editions) have shown distinct improvements in this regard. One innovation that was particularly welcomed was its release in a Paperback may refer to a kind of book binding by which papers are simply folded without cloth or leather and bound - usually with glue rather than stitches or staples - into a thick paper cover; or to a book with this type of binding. (Contrast hardbound or hardcover.) One of the... paperback format in 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January - The Internet Society is formed. January 1 Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt replaces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru as United Nations Secretary-General George H. W. Bush becomes the first... 1992. After partnerships with companies like Telefónica, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) (NYSE: IBM) (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. With over 330,000 employees worldwide and revenues of $96 billion (figures from 2004... IBM and Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT), (founded 1975), headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, is the worlds largest software company (with over 50,000 employees in various countries, as of May 2004). Microsoft develops, manufactures, licenses and supports a wide range of software products for various computing devices. Its best known product... Microsoft, the RAE is in the process of updating and adapting to the new information-technology era and now offers a free online version of its dictionary, which can be consulted at buscon.rae.es/diccionario/drae.htm.

Another criticism is the heavy statistical imbalance among male and female academicians. But this too has been improving since the fall of Generalísimo Francisco Franco, caudillo de España por la gracia de Dios Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until... Franco.

List of past and present academicians

The Academy has académicos de número elected for life by the rest of the academicians from among prestigious Spanish authors. Each academician has a seat assigned, labelled with a letter of the Spanish alphabet (distinguishing upper case and lower case).



See also

  • This is a list of bodies that regulate languages. Arabic: Academy of the Arabic Language (Egypt) Basque: Euskaltzaindia, Euskerazaintza (for dialects) Catalan: Institut dEstudis Catalans Czech: Ústav pro jazyk český (Czech Language Institute) Danish: Dansk Sprognævn (Danish Language Board) Dutch: Nederlandse taalunie (Dutch Language Union) Esperanto: Akademio... List of language academies

External link

  • RAE web site (http://www.rae.es/) (in Spanish)
  • A complaint on the coverage of zoology in the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española  (http://www.iberianature.com/material/drae.htm) (in English)



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