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Encyclopedia > Reading, Berkshire
Reading

Reading shown within the United Kingdom
Population borough 143,096 (2001)
Urban sub-area 232,662 (2001)
OS grid reference SU713733
Unitary authority Reading Borough
Wokingham Borough
West Berkshire
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town READING
Postcode district RG1, RG2, RG4 - RG8, RG10, RG11, RG30, RG31
Dialling code 0118
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament Reading East
Reading West
European Parliament South East England
List of places: UKEnglandBerkshire

Coordinates: 51°27′15″N 0°58′23″W / 51.4541, -0.973 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Wokingham. ... West Berkshire is a local government district in Berkshire, South East England, governed by a unitary authority (West Berkshire Council). ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The RG postcode area is a group of postal districts centered on Reading and Basingstoke in Southern England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Thames Valley Police is one of the largest Home Office police services in England and the largest non-metropolitan one, covering 2200 sq mi (5,700 km²) and a population of 2. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Royal Berkshire Fire and Rescue Service is a statutory fire and rescue service covering the area of the ceremonial county of Berkshire in England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire, Portsmouth, and Southampton, in the South East England region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Reading East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Reading West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... South East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements in Berkshire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. It is located at the confluence of the River Thames and River Kennet, midway between London and Swindon off the M4 motorway. The name Reading is pronounced to rhyme with bedding (in IPA /ˈrɛdɪŋ/). Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... The Kennet is a river in the south east of England, and a tributary of the River Thames. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ... The symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to show pronounciation in English. ...


Reading was an important national centre in the medieval period, as the site of an important monastery with strong royal connections, but suffered serious economic damage during the 17th century from which it took a long time to recover. Today it is again an important commercial centre, with strong links to information technology and insurance. It is also a university town, with two universities and a large student population. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ...

Contents

Geography

Location

Reading is located some 66 km (41 miles) due west of central London, 48 km (30 miles) southeast of Oxford and 64 km (40 miles) east of Swindon. The centre of Reading is on a low ridge between the Rivers Thames and Kennet close to their confluence, reflecting the town's history as a river port. Just before the confluence, the Kennet cuts through a narrow steep-sided gap in the hills forming the southern flank of the Thames flood plain. The absence of a floodplain on the Kennet in this defile enabled the development of wharves. Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... The Kennet is a river in the south east of England, and a tributary of the River Thames. ...


As Reading has grown, its suburbs have spread in three directions:

  • to the west between the two rivers into the foothills of the Berkshire Downs,
  • to the south and south-east on the south side of the Kennet, and
  • to the north of the Thames into the Chiltern Hills.

However outside the central area, the floors of the valley containing the two rivers remain largely unimproved floodplain, subject to occasional flooding. Apart from one road across the Kennet floodplain, and the M4 looping to the south, the only routes between the three built-up areas are in the central area, creating road congestion there. The North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is located in the English counties of Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire. ... The Chiltern Hills are a chalk escarpment in south east England. ... This picture shows the flood plain following a 1 in 10 year flood on the Isle of Wight. ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ...


Reading has its own subregional catchment area, incorporating the towns of Wokingham, Bracknell and Twyford, plus large villages such as Pangbourne, Theale, Winnersh, Burghfield and Shiplake. It has been suggested that Wokingham (borough) be merged into this article or section. ... Charles Square, Bracknell , Bracknell is a town in the Bracknell Forest borough of the English county of Berkshire. ... Twyford is a small town and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. ... // Pangbourne village centre Pangbourne is a large village and civil parish on the River Thames in the English county of Berkshire. ... Theale High Street The Old Brewery in Theale The Falcon pub in Theale Theale is a large village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. ... , Winnersh is a village and civil parish, a part of Wokingham Borough, in the English county of Berkshire. ... Burghfield is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. ... Shiplake (and Lower Shiplake) is a village in Oxfordshire, England on the River Thames, near Henley-on-Thames and opposite the village of Wargrave. ...

Destinations from READING
Pangbourne, Didcot, Abingdon, Oxford, Whitchurch-on-Thames Henley-on-Thames
 
Twyford, Maidenhead, High Wycombe
Theale, Newbury, Swindon
N
W E
S
Bracknell, Slough, Staines, London
Basingstoke, Winchester Burghfield, Fleet
 
Wokingham, Farnborough, Aldershot, Woking

// Pangbourne village centre Pangbourne is a large village and civil parish on the River Thames in the English county of Berkshire. ... Statistics Population: 25,231 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU525900 Administration District: South Oxfordshire Shire county: Oxfordshire Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Oxfordshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Police Ambulance: South Central Post office and telephone Post town... , Abingdon (traditionally known as Abingdon-on-Thames) is a market town in Oxfordshire in Southern England. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Whitchurch-on-Thames is a village and civil parish on the River Thames in the English county of Oxfordshire. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... Twyford is a small town and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. ... Statistics Population: 58,848 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU889811 Administration District: Windsor and Maidenhead Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Berkshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Ambulance service: South Central Post office and telephone Post town: MAIDENHEAD... // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ... Theale High Street The Old Brewery in Theale The Falcon pub in Theale Theale is a large village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. ... Newbury is a civil parish and the principal town in the west of the county of Berkshire in England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Charles Square, Bracknell , Bracknell is a town in the Bracknell Forest borough of the English county of Berkshire. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... Staines is a Thames-side town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Basingstoke railway station, as seen from Alençon Link. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... Burghfield is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. ... Fleet is a town in the county of Hampshire in the south-east of England, located 38 miles (61 km) south west of London. ... It has been suggested that Wokingham (borough) be merged into this article or section. ... Farnborough is a town in the Hampshire borough of Rushmoor in South East England. ... Aldershot is a town in the English county of Hampshire, located on heathland approximately 55 km (35 miles) southwest of London. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ...

Definition

It should be noted that, depending on the definition adopted, neither the town nor the urban area are necessarily co-terminous with the borough.


Thus, the borough has a population of 144,000 in an area of 40.40 km², whilst the Office for National Statistics' definition of the urban area of Reading is significantly larger at 232,662 people in an area of 55.35 km². This latter area – sometimes referred to as Greater Reading – incorporates the town's eastern and western suburbs outside the borough, in the civil parishes of Earley, Woodley, Purley-on-Thames and Tilehurst (see below for further details). This urban area is itself a component of the Reading/Wokingham Urban Area. Reading is the 17th largest settlement in England, based on the population of the urban area.[1][2] Furthermore, except for London boroughs, it is the most populous settlement that does not have city status. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Office for National Statistics logo The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the United Kingdom government executive agency charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the United Kingdom at national and local levels. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Location within the British Isles Earley is a town in Berkshire, England with a population of around 30,000 people. ... Location within the British Isles Woodley is a town in the English county of Berkshire. ... Purley-on-Thames is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. ... Tilehurst Water Tower , Tilehurst is a suburb, at grid reference SU667736, some three miles to the west of Reading town centre in the English county of Berkshire. ... The Reading/Wokingham Urban Area is a name given by the Office for National Statistics to a conurbation in Berkshire, England, with a population of 369,804 (2001 census), up 10. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ...


Historically, the town of Reading was smaller than the current borough, and has had several definitions over the years. Such definitions include the old ecclesiastical parishes of Reading St Mary, St Laurence and St Giles, or the even smaller pre-19th century borough.[3] A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


Suburbs

Reading has a number of suburbs, both within the borough itself and within the surrounding urban area. The names and location of these suburbs are in general usage but, except where some of the outer suburbs correspond to civil parishes, there are no formally defined boundaries. The borough itself is unparished, and the wards used to elect the borough councillors generally ignore the accepted suburbs and use invented ward names. Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. ...


The suburbs include:

Calcot is a suburb of Reading, near to Junction 12 of the M4 motorway, in the English county of Berkshire. ... Caversham is a suburb in the unitary authority of Reading, England, although, historically, Caversham was part of Oxfordshire. ... Caversham is a suburb in the unitary authority of Reading, England, although, historically, Caversham was part of Oxfordshire. ... Caversham Park is a historic house with parkland in the suburb of Caversham, on the outskirts of Reading, England. ... Coley or Coley Park is a suburb within Reading, Berkshire Categories: UK geography stubs | Suburbs of Reading ... Coley Park is a suburb within the town of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Location within the British Isles Earley is a town in Berkshire, England with a population of around 30,000 people. ... Emmer Green is a village situated north of the River Thames, on the outskirts of Reading, Berkshire in the United Kingdom. ... Fords Farm is a suburb within Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Katesgrove is a suburb of Reading, Berkshire Categories: UK geography stubs | Suburbs of Reading ... Caversham is a suburb in the unitary authority of Reading, England, although, historically, Caversham was part of Oxfordshire. ... Location within the British Isles Earley is a town in Berkshire, England with a population of around 30,000 people. ... For the parsing algorithm, see Earley parser. ... Newtown, Reading is a suburb of Reading, Berkshire, situated in the east of the town between the Cemetery Junction and the River Kennet. ... Purley-on-Thames is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England. ... Southcote is a suburb of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Tilehurst Water Tower , Tilehurst is a suburb, at grid reference SU667736, some three miles to the west of Reading town centre in the English county of Berkshire. ... Whitley is a large suburb to the south of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Whitley Wood is a suburb to the south of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Location within the British Isles Woodley is a town in the English county of Berkshire. ...

History

St Mary's Church and market
St Mary's Church and market
The Maiwand lion in Forbury Gardens — an unofficial symbol of Reading
The Maiwand lion in Forbury Gardens — an unofficial symbol of Reading

The settlement was founded at the confluence of the River Thames and River Kennet in the eighth century as Readingum. The name is probably from the Anglo-Saxon for "(Place of) Readda's People", or (less probably) the Celtic Rhydd-Inge, "Ford over the River". It was occupied by the Vikings after the Battle of Reading (871), but had recovered sufficiently by its 1086 Domesday Book listing to contain around 600 people and be made a designated borough. The town was a place of pilgrimage in medieval times to Reading Abbey. In 1253 Reading's Merchant Guild successfully petitioned for the grant of a charter from the King and negotiated a division of authority with the Abbey. The dissolution of the Abbey saw Henry VIII grant the Guild a new charter in 1542 with which to become a borough corporation to run the town. St Marys Church and Butts, Reading, Berkshire, England Photograph taken by chris_j_wood on the 16th April 2004, with original filename DCP_2093. ... St Marys Church and Butts, Reading, Berkshire, England Photograph taken by chris_j_wood on the 16th April 2004, with original filename DCP_2093. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 800px-Forbury_Gardens,_Reading. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 800px-Forbury_Gardens,_Reading. ... Combatants Great Britain Afghanistan Commanders George Burrows Ayub Khan Strength 5,599British/Indian troops 8,500 Afghan Tribesmen Casualties 1,757 killed 175 wounded[1] 2,050-2,750 killed 1,500+ wounded The Battle of Maiwand was one of the largest battles of the Second Anglo-Afghan War. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Penis[1], Englisc by its speakers) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... On January 4, 871, Ethelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred attacked a Danish army which was invading Britain and was camped near Reading. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... Reading Abbey Reading Abbey is a large, ruined abbey in Reading, Berkshire, founded by Henry I in 1121 for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of King William, my father, and of King William, my brother, and Queen Maud, my wife, and all my ancestors and successors. // History... A guild is an association of craftspeople in a particular trade. ... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ...


By the end of the 16th century Reading was the largest town in Berkshire, home to over 3,000 people. During the Medieval period and Tudor times Reading grew rich on its trade in cloth, as instanced by the fortune made by local merchant John Kendrick. The town played an important role during the English Civil War; it changed hands a number of times. Despite its fortifications, it had a Royalist garrison imposed on it in 1642. The subsequent siege by the Parliamentary forces succeeded in April 1643. However the taxes levied on the town by the garrison badly damaged its cloth trade, and it did not recover. Reading was also the only site of significant fighting in England during the Revolution of 1688 with the Battle of Reading. John Kendrick (1573-1624) was a prosperous clothing merchant. ... For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Combatants Parliamentary army Royalist garrison Commanders Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex Sir Arthur Aston King Charles I Prince Rupert Strength 16,000+ 2,000+ See also: Battle of Reading (871) and Battle of Reading (1688) The Siege of Reading refers to the English Civil War military campaign waged to... The Glorious Revolution (1688-1689), also known as the bloodless revolution, is an event in which the Stuart king James II (James VII of Scotland) was removed from his thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland, and replaced by William of the House of Orange and his wife and joint sovereign... The Battle of Reading in 1688 was the only substantial military action on mainland Britain during the Glorious Revolution. ...


The 18th century saw the beginning of a major iron works in the town and the growth of the brewing trade for which Reading was to become famous. Agricultural products from the surrounding area still used Reading as a market place, especially at the famous Reading cheese fair but now trade was coming in from a wider area. Reading's trade benefited from better designed turnpike roads which helped its establish its location on the major coaching routes from London to Oxford and the west country. It also gained from increasing river traffic on both the Thames and Kennet. In 1723 despite considerable local opposition the Kennet Navigation opened the River Kennet to boats as far as Newbury. This opposition stopped when it became apparent the new route benefited the town. The opening of the Kennet and Avon Canal in 1810 made it possible to go by barge from Reading to the Bristol Channel. Iron Works was a name applied in the 19th century to heavy industrial manufactories whose output products were primarily built of iron and/or steel. ... A 16th century brewer A 21st century brewer This article concerns the production of alcoholic beverages. ... A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... The West Country is an informal term for the area of south-western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region. ... The canal at Bathampton, near Bath The Kennet and Avon Canal is a canal in southern England. ... Satellite view of the Bristol Channel Map of the Bristol Channel The Bristol Channel (Welsh: ) is a major inlet in the island of Great Britain, separating South Wales from the West Country and extending from the lower estuary of the River Severn (Afon Hafren) to that part of the North...


In 1801, the population of Reading was about 9,400. During the 19th century, Reading grew rapidly as a manufacturing centre. Reading maintained its representation by two Members of Parliament with the Reform Act 1832, and the borough was one of the ones reformed as a municipal borough by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. In 1836 the Reading Borough Police were founded. The Great Western Railway arrived in 1841, followed by the South Eastern Railway, in 1849, and the London and South Western Railway, in 1856. The Reading Establishment, an early commercial photographic studio, operated in Reading from 1844 to 1847 and was managed by Nicholaas Henneman, a Dutchman and former valet of William Henry Fox Talbot (a pioneer of photography).[4] Many of the images for The Pencil of Nature by Fox Talbot, the first book to be illustrated with photographic prints, were printed in Reading. Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The Representation of the People Act 1832, commonly known as the Reform Act 1832, was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of the United Kingdom. ... A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... The Municipal Reform Act 1835 required members of town councils (municipal corporations) to be elected by ratepayers and councils to publish their financial accounts. ... The Reading Borough Police was a police force for the borough of Reading in the United Kingdom. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... The London and Greenwich Railway (LGR) and the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway (CWR) in East Kent were the earliest railways to serve the then county of Kent: eventually both became parts of the South Eastern Railway (SER). ... Waterloo Station The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) was a railway company in England from 1840 to 1923. ... This article concerns the Dutch as an ethnic group. ... William Henry Fox Talbot William Henry Fox Talbot (February 11, 1800 – September 17, 1877) was an early photographer who made major contributions to the photographic process. ... The Pencil of Nature, published in six installments between 1844 and 1846, was the first book to be illustrated entirely with photographs and is regarded as an important and influential work in the history of photography. ...


In 1851 the population was 21,500. The town became the County Town (superseding Abingdon[5]) in 1867 and became a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888. By 1900, the population was 59,000 — large sections of the housing in Reading are terraced, reflecting its 19th century growth. The town has been famous for the "Three Bs" of beer (from 1785 dominated by the Simonds' Brewery - India Pale Ale was invented in Reading), bulbs (18071976, Suttons Seeds), and biscuits (18221977, Huntley & Palmers). In the 19th century the town also made 'Reading Sauce', described as a sharp sauce flavoured with onions, spices, and herbs, very like Worcestershire Sauce. , Abingdon (traditionally known as Abingdon-on-Thames) is a market town in Oxfordshire in Southern England. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. ... A street of British Victorian/Edwardian terraced homes. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... The Simonds Brewery was a brewery based in Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Shallot bulbs A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that is used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Suttons Seeds is a long established supplier of seeds, bulbs, and other horticultural products. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Huntley & Palmers was a well known British firm of biscuit makers based in Reading, Berkshire. ... 1900 advertisement Worcestershire sauce (IPA: (wuster-shur or wuster-sheer)) is a widely used fermented liquid condiment originally manufactured by Lea & Perrins, in Midland Road, Worcester, England. ...


The town continued to expand in the 20th century, annexing Caversham across the River Thames in Oxfordshire in 1911. This expansion can be seen in the number of 1920s built semi-detached properties, and the 1950s expansion that joined Woodley, Earley and Tilehurst into Reading. Miles Aircraft in Woodley was an important local firm from the 1930s to 1950s. The Lower Earley development, started in the 1970s, was the largest private housing development in Europe. This extended the urban area of Reading up to the M4 motorway, which acts as the southern boundary to the town. Further housing developments have increased the number of modern commuter houses in the surrounding parts of Reading, and 'out-of-town' shopping hypermarkets. Caversham is a suburb in the unitary authority of Reading, England, although, historically, Caversham was part of Oxfordshire. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Semi-detached housing (usually abbreviated to semi, as in three-bedroom semi) consists of pairs of houses built side by side as units sharing a party wall and usually in such a way that each houses layout is a mirror image of its twin. ... Location within the British Isles Woodley is a town in the English county of Berkshire. ... Location within the British Isles Earley is a town in Berkshire, England with a population of around 30,000 people. ... Tilehurst Water Tower , Tilehurst is a suburb, at grid reference SU667736, some three miles to the west of Reading town centre in the English county of Berkshire. ... Miles Aircraft was a British manufacturer of light civil and military aircraft. ... In commerce, a hypermarket (from the French hypermarché) is a store which combines a supermarket and a department store. ...


The local shopping centre, The Oracle, built in 1999, is named after the 17th century workhouse founded by John Kendrick which previously occupied the site. The original 'Oracle' gates can be seen in the Museum of Reading in the town hall. It provides 3 storeys of shopping and boosted the local economy by providing 4,000 jobs. Reading has also made itself more appealing to tourists by pedestrianising Broad street Broad Street frontage The Oracle is a large indoor shopping and leisure mall located on the banks of the River Kennet in central Reading, UK. It takes its name from a seventeenth century workhouse that once occupied part of the site built by funds from a local man John Kendrick. ... Former workhouse at Nantwich, dating from 1780 A workhouse was a place where people who were unable to support themselves could go to live and work. ... John Kendrick (1573–1624) was a prosperous English cloth merchant and patron of the towns of Reading and Newbury in Berkshire. ... The Museum of Reading is located in the old Town Hall in Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... For the railway station in Sydney, Australia, see Town Hall railway station, Sydney. ...


Government

Borough of Reading
Geography
Status: Unitary, Borough
Region: South East England
Ceremonial County: Berkshire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 318th
40.40 km²
Admin. HQ: Reading
ONS code: 00MC
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
Ranked 115th
145,100
3,592 / km²
Ethnicity: 86.8% White
5.2% S.Asian
4.1% Afro-Carib
0.7% Chinese.
Politics

http://www.reading.gov.uk/
Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive: Labour
Mayor of Reading Councillor Bet Tickner

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005, unless otherwise stated, from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of towns and cities in England by population - List of English counties by population - List of ceremonial counties of England by population - List of English districts by area - List... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... In the United Kingdom, the office of Mayor or Lord Mayor (Provost and Lord Provost in Scotland) had long been ceremonial posts, with little or no duties attached to it. ...

Local government

Reading has had some degree of local government autonomy since 1253 when the local merchant guild was granted a royal charter. Over the years since then the town has been run by a borough corporation, as a county borough, and as a district of Berkshire. The Borough of Reading became a unitary authority area in 1998 when Berkshire County Council was abolished under the Banham Review, and is now responsible for all aspects of local government within the borough.[6] A guild is an association of craftspeople in a particular trade. ... A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... A unitary authority is a term used in a two-tier local government system to describe a unit of local government that operates as a single tier. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The structure of local government in the United Kingdom underwent large changes in the 1990s. ...


The borough council has bid for city status in several recent competitions but, as of 2007, these have all been unsuccessful. The application for city status is politically controversial, with some groups of residents strongly opposed, whilst others support the bid. Historically, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ...


Boundaries

Since 1887, the borough has included the former villages of Southcote and Whitley and small parts of Earley and Tilehurst.[7] By 1911, it also encompassed the Oxfordshire village of Caversham and still more of Tilehurst.[3] A small area of Mapledurham parish was added in 1977 and a small area of Eye and Dundsen parish in 1997.[3] However, as noted above, it still excludes several settlements that form a significant part of the current urban area. Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Mapledurham is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Oxfordshire. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ...


Reading's municipal boundaries are particularly old and constrained; and proposals occasionally surface to expand the borough to include them. It is believed that Reading's chances of receiving City Status would be substantially boosted if these suburbs were to be included within the borough. Historically, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ...


However, the constricted nature of the borough also creates more serious difficulties for the town, as it attempts to develop and grow. The diminishing amount suitable land within the borough's boundary can bring the council in to conflict with those neighbouring it, who in turn have their own priorities and requirements. The longest running example of this is the planned third crossing of the Thames. So far, South Oxfordshire's politicians and residents, whose primary concern is maintaining the non-urbanisation of their region, have successfully opposed this.[8] As a consequence, the debate has at times become somewhat acrimonious between the opposing sides, and little progress has been made.

"However, the process has been painfully slow and it appears that, for every two steps forwards, there are three steps backwards—mainly because of the view of South Oxfordshire district council, which is being incredibly parochial about this matter. Meanwhile, Reading borough council is adopting strategies that prioritise local traffic in Reading, obviously to the detriment of through traffic. We have now reached the point at which we desperately need direct Government intervention to break the logjam between those local authorities."
- Mr. Rob Wilson MP (Reading, East), House of Commons debate.[9]

National government

Reading has elected at least one Member of Parliament to every Parliament since 1295. Historically Reading was represented at various times by the members for the former Parliamentary Borough of Reading, and the members for the former parliamentary constituencies of Reading, Reading North, and Reading South. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons The Right Honourable Michael Martin MP Lord Speaker Hélène Hayman, Baroness Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups (as of May 5, 2005 elections) Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats... The Parliamentary Borough of Reading was a parliamentary borough represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Reading was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Reading North was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Reading South was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


Today Reading and the surrounding area is divided between the parliamentary constituencies of Reading East, represented by Rob Wilson, and Reading West, represented by Martin Salter. The whole of the town is within the multi-member South East England european constituency. Reading East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Robert Wilson (born January 4, 1965 in south Oxfordshire) is a United Kingdom politician and entrepreneur. ... Reading West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Martin John Salter is a United Kingdom politician and fisherman. ... South East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ...


Town twinning

Reading is twinned with:[10] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Duesseldorf. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S199229 Statistics Province: Munster County: Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural: 16,910 Clonmel (Cluain Meala in Irish) is the largest inland town in the south of Republic of Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... San Francisco Libre is a municipality in the Managua department of Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Barbados. ... One of the larger cities of Barbados, along with Holetown and the capital Bridgetown. ...

Economy

Reading is an important commercial centre in Southern England and is often referred to as the capital of the Thames Valley, with the headquarters of some major British companies and the UK offices of a number of major foreign multinationals, especially in the IT industry, including ING Direct, Microsoft, Oracle, Sage, Xansa, Cisco, Symbol Technologies and Yell.com. Several of these are located at the Thames Valley Business Park. The north, the midlands and the south Southern England is an imprecise term used to refer to the southern counties of England. ... The Thames Valley is generally the region that drains into the River Thames, England, but is used in a more specific term by the government. ... ING Direct is a branchless direct bank with operations in Austria, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom and the United States. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ... The Sage Group plc (LSE: SGE) is a leading UK based supplier of accounting, payroll, CRM and business management software (including manufacturing and construction-specific ranges) as well as related services to small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). ... Xansa (LSE:XAN) is an outsourcing and technology company, quoted on the London Stock Exchange. ... Cisco may refer to: Cisco Systems, a computer networking company Cisco IOS, an internet router operating system CISCO Security Private Limited, a security company in Singapore Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation, a statutory board in Singapore Abbreviation for San Francisco, California Cisco (wine) The Cisco Kid, a fictional character created... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Yell Group plc (LSE: YELL) is a British directory company, which is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index of leading British quoted companies. ... Thames Valley Park is a high-tech business park adjacent to the River Thames on the eastern outskirts of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ...


Retail

Reading Broad Street

Reading is a major shopping centre. The principal shopping area is around Broad Street, which was pedestrianised in 1995. Broad Street is anchored at its east and west ends respectively by The Oracle and Broad Street Mall enclosed shopping centres. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1080x720, 200 KB)Broad Street, the main shopping street of Reading Photograph taken by chris_j_wood on the 19th March 2005, with original filename DCP_3648. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1080x720, 200 KB)Broad Street, the main shopping street of Reading Photograph taken by chris_j_wood on the 19th March 2005, with original filename DCP_3648. ... Broad Street frontage The Oracle is a large indoor shopping and leisure mall located on the banks of the River Kennet in central Reading, UK. It takes its name from a seventeenth century workhouse that once occupied part of the site built by funds from a local man John Kendrick. ... The Broad Street Mall is a large indoor shopping mall located in central Reading in England. ...


There are three major department stores in Reading: John Lewis Reading (formerly known as Heelas), Debenhams and House of Fraser. There are also branches of the chains Marks and Spencers, Bhs, H&M, Primark and UNIQLO. The interior of a typical Macys department store. ... The front of the store on Broad Street. ... Debenhams plc (LSE: DEB) is a retailer with a chain of department stores based in the United Kingdom. ... House of Fraser is a British department store group with 61 stores (July 2007) across the country. ... Marks and Spencer plc (known also as M&S and sometimes colloquially as Marks and Sparks) is the largest retailer in the United Kingdom by sales. ... For other uses of the abbreviation, see BHS Bhs (also trading as British Home Stores and formerly BHS and BhS) is a stalwart department store of the British High Street, selling clothing and household items (such as bedlinen, cutlery, crockery and lighting). ... For the former railroad, see Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. ... Primark Stores Limited is a clothing retailer in the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and Spain. ... UNIQLO is a casual clothing chain store franchise owned by Fast Retailing and based in Japan. ...


The booksellers Waterstone's have two branches in Reading. Their Broad Street branch is of particular interest, as it is a remarkable conversion of a nonconformist chapel dating from 1707. Gower Street branch Waterstones Piccadilly branch, Europes largest bookshop Waterstones is a United Kingdom based chain of bookshops. ... The frontage building on Broad Street The interior of the 1707 chapel Waterstones, Broad Street, Reading is a branch of the Waterstones chain of bookshops, located in the principal shopping street of Reading in England. ... A nonconformist is an English or Welsh Protestant of any non-Anglican denomination, chiefly advocating religious liberty. ... A chapel is a private church, usually small and often attached to a larger institution such as a college, a hospital, a palace, or a prison. ...


Besides the two major shopping malls, Reading possesses three smaller shopping arcades, the Bristol & West Arcade, Harris Arcade and The Walk, which contain smaller specialist stores.


The Oracle shopping centre has put Reading on the national map as one of the top ten retail destinations in the UK since it regularly attracts over 250,000 people passing through on a Saturday alone. It plays host to a number of major retailers which had previously not been present in the town. The name sometimes causes confusion with the unrelated Oracle IT company, whose UK headquarters are situated in Reading. Broad Street frontage The Oracle is a large indoor shopping and leisure mall located on the banks of the River Kennet in central Reading, UK. It takes its name from a seventeenth century workhouse that once occupied part of the site built by funds from a local man John Kendrick. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ...


Institutions

Religion

Reading Abbey
Reading Abbey

Reading Minster, or the Minster Church of St Mary the Virgin as it is more properly known, is Reading's oldest ecclesiastical foundation, known to have been founded by the 9th century and possibly earlier. Although eclipsed in importance by the later Abbey, Reading Minster has regained its importance since the destruction of the Abbey and is now the seat of the Bishop of Reading. The other two ancient parish churches in the town are those dedicated to St Giles and St Laurence. Image File history File links Reading Abbey in the centre of Reading in England. ... Image File history File links Reading Abbey in the centre of Reading in England. ... Reading Minster, or the Minster Church of St Mary the Virgin as it is more properly known, is the oldest ecclesiastical foundation in Reading, Berkshire. ... The Bishop of Reading is a suffragan bishop in the Church of England, based in Reading, Berkshire. ...


Reading Abbey was founded by Henry I in 1121. He was buried there, as were parts of Empress Matilda, William of Poitiers, Constance of York, and Princess Isabella of Cornwall, among others. The abbey was one of the pilgrimage centres of medieval England, it held over 230 relics including the hand of St. James. The abbey was largely destroyed in 1538 during the Dissolution and Henry VIII had the abbot, Hugh Cook Faringdon, hanged. Reading Abbey Reading Abbey is a large, ruined abbey in Reading, Berkshire, founded by Henry I in 1121 for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of King William, my father, and of King William, my brother, and Queen Maud, my wife, and all my ancestors and successors. // History... Henry I (circa 1068 – 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and the first born in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. ... Empress Matilda (February 1102 – September 10, 1167; sometimes Maud or Maude), also called Matilda, Countess of Anjou or Matilda, Lady of the English, was the daughter and dispossessed heir of King Henry I of England. ... William (August 17, 1153 – 1156) was the first child of Henry Plantagenet (later Henry II of England) and Eleanor of Aquitaine, strangely born on the same day that his fathers rival Eustace IV of Boulogne died. ... Constance of York (c. ... A relic is an object, especially a piece of the body or a personal item of someone of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial, Relics are an important aspect of Buddhism, some denominations of Christianity, Hinduism, shamanism, and many other personal belief systems. ... Saint James the Great (d. ... For other uses of the term dissolution see Dissolution. ... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ... Hugh Cook Faringdon (also known as Hugh Faringdon or Hugh Cook of Faringdon) was appointed Abbot of Reading Abbey in 1520, on the death of Abbot Thomas Worcester. ... Hanging is the suspension of a person by a ligature, usually a cord wrapped around the neck, causing death. ...


Education

Reading School
Reading School

Reading School, founded in 1125, is the tenth oldest school in England. It is based in Victorian buildings designed by Alfred Waterhouse on Erleigh Road. There are 6 other state secondary schools and 37 state primary schools within the borough, together with a number of private and independent schools, kindergartens and nurseries. Many of the designated schools for pupils in the borough's catchment areas are actually in the neighbouring boroughs.[11] Besides mainstream schools the Reading area has a Steiner-Waldorf school and an active Education Otherwise home schooling network. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 668 KB) Students playing football on the playing ground of Reading School (Reading, Berks, UK) Photograph by Richard Wheeler, who retains copyright and releases the image under the license shown below. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 668 KB) Students playing football on the playing ground of Reading School (Reading, Berks, UK) Photograph by Richard Wheeler, who retains copyright and releases the image under the license shown below. ... Reading School is a grammar school in the town of Reading, Berkshire, England. ... The Natural History Museum in South Kensington, London, has an ornate terracotta facade typical of high Victorian architecture. ... State school is an expression used in Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom to distinguish schools provided by the government from privately run schools. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Private schools, or independent schools, are schools not administered by local, state, or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public (state) funds. ... Waldorf Schools (also known as Steiner schools) state as their mission educating the whole child, with a strong emphasis on balancing the childs natural stages of development with creativity and academic excellence. ... Education Otherwise is a UK-based charity which provides support and information for families whose children are being educated outside school, and for those who wish to uphold the freedom of families to take proper responsibility for the education of their children. ... Homeschooling (also called home education) is the education of children at home and in the community, in contrast to education in an institution such as a public or parochial school. ...


The University of Reading was established in 1892 as an affiliate of Oxford University, and moved to its London Road Campus in 1904. Reading was chartered as an independent university in 1926 and moved onto its new Whiteknights Campus in 1947. It took over the Bulmershe teacher training college in 1982, creating its Bulmershe Court Campus. All three campuses are still in use, although Whiteknights is by far the largest. Whiteknights Lake Whiteknights Lake in winter The University Great Hall, on the London Road Campus The University of Reading is a university in the English town of Reading, Berkshire. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University Great Hall London Road Campus (or the City Campus) of the University of Reading is the original campus of that university. ... The lake. ... Bulmershe Court is, today, a campus of the University of Reading, situated in what is now the Reading suburb of Woodley, in the English county of Berkshire. ...


The more recent Thames Valley University, which also has campuses in Slough and Ealing, now runs what was previously Reading College & School of Arts and Design on two sites in east Reading. Thames Valley University (TVU) is a British university based on campuses in Slough, Reading and Ealing, all in the Thames Valley area west of London. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... , Ealing is a town in the London Borough of Ealing. ...


Libraries & Museums

The Reading Borough Public Library service dates back to 1877. The Central Library which was opened in 1985 contains the Reading Local Studies Library which provides books, maps, and illustrations of the history of the town and Berkshire. Reading Borough Libraries are responsible for public library provision in the English town of Reading. ...


The Museum of Reading opened in 1883 in the Town Hall, parts of which date back to 1786. The museum contains galleries relating to the history of Reading and its related industries and to the excavations of Calleva Atrebatum (Silchester Roman Town), together with a copy of the Bayeux Tapestry, an art collection, and galleries relating to Huntley & Palmers The Museum of Reading is located in the old Town Hall in Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Categories: Stub | Archaeological sites in Britain | Berkshire | Hampshire | Roman sites in England ... The Bayeux Tapestry (French: Tapisserie de Bayeux) is a 50 cm by 70 m (20 in by 230 ft) long embroidered cloth which depicts the events leading up to the 1066 Norman invasion of England as well as the events of the invasion itself. ... Huntley & Palmers was a well known British firm of biscuit makers based in Reading, Berkshire. ...


The University of Reading runs the Museum of English Rural Life, the Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology, the Cole Museum of Zoology, and the Harris Garden. In the suburb of Woodley, the Museum of Berkshire Aviation has a collection of aircraft and other artifacts relating to the aircraft industry in the town. The Museum of English Rural Life was founded by the University of Reading in 1951 to record the changing face of farming and the countryside. ... The Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology forms part of the Department of Classics at the University of Reading and is located on the universitys Whiteknights Campus in the English town of Reading. ... The Cole Museum of Zoology forms part of the School of Animal and Microbial Sciences at the University of Reading and is located on the universitys Whiteknights Campus in the English town of Reading. ... The Harris Garden is a botanical garden located on the Whiteknights Campus of the University of Reading in the English town of Reading. ... Location within the British Isles Woodley is a town in the English county of Berkshire. ... The Museum of Berkshire Aviation is a small aviation museum located in Woodley, a suburb of the town of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ...


Healthcare

The principal National Health Service (NHS) hospital in Reading is the Royal Berkshire Hospital, originally founded in 1839 but much enlarged and rebuilt since. Until recently there was a second major NHS general hospital, the Battle Hospital, but this closed in 2005 with the patients and most staff moved to the Royal Berkshire Hospital. Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust runs a NHS hospital, Prospect Park Hospital, that specialises in the provision of care for people with mental health and learning disabilities.[12][13] “NHS” redirects here. ... The Royal Berkshire Hospital is a hospital in Reading, Berkshire in England. ...


Reading is also served by two private hospitals, the Capio Reading Hospital in Coley suburb and the Dunedin Hospital situated on the main A4 Bath Road.[14][15] Coley is a type of fish, similar to cod. ... The A4 at Hotwells in Bristol The A4 crosses Picadilly Circus in central London The A4 is a major road in England, also known as the Great West Road. ... The A4 at Hotwells in Bristol. ...


Transport

Reading's location in the Thames Valley to the west of London means that it has always had a significant position in the nation's transport system.


River transport

High Bridge on the River Kennet.
High Bridge on the River Kennet.

The town grew up as a river port at the confluence of the Thames and Kennet. Both of these rivers remain navigable, and the locks of Caversham Lock, Blake's Lock, County Lock, Fobney Lock and Southcote Lock are all within the borough. Today navigation is exclusively leisure oriented, with private and hire boats dominating traffic. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... The Kennet is a river in the south east of England, and a tributary of the River Thames. ... Canal locks in England. ... Caversham Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames in Reading, Berkshire, England. ... Blakes Lock is a lock situated on the River Kennet in Reading, Berkshire, England. ... County Lock is a lock on the River Kennet within Reading, Berkshire. ... Fobney Lock is a lock on the River Kennet within Reading, Berkshire. ... Southcote Lock is a lock on the River Kennet at Southcote within Reading, Berkshire. ...


Several scheduled boat services operate on the Thames, operating from wharves on the Reading side of the river near Caversham Bridge. Salters Steamers operate a summer daily service from just downstream of the bridge to Henley-on-Thames, taking somewhat over two hours in each direction and calling at the riverside villages of Sonning and Shiplake. Thames River Cruises operate several different trips from just upstream of the bridge, including a service on summer weekends and bank holidays to Mapledurham, taking 45 minutes in each direction and allowing two hours ashore for visits to Mapledurham Watermill and Mapledurham House.[16][17] Metung Wharf on Bancroft Bay, Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, Australia A wharf is a fixed platform, commonly on pilings, roughly parallel to and alongside navigable water, where ships are loaded and unloaded. ... Caversham Bridge is a bridge across the River Thames between Caversham and Reading. ... Salters Steamers is an old family firm based around boating on the River Thames, originally established in 1858. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... The River Thames near Sonning. ... Shiplake (and Lower Shiplake) is a village in Oxfordshire, England on the River Thames, near Henley-on-Thames and opposite the village of Wargrave. ... The weekend is a part of the week lasting one or two days in which most paid workers do not work. ... A Bank Holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom and also in the Republic of Ireland. ... Mapledurham is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Oxfordshire. ... The watermill seen from the lawns of Mapledurham House The watermill seem from the foot of the village street The water wheel The weir that provides the driving force The mill on the Black Sabbath album cover Mapledurham Watermill is an historic watermill on the River Thames at the village... Mapledurham House is a stately home in the English county of Oxfordshire. ...


Road transport

Reading Bridge on the River Thames.
Reading Bridge on the River Thames.

Reading was also a major staging point on the old Bath Road (A4) from London to Bath and Bristol. This road still carries local traffic, but has now been replaced for long distance traffic by the M4 motorway, which closely skirts the borough and serves it with three junctions (J10–J12). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The A4 at Hotwells in Bristol The A4 crosses Picadilly Circus in central London The A4 is a major road in England, also known as the Great West Road. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Bath is a city in Somerset, England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... This article is about the English city. ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ...


Within Reading there is the Inner Distribution road (IDR), a ring road for local traffic movements. The council has put forward a plan to make the IDR one-way. This has proved highly controversial and the plan is now (June 2007) under review. [1]


The A329(M), A33 and A4 national routes link the town with junctions 10, 11 and 12 of the M4 motorway respectively. The IDR is linked with the M4 by the recently constructed A33 relief road, which runs past the Madejski stadium and Green Park Business complex. The A33 is a major road in England. ...


The Thames is crossed by both Reading and Caversham road bridges, whilst several road bridges cross the Kennet. There has long been a desire to construct a third bridge across the Thames, to the east of the existing bridges, thus removing one of the town's bottlenecks and easing traffic congestion. However the proximity of the county border means that any such route will have to pass through South Oxfordshire, and this development has so far been blocked by its residents and politicians.[18] Reading Bridge is a road bridge over the River Thames at Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Caversham Bridge is a bridge across the River Thames between Caversham and Reading. ...


Rail transport

Reading is a major junction point on the national rail system, and as a consequence Reading station is the UK's second busiest transfer point outside of London (after Birmingham New Street), as well as serving heavy originating and terminating traffic. The main route is the Great Western Main Line, which runs westwards from London's Paddington station National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo A typical National Rail station sign showing the double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ... Reading station from the station car park at the north (rear) side of the station Reading (formerly Reading General) is a railway station in the large town of Reading in south central England. ... The tracks at the eastern end of Birmingham New Street station Class 390 no. ... Maidenhead Railway Bridge The Great Western Main Line is a main line railway in England that runs westwards from London Paddington station to Temple Meads station in Bristol. ... Paddington Station, March 2005 during rush hour Paddington station or London Paddington station is a major National Rail and London Underground station complex in the Paddington area of London. ...


The line divides at Reading, from where the Berks and Hants Line proceeds across country to Taunton, whence it joins the main line to Devon and Cornwall from Bristol. The original Bristol line divides at Didcot with a branch running on to Oxford and Birmingham The Great Western Main Line at Dawlish The Great Western Main Line crosses the River Thames on Maidenhead Railway Bridge The Great Western Main Line is a main line railway in the United Kingdom, corresponding to the principal routes of the pre-1948 Great Western Railway which were subsequently taken... Taunton is the county town of Somerset, England. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English city. ... Statistics Population: 25,231 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU525900 Administration District: South Oxfordshire Shire county: Oxfordshire Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Oxfordshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Police Ambulance: South Central Post office and telephone Post town... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Birmingham (pron. ...


Another branch of the former Great Western Western Main Line leaves the Berks and Hants Line at Southcote Junction, forming a link with the South Coast. Secondary lines connect Reading with London's Waterloo station, Guildford, Gatwick Airport and Brighton . An express bus service named RailAir links Reading with Heathrow Airport. An alternative route is Reading-Hayes-Heathrow, using the Heathrow Connect rail service. Southcote Junction is a UK railway junction south of Reading West railway station where the lines to Basingstoke and Newbury diverge. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is Londons second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England, and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton and Hove. ... There are several RailAir coach services operating between railway stations and London Heathrow Airport. ... “Heathrow” redirects here. ... Hayes and Harlington railway station is a railway station in Hayes and Harlington in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Heathrow Connect is a train service in London, connecting Heathrow Airport with Paddington station. ...


Local public transport

Local public transport is largely road-based, and can be affected by the significant peak hour congestion in the borough. A comprehensive and frequent local bus network within the borough, and a less frequent network in the surrounding area, are provided by Reading Buses. Other bus operators include: Reading Transport Ltd is a bus operator serving the towns of Reading, Newbury and the surrounding area in the English county of Berkshire. ...

FirstGroup plc (LSE: FGP) is a Scottish transport company operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and North America, with headquarters in Aberdeen. ... , Winnersh is a village and civil parish, a part of Wokingham Borough, in the English county of Berkshire. ... It has been suggested that Wokingham (borough) be merged into this article or section. ... Charles Square, Bracknell , Bracknell is a town in the Bracknell Forest borough of the English county of Berkshire. ... Arborfield is a village in the English county of Berkshire, near to both Wokingham and Reading. ... It has been suggested that Wokingham (borough) be merged into this article or section. ... Map sources for Wallingford at grid reference SU6089 Wallingford is a small town in Oxfordshire in southern England. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ... Reading Transport Ltd is a bus operator serving the towns of Reading, Newbury and the surrounding area in the English county of Berkshire. ... Newbury is a civil parish and the principal town in the west of the county of Berkshire in England. ... Fleet is a town in the county of Hampshire in the south-east of England, located 38 miles (61 km) south west of London. ... Aldershot is a town in the English county of Hampshire, located on heathland approximately 55 km (35 miles) southwest of London. ...

Utilities

The wind turbine at Greenpark produces enough green electricity for around 1000 local homes.
The wind turbine at Greenpark produces enough green electricity for around 1000 local homes.

Mains water and sewerage services are supplied by Thames Water plc, a private sector water supply company. Water abstraction and disposal is regulated by the Environment Agency. Reading's water supply is largely derived from underground aquifers, and as a consequence the water is considered hard. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 448 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1712 × 2288 pixel, file size: 547 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Alt title of Image:Greenpark. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 448 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1712 × 2288 pixel, file size: 547 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Alt title of Image:Greenpark. ... Thames Water, known originally as the Thames Water Authority and after privatization as Thames Water Utilities Limited, is the utility responsible for water supply and waste water treatment in parts of Greater London, Surrey, Wiltshire, and the Thames Valley in the United Kingdom. ... The private sector of a nations economy consists of all that is outside the state. ... (see also the List of environmental organizations) The Environment Agency (Welsh: Asiantaeth yr Amgylchedd) of England and Wales was created by the Environment Act 1995, along with the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... Hard water water that has a high mineral content (water with a low mineral content is known as soft water). ...


As with the rest of the Britain, the choice of commercial energy supplier for electricity and gas is at the consumer's choice. Southern Electric runs the local electricity distribution network, whilst Scotia Gas Networks runs the gas distribution network. One notable part of the local energy infrastructure is the presence of a 2 megawatt (peak) Enercon wind turbine at Green Park, which is wired to the local sub-grid. It was constructed in November 2005 just outside the borders of the borough in the civil parish of Shinfield and is owned by Ecotricity. This turbine can be seen from a large part of Reading, as well as from near junction 11 of the M4. The turbine has the potential to produce 3.5 million units of electricity a year, enough to power 1,063 local homes. For other uses, see Electricity (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Southern Electric plc was an electric company in the UK. The company originated as the Southern Electricity Board, created in 1948 as part of the nationalisation of the electricity industry by the Electricity Act 1947. ... Scotia Gas Networks Plc is a holding company of Scotland Gas Networks Plc and Southern Gas Networks Plc based in Perth, Scotland. ... The megawatt (symbol: MW) is a unit for measuring power corresponding to one million (106) watts. ... Enercon E-112 Enercon GmbH, based in Aurich, Northern Germany, is the third-largest wind turbine manufacturer in the world and the market leader in Germany. ... Horizontal-axis wind turbine, the Enercon model E-66 wind energy converter, in Germany. ... -1... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... Shinfield is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire, located just south of Reading. ... An Ecotricity wind turbine at Greenpark, Reading, England, generating green electricity for approx 1200 homes. ...


BT provides fixed-line telephone coverage throughout the town, and ADSL broadband internet connection to most areas. Parts of Reading are cabled by Virgin Media, supplying cable television, telephone and broadband internet connections. The dialling code for fixed-line telephones is 0118. BT Group plc (also known as British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (and previously as British Telecom) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide. ... A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ...


Mobile phone service is available throughout the town, from all the UK licensed network operators and using the GSM and UMTS standards. A mobile network operator, also known as wireless service provider, wireless carrier, mobile phone operator, or cellular company, is a telephone company that provides services for mobile phone subscribers. ... The Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is one of the third-generation (3G) cell phone technologies. ...


Culture

The Town Hall, Reading
The Town Hall, Reading

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1229 × 822 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ayuntamiento de Reading, Inglaterra. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1229 × 822 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ayuntamiento de Reading, Inglaterra. ...

General arts

Reading has a number of arts centres, including concert halls, fine art galleries and general use spaces, with a vibrant arts scene.


In 2006 the Reading Fringe Festival was launched, striving to prove that Reading was "a hotbed of talent" worthy of city status.[19] Local arts organisations, groups and individuals promote themselves at venues throughout the town in the run-up to Reading Festival. The Reading Fringe Festival was started in 2005 in Reading, Berkshire, after a group of musicians decided to put on events in the week running up to the Carling Reading Festival. ... The Reading and Leeds Festivals are a pair of annual music festivals that take place in Reading and Leeds in England. ...


Reading is home to Remix Reading, a free culture project with a particular focus on copyright and the local arts scene. The Free Culture Movement is a student led movement that supports freedom of speech on the Internet and objects to overly restrictive copyright laws, which, members of the movement argue, hinders creativity. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Reading is also the home to Gen Con UK, a Games Convention. Gen Con is the one of the largest and most prominent gaming conventions in North America. ... Games Convention is an annual gaming event in Leipzig in Germany, and is the second largest gaming event of the world. ...


Music

Every year Reading plays host the Reading Festival, which has been running since 1971. While WOMAD found a home in the town in 1990[20], it has been announced that after 17 years WOMAD Reading is to find a new location, having outgrown the Rivermead site[21]. Internationally, it is perhaps for these two events that the town is best known. The Reading and Leeds Festivals are a pair of annual music festivals that take place in Reading and Leeds in England. ... World of Music, Arts and Dance (WOMAD) is a festival started in England in 1982. ... Womad Reading is a festival of Music, Arts and Dance that takes place every year around the end of July, in the Rivermead Complex, in Reading, Berkshire This year, the Womad team have confirmed the dates 28th-30th of July. ...


The town has had mixed fortunes in creating home-grown artists over the years. Perhaps most notable is Mike Oldfield of Tubular Bells fame. More recently, Slowdive, The Cooper Temple Clause, Stuart Price, Three Litre, The Quotes, Morning Runner, My Luminaires and SixNationState have had some degree of success. Also, new prog band Pure Reason Revolution and the rising hardcore trance band Enter Shikari originate from the area. The town is also home to nationally acclaimed heavy rock group Exit Ten, as well as indie-synth-pop artist Mr Fogg. David Byron, first and the most famous singer of heavy metal band Uriah Heep lived his last years in Reading before he passed away 1985. Michael Gordon Oldfield (born May 15, 1953 in Reading, England) is a multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, working a style that blends progressive rock, folk, ethnic or world music, classical music, electronic music and more recently dance. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Slowdive // Slowdive were a shoegazing band formed in 1989, lasting until 1995. ... The Cooper Temple Clause was a five-piece post-hardcore band originating from Wokingham, Berkshire, England. ... Stuart David Price (born in Paris, 9 September 1977) is a British electronic musician, songwriter, and producer whose remixing and production skills are coveted by artists including Madonna, Missy Elliot and The Killers. ... Morning Runner are an alternative rock band from Reading. ... New Prog or Nu Prog, is a term used to describe a number of recent alternative rock bands who incorporate elements from progressive rock. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Enter Shikari are an English post-hardcore band, which makes heavy use of synthesised sound effects. ... Exit Ten is a British melodic metal band, formed in 2003 by Ryan Redman Stuart Steele Joe Ward James Steele Chris Steele. ... Mr Fogg aka Phil Barry is an indie-synth-pop solo artist from Reading, Berkshire. ... David Byron (January 29, 1947- February 28, 1985 real name David Garrick ) was the original lead vocalist (1969-1976) for British rock band Uriah Heep (and their immediate precursor, Spice (1967-1969)). Gifted with a phenomenal vocal range (paired with an unparalleled sense of dynamics), and a charismatic stage presence... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Uriah Heep are an English rock band, formed in December 1969 when record producer Gerry Bron invited keyboardist Ken Hensley (previously a member of The Gods and Toe Fat) to join Spice, a band signed to his own Bronze Records label. ...


Reading plays host to a large number of semi-professional and amateur choirs and choral societies. Reading Festival Chorus has just celebrated its 60th anniversary. RFC sings a diverse music programme, with works like Mozart's Requiem, Karl Jenkins' The Armed Man in 2005 to Beethoven's Missa Solemnis and a summer programme of English and American Folk songs by Tippett and Aaron Copland. Reading Festival Chorus is a chorus which was formed in 1945 to give performances of larger scale choral works, usually with an orchestra. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... Karl Jenkins (born February 17, 1944) is a Welsh musician and composer. ... The Armed Man is the name of a Mass by Welsh composer Karl Jenkins, subtitled A Mass for Peace. The piece was commissioned by the Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds for the Millennium celebrations and was initially dedicated to victims of the Kosovo crisis. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Sir Michael Kemp Tippett, O.M. (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was one of the foremost English composers of the 20th century. ... Aaron Copland Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900 – December 2, 1990) was an American composer of concert and film music, as well as an accomplished pianist. ...


Reading also has a number of orchestras including the long-established Reading Symphony Orchestra (RSO) and Reading Youth Orchestra (RYO). The Aldworth Philharmonic Orchestra (APO), named after Richard Aldworth, the founder of Reading Blue Coat School (where it rehearses and plays most of its concerts), was formed relatively recently, in 2002. APO's remit is to be as innovative as possible, giving more local people the chance to play by rehearsing exclusively at weekends, attracting a wider audience to classical music (especially younger people) through its 'Concert Virgin Scheme' & education projects, and championing the music of talented young composers. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Reading Blue Coat School is a boys secondary school located in Holme Park at Sonning in the English county of Berkshire, which includes a co-educational sixth form. ...


Theatre

Reading has several theatre venues, including The Hexagon and 21 South Street, which are professional venues supported by Reading Borough Council. The Hexagon is a multi-purpose venue in the heart of Reading that provides a programme of events including rock, pop, comedy, classical music and dance as well as theatre.[22] South Street also presents a diverse range of performing arts from both the professional and community sectors, including fringe theatre, comedy, music, dance and live literature.[23] The Hexagon is a multi-purpose arts venue and theatre in central Reading, Berkshire, England. ...


Amateur theatre venues in Reading include Progress Theatre,[24] a self-governing, self-funding theatre group and registered charity founded in 1947 that operates and maintains its own 97-seat theatre.[25] Progress Theatre produces a yearly open air Shakespeare production in the Reading Abbey Ruins that has come to represent a highlight of Reading's cultural calendar.[26] Progress Theatre is a ground breaking theatre company[1] formed in 1946 and staging their first production in 1947. ... Reading Abbey Reading Abbey is a large, ruined abbey in Reading, Berkshire, founded by Henry I in 1121 for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of King William, my father, and of King William, my brother, and Queen Maud, my wife, and all my ancestors and successors. // History...


Media

Reading has two local newspapers.

Three local radio stations broadcast from Reading: BBC Radio Berkshire, Reading 107 FM and 2-Ten FM. Other local radio stations, such as London's 95.8 Capital FM, Basingstoke's 107.6 Kestrel FM and Slough's Star 106.6 can also be received. Masthead of the Reading Evening Post newspaper, featuring the Maiwand Lion, a famous local landmark The Reading Evening Post is an English local evening newspaper covering Reading and surrounding areas. ... The Reading Chronicle is an English local weekly newspaper covering Reading and surrounding areas. ... BBC Radio Berkshire is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Berkshire. ... Reading 107 FM Contents // Categories: Station stubs | UK Radio Stations ... 2-Ten FM is an Independent Local Radio station serving Berkshire and North Hampshire with studios in Reading. ... Capital Radios headquarters Capital Radio is a London-based British radio group. ... 107. ... Star 106. ...


Local television news programmes are the BBC's South Today and ITV's Thames Valley Tonight. The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... As with most of the BBCs regional news programmes, the titles are designed by Lambie-Nairn. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting... ITV Thames Valley is the expected name of ITVs new region covering the Thames Valley area of the United Kingdom. ...


Sport

Reading Football Club, an association football club nicknamed The Royals, has played in Reading since 1871. Formerly based at Elm Park, the club has played in the 24,500 capacity Madejski Stadium home since 1998. Reading are participating in their second season in the elite Premier League in the 2006-07 season, having won the 2005-06 Football League Championship with a record breaking 106 points and 99 goals scored. The Town's second team, Reading Town play in the Combined Counties Football League Premier Division. Reading Football Club are an association football club, based in the English town of Reading, in Berkshire. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... The Madejski Stadium is a football stadium in Reading, England. ... For the Scottish equivalent see Scottish Premier League The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in England and the Barclays English Premier League or just simply The EPL internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system... The 2005-2006 season was the 126th season of competitive football in England. ... The Football League Championship (often referred to as The Championship for short, the Coca-Cola Football League Championship for sponsorship reasons) is the highest division of The Football League and second-highest division overall in the English football league system after the Premier League. ... Reading Town F.C. is an English association football club in the Combined Counties League. ... The Combined Counties Football League is situated in Southern England and includes teams from Middlesex, Surrey, Berkshire, Oxon, Sussex and Hampshire. ...


Reading is a centre for rugby union football in the area, with the Guinness Premiership team London Irish currently tenants at the Madejski Stadium. Reading is also home to another three senior semi-professional rugby clubs; Reading R.F.C., Redingensians R.F.C. and Reading Abbey R.F.C.. The town plays host to a number of other football variants, such as Gaelic football's St. Anthony's GAA, Australian rules football team Reading Kangaroos, and American football team Reading Renegades. The sport of field hockey is represented by Reading Hockey Club. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Guinness Premiership is a professional league competition for rugby union clubs in the top division of the English rugby system. ... Official website www. ... Reading R.F.C. is an English Rugby Union club, which plays in National Division 3 South. ... Redingensians R.F.C is an English Rugby Union club. ... Reading Abbey R.F.C is an English Rugby Union club. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gaelic football (Irish: Peil or Caid ), commonly referred to as football, Gaelic or GAA (gah), is a form of football played mainly in Ireland. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... Australian rules football club in Reading, Berkshire, England. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Reading Renegades are an American football team, based in the town of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ... Reading Hockey Club is a field hockey club based in the English town of Reading. ...


The Reading Half Marathon is held on the streets of Reading in March of each year, with as many as 13,500 competitors from elite to fun runners. Reading Half Marathon in 2004 Reading Half Marathon in 2005 with the eventual winner The Reading Half Marathon is a half marathon held on the streets of the English town of Reading. ...


The Reading Rockets, are a basketball club that currently play in the English Basketball League. The Rockets were formed in 1997 by the current owner Gary Johnson. The Rockets won the National Cup, and reached EBL Championship Final in 2005, and were League runners-up and Cup Finalists in 2006. In 2007 they won the National Trophy and were league runners-up again. They are thus already firmly established among the elite teams of the EBL. The Reading Rockets, officially Atlantis Reading Rockets by sponsorship, are a basketball club based in Reading, Berkshire that currently play in the English Basketball League. ... “EBL” redirects here. ... Era Basket Liga (EBL) or Polish Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki, PLK) is the highest level league of basketball in Poland 2004 Championship Playoffs for 1st place: Idea Śląsk Wrocław (2nd place) - Prokom Trefl Sopot (Polish Champion) Playoffs for 3rd place: Anwil W&#322...


Like many Thames-side towns, Reading has several rowing clubs, representing both town and university. The local Redgrave-Pinsent Rowing Lake provides training facilities, although much rowing is also conducted on the river itself. Dorney Lake, some 27 km (17 miles) to the east of Reading, provides a full international competition venue and will host the rowing events of the 2012 Summer Olympics. There are also several sailing lakes to the south and southwest of the town, the largest being Theale Lake close to junction 12 of the M4. These lakes are also popular with water-skiing and jet-skiing enthusiasts. A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... The Redgrave-Pinsent Rowing Lake is a rowing lake under construction in the Caversham Lakes, near the town of Reading in the Thames Valley, Oxfordshire, England, next to the village of Sonning Eye. ... Dorney Lake is a purpose built rowing lake in the United Kingdom. ... “London 2012” redirects here. ...


From 1984 to 1994, The Hexagon theatre was home to snooker's Grand Prix tournament, one of the sport's 'big four' Grand Slam events. The Hexagon is a multi-purpose arts venue and theatre in central Reading, Berkshire, England. ... The Grand Prix is a professional snooker tournament. ...


Reading is also in the history books of motorsport. Reading-born Richard Burns became the first ever Englishman to win the World Rally Championship, in 2001. Richard Burns (January 17, 1971 – November 25, 2005) was an English world champion rally driver, who topped the World Rally Championship scoresheets in 2001 having wound up runner-up in both 1999 and 2000. ... The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ...


The town is also home to Reading Greyhound Racing and the Reading Racers speedway team, and there is a velodrome at Palmer Park. Reading Greyhound Racing is an English greyhound racing track. ... Reading Racers is an English motorcycle speedway team. ... A speedway race in Poland Motorcycle speedway, normally referred to as Speedway, is a motorcycle sport that involves usually 4 and sometimes up to 6 riders competing over 4 laps. ... Bicycle racing on a velodrome A velodrome is a sporting arena purpose-built for track cycling, i. ... Palmer Park is a public park in the town of Reading in England. ...


Literature

Oscar Wilde was imprisoned in Reading (HM Prison) from 1895 to 1897. While he was there he wrote De Profundis, which was published in 1905. After his release he lived in exile in Paris and wrote The Ballad of Reading Gaol, published in 1908. Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and author of short stories. ... // Reading (HM Prison) HM Prison & YOI Reading is a British prison. ... De profundis (literally from the depths) are the first two words of the Latin translation of psalm 129 (130), one of the seven Penitential Psalms (psalms 6, 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, and 143): De profundis clamavi ad te Domine (From the depths, I cried to you, Lord!) De profundis... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Ballad of Reading Gaol is a famous poem by Oscar Wilde, written after his release from Reading prison on 19 May 1897. ...


Jane Austen attended Reading Ladies Boarding School, predecessor of the Abbey School, in 1784-86. 1873 engraving of Jane Austen, based on a portrait drawn by her sister Cassandra. ... The Abbey School is an independent selective school for girls, located in Reading, Berkshire, England. ...


Thomas Hardy painted a rather disparaging picture of the town, lightly disguised as Aldbrickham, in his 1895 novel Jude the Obscure. “Thomas Hardy” redirects here. ... Jude the Obscure is the last of Thomas Hardys novels, begun as a magazine serial and first published in book form in 1895. ...


T. E. Lawrence lost the first draft of his Seven Pillars of Wisdom at Reading railway station. // T. E. Lawrence in the white silk robes of the Sherifs of Mecca. ... Tooling on the cover of the first public printing, showing twin scimitars and the legend: the sword also means clean-ness + death Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph is the autobiographical account of the experiences of T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) while serving as a liaison officer with rebel...


Thomas Noon Talfourd, the judge and dramatist was born in Reading and later became MP for the town. Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd (May 26, 1795 - March 13, 1854), was an English judge and author. ...


Mary Russell Mitford lived in Reading for a number of years and then spent the rest of her life just outside the town at Three Mile Cross and Swallowfield. Mary Russell Mitford Mary Russell Mitford (December 16, 1787 - January 10, 1855), was an English novelist and dramatist. ... Three Mile Cross is a village in the county of Berkshire, close to Reading. ... Swallowfield is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire, close to Reading. ...


Charles Dickens was asked to stand as MP for Reading, but declined. He became president of the Reading Athenaeum. In his Bleak House, Esther Summerson goes to school in Reading. His great-granddaughter Monica Dickens died in Reading in 1992. “Dickens” redirects here. ... Bleak House is the ninth novel by Charles Dickens, published in 20 monthly parts between March 1852 and September 1853. ... Monica Enid Dickens (May 10, 1915 London - December 25, 1992 Reading, Berkshire) was a British writer, the great-granddaughter of Charles Dickens. ...


Jerome K. Jerome did not warm to the town on his famous journey up the Thames in Three Men in a Boat (1888): "The river is dirty and dismal here. One does not linger in the neighbourhood of Reading". He does, however, recognise the historical significance of Reading in local history. Jerome Klapka Jerome (May 2, 1859 – June 14, 1927) was an English author, best known for the humorous travelogue Three Men in a Boat. ... Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog), published 1889, is a humorous account by Jerome K. Jerome of a boating holiday on the Thames between Kingston and Oxford. ...


Jasper Fforde set his series of Jack Spratt novels in this town. Jasper Fforde (born in London on 11 January 1961) is a novelist and aviator living in Wales. ...


The comic novel A Melon For Ecstasy by John Fortune and John Wells is set in and around Reading. John Fortune (born John Wood on June 30, 1939 in Bristol) is a British satirist, comedian writer and actor, best known for his work with John Bird and Rory Bremner on the TV series Bremner, Bird and Fortune. ... John Wells may be: John Wells (rower) who competed for the Independent Rowing Club (USA) in Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics John Wells (1936 — 1998) British satirist. ...


The 1992 radio serialisation of Mark Wallington's Boogie Up The River by the BBC (a modern-day Three Men in a Boat) includes a spoof lament entitled O Caversham Man. Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog), published 1889, is a humorous account by Jerome K. Jerome of a boating holiday on the Thames between Kingston and Oxford. ...


Other

A Reading edition of Monopoly is available (see Localized versions of the Monopoly game). Perhaps surprisingly, given its size and status in the South East, Reading is not yet officially a city, having missed out during the millennium celebrations when the Queen instead granted Brighton & Hove city status in 2000. A monopoly (from the Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service, in other words a firm that has no competitors in its industry. ... // Localized versions of the Monopoly game are marketed worldwide. ...


The interview show As It Happens, which airs on CBC Radio One in Canada, is notable for its mention of Reading. Frequently, after concluding an interview with someone in the UK, the host will describe the individual in relation to how far they live from Reading. For example, one might hear "That was professional bagpiper William J. Tweed from Biggleswade, which is about 81 miles north of Reading." As It Happens is a long-running interview show on CBC Radio One in Canada. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... , See also: Biggleswade (hundred). ...


In 1974, the BBC filmed The Family in the town. The show, considered to one of the first reality television shows,[27] followed the lives of the Wilkins family. The Family was a 1974 BBC television series made by producer Paul Watson and directed by Franc Roddam. ... Reality television is a genre of television programming which presents purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations, documents actual events, and features ordinary people instead of professional actors. ...


The roadside chain of restaurants Little Chef began in the town back in 1958. Its first branch was a small eleven-seater venue.[28] Little Chef is a chain of roadside restaurants in the United Kingdom, founded in 1958 and owned by the UK private equity group RCapital. ...


When Ricky Gervais (who comes from Reading) used to perform a stand-up comedy segment on the British TV show The 11 O'Clock Show, he would often (comically) describe the residents of the Reading suburb Whitley as the lowest members of society. This turned Whitley into a household name for the duration of the series. Ricky Dene Gervais (IPA: ) (born June 25, 1961) is an Emmy, Golden Globe and BAFTA award-winning British comic writer and performer from Reading, Berkshire. ... The 11 OClock Show was a satirical late-night UK television comedy program on Channel 4, which featured topical sketches and commentary on news items. ... Whitley is a large suburb to the south of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ...


In a 2007 poll by Readers Digest, Reading was named the worst place to live for families[29] The cover of the May 2004 issue of Readers Digest. ...


See also

This is a list of notable people who are current or former residents of the town of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ...

References

  1. ^ Table KS01 Usual resident population. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  2. ^ Population overview. LoveMyTown.co.uk.. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  3. ^ a b c Dils, Joan (ed.) (1998). An Historical Atlas of Berkshire. Reading: Berkshire Record Society. 
  4. ^ Fox-Talbot, William Henry (1800–77), pioneering photographer. Reading Borough Libraries. Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  5. ^ Ford, David Nash. Abingdon. Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  6. ^ Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996.
  7. ^ Phillips, Daphne (1980). The Story of Reading. Newbury: Countryside Books. 
  8. ^ Third Thames bridge. South Oxfordshire District Council. Retrieved on 3 August 2006.
  9. ^ Transport (Greater Reading), 11 Jan 2006. Hansard. Retrieved on 3 August 2006.
  10. ^ Town twinning. Reading Borough Council (2000-2006). Retrieved on February 6, 2006.
  11. ^ List of schools. Reading Borough Council (2000-2006). Retrieved on February 23, 2006.
  12. ^ Book Launch: Battle Hospital History. Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved on April 25, 2007.
  13. ^ Welcome to Berkshire Healthcare NHS Trust. Berkshire Healthcare NHS Trust. Retrieved on April 25, 2007.
  14. ^ Capio Reading Private Hospital. Capio Healthcare UK. Retrieved on April 25, 2007.
  15. ^ Dunedin Hospital. Classic Hospitals. Retrieved on April 25, 2007.
  16. ^ Reading to Henley Service. Salters Steamers. Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
  17. ^ Boat service from Reading to Mapledurham. Thames River Cruises. Retrieved on April 29, 2007.
  18. ^ Local Transport Plan 2006-2011, chapter 6, figure 6.7. Reading Borough Council. Retrieved on 9 August 2006.
  19. ^ Reading Fringe Festival Press release, 24th June. Reading Fringe Festival. Retrieved on 29th August, 2006.
  20. ^ WOMAD in Reading. Guardian Unlimited - Arts. Retrieved on July 6, 2006.
  21. ^ Womad venue change after 17 years. BBC News. Retrieved on Oct 3, 2006.
  22. ^ The Hexagon, Reading Arts.
  23. ^ 21 South Street, Reading Arts. Retrieved on 14 March 2007.
  24. ^ Progress Theatre homepage. Retrieved on 15 March 2007.
  25. ^ Progress Theatre, Reading Arts. Retrieved on 14 March 2007.
  26. ^ Progress Theatre Open Air Shakespeare. Retrieved on 14 March 2007.
  27. ^ When reality TV was in the real world. Telegraph, UK. Retrieved on July 12, 2006.
  28. ^ Little Chef, A65 near Clapham, Lancs.. Guardian Unlimited, UK. Retrieved on August 9, 2006.
  29. ^ Reading named worst for families. BBC News. Retrieved on April 18, 2007.

is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Redirected from 29th August) August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 3rd October Organization is also the name of a Marxist terrorist group . ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

External links



Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Suburbs and other areas of Reading
Within the borough: Caversham | Caversham Heights | Caversham Park Village | Coley | Coley Park | Emmer Green | Horncastle | Katesgrove | Lower Caversham | Newtown | Southcote | Tilehurst | Whitley | Whitley Wood
Outside the borough: Calcot | Earley | Fords Farm | Little Heath | Lower Earley | Maiden Erlegh | Purley-On-Thames | Tilehurst | Woodley

  Results from FactBites:
 
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Reading, Berkshire (1314 words)
Part of the ancient kingdom of Wessex and the birthplace of King Alfred, the county of Berkshire was abolished as an administrative entity in 1998 and divided into the unitary authorities of Bracknell Forest, West Berkshire, Reading, Slough, Windsor and...
Reading was a Danish encampment as early as 871.
Reading City in s central England, at the confluence of the Thames and Kennet rivers; county town of Berkshire.
Reading (Berkshire) Travel Guide (3821 words)
Reading is a city in Berkshire in the south of England.
Reading is also the center of an attractive area of the Thames Valley, with the rivers, green rolling hills, thatched cottages and pubs and a selection of small towns and villages.
Reading is the home of The University of Reading (http://www.rdg.ac.uk/) which is based on a campus two miles from the city centre and provides a full set of university courses.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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