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Encyclopedia > ReactOS
ReactOS

ReactOS 0.3.3 showing the Start Menu
Website: http://www.reactos.org/
Company/
developer:
ReactOS Foundation, the ReactOS Community
Source model: Free software
Latest stable release: 0.3.3 / September 12, 2007
Kernel type: Hybrid kernel
Default user interface: Graphical User Interface
License: various free software licenses
Working state: Alpha

ReactOS is a project to develop an operating system that is binary-compatible with application software and device drivers for Microsoft Windows NT version 5.x and up (Windows 2000 and its successors), while being composed entirely of free software, by means of a complete clean room reverse engineering process. Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Software redirects here. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_kpager. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 798 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 601 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is ReactOS. This picture is entirely my work. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The term software company could be applied to: a) a company that produces software, distributes software from a third party, or provides services such as custom software development. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project, the Linux kernel mascot Tux, and the BSD Daemon Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... Graphical overview of a hybrid kernel Hybrid kernel is a kernel architecture based on combining aspects of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... GUI redirects here. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project, the Linux kernel mascot Tux, and the BSD Daemon Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... In computer software, an application binary interface (ABI) describes the low-level interface between an application program and the operating system, between an application and its libraries, or between component parts of the application. ... Application software is a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly and thoroughly to a task that the user wishes to perform. ... A device driver, or software driver is a computer program allowing higher-level computer programs to interact with a computer hardware device. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor computers. ... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project, the Linux kernel mascot Tux, and the BSD Daemon Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only... For the meaning of Cleanroom engineering in software development, see Cleanroom Software Engineering. ... Reverse engineering (RE) is the process of taking something (a device, an electrical component, a software program, etc. ...


Although the project was in the alpha development stage as of 2007, many Windows programs already work well. While the ReactOS kernel has been written from scratch, the userland is mostly based on the Wine compatibility layer for Unix operating systems. Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Wine is a project which aims to allow a PC with an x86 architecture processor running a Unix-like operating system and the X Window System to execute programs that were originally written for Microsoft Windows. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ...


ReactOS is primarily written in the C programming language, with some elements, such as ReactOS Explorer, written in C++. Various components of ReactOS are licensed under the GNU General Public License, the GNU Lesser General Public License, and the BSD License. C is a general-purpose, block structured, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system. ... C++ (pronounced see plus plus, IPA: ) is a general-purpose programming language with high-level and low-level capabilities. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely-used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ... The GNU Lesser General Public License (formerly the GNU Library General Public License) or LGPL is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation. ... The BSD license is a permissive license and is one of the most widely used free software licenses. ...

Contents

History

ReactOS 0.3.1 boot screen
ReactOS 0.3.1 boot screen

Around 1996, a group of free/open source software developers started a project called FreeWin95, with the aim of implementing an operating system that would be a clone of Windows 95. The project stalled in discussions of the design of the system. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 640 × 480 pixelsFull resolution (640 × 480 pixel, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: image/png) ReactOS 0. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 640 × 480 pixelsFull resolution (640 × 480 pixel, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: image/png) ReactOS 0. ... ... ReactOS atom logo ReactOS is an open source project to develop an operating system that is object code-compatible with Windows NT and Windows 2000 applications and drivers. ... The Jargon File has this definition for clone: An exact duplicate: Our product is a clone of their product. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ...


At the end of 1997, the project had yet to release any software. The project members, led by coordinator Jason Filby, called to revive the project. The project's target was changed to Windows NT and the project's name was changed to ReactOS. The ReactOS project began in February 1998, with developing the kernel and basic drivers. For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Development milestones

ReactOS's many APIs and ABIs are ready for a higher level of development and a basic GUI is available. ReactOS features ReactOS Explorer (ROSExplorer), which is a basic shell for ReactOS, similar to Windows Explorer. API and Api redirect here. ... In computer software, an application binary interface (ABI) describes the low-level interface between an application program and the operating system, between an application and its libraries, or between component parts of the application. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Shell_(computing). ... Windows Explorer running on Windows Vista Windows Explorer running on Windows XP Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems. ...


Version 0.2.0 of ReactOS is able to run many Win32 applications, including Notepad (a basic text editor), Regedit (the Registry editor), cmd.exe (the command-line interpreter), and several other applications (such as AbiWord) and basic games (such as Quake and Quake II, and the Wine clone of Minesweeper). Windows API is a set of APIs, (application programming interfaces) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... For the item of stationery, see notebook. ... Registry has several meanings, all of which relate to its general meaning. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... AbiWord is a Free Software word processor licensed under the GNU General Public License. ... Zombies attacking the player at the starting of Episode 1, Mission 3: The Necropolis. ... Quake II, released on December 6, 1997, is a first person shooter computer game developed by id Software and distributed by Activision. ... Wine is a project which aims to allow a PC with an x86 architecture processor running a Unix-like operating system and the X Window System to execute programs that were originally written for Microsoft Windows. ... The game begins when the user clicks on a blank square. ...


Some games like Unreal Tournament and Deus Ex are confirmed to work, using software rendering. OpenGL runs with some minor problems, using the nVidia driver or the software implementation Mesa 3D. The first Web server (Tiny Web Server[1]) and VNC client (UltraVNC) are reported to work, and OpenOffice.org version 1.x works partly. Unreal Tournament, abbreviated UT, (sometimes referred to as UT99, UT Classic, UT1, or UT:GOTY to differentiate from Unreal Tournament 2003, Unreal Tournament 2004, and Unreal Tournament 3) is a popular first-person shooter video game. ... This article is about the video game. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 2D and 3D computer graphics. ... NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced IPA: ) is a U.S. corporation specializing in the manufacture of graphics processors (graphics processing units, GPUs) technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handhelds. ... Mesa 3D is an open source graphics library that provides a generic OpenGL implementation for rendering 3-Dimensional graphics on multiple platforms. ... UltraVNC is an open source application for Microsoft Windows operating system that uses the VNC protocol to control another computers screen remotely. ... OpenOffice. ...


As of Version 0.2.8, some elements of TCP/IP networking work, as well as a better number of applications. Sound and USB support is still being worked on (SB16 works partially, and USB OHCI and UHCI work is still being undertaken). The USB functionality is derived from the Cromwell project. The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols that implement the protocol stack on which the Internet runs. ... USB redirects here. ... The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was for many years the de facto standard for audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, before audio has been commoditized. ... Open Host Controller Interface, or OHCI, is an open standard that allows a computer host to interact with FireWire and USB devices. ... Note: USB may also mean upper sideband in radio. ... Cromwell boot menu on an Xbox Cromwell is a replacement firmware for the Microsoft Xbox gaming console that has been developed by the Xbox Linux Project. ...


Plug-and-play work has also begun, as has the move to support the Windows Driver Model. In addition to the Lynx text-based browser, ReactOS can use DCOM components from Mozilla to browse web pages graphically. Plug and Play is a term used in the computer field to describe a computers ability to have new devices, normally peripherals, added to it without having to restart the computer. ... In computing, the Windows Driver Model (WDM) — also known (somewhat misleadingly) at one point as the Win32 Driver Model — is a framework for device drivers that was introduced with Windows 98 and Windows 2000 to replace VxD, which was used on older versions of Windows such as Windows 95 and... Lynx is a text-only web browser for use on cursor-addressable, character cell terminals. ... Mozilla was the official, public, original name of Mozilla Application Suite by the Mozilla Foundation, nowadays called SeaMonkey suite. ...


ReactOS 0.2.8 can also detect whether it is running in a VMware environment, and can install the SVGA driver from the VMware Tools ISO, to provide a better level of GUI performance. CSRSS has also been totally rewritten, and a "written-from-scratch" implementation of Winsock 2 is scheduled to arrive very soon. Also present in the trunk are somewhat-working elements of ddraw, dplay, and dplayx. VMware Inc. ... Super Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA or just SVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards. ... The following is a list of Microsoft Windows components. ... Windows Sockets API version 2. ... The trunk refers to the unnamed branch (version) of a file tree under revision control. ...


ReactOS 0.3.0 Release Candidate 1 was released on June 15, 2006. Improved network (TCP/IP) and Plug & Play support are the headline improvements of this version. Version 0.3.0 Release Candidate 2 was released when the audit reached 94%. It was deemed appropriate to release another candidate version at this time because so many bug fixes had been made during the audit. is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On September 12, 2007, ReactOS 0.3.3 was released. This release brought more improvements in the kernel, bringing many areas closer to NT 5.2. It also brought stability increase in many core modules, especially win32k. is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Disassembly and code audit

The Device Manager
The Device Manager

On January 17, 2006 Hartmut Birr alleged on the ReactOS Developers mailing list (ros-dev) that ReactOS contained code derived from disassembling Microsoft Windows.[2] As a result of the allegations, the project's developers decided to temporarily suspend access to the operating system for non-developers. Since ReactOS is a free/open-source software development project, this action caused a negative reaction by the free software community. Contributors to its development were not affected by this action. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 600 pixel, file size: 111 KB, MIME type: image/png) The software itself is GPL, so the appropriate licence would be GPL. File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 600 pixel, file size: 111 KB, MIME type: image/png) The software itself is GPL, so the appropriate licence would be GPL. File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mailing list is a collection of names and addresses used by an individual or an organization to send material to multiple recipients. ... A disassembler is a computer program that translates machine language into assembly language — the inverse operation to that of an assembler. ... // The free software community is also called the open source community or the Linux community. ...


All access to the software development tools was restored shortly afterwards. Though the accusation is unproven, on March 8, 2006 ReactOS's developers began executing a self-imposed audit of all the code that makes it compatible with Microsoft Windows. To ensure that no part of the OS is written by anyone who may have seen leaked Microsoft code or done a less than clean room reverse engineering process, a total source code audit has been ordered by the leading ReactOS developers. is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the meaning of Cleanroom engineering in software development, see Cleanroom Software Engineering. ... Reverse engineering (RE) is the process of taking something (a device, an electrical component, a software program, etc. ...


The project has also decided to audit the code to look for possible code that wasn't a clean room reverse engineer and make all developers sign an agreement to only use clean room reverse engineering.[3] This is expected to set the project back by rewriting affected parts of the source code. This audit will be done by locking the "dirty" code until it is audited.[4]


Because much of the source code is already unlocked, development of ReactOS on these parts can continue. Thus, the audit can be executed concurrently with development or maintenance work. Because of this, the continuing evolution of ReactOS should not be at risk.


As of November 2007 the audit is 99.9% complete[5] with only 15 files still locked.[6] 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Related projects

ReactOS works with the Wine project so that the ReactOS project can benefit from Wine's progress in implementing the Win32 API. These efforts mainly concern Wine's DLLs, most of which can be shared between ReactOS and Wine. Both projects work on cross-compatibility issues, so that the remaining few DLLs can be used in ReactOS. Wine is a project which aims to allow a PC with an x86 architecture processor running a Unix-like operating system and the X Window System to execute programs that were originally written for Microsoft Windows. ... Illustration of an application which may use libvorbisfile. ...


Another related project is Samba TNG, which implements dozens of services, such as LSASS, SAM, NETLOGON, SPOOLSS, that are key to the success and functionally correct interoperability of the ReactOS project. Samba's architectural design and strategic goals make it a difficult prospect to consider integrating into ReactOS, whereas Samba TNG's multi-layered and modular approach make it far easier to consider porting each service to ReactOS. An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS), is a process in Microsoft Windows operating systems that is responsible for enforcing the security policy on the system. ... The Security Account Manager (SAM) is a database stored as a registry file in Windows NT and Windows 2000. ... Samba logo. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...


Future

ReactOS running AbiWord and ReactOS Explorer
ReactOS running AbiWord and ReactOS Explorer

The ReactOS Developers are also currently working on support for USB. For this, the Cromwell version of the Linux implementation is being ported. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cromwell boot menu on an Xbox Cromwell is a replacement firmware for the Microsoft Xbox gaming console that has been developed by the Xbox Linux Project. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


ReactOS developers are also working on adding networking, multimedia, plug-and-play hardware support, and improving the GUI system. Java and .NET support (through Mono) has also been stubbed. After a multi-user environment is developed, Terminal Service and Remote desktop will be developed; for this XRDP, Virtual Network Computing (VNC), and rdesktop will be used. Provisions for DOS, OS/2, and POSIX subsystems have also been made, in a similar fashion to the Windows NT subsystems. A computer network is a useless group of computers. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Plug and Play is a term used in the computer field to describe a computers ability to have new devices, normally peripherals, added to it without having to restart the computer. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... The Java platform is the name for a bundle of related programs, or platform, from Sun Microsystems which allow for developing and running programs written in the Java programming language. ... Microsoft . ... Mono is a project led by Novell (formerly by Ximian) to create an Ecma standard compliant . ... Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a desktop sharing system which uses the RFB (Remote FrameBuffer) protocol to remotely control another computer. ... rdesktop is a RDP client for most Unix-like systems such as BSD and Linux. ... This article is about the family of closely related operating systems for the IBM PC compatible platform. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... POSIX or Portable Operating System Interface[1] is the collective name of a family of related standards specified by the IEEE to define the application programming interface (API) for software compatible with variants of the Unix operating system. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ...


The ReactOS developers aim to improve the compatibility of the kernel with Windows NT versions 5 and 6, and add support for more applications. Improved USB, networking, and other hardware support may also be available, while support for file sharing services with SMB and NTFS file system support may be added. Most of these changes are expected to take place in 2007, while more advanced features will take longer to develop. NTFS is the standard file system of Windows NT, including its later versions Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista. ...


Current branches

The ReactOS Developers are currently working on a number of ports of ReactOS: In computer science, porting is the process of adapting software so that an executable program can be created for a computing environment that is different from the one for which it was originally designed (e. ...

x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ...

Hardware requirements

As noted, ReactOS can also be run on software which emulates the above hardware, such as VMware, VirtualBox and QEMU. (ReactOS 0.3.3 does not run on Virtual PC but it may be supported again soon). x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... CPU redirects here. ... The Intel486[1] brand refers to Intels family of i486 (incl. ... RAM redirects here. ... ATA cables: 40 wire ribbon cable top, 80 wire ribbon cable bottom Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) is a standard interface for connecting storage devices such as hard disks and CD-ROM drives inside personal computers. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... File Allocation Table (FAT) is a partially patented file system developed by Microsoft for MS-DOS and was the primary file system for consumer versions of Microsoft Windows up to and including Windows Me. ... In Microsoft Windows terminology, the system partition is a disk partition that contains files such as NTLDR that are needed to boot Windows XP and earlier. ... The Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) is an international body, founded in the late 1980s by NEC Home Electronics and eight other video display adapter manufacturers. ... A video card, also referred to as a graphics accelerator card, display adapter, graphics card, and numerous other terms, is an item of personal computer hardware whose function is to generate and output images to a display. ... PS/2 can refer to: IBM Personal System/2, a series of post-PC computers sold by IBM starting in 1987. ... Operating a mechanical 1: Pulling the mouse turns the ball. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... This article is about emulators in computer science. ... VMware Inc. ... VirtualBox by InnoTek is an x86 virtualizer for Windows and Linux 32-bit hosts supporting Windows, Linux 2. ... It has been suggested that Qemu-Launcher be merged into this article or section. ... Virtual PC is a virtualization suite for Apple Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows operating systems, originally created by Connectix, subsequently acquired by Microsoft. ...


As Windows NT 4.0 ran on MIPS, Alpha AXP, and PowerPC architectures in addition to the i386 architecture, and NT-derived operating systems such as Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 have been ported to several architectures (i.e. AMD64, IA-32, and IA-64), ReactOS developers have also taken initial steps in view of portability. For example, support for a variant IA-32 architecture, the Xbox platform, was added to the 0.2.5 release, and efforts toward a ReactOS port on the PowerPC and the Xen architecture are also underway as of 2005. Windows NT 4. ... A MIPS R4400 microprocessor made by Toshiba. ... DEC Alpha AXP 21064 Microprocessor die photo Package for DEC Alpha AXP 21064 Microprocessor Alpha AXP 21064 bare die mounted on a business card with some statistics The DEC Alpha, also known as the Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit RISC microprocessor originally developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corp... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... In computing, IA-64 (short for Intel Architecture-64) is a 64-bit processor architecture developed cooperatively by Intel Corporation and Hewlett-Packard (HP), and implemented in the Itanium and Itanium 2 processors. ...


See also

Free software Portal

Image File history File links Free_Software_Portal_Logo. ... Freedows OS was an open source attempt at creating a Windows clone for x86 platforms, intended to be released under the GNU General Public License, started in 1996 by Reece K. Sellin, an undergraduate Computing Science Major at the University College of the Cariboo in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada. ... TinyKRNL is an open source kernel based on Windowss NT design and aim to be compatible with Windows Server 2003 SP1. ... This article is about emulation in computer science. ... E/OS, or Emulator Operating System, is a virtual machine emulation system released under version 2. ... Wine is a project which aims to allow a PC with an x86 architecture processor running a Unix-like operating system and the X Window System to execute programs that were originally written for Microsoft Windows. ...

References

External links

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Microsoft Windows - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3334 words)
Cedega (formerly known as WineX) – TransGaming Technologies' proprietary fork of Wine, which is designed specifically for running games written for Microsoft Windows under GNU/Linux.
ReactOS open-source operating system, aimed to be compatible with existing Windows NT applications and drivers.
Freedows and Alliance OS – a very ambitious project, and a subsequent spinoff, that tried to clone Windows but withered away.
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In Windows 2000 the default font was changed to Lucida Console and support for common keyboard shortcuts such as [ctrl-s] (to save a file) was introduced.
Notepad was, until recently, a Windows-only application, but can now be run natively in the open source ReactOS operating system.
The program included with ReactOS is derived from WINE and is open source itself under the GNU Lesser General Public License
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