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Encyclopedia > Razavi Khorasan Province

Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان) is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad is the centre and capital of the province. Image File history File links province of Iran File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Persian is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Mashhad from space, January 2003 Goharshad mosque, built in 1418. ...


Other cities and townships are Ghouchan, Dargaz, Chenaran, Sarakhs, Fariman, Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Ferdows, Ghayen, Khaf and Rashtkhar, Kashmar, Bardaskan, Neyshabour, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Kalat and Khalil Abad, Boshrooyeh. Quchan (also Quchon and Kuchan) is an Azari dominated city in the north-east of Iran in Razavi Khorasan Province. ... Chenaran is a small city in Khorassan province, Iran. ... Sarakhs is a city located in the northeastern part of the province of Khorassan, Iran. ... Located near the River Sish Taraz in the western part of the Khorassan province, in Iran. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... Tomb of Meulana Hosein Kashefi, Sabzevar. ... Gonabad (گناباد in Persian) is a city in the south of Khorasan, Iran. ... [1] Boshrooyeh (بشرویه) is a small city in the south of Khorasan province in Iran. ...


Khorasan is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan in 2004. Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; Xorasan or Xurasan in Kurdish; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


History

Greater Khorasan has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. Various tribes of the Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Turkemen and Afghans brought changes to the region time and time again. Greater Khorasan is an area of land from the past which included parts that are presently in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. ...


Ancient geographers of Iran divided Iran ("Iran-Shahr") into eight segments of which the most flourishing and largest was the territory of Greater Khorasan. Greater Khorasan is an area of land from the past which included parts that are presently in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. ...

The earlies known evidence for Lower Paleolithic occupation of Iran comes fron Kashafrud basin at east of Mashad.The famous Parthian empire was based near Merv in Khorasan for many years. During the Sassanid dynasty the province was governed by an Espahbod (Lieutenant General) called "Padgoosban" and four margraves, each commander of one of the four parts of the province. Khorassan was divided into four parts during the Islamic Conquest of Iran and each section was named after the four large cities, such as Neyshabour, Merv, Herat, and Balkh. In the year 651 CE, the army of Islamic Arabs invaded Khorasan. The territory remained in the hands of the Abbasid clan until 820 CE, followed by the rule of the Iranian Taherid clan in the year 896 CE and the Samanid dynasty in 900 CE. Sultan Mohmud Qaznavi conquered Khorasan in 994 CE and in the year 1037 CE Toqrol, the first of the Seljuqian rulers conquered Neyshabour. Mahmud Qaznavi retaliated against the invaders several times, and finally the Qaznavi Turks defeated Sultan Sanjar. But there was more to come, as in 1157 CE Khorasan was conquered by The Khwarazmids and because of simultaneous attacks by the Mongols, Khorasan was annexed to the territories of the Mongol Ilkhanate. In the 14th century, a flag of independence was hoisted by the Sarbedaran movement in Sabzevar, and in 1468 CE, Khorasan came into the hands of Amir Teimoor Goorkani (Tamerlane) and the city of Herat was declared as capital. In 1507 CE, Khorassan was occupied by Uzbek tribes. After the death of Nadir Shah Afshar in 1747 CE, Khorasan was occupied by the Afghans. During the Qajar period, Britain supported the Afghans to protect their East India Company. Herat was thus separated from Persia, and Nasereddin Shah was unable to defeat The British to take back Herat. Finally, the Paris Treaty was concluded in 1903 and Iran was compelled not to challenge The British for Herat and other parts of what is today Afghanistan. Finally Khorasan was divided into two parts: the eastern part, which was the most densely populated region came under British occupation, and the western section remained part of Iran. Khorasan was the largest province of Iran until it was divided to three provinces on September 29, 2004. The provinces approved by the parliament of Iran (on May 18, 2004) and the Council of Guardians (on May 29, 2004) were Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, and South Khorasan. The Lower Paleolithic (or Lower Palaeolithic) is the earliest subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. ... The earliest known evidence for Lower Palaeolithic occupation of Iran comes from Kashfrud basin at east of Mashad. ... Imam Reza Shrine Tomb of Nader Shah Afshar, a popular tourist attraction in Mashad. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Merv – Persian name: مرو; formerly Alexandria and Antiochia in Margiana (Greek: Αντιόχεια η Μαργιανή) – in current-day Turkmenistan, was a major oasis-city in Central Asia, on the historical Silk Road, located near todays Mary. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... The Islamic conquest of Iran (637-651 CE) destroyed the Sassanid Empire and led to the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... Merv – Persian name: مرو; formerly Alexandria and Antiochia in Margiana (Greek: Αντιόχεια η Μαργιανή) – in current-day Turkmenistan, was a major oasis-city in Central Asia, on the historical Silk Road, located near todays Mary. ... Court of the Friday Mosque in Herāt. ... Today Balkh is a small town in the Province of Balkh, Afghanistan, about 20 kilometers northwest of the provincial capital, Mazar-e Sharif, and some 74 km (46 miles) south of the Amu Darya, the Oxus River of antiquity, of which a tributary formerly flowed past Balkh. ... Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid Abbasid (Arabic: العبّاسيّون AbbāsÄ«yÅ«n) was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Islamic empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... The Sāmānid dynasty (875-999) was a Persian dynasty in Central Asia, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Mahmud and Ayaz The Sultan is to the right, shaking the hand of the sheykh, with Ayaz standing behind him. ... ToÄŸrül (TuÄŸril or Toghrïl Beg; c. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... Muizz ad-Din Ahmed Sanjar (1084/1086 - May 8, 1157) was the sultan of Great Seljuk from 1118 to 1153. ... The Khwarezmid Empire (also known as the Khwarezmian Empire) was a Muslim Iranian state in the 11th century in Khwarezmia that lasted until the Mongol invasion in 1220. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ... Tomb of Meulana Hosein Kashefi, Sabzevar. ... For the chess engine Tamerlane, see Tamerlane. ... Court of the Friday Mosque in Herāt. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 2, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Afsharid dynasty. ... Tomb of Nader Shah Afshar, a popular tourist attraction in Mashad. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... Court of the Friday Mosque in Herāt. ... Nasser-al-Din Shah The Shah, on his European tour, in The Royal Albert Hall, London Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (Persian: ناصرالدین شاه قاجار; also Nassereddin Shah or Nassiruddin Shah) (July 16, 1831 - May 1, 1896) was the Shah of Persia from September 17, 1848 until his death on May 1, 1896. ... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی in Persian) is a high office within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which has the authority to interpret the constitution and to determine if the laws passed by the parliament are in line with the constitution of... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Razavi Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان رضوی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... North Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان شمالی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... South Khorasan (Persian: خراسان جنوبی) is a province located in eastern Iran. ...


Khorasan today

Ferdowsi's tomb, in Tus, is a popular tourist attraction.
Ferdowsi's tomb, in Tus, is a popular tourist attraction.
Also in Tus is the remains of the Citadel of Tus, built during the Sassanid era.
Also in Tus is the remains of the Citadel of Tus, built during the Sassanid era.

The major ethnic groups in this region are the Persians, Khorasani Turks, Turkmens, Kurds, and Arabs. There is also a sizeable Afghan community in the province due to the influx of refugees coming from Afghanistan in recent years. Image File history File links Ferdowsi Tomb File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Ferdowsi Tomb File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ... Image File history File links Tus Citadel, Razavi Khorasan Province. ... Image File history File links Tus Citadel, Razavi Khorasan Province. ... The remains of Arg-e-Tus. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


Attractions

This province envelopes many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves and protected regions, and various hiking areas.


Besides these, Khorasan encompasses numerous religious buildings and places of pilgrimage, including the shrine of his Imam Reza, Goharshad mosque and many other mausoleums and Imamzadehs which attract visitors to this province. Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... The interior of Goharshad Mosque exhibits the superb work of Persian craftsmen. ...


The Cultural Heritage of Iran lists 1179 sites of historical and cultural significance in all three provinces of Khorasan.


Some of the popular attractions of Razavi Khorasan are:

  • Tus, where Ferdowsi, Persia's Homer is buried.
  • Neyshabour, where Attar, Omar Khayyám, and Kamal-ol-molk are buried.
  • Goharshad mosque
  • Shrine of Imam Reza
  • Khaneh Khorshid
  • Shandiz
  • Torghabeh
  • Tomb of Nadir Shah Afshar
  • Akhangan (Akhanjan) tower
  • Haruniyeh dome, where the famous mystic Imam Mohammad Ghazali is buried.
  • Tus citadel
  • Bazangan lake,
  • Kooh Sangi
  • Akhlamad
  • Band-e-Golestan (Golestan dam)
  • Jaghargh
  • Zoshk
  • Noghondar
  • Kardeh Dam
  • Vakilabad and Mellat parks
  • Zari, Hendelabad, Mozdooran, Moghan and Kardeh caves.
  • Robat Sharaf castle
  • Tomb of Khajeh Abasalt, Khajeh Morad, Ravi (famous Iranian Gnostics) and mausoleum of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi.
  • Yahya and Khajeh Rabi mausoleum
  • Sabz (green) dome.

Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ... Ferdowsi Tousi (فردوسی طوسی in Persian) (more commonly transliterated Firdausi, Ferdosi or Ferdusi) (935–1020) is considered to be one of the greatest Persian poets to have ever lived. ... The Homère Caetani bust at the Louvre, a 2nd century Roman copy of a 2nd century BC Greek original. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyam, Neishabur Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. ... Farid ad-Din Attar (farÄ«du-d-dÄ«n aṭṭār ; ca. ... Tomb of Omar Khayyám, Nishapur, Iran. ... Tomb of Kamal-ol-Molk in Neishabur, Iran. ... The interior of Goharshad Mosque exhibits the superb work of Persian craftsmen. ... Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 2, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Afsharid dynasty. ... Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (born 1058 in Tus, Khorasan province of Persia, modern day Iran, died 1111, Tus) was a Persian Muslim theologian and philosopher, known as Algazel to the western medieval world. ... The remains of Arg-e-Tus. ... Kooh Sangi Kooh-Sangi has been one of the most popular parks in Mashhad, Iran. ... Akhlamad is a village located 60km west of mashhad and has a very famous waterfal and cool weather in sumers. ...

Colleges and universities

Tomb of Meulana Hosein Kashefi, Sabzevar.
Enlarge
Tomb of Meulana Hosein Kashefi, Sabzevar.
    1. Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
    2. Islamic Azad University of Gonabad
    3. Mashhad University of Ferdowsi (website)
    4. Mashad University of Medical Sciences
    5. Islamic Azad University of Mashad
    6. Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences
    7. Sabzevar University of Tarbiat Moallem
    8. Islamic Azad University of Torbat e Jam
    9. Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar
    10. Islamic Azad University of Neishabur
    11. Islamic Azad University of Ghoochan
    12. Islamic Azad University of Torbat Heidariyeh
    13. Comprehensive University of Applied and Practical Sciences, Khorasan
    14. Imam Reza University
    15. Sadjad Institute of Higher Education

ImageMetadata File history File links Sabzevar-Kashefi. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Sabzevar-Kashefi. ... Tomb of Meulana Hosein Kashefi, Sabzevar. ... Mashhad University, located in the city of Mashhad, is one of Irans best universities, comparable to the University of Tehran. ... Mashad University of Medical Sciences is a medical school in Iran. ...

See also

Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; Xorasan or Xurasan in Kurdish; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... Greater Khorasan is an area of land from the past which included parts that are presently in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. ... South Khorasan (Persian: خراسان جنوبی) is a province located in eastern Iran. ... North Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان شمالی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. ... Iran is one of the worlds oldest continuous major civilizations. ...

External links

  • The text of the law for division of Khorasan into three provinces (in Persian)
  • Cultural Heritage Foundation of Khorasan
  • Razavi Khorasan Province Department of Education (in Persian)
  • Imam Reza Shrine Official website
  • Mashad Mayor's Office
  • Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi Official website
Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil • Bushehr • Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari • East Azarbaijan • Isfahan • Fars • Guilan • Golestan • Hamadan • Hormozgan • Ilam • Kerman • Kermanshah • Khuzestan • Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad • Kurdistan • Lorestan • Markazi • Mazandaran • North Khorasan • Qazvin • Qom • Razavi Khorasan • Semnan • Sistan and Baluchistan • South Khorasan • Tehran • West Azarbaijan • Yazd • Zanjan

 
 

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