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Encyclopedia > Razaleigh
Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah
Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah

Tan Sri Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah (born 1937) is a major Malaysian political figure from the state of Kelantan, and a former Finance Minister. He is an uncle of the current Kelantanese queen. Tengku is a Malay title usually translated as prince. He is fondly known as Ku Li, derived from the last syllables of Tengku Razaleigh: this is a common kind of contraction in the dialect of Kelantan. He was also the Malaysian Finance Minister during the 1980s. The Malay language has a complex system of titles and honorifics which is still extensively used in Malaysia and Brunei. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... State Motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan (English : Submit to God, government of Kelantan Capital Kota Bharu Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yahya Petra Chief minister Tuan Guru Dato Haji Nik Aziz Nik Mat Area 14,922 km² Population 1. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Malay language has a complex system of titles and honorifics, which is still extensively used in Malaysia and Brunei. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Early life and education

Razaleigh was born in Kota Baru to Tengku Hamzah bin Zainal Abidin, who was the last appointed Chief Minister of Kelantan. Razaleigh attended Sultan Ismail College before moving on to the Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK). However, he could not bear life in a boarding school, and transferred to Anderson School in Ipoh, Perak. He received a Bachelor of Science in Economics from the Queen's University of Belfast in 1959 and later continued his studies at Lincoln's Inn. However, upon his father's death, he was forced to return, and never continued his studies. [1] Kota Bharu (or Kota Baru or Kota Baharu) is a town in Malaysia, and is the state capital of Kelantan. ... The Malay College Kuala Kangsar (fondly known as the Malay College, MCKK, MC or Koleq and sometimes dubbed the Eton of the East) is the premier residential school in Malaysia. ... A boarding school is a school where some or all students not only study but also live, amongst their peers but away from their home and family. ... Nickname: City of Millionaires or Bougainvillea City Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and prosperity) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Perak Establishment Around 1880 Mayor Mohamad Rafiai Moktar Area    - City 137. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Ipoh Royal Capital Kuala Kangsar Sultan Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Chief Minister Dato Seri Diraja Tajol Rosli bin Mohd Ghazali Area 21,006 km² Population  - Est. ... A Bachelor of Science (B.S., B.Sc. ... Face-to-face trading interactions among on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor Economics, as a social science, studies human choice behavior and how it affects the production, distribution, and consumption of scarce resources. ... The Queens University of Belfast (QUB) is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland; the university is often called Queens University Belfast. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Part of Lincolns Inn drawn by Thomas Shepherd c. ...

Razaleigh took over the family business, and then joined the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a major Malay political party. [1] UMNO Flag The United Malays National Organisation, or UMNO, (Malay: Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu), is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterruptedly since its independence. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...

Political career

In the 1969 general election, Razaleigh won the Parliamentary seat of Kelantan Barat. In 1971, he was elected to the UMNO Supreme Council, and was elected as a Vice-President of UMNO in 1975. After Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak's sudden death in 1976, he was appointed as Finance Minister by the new Prime Minister, Hussein Onn. Razaleigh's planning is reputed to have been the main reason the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, of which UMNO is a member, almost totally defeated the opposition Islamic party of PAS in the 1978 general election and the Kelantan state elections of the same year. [1] The Malaysian general election of 1969 was the third general election since independence, held in West Malaysia (Malaya) on May 10, 1969, and in East Malaysia later in the month. ... The Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. ... The Prime Minister of Malaysia is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. ... Tun Abdul Razak bin Dato Hussein (1922-1976) was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, ruling from 1970 to 1976. ... Tun Hussein bin Dato Onn (February 12, 1922-May 29, 1990)who is of 3/4 Malay & 1/4 Turkish(of Circassian extraction) ancestry was the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, ruling from 1976 to 1981. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... The Islamic Party of Malaysia (commonly known as PAS or Pas, from the Malay Parti Islam SeMalaysia) is an Islamist political party in Malaysia and is currently headed by Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

When Mahathir bin Mohamad succeeded Hussein Onn as Prime Minister, he declared the election for the Deputy Presidency of UMNO — and thus by extension the Deputy Prime Ministership — was open; he would not support any candidate. Razaleigh joined the fray, and his main opposition was Musa Hitam. [2] Eventually, Musa won the election with 722 votes to Razaleigh's 517 votes, becoming the new Deputy President and Deputy Prime Minister. [3] Razaleigh blamed himself for taking "a rather passive stance" and not having a campaign strategy. [4] Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (born July 10, 1925) is the former Prime Minister of Malaysia. ... Tan Sri Musa bin Hitam aka Moses Black received his Bachelors degree from the University of Malaya and his Masters degree from the University of Sussex. ...

In 1987, Tengku Razaleigh challenged Mahathir. In the election, Dr. Mahathir managed to retain his position. However, UMNO was split into two separate entities as Tengku Razaleigh was left unsatisfied with the result. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The split forced the Malaysian court to declare UMNO as illegal. Shortly after the court ruling, Dr. Mahathir reestablished UMNO as UMNO Baru (New UMNO), though the new UMNO was badly weakened. Tengku Razaleigh at the same time went on his own path and found a new political party called Semangat 46 in 1989. The number 46 refers to the year UMNO was originally found. Semangat 46 (Spirit of 46) is a now defunct Malaysian political party. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Seven years later, Tengku Razaleigh disbanded Semangat 46 and rejoined UMNO.

In 2004, he announced his interest for the UMNO top post yet again but failed to garner enough nominations to contest the presidency. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c Tan, Chee Khoon & Vasil, Raj (ed., 1984). Without Fear or Favour, p. 45. Eastern Universities Press. ISBN 967-908-051-X.
  2. ^ Tan & Vasil, p. 42.
  3. ^ Tan & Vasil, p. 204.
  4. ^ Tan & Vasil, p. 112.

Other references

  • Kamarudin, Raja Petra (Nov. 9, 2005). "The Anwar Factor". Malaysia Today.

See also



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