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Encyclopedia > Raymond VI of Toulouse

Raymond VI of Toulouse (October 27, 1156August 2, 1222) was count of Toulouse and marquis of Provence from 1194 to 1222. He was also (as Raymond IV) count of Melgueil from 1173 to 1190. October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... Events Prince Yuriy Dolgorukiy fortifies Moscow, regarded as the date of the founding of the city Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 See also: 1222 state leaders Events Foundation of the University of Padua Completion of the Cistercian convent in Alcobaca... After the Visigothic Kings of Aquitaine (409-508), the Merovingian kings were kings and dukes in Aquitaine and dukes of Toulouse. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ...


Biography

Born at Saint-Gilles, he was a son of Raymond V and Constance of France. His maternal grandparents were Louis VI of France and his second wife Adélaide de Maurienne. His maternal uncles included Louis VII of France. Saint-Gilles or Saint-Gilles-du-Gard is a commune of the Gard département, in southern France. ... Raymond V (1134-1194) was count of Toulouse from 1148 until his death in 1194. ... Louis VI the Fat (French: Louis VI le Gros) (December 1, 1081 – August 1, 1137) was king of France from 1108 to 1137. ... Adelasia of Moriana (fr. ... Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 – September 18, 1180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. ...


In 1194 he succeeded his father as count of Toulouse. He immediately reestablished peace with both Alfonso II of Aragon and with the Trencavel. The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French, and in local Toulouse accent) (Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced ) is... Alfonso II of Aragon (Alfons I of Provence and Barcelona, 1152-1196), known as the Chaste or the Troubadour was king of Aragon and count of Barcelona from 1162 to 1196. ... The Trencavel were an important noble family in Languedoc (in the southwest of modern-day France) during the 10th through 13th centuries. ...


He was married five or six times. His first wife, Ermessende, Countess of Melgueil, whom he married in 1172, died in 1176 without issue. His second wife was Beatrice of Béziers, sister of Roger II Trencavel; they divorced in 1189 and she was said to have become a Cathar parfaite after the divorce. Raymond and Beatrice had one daughter, Constance of Toulouse, who was married firstly to King Sancho VII of Navarre, and secondly to Pierre-Bermond II of Sauve, lord of Anduze. Mauguio is a commune of the Hérault département, in southern France. ... Events May 22 - Murder attempt by the Hashshashin on Saladin near Aleppo Raynald of Chatillon released from prison in Aleppo May 29 - Frederick Barbarossa is defeated in the Battle of Legnano by the Lombard League leading to the pactum Anagninum (the Agreement of Anagni) September 17 - Seljuk Turks defeat Manuel... Cathars being expelled from Carcassonne in 1209. ... Sancho in stained glass in the church at Roncesvalles. ...


Raymond then married for a third time, to Bourgogne, daughter of King Amalric II of Jerusalem and his first wife Eschiva of Ibelin, daughter of Baldwin of Ibelin. He divorced her in 1194. In October 1197 at Rouen he married Joan Plantagenet, but she fled from him in 1199 and died in childbirth. Their only surviving child was Raymond VII of Toulouse (1197-1249). Amalric II (1145–April 1, 1205), King of Jerusalem 1197–1205, was the brother of Guy of Lusignan. ... Baldwin of Ibelin, also known as Baldwin of Ramla (died c. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ... Events Amalric II succeeds Henry II of Champagne as king of Jerusalem. ... Location within France Rouen Cathedral The entrance to Rouen Cathedral Abbey church of Saint-Ouen, (chevet) in Rouen Rouen, medieval house Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France, and presently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... Joan of England (October, 1165 – 4 September 1199) was the seventh child of King Henry II of England and his Queen consort, Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Raymond VII of Saint-Gilles (July, 1197 - September 27, 1249) was count of Toulouse, duke of Narbonne and marquis of Provence. ...


His next relationship (marriage, some say) to a daughter of Isaac Comnenus of Cyprus, had ended by 1202. His last wife was Leonor, daughter of King Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. Isaac Comnenus was the last ruler of Cyprus before the Frankish conquest during the Third Crusade. ... Alfonso II of Aragon (Alfons I of Provence and Barcelona, 1152-1196), known as the Chaste or the Troubadour was king of Aragon and count of Barcelona from 1162 to 1196. ... Infanta Sancha of Castile (1155 – November 9, 1208, Sijena) was the only child of King Alfonso VII of Castile by his second queen, Richeza of Poland. ...


In Toulouse, he maintained the communal freedoms, extended exemptions from taxation, and extended his protection to the communal territory. A poet and a man of culture, he hated war but did not lack energy, as shown by his dispute with the papal legate Pierre de Castelnau, representative of Pope Innocent III. Pierre's assassination on January 15, 1208 led to Raymond's excommunication. The excommunication was lifted after Raymond humbled himself before the Pope. A Papal Legate -from the Latin, authentic Roman title Legatus- is a personal representative of the Pope to the nations, or rather to some part of the universal church. ... Pierre de Castelnau (d. ... Innocent III, born Lotario de Conti di Segni (Gavignano, near Anagni, ca. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


After the capture and massacre of Béziers, the siege and capture of Carcassonne, and the death of Raymond-Roger of Trencavel, he moved his camp, was again excommunicated by the Council of Montpellier in 1211, and tried to organize resistance against the Albigensian Crusade. More of a diplomat than a soldier, he was unable to stop of the advance of Simon de Montfort, who conquered Toulouse. Raymond was exiled to England under his former brother-in-law John Plantagenet. Béziers (Besièrs in Occitan, and Besiers in Catalan) is a town in Languedoc, in the southwest of France. ... A siege is a military blockade and assault of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition. ... Location within France Cathars being expelled from Carcassone in 1209. ... Raymond-Roger de Trencavel (1185 - November 10, 1209) was a member of the noble Trencavel family. ... // Events The oldest extant double entry bookkeeping record dates from 1211 Canons regular of the Order of the Holy Cross founded September 14 1211 Troops led by Estonian resistance fighter Lembitu of Lehola destroy a garrison of missionaries in the historical Estonian region of Sakala and raid the Russian town... The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209 - 1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by the Roman Catholic Church to eliminate the religion practiced by the Cathars of Languedoc, which the Roman Catholic hierarchy considered apostasy. ... Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, also Simon IV de Montfort (1160 – June 25, 1218) was a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202 - 1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. ... The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French, and in local Toulouse accent) (Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced ) is... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq... John (French: Jean) (December 24, c. ...


In November 1215 Raymond and his son (the later Raymond VII of Toulouse) were in Rome with Raymond-Roger of Foix on the occasion of the Fourth Lateran Council) to vindicate themselves and dispute the loss of their territories. Raymond's son-in-law, Pierre-Bermond II of Sauve, was also there to lay claim to the county of Toulouse, but this claim failed. Raymond and his son went from Rome to Genoa and thence to Marseille in February 1216. Raymond's son set out from Marseille to regain the family territories in Provence; in May of 1216 he besieged Beaucaire and captured it on August 24. Raymond VII of Saint-Gilles (July, 1197 - September 27, 1249) was count of Toulouse, duke of Narbonne and marquis of Provence. ... Raimond Roger (French: ) (died 27 March 1223) was the fifth count of Foix from the House of Foix. ... The Fourth Council of the Lateran was summoned by Pope Innocent III with his Bull of April 19, 1213. ... Country Italy Region Liguria Province Genoa (GE) Mayor Giuseppe Pericu (since May 30, 2002) Elevation 20 m Area 243 km² Population  - Total (as of April 30, 2005) 611,476  - Density 2,571/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Genovesi Dialing code 010 Postal code 16100 Patron St. ... city flag coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, Marseille shines in the world Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Département Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Région Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Mayor Jean-Claude Gaudin (UMP) (since 1995... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... View down into Beaucaire and the marina from the bridge leading to Tarascon. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ...


Meanwhile Raymond went to Aragon, hoping to rally support. From there he engaged in secret negotiations with leaders in Toulouse during 1216.[1] Simon de Montfort possibly believed that Raymond was on his way to the city in September 1216;[2] at any rate he returned in great haste from Beaucaire and conducted a partial sack of the city, apparently intended as punishment. Finally, on September 12, 1217, Raymond re-entered Toulouse again. Simon de Montfort immediately besieged the city once more. Simon was killed during the siege (on 25 June 1218); his son Amaury VI of Montfort took his place, but from this point onwards the Crusade faltered. The failure of Louis VIII's campaigns, from 1219 to 1226, finally permitted Raymond, and his son and successor, to recover most of their territories. Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 269 027  2,9%  26,59/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... View down into Beaucaire and the marina from the bridge leading to Tarascon. ... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Events April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... // Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... Amaury VI de Montfort (1195-1241) was the son of the elder Simon de Montfort and Alice of Montmorency, and the brother of the younger Simon de Montfort. ... Louis VIII the Lion (French: Louis VIII le Lion) (September 5, 1187 – November 8, 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ...

Preceded by:
Raymond V
Counts of Toulouse
1194-1222
Succeeded by:
Raymond VII

Raymond V (1134-1194) was count of Toulouse from 1148 until his death in 1194. ... After the Visigothic Kings of Aquitaine (409-508), the Merovingian kings were kings and dukes in Aquitaine and dukes of Toulouse. ... Raymond VII of Saint-Gilles (July, 1197 - September 27, 1249) was count of Toulouse, duke of Narbonne and marquis of Provence. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise laisse 171; Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chronica 27.
  2. ^ Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay, Historia Albigensis 585.

The Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise or Song of the Albigensian Crusade is an epic poem in medieval Occitan (Provençal). ... Guillaume de Puylaurens (in Latin, Guillelmus de Podio Laurenti; in English, William of Puylaurens) is a 13th century Latin chronicler, author of a history of Catharism and of the Albigensian Crusade. ... Cronica (in standard Latin, Chronica; in English, Chronicle) is the short title of a short history of Catharism and the Albigensian Crusade by the 13th century Toulousain author Guillaume de Puylaurens. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Raymond VI of Toulouse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (705 words)
Raymond VI of Toulouse (October 27, 1156 – August 2, 1222) was count of Toulouse and marquis of Provence from 1194 to 1222.
Raymond and Beatrice had one daughter, Constance of Toulouse, who was married firstly to King Sancho VII of Navarre, and secondly to Pierre-Bermond II of Sauve, lord of Anduze.
In November 1215 Raymond and his son (the later Raymond VII of Toulouse) were in Rome with Raymond-Roger of Foix on the occasion of the Fourth Lateran Council) to vindicate themselves and dispute the loss of their territories.
Maximilian Genealogy Master Database 2000 - pafg189 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (393 words)
Beatrice of BEZIERS married Raymond VI of TOULOUSE on 1175.
Bourgogne of CYPRUS married Raymond VI of TOULOUSE on 1193.
Raymond VI of TOULOUSE was born 27 Oct 1156 and died 2 Aug 1222.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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