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Encyclopedia > Raymond P. Shafer

Raymond Philip Shafer (b. March 5, 1917 in New Castle, Pennsylvania) served as the 38th Governor of Pennsylvania from 1967 to 1971. He had previously served as lieutenant governor, from 1963 to 1967. March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... New Castle is a city located in Lawrence County, Pennsylvania. ... List of Pennsylvania Governors The office of Pennsylvania governor was created by the states Constitution of 1790. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Shafer was born in New Castle, the youngest of the five children of the Reverend David P. and Mina Shafer. In 1933, Shafer’s father took a position at the First Christian Church in Meadville, Pennsylvania and moved the family. Meadville is a city located in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 13,685. ...


After finishing high school in Meadville, Shafer attended Allegheny College and later Yale Law School. There, several classmates like William Scranton and Gerald Ford would help shape his future political career. Allegheny College is a small, highly selective and private liberal arts college located in Meadville, Pennsylvania located 90 miles north of Pittsburgh and 90 miles east of Cleveland. ... This article is about the institution of higher learning in the United States. ... Scranton made the cover of Time magazine in 1962 William Warren Scranton (b. ... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ...


In 1942, Shafer entered the United States Navy as a Naval intelligence officer and later served on PT Boats. He would participate in over 80 combat missions during World War II on PT Boats as commanding officer of P.T. 359 and later as executive officer of Squadron 27. As squadron XO, Shafer sailed aboard P.T. 375, one of the first PT Boats to penetrate the defenses of Manila Bay. Shafer earned the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart during his tour in the Pacific theater. The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int. ... PT boats in line A PT boat was a motor torpedo boat (hull classification symbol PT), a small, fast vessel used by the United States Navy in World War II to attack larger surface ships. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... -1... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... The Purple Heart is a U.S. military decoration awarded in the name of the President of the United States to those who are wounded or killed while serving in or with the U.S. military after April 5, 1917. ... The Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) is the term used in the United States for all military activity in the Pacific Ocean and the countries bordering it, in World War II. Pacific War is a more common name, around the world, for the broader conflict between the Allies and Japan...


Shafer returned to Meadville after the war and entered private law practice. His political career began in 1948 when he was elected District Attorney of Crawford County, a post he held until 1958. In 1959, he was elected to the State Senate in 1959. 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... United States Attorneys represent the U.S. federal government in United States district court. ... Crawford County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1962 William Scranton tapped him as his running mate for the gubernatorial elections. Scranton had been Shafer’s classmate at Yale and both were considered moderate to liberal Republicans. The Scranton/Shafer team won the election over Philadelphia mayor Richardson Dilworth and Shafer became the states lieutenant governor. 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Scranton made the cover of Time magazine in 1962 William Warren Scranton (b. ... A running mate is a person running for a subordinate position on a joint ticket during an election. ... Born 1898. ...


Scranton was limited to one term under existing state law and Shafer was the obvious choice to succeed him as party nominee. He faced wealthy Philadelphia businessman Milton Shapp in the election. The 1966 election was marked by tragedies. State Attorney General Walter Alessandroni, Shafer’s running mate, was killed in an aviation accident during the campaign and Raymond Broderick was named to replace him on the ticket. Former governor David L. Lawrence collapsed and fell into a coma during a campaign appearance for Shapp. On election day, Shafer came out victorious by a margin of nearly a quarter of a million votes. Gov. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... David Leo Lawrence (June 18, 1889 - November 21, 1966), served as the Democratic Governor of Pennsylvania from 1959 to 1963. ... In medicine, a coma (from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep) is a profound state of unconsciousness, which may result from a variety of conditions including intoxication (drug, alcohol or toxins), metabolic abnormalities (hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, etc. ...


As governor, Shafer was best known for championing reforms to the state constitution. In 1963, then lieutenant governor Shafer had chaired a bipartisan committee to explore constitutional reforms. By the beginning of Shafer’s term as governor, a constitutional convention was meeting to overhaul state government.


Shafer oversaw a massive expansion of Pennsylvania’s highway system and dedicated several portion of the Interstate Highway system in the state. He was also the first governor to reside in the modern governor’s mansion in Harrisburg. Large expenditures for these and other programs caused huge budget deficits. To balance the budget, Shafer sought Pennsylvania’s first state income tax, a position that made him unpopular with many voters. A typical rural stretch of Interstate highway, with two lanes in each direction separated by a large grassy median, and with cross-traffic limited to overpasses and underpasses. ... Pennsylvania State Capitol Building Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America. ... Income tax is a direct tax which is levied on the income of private individuals. ...


Although the 1968 constitution allowed incumbent governors to run for reelection, Shafer was bound by the previous rules and was limited to one term. He campaigned for Raymond Broderick, his lieutenant governor, as his successor. Although Broderick publicly opposed a state income tax, he was unable to escape the shadow of Shafer, who had proposed it. The 1970 election saw a Democratic sweep with Milton Shapp elected governor and Democrats gaining control of both houses of the General Assembly for the first time over 30 years.


After leaving the state government, he became a major player in national Republican politics as the unofficial leader of the third largest Republican state party in the country. He had opposed Richard Nixon’s nomination in 1968, a move that many saw as the primary reason Shafer never got the prized federal judgeship he so publicly craved. President Nixon did appointed him as chairman of the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse. He was criticized in this role by many conservatives after the panel recommended the decriminalization of marijuana use. Order: 37th President Vice President: Spiro Agnew (1969–1973), Gerald R. Ford (1973–1974) Term of office: January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974 Preceded by: Lyndon B. Johnson Succeeded by: Gerald R. Ford Date of birth: January 9, 1913 Place of birth: Yorba Linda, California Date of death: April 22... The National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse was created by Public Law 91-513 to study marijuana abuse in the United States. ... Decriminalization is the process of making an action no longer a criminal act in the relevant jurisdiction. ...


Later, he served a brief sting as CEO of financially troubled TelePrompter company. Following Watergate, he returned to public service after being named special council to new Vice-President Nelson Rockefeller a position he held from 1974 to 1977. The Watergate Complex as depicted in Government Exhibit 1. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, a heartbeat from the presidency. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was a Governor of New York and the 41st Vice President of the United States of America from December 19, 1974 to January 20, 1977. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ...


From 1977 to 1988 he was a partner with the Accounting firm of Coopers and Lybrand. He also served briefly as president of his alma mater, Allegheny College, from 1985 to 1986. He has also served on the Council on Foreign Relations. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Allegheny College is a small, highly selective and private liberal arts college located in Meadville, Pennsylvania located 90 miles north of Pittsburgh and 90 miles east of Cleveland. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is a think tank which describes itself as dedicated to increasing Americas understanding of the world and contributing ideas to U.S. foreign policy. ...


A section of Interstate 79 in Pennsylvania is named "The Raymond P. Shafer Highway" after him as is a residence hall at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania. Interstate 79 is an interstate highway in the eastern United States. ... Edinboro University of Pennsylvania Edinboro University of Pennsylvania is a liberal arts university in Edinboro, Pennsylvania, and one of 14 schools associated with the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. ...



Preceded by:
William Warren Scranton
Governor of Pennsylvania
1967–1971
Succeeded by:
Milton Jerrold Shapp (Shapiro)


Scranton made the cover of Time magazine in 1962 William Warren Scranton (b. ... List of Pennsylvania Governors The office of Pennsylvania governor was created by the states Constitution of 1790. ... Gov. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Raymond P. Shafer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (824 words)
Shafer was born in New Castle, the youngest of the five children of the Reverend David P. and Mina Shafer.
State Attorney General Walter Alessandroni, Shafer’s running mate, was killed in an aviation accident during the campaign and Raymond Broderick was named to replace him on the ticket.
Shafer oversaw a massive expansion of Pennsylvania’s highway system and dedicated several portion of the Interstate Highway system in the state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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