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Encyclopedia > Raymond Leo Burke
Most Rev. Raymond Leo Burke
Denomination   Roman Catholic Church
Senior posting
See   Saint Louis
Title   Archbishop of Saint Louis
Period in office   January 26, 2004
Predecessor   Justin Francis Rigali
Religious career
Priestly ordination   June 29, 1975
Previous post   Bishop of La Crosse
Personal
Date of birth   June 30, 1948 (1948-06-30) (age 59)
Place of birth   Richland Center, Wisconsin

Raymond Leo Burke (born June 30, 1948) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He currently serves as the tenth Archbishop of Saint Louis, having previously served as Bishop of La Crosse from 1994 to 2003. Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, the Cathedral parish of the Archdiocese. ... The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, the Cathedral parish of the Archdiocese. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Justin Francis Cardinal Rigali (born April 19, 1935) is an archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of La Crosse was erected on March 3, 1868 by Pope Pius IX in western Wisconsin. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richland Center is a city located in Richland County, Wisconsin. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up prelate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, the Cathedral parish of the Archdiocese. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of La Crosse was erected on March 3, 1868 by Pope Pius IX in western Wisconsin. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Archbishop Burke is seen as one of the more conservative bishops within the Catholic Church. Within the Roman Curia, he is a member of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the highest court in the Catholic Church. The Roman Curia — usually called the Vatican — is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ... The Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura is the administrative appellate tribunal of the Holy See and, consequently, the highest judicial authority of the Roman Catholic Church outside of the Pope himself. ...

Contents

Background

Raymond Leo Burke was born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, the youngest of the six children of Thomas (d. July 21, 1956) and Marie (d. February 29, 1996) Burke. Baptized on the following July 11, he received his first Communion on May 13, 1956. The family later moved to Stratford, where Burke was confirmed by Bishop John P. Treacy on April 5, 1962. From 1962 to 1968 he attended the Holy Cross Seminary in La Crosse, Wisconsin. From 1968 to 1971 Burke studied at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. where he is now a member of the Board of Trustees. He then completed his studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome from 1971 to 1975. Pope Paul VI ordained Burke to the priesthood on June 29, 1975 at Saint Peter's Basilica. Richland Center is a city located in Richland County, Wisconsin. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the Christian religious act of Baptism. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The First Communion (First Holy Communion) is a Roman Catholic ceremony. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stratford is a village located in Marathon County, Wisconsin. ... Confirmation, known also as Chrismation (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1289), is one of the seven sacraments instituted by Christ for the conferral of sanctifying grace and the strengthening of the union between individual souls and God. ... John Patrick Treacy (July 23, 1891-October 11, 1964). ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Catholic University of America (abbreviated CUA), located in Washington, D.C., is unique as the national university of the Roman Catholic Church and as the only higher education institution founded by U.S. Roman Catholic bishops. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... As of 2005, the Board of Trustees at The Catholic University of America was composed of: Carl A. Anderson, Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus Richard D. Banziger, B.A. 1981, Managing Director, Salomon Smith Barney Nancy J. Bidwill, owner, Arizona Cardinals Bertha S. Braddock, Alexandria, VA philanthropist Michael... Pontifical Gregorian University (Italian: Pontificia Università Gregoriana) is a pontifical university located in Rome, Italy. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Catholic deacon... The Ministerial Priesthood in the Catholic Church includes both the orders of bishops and presbyters, which in Latin is sacerdos. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Interior view, with the nave of the Cattedra in the back St. ...


Priestly Ministry

After his ordination to the priesthood, he was first assigned as assistant rector of the Cathedral of St. Joseph the Workman in La Crosse, Wisconsin. He also taught religion at Aquinas High School in La Crosse, where a new addition built in 1996 - 1997, the Bishop Burke Hall, was named in his honor. [1] From 1980 to 1984, Burke studied canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he received his licenciate and doctorate. He then returned to La Crosse and was named the Moderator of the Curia as well as the Vice Chancellor of the La Crosse Diocese. In 1989, Pope John Paul II assigned Burke to be the first American Defender of the Bond of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the highest court in the Church. The Cathedral of St. ... Location in the state of Wisconsin Coordinates: , Counties Government  - Mayor Mark Johnsrud Area  - City 57. ... Aquinas High School is a Roman Catholic high school located in La Crosse, Wisconsin. ... Canon Law is the ecclesiastical law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Licentiate is the title of a person who holds an academic degree called a license. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... The Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura is the administrative appellate tribunal of the Holy See and, consequently, the highest judicial authority of the Roman Catholic Church outside of the Pope himself. ...


Episcopal Ministry

Archbishop Burke's Coat of Arms.
Styles of
Raymond Leo Burke
Reference style The Most Reverend
Spoken style Your Excellency
Religious style Your Excellency
Posthumous style not applicable

On December 10, 1994, Pope John Paul II named Burke Bishop of La Crosse and personally ordained Burke to the episcopate on January 6, 1995 at St. Peter's Basilica.[2] Bishop Burke took possession of the See of La Crosse on February 22, 1995.[3] During his time in La Crosse, he founded the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe.[4] In 1997, Bishop Burke approved the founding of the Franciscan Servants of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order for women, whose mother house was in Prescott, Wisconsin. However, he suppressed the group in 2003 and it is no longer in existence. In 2000, Bishop Burke convened the fifth diocesan synod for the Diocese of La Crosse. Synod V, Acts: celebrated June 11-14, 2000/ Diocese of La Crosse, published by the Diocese of La Crosse, (circa 2003) were the documents of the fifth diocesan synod that were published.[5] In 2002, Bishop Burke was influential in founding the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem, an order of Augustinian canons dedicated to the pre-Vatican II Latin liturgy.[6] This is the coat of arms of Archbishop Raymond Leo Burke of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... This is the coat of arms of Archbishop Raymond Leo Burke of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Image File history File links Patriarchal_or_Archbishop_Cross. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... The Reverend is an honorary prefix to the names of most Christian clergy and ministers. ... His / Her Excellency is an honorific title given to certain high-ranking political officials. ... His / Her Excellency is an honorific title given to certain high-ranking political officials. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... The Roman Catholic Diocese of La Crosse was erected on March 3, 1868 by Pope Pius IX in western Wisconsin. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Catholic deacon... Episcopalian government in the church is rule by a hierarchy of bishops (Greek: episcopoi). ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe is a Catholic shrine to the Blessed Virgin Mary in La Crosse, Wisconsin. ... The Franciscan Servants of Jesus is a Roman Catholic, Franciscan religious order for women. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Aerial view of the city Prescott is a city in Pierce County, Wisconsin at the confluence of the St. ... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. ... The Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem is a clerical institute of consecrated life in the Catholic Church, founded in 2002 in the Diocese of La Crosse, and currently located in Chesterfield, Missouri, in the Archdiocese of Saint Louis. ...


He served as the Bishop of La Crosse until December 2, 2003, when he was named as the replacement for Justin Rigali, who had been reassigned to be the Archbishop of Philadelphia. He was formally installed as Archbishop of St. Louis on January 26, 2004. Not long thereafter, Burke was presented with the pallium on June 29, 2004 by Pope John Paul II. In St. Louis, Burke has given particular emphasis to promotion of vocations to the ministerial priesthood; he also publishes a column in the archdiocesan weekly newspaper, the Saint Louis Review. In both La Crosse and St. Louis, Archbishop Burke has established oratories for those who attend the Tridentine Rite. He has invited into his dioceses the traditionalist Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest and has ordained priests for the order. His ordination of two priests for the group in Saint Louis on June 15, 2007, was the first time that ordinations were conducted in the Cathedral in the traditional rite in forty years.[7] In July 2006, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Burke to be a member of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura[8], the highest court in the Catholic Church. He issued a statement, in line with Catholic moral precepts, opposing embryonic stem cell research when an amendment to the Missouri Constitution that allows it was narrowly passed by voters there. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Justin Francis Cardinal Rigali, (born April 19, 1935), is an archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. ... As of 2003, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia covers the City and County of Philadelphia as well as Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery counties in Pennsylvania. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... now. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the Roman Catholic Church, an oratory is a semi-public place of worship, other than a parish church, constructed for the benefit of a group of persons (Code of Canon law, canon 1223). ... Tridentine Rite refers to the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church as promulgated by the Council of Trent (December 13, 1545 till December 4, 1563). ... The Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest (Latin: Institutum Christi Regis Summi Sacerdotis) is a society of priests in the Catholic Church that celebrates the liturgy in Latin in accordance with its constitutions and founding documents based on permissions granted by Rome. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Early elections in November are announced in the Netherlands. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ... The Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura is the administrative appellate tribunal of the Holy See and, consequently, the highest judicial authority of the Roman Catholic Church outside of the Pope himself. ... Human embryonic stem cell colony. ...


On June 25, 2007, Burke accompanied Seán Cardinal O'Malley, Archbishop of Boston, on a trip to Rome, where the two American prelates reviewed Pope Benedict's impending motu proprio granting greater freedom of the Tridentine Mass[9] [10]. is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Cardinal OMalley Episcopal coat of arms of Seán Cardinal OMalley Seán Patrick Cardinal OMalley, OFM Cap, (born June 29, 1944) is a cardinal and American religious leader in the Roman Catholic Church. ... Sean Patrick Cardinal OMalley, Archbishop of Boston The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the New England region of the United States. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... A motu proprio is a papal rescript in which the clause motu proprio (Latin, of his own motion) is used, signifying that the provisions of the rescript were decided by the Pope personally and not by a cardinal or other advisors. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. Summorum Pontificum (English: ) is the Apostolic Letter motu proprio data of Pope Benedict XVI, which formulates the canonical rules to be respected in the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church for the celebration of Mass according to the Missal promulgated by John XXIII in... The Tridentine Mass (Pontifical High Mass) being celebrated at Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church in Wyandotte, Michigan - 1949. ...


When he was still bishop of La Crosse, Archbishop Burke initiated a plan to construct a pilgrimage shrine dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe, patroness of the Americas. The spacious church, designed in the Renaissance style by the classical architect Duncan Stroik, will be completed on July 31, 2008. The archbishop has also installed a prominent shrine to the Sacred Heart in the diocesan cathedral of Saint Louis. Both projects represent Archbishop Burke's concern to foster the sacred arts and to encourage the spiritual devotions which have long been characteristic of Catholicism.[11] is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


Controversies

Archbishop Burke is seen by some people both in and outside the Church as one of the more controversial bishops in the United States. Among the reasons why he is seen as a controversial figure are his positions regarding the political actions of Catholics who hold public office and his disputes with St. Stanislaus Kostka Church in St. Louis.


A few priests in the Diocese of La Crosse have claimed that Burke's leadership there was divisive. Richard Dickman, who had served as pastor of St. Mary's Church in Tomah, Wisconsin stated in a resignation letter that "I can no longer minister as a priest in this diocese and retain a sense of integrity. I find that my conscience is in conflict with the vision of ministry characterized by the bishop I have promised to obey. I am in an impossible position."[12] The Diocese of La Crosse was erected on March 3,1868 by Pope Pius IX in western Wisconsin. ... Tomah is a city in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. ...


2004 Presidential Election

During the 2004 presidential election season, Archbishop Burke publicly stated that John Kerry and other Catholic politicians who vote pro-choice should not receive the Eucharist[citation needed]. This proclamation was based on Catholic Canon Law, which states that those who are conscious of grave sin, as defined by the Church, should not receive the Sacrament of the Eucharist.[13] He also stated that Catholic voters who supported pro-choice candidates were committing grave sin and shouldn't receive Communion without first having their sin absolved through the Sacrament of Penance. Later, Burke clarified his position to state that one could vote for a pro-choice politician and not commit a mortal sin, if one believed there was a more significant moral issue than abortion at hand, but had also stated that he could not think what sort of issue would qualify[citation needed]. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... Issues of discussion Pro-choice describes the political and ethical view that a woman should have complete control over her fertility and pregnancy. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ... Canon Law is the ecclesiastical law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... According to the beliefs of Roman Catholicism, a mortal sin is a sin that, unless confessed and absolved (or at least sacramental confession is willed if not available), condemns a persons soul to Hell after death. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ... In criminal proceedings, a confession is a document in which a suspect admits having committed a crime. ...


These statements added to the controversial nature of the Archbishop, and made him one of a small number of bishops who declared that they would refuse communion to such pro-choice politicians. Burke had articulated the same position while he was the Bishop of La Crosse, invoking the canon law requirement that ministers of Holy Communion (especially bishops, who are charged with overseeing the entire liturgical and sacramental life of the diocese) should not admit to Holy Communion people who obstinately and publicly commit some serious sin.[14]


Sheryl Crow Concert

On April 25, 2007, after singer Sheryl Crow, known to be an advocate of abortion rights, was scheduled to perform at a benefit concert at the Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital, Archbishop Burke resigned as the hospital's Chairman of the Board[15]. is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an American blues rock singer, guitarist, bassist, and songwriter. ... A benefit concert is a concert featuring musicians, comedians, or other performers that is held for a charitable purpose, often directed at a specific and immediate humanitarian crisis. ... SSM Cardinal Glennon Childrens Hospital is a hospital in St. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Chairman of the Board redirects here. ...


Deeming this a scandal, Burke claimed that to have the hospital host Crow would give "the impression that the Church is somehow inconsistent in its teaching." The Saint Louis' archbishop reportedly asked that her invitation be privately removed, but then felt compelled to submit his resignation when Crow's performance at the concert was confirmed[16]. In Catholic theology, scandal is a behavior or attitude that leads another to sin. ...


Published works

  • Lack of discretion of judgment because of schizophrenia: doctrine and recent rotal jurisprudence, Doctoral Dissertation, (Rome: Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 1986). See also "Defectus discretionis iudicii propter schizophreniam: Doctrina et recens iurisprudentia," Periodica, 73 (1984) 555-570; and "Lack of Discretion of Judgment: Canonical Doctrine and Legislation," in The Jurist, 45 (1985) 171-209.
  • "Canon 1095, 1° and 2°," in Incapacity for marriage: Jurisprudence and Interpretation, Acts of the III Gregorian Collguium, Robert M. Sable, coordinator and editor (Rome: Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 1987).
  • In I procedimenti speciali nel diritto canonico, Studi giuridici 27 (Vatican City: Libreria editrice Vaticana, 1992): "La procedura amministrativa per la dichiarazione di nullità del matrimonio," 93-105, and "Il processo di dispensa dal matrimonio rato e non consummato: la grazia pontificia e la sua natura," 135-144.
  • "The Application of Canon 1095 and sacramental-pastoral activity concerning marriage," in Ius in vita et in missione Ecclesiæ, Acta Symposii internationalis iuris canonici occurrente X anniversario promulgationis Codicis iuris canonici diebus 19-24 aprilis 1993 in Civitate Vaticana celebrati, Pontificia Concilium de legum textibus interpretandis (Vatican City: Libreria editrice Vaticana, 1994) 1095-1102.
  • "The Distinction of Personnel in Hierarchically Related Tribunals," in Studia canonica, 28 (1994) 85-98.
  • "Canon 1421: The Nullity of a Decision by a Single Lay Judge," [1994] in Arthur J. Espelage, OFM (ed.), CLSA Advisory Opinions 1994-2000 (Washington, DC: CLSA, 2002) 451-452.
  • "Canons 1421-1422 and 1435-1436: The Exercise of the Office of Judge or Defender of the Bond by a Priest on Leave of Absence from Priestly Ministry," [1995, co-authored with Joseph R. Punderson] in Arthur J. Espelage, OFM (ed.), CLSA Advisory Opinions 1994-2000 (Washington, DC: CLSA, 2002) 453-454.
  • "La confessio iudicialis e le dichiarizioni giudiziali delle parti," in I mezzi di prova nelle cause matrimoniali secondo la giurisprudenza rotale, Studi Giuridici XXXVIII (Vatican City: Libreria editrice Vaticana, 1995) 15-30.
  • Commentary on the July 12, 1993, Decree of the Apostolic Signatura relating to the qualifications of advocates, Canadian Canon Law Society Newsletter, 21 (1996) 9-13.
  • "Canon Law at the Service of the New Evangelization," given on the occasion of receiving the Role of Law Award from the Canon Law Society of America, in Canon Law Society of America Proceedings, 62 (2000) 497-500; introductory remarks of gratitude, 495-496.
  • "On Our Civic Responsibility for the Common Good," (Saint Louis: Archdiocese of Saint Louis, 2004).
  • "Canon 915: The Discipline Regarding the Denial of Holy Communion to Those Obstinately Persevering in Manifest Grave Sin," in Periodica, 96 (2007) 3-58.

Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

  • The Archdiocese of St. Louis - Biography of Archbishop Burke
  • The Church of St. Agatha - Polish Roman Catholic
  • Aquinas High School La Crosse, Wisconsin
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, La Crosse, Wisconsin

References

  1. ^ http://www.aquinasschools.org/high/info/history.html
  2. ^ David M. Cheney, Archbishop Raymond Leo Burke [Catholic Hierarchy], http://catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bburke.html (updated Oct 26, 2006).
  3. ^ Id.
  4. ^ http://www.guadalupeshrine.org/About/History.asp
  5. ^ 'Synod V, Acts: Celebrated June 11-14/Diocese of La Crosse' (c.2003), La Crosse Public Library archives vault, La Crosse, Wisconsin.
  6. ^ http://www.canonsregular.com/bishops_decree.htm
  7. ^ http://www.institute-christ-king.org/documents/Jul07Newsletter.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.catholic.org/national/national_story.php?id=20458
  9. ^ Whispers in the Loggia. Prima dell'Esodo: The Wednesday Mash-Up June 27, 2007
  10. ^ Catholic World News. Vatican confirms briefing on motu proprio; publication near June 28, 2007
  11. ^ http://www.guadalupeshrine.org/Home/Homilies/2006-08-04.asp
  12. ^ Gay, Malcolm (2004-8-25), "Bishop Takes Queen", The Riverfront Times, <http://www.riverfronttimes.com/issues/2004-08-25/sidebar.html>
  13. ^ Codex Iuris Canonici canon 916 ("Qui conscius est peccati gravis, sine praemissa sacramentali confessione Missam ne celebret neve Corpori Domini communicet, nisi adsit gravis ratio et deficiat opportunitas confitendi; quo in casu meminerit se obligatione teneri ad eliciendum actum perfectae contritionis, qui includit propositum quam primum confitendi.").
  14. ^ Id. canon 915 ("Ad sacram communionem ne admittantur excommunicati et interdicti post irrogationem vel declarationem poenae aliique in manifesto gravi peccato obstinate perseverantes.").
  15. ^ Washington Post. Archbishop Blasts Sheryl Crow Appearance April 25, 2007
  16. ^ Whispers in the Loggia. Burke's Plea: No Crow April 25, 2007
Preceded by
John Joseph Paul
Bishop of La Crosse
1994–2003
Succeeded by
Jerome Edward Listecki
Preceded by
Justin Rigali
Archbishop of Saint Louis
2004 – present
Incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Raymond Leo Burke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1465 words)
Burke is seen as one of more controversial bishops in the United States, due to his political stances, as well as because of a very public dispute with the lay board of directors of a former parish of the Archdiocese of St. Louis.
In 1989, Pope John Paul II assigned Burke to be the first American Defender of the Bond of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the highest court in the church.
Burke was ordained by the Pope as a bishop on January 6, 1995 at St. Peter's Basilica.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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