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Encyclopedia > Ray Kroc

Ray Kroc (October 5, 1902 - January 14, 1984) took over and franchised the then single-restaurant [citation needed] McDonald's Corporation from 1955. (The first McDonald's restaurant was started by Richard and Maurice (Mac) McDonald in 1940.) Dubbed the Hamburger King[citation needed], Kroc was included in the TIME 100 list of the world's most influential builders and titans of industry and amassed a $500 million fortune during his lifetime.[citation needed] He was also the owner of the San Diego Padres baseball team starting in 1974. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants[1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... Richard Dick J. McDonald (February 16, 1909 – July 14, 1998) and Maurice Mac McDonald (November 26, 1902 – December 11, 1971) were two early American fast food pioneers, originally from Manchester, New Hampshire, who established the first McDonalds restaurant in 1940. ... This article is about the food item. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ...


Kroc was born to parents of Czech origin in Chicago, Illinois in 1902 and he trained to become an ambulance driver during the First World War with Walt Disney, though the war ended before Kroc ever saw any action. He was a piano player. Kroc found out how to make a burger stand by seeing one and taking it to be a novel idea. He tried his hand at a number of trades including paper cup salesman and pianist between the end of the war and the early 1950s. He eventually became a Multi-mixer milkshake machine salesman traveling across the country. It was this work which led him to the two brothers, Mac (Maurice) and Dick (Richard) McDonald, at their innovative San Bernardino, California hamburger restaurant that ran eight multi-mixers at a time. Convinced that he could sell 8 multi-mixers to every new restaurant that opened, he partnered with the brothers and began opening McDonald's restaurants. The two brothers only wanted to have their one restaurant and Ray Kroc wanted to have more new McDonalds. So he booted them out with opening a McDonalds right on the other side of the street [citation needed]. The small restaurant of the two brothers had no more consumers and Ray Kroc bought the brothers out in 1961 for $2.7 million. Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... A strawberry milkshake topped with whipped cream and strawberry syrup A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage which is made from milk, ice cream, and sweet flavourings such as fruit syrup or chocolate sauce (in Canada and most regions of the United States, and the United Kingdom. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the food item. ...

Kroc died of a heart ailment at Scripps Memorial Hospital in San Diego on January 14, 1984. Kroc was survived by his second wife,Joan B. Kroc. Joan Beverly Kroc (born Mansfield) (August 27, 1928–October 12, 2003) was the third wife of McDonalds CEO Ray Kroc and a philanthropist. ...

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Ray Kroc

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Presence in Pop Culture

A number of quotes about entrepreneurship and capitalism have been ascribed to Ray Kroc. According to one such quote, Kroc was purported to have said,

If any of my competitors were drowning, I'd stick a hose in their mouth and turn on the water. It is ridiculous to call this an industry. This is not. This is rat eat rat, dog eat dog. I'll kill 'em, and I'm going to kill 'em before they kill me. You're talking about the American way – of survival of the fittest.

Some business programs reference the story of Kroc and McDonald's as a case study in successful entrepreneurship. However, some critiques point out that a number of negative repercussions have come about with the rise of the McDonald's model of fast food. Similarly, his many pithy aphorisms on entrepreneurship are cited both for their eloquence and their unapologetic and raw assessment of consumerism and the field of sales.

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Who Made America? | Innovators | Ray Kroc (374 words)
Ray Kroc has been called "fast food's founding father." He was born in 1902 and grew up to sell restaurant products including paper cups and milk-shake mixers.
Kroc made a deal with the brothers to franchise their restaurant throughout the country, with a driving mission of uniformity and value.
Kroc strove to establish standard procedures for every task at the restaurant, applying the rigorous management and assembly-line orientation that innovators like Henry Ford had established in other industries.
Ray Kroc at AllExperts (544 words)
Ray Arthur Kroc (October 5, 1902, Oak Park, Illinois – January 14, 1984) was founder of the McDonald's Corporation in 1955, although not of the restaurant chain itself, which was started by Dick and Mac McDonald in 1940.
Kroc was of Czech ancestry and was survived by his third wife, Joan B. Kroc.
Kroc's enthusiasm for the company was strong, and in his first year with McDonald's he unsuccessfully attempted to convince Walt Disney, a fellow WWI ambulance driver with whom he had been acquainted, to let him open a restaurant in the forthcoming Disneyland.
  More results at FactBites »



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