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Encyclopedia > Ray Harryhausen
Ray Harryhausen, with creations from Clash of the Titans.

Ray Harryhausen (born Raymond Frederick Harryhausen, June 29, 1920 in Los Angeles, California), is an American Film producer and, most notably, a special effects creator most famous for his brand of stop-motion model animation. Some of his most notable works have included his animation of Mighty Joe Young (1949) and his collaboration with Don Chaffey on Jason and the Argonauts. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Clash of the Titans is a 1981 fantasy movie based on the myth of the Perseus. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Groundbreaking special effects were used in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to realize scenes that cannot be achieved by live action or normal means. ... Wallace & Gromit is an example of cartoons made with stop-motion animation. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The original Mighty Joe Young movie poster. ... Jason and the Argonauts (1963) is a fictional fantasy adventure movie based upon the characters Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, regarded by many critics as one of the best fantasy films ever made. ...

Contents

Stop motion animation

Before the advent of computers for camera motion control and CGI, movies used a variety of approaches to achieve animated special effects. One approach was one of the many kinds of stop-motion animation which used realistic miniature models (more accurately called model animation), used famously in King Kong (1933). The seawater creature in The Abyss marked CGIs acceptance in the visual effects industry. ... This is about the original movie and novel. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


The work of pioneer model animator Willis O'Brien in King Kong inspired Harryhausen to work in this unique field, almost single-handedly keeping the technique alive for three decades as O'Brien's career floundered for most of his life, until his death in 1962. Willis OBrien with his Academy Award. ...


Harryhausen prefers not to compare his work with special effects animation in live action films to the animated films of Tim Burton, Nick Park, Ivo Caprino, Ladislav Starevich and many others, which he sees as pure "puppet films", and are more accurately (and traditionally) called "puppet animation". Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer known for his off-beat and quirky style. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Ivo Caprino (Oslo, February 17, 1920 – February 8, 2001 in Oslo) was a Norwegian film director and writer, best known for his puppet films. ... Ladislav Starevich (Ladislas Starevich) (properly: Wladyslaw Starewicz) (August 8, 1882 - February 26, 1965), was a Polish stop-motion animator, using puppets. ...


Model animated characters interact with, and are a part of, the live-action world, with the idea that they will cease to call attention to themselves as "animation", which is different from the more obviously "cartoony" and stylized designs in movies like Chicken Run and The Nightmare Before Christmas, etc. This article is about the movie. ... Tim Burtons The Nightmare Before Christmas is a 1993 Academy Award-Nominated, stop motion animated musical film about the inhabitants of Halloween Town who take over Christmas, directed by stop-motion animator Henry Selick. ...


Springing from O'Brien's groundbreaking work, Harryhausen continued bringing stop-motion into the realm of live action movies, keeping alive and refining the techniques created by O'Brien that he had first developed as early as 1917.


Professional history

1930's and 1940's

After having seen King Kong for the first of many times in 1933, Harryhausen spent his early years experimenting in the production of animated shorts, inspired by the burgeoning science fiction literary genre of the period. After viewing Harryhausen's first formal demo reel of fighting dinosaurs from an abortive project called Evolution (an homage to a similar project of Willis O'Brien's called Creation, which became O'Brien's demo for King Kong), Paramount executives awarded him his first job, beginning on George Pál's Puppetoon shorts. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... George Pál in 1979 George Pal (February 1, 1908 – May 2, 1980) (birth name: Györgi Pál Marczincsák) was a Hungarian-born animator and film producer, principally associated with the science fiction genre. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


During World War II, Harryhausen was also employed by the Army Motion Picture Unit, animating sequences educating soldiers about the use and deployment of military equipment when that equipment was unavailable for shooting in live action. From this work, he acquired several rolls of unused film from which he made a series of fairy tale-based shorts. After World War II, Ray Harryhausen shot a scene of an alien emerging from a martian war machine based on H. G. Wells novel The War of the Worlds, part of an unrealised project to adapt the story using Wells' original "octopus" concept for the martians. Harryhausen also produced a variety of other short animation demos during the post-WWII 40s. A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ...


Harryhausen put together a demo reel of his various projects and showed them to Willis O'Brien, who eventually hired him as an assistant animator on what turned out to be Harryhausen's first major film, Mighty Joe Young (1949). Harryhausen proved to be so skilled at animation that he wound up animating the majority of the film, which won the special effects Oscar that year. The original Mighty Joe Young movie poster. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


1950's

As the science fiction craze took hold in movies at the beginning of the 1950s, Harryhausen was hired to do the special effects for "The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms." While in production, the filmmakers learned that a long-time friend of Harryhausen, writer Ray Bradbury, had sold a short story called The Fog Horn to The Saturday Evening Post, about a dinosaur drawn to a lone lighthouse by its foghorn. Since Harryhausen's film featured a similar scene, the film studio bought the rights to the story to avoid any potential legal problems. The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953) became Harryhausen's first solo feature film effort, and a major international box-office hit for Warner Brothers Pictures. The impact of the movie was so wide-ranging that the producers of the Japanese Godzilla movie series, Tomoyuki Tanaka and Ishiro Honda, admittedly copied a number of elements from Harryhausen's film. Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... The Fog Horn is a short story by Ray Bradbury and the first in his collection The Golden Apples of the Sun. ... A cover of the Saturday Evening Post from 1903 The Saturday Evening Post was a weekly magazine published in the United States from August 4, 1821 to February 8, 1969. ... The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms is a black and white 1953 science fiction film directed by Eugène Lourié. The films shooting title was Monster from Beneath the Sea. ... Warner Bros. ... For other uses, see Godzilla (disambiguation). ... Tomoyuki Tanaka may refer to: Tomoyuki Tanaka is the name of the Japanese film producer responsible for the Godzilla movies Tomoyuki Tanaka is the name of the Japanese musician commonly known as Fantastic Plastic Machine This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same... Ishirō Honda (本多 猪四郎 Honda Ishirō, May 7, 1911 in Yamagata Prefecture - February 28, 1993) was a Japanese film director. ...


It was on this film that Harryhausen first used a technique that split the background and foreground of pre-shot live action footage into two separate pieces of film. The background would be used as a miniature rear-screen with his models animated in front of it, rephotographed with an animation-capable camera to combine those two elements together, the foreground element matted out to leave a black space. Then, the film was rewound, and everything except the foreground element matted out so that the foreground element would now photograph in the previously blacked out area. This created the effect that the animated model was "sandwiched" in between the two live action elements, right into the final live action scene. This was done without resorting to expensive optical printer work and prevented the image from second generation degradation. A few years later, when he adapted this technique for color film to make The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad, he called the process DynaMation (modifying it to "SuperDynaMation" and then "DynaRama" for some subsequent films). The 7th Voyage of Sinbad is a 1958 fantasy movie directed by Nathan Juran, and the first of the Sinbad Trilogy, starring Kerwin Matthews as the durable legendary sailor Sinbad. ... Dynamation is the name of the technique concieved by Ray Harryhausen used to combine stop-motion footage with live action by means of split-screen and rear-projection. ...


While the film's producers organized the film's live action production and hired various directors to develop the film's live action characters, Harryhausen concentrated only on the shots that involved model animation, visiting the sets only to supervise the filming of the live action background elements (called "plates" in the film effects industry) into which he would later add animated creatures.


Throughout most of his career, Harryhausen's work was a sort of family affair. His father did the machining of the metal armatures that were the skeletons for the models while his mother assisted with some skin textures. An occasional assistant, George Lofgren, a taxidermist, assisted Harryhausen with the creation of furred creatures. Other than that, Harryhausen worked entirely alone to produce the animated shots for all his films, until he hired an assistant, protege model animator and two-time Oscar-nominated Jim Danforth, to assist with animation for Harryhausen's last film Clash of the Titans (1981). Stop motion master animator, and well known for his matte-painting skill. ...


The same year that "Beast" was released, fledgling film producer Irwin Allen released a live action documentary about life in the oceans titled The Sea Around Us, which won a documentary feature film Oscar for that year. Allen's and Harryhausen's paths would cross three years later, on Allen's sequel to this film. Irwin Allen (June 12, 1916 – November 2, 1991) was a television and film producer nicknamed The Master of Disaster for his work in the disaster film genre. ...


Harryhausen soon met and began a fruitful partnership with producer Charles H. Schneer, who was working with the Sam Katzman B-picture unit of Columbia Pictures. Their first tandem project was It Came from Beneath the Sea (1955) about a giant octopus attacking San Francisco, a box-office success, quickly followed by Earth vs. the Flying Saucers (1956), set in Washington D.C. and one of the best of the alien invasion films of the 50s, also a box office hit. Sam Katzman (July 7, 1901 – August 4, 1973) was an American film producer. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... film poster of It Came From Beneath The Sea It Came From Beneath The Sea is an American black and white 1955 science fiction film produced by Sam Katzman and Charles Schneer for Columbia Pictures Corp. ... DVD Earth vs. ...


In 1954, Irwin Allen started work on a second feature-length documentary film, this one about animal life on land called The Animal World (completed in 1956). Needing an opening sequence about dinosaurs, Allen hired premier model animator Willis O'Brien to animate the dinosaurs, then gave him an impossibly short production schedule. O'Brien again hired Harryhausen to help with animation to complete the 8 minute sequence, Harryhausen's and O'Brien's first professional color work. Most viewers agree that the dinosaur sequence of Animal World was the best part of the entire movie (available on the DVD release of the 1957 film, The Black Scorpion.) // October 21 - The movie Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, opens. ... This article is about the 1957 film. ...


Harryhausen then returned to Columbia and Charles Schneer to do 20 Million Miles to Earth (1957) about an Earth spaceship returning from Venus with an alien passenger, who grows in Earth's atmosphere to tremendous height and escapes to terrorize Rome Italy. Harryhausen refined and improved his already-considerable ability at establishing emotional characterizations in the face of his Venusian Ymir model, creating yet another international box-office hit film. 20 Million Miles to Earth is an 82-minute 1957 black and white science fiction film scripted by Bob Williams and Christopher Knopf from an original treatment by Charlott Knight. ... Ymir is killed by the sons of Borr in this artwork by Lorenz Frølich In Norse mythology, Ymir, also named Aurgelmir (Old Norse gravel-yeller) among the giants themselves, was the founder of the race of frost giants and an important figure in Norse cosmology. ...


Schneer was eager to graduate to color films. Reluctant at first, Harryhausen managed to develop the systems necessary to maintain proper color balances for his DynaMation process, resulting in his greatest masterpiece (and biggest hit) of the 50s, The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad (1958), a major inspiration for Dennis Murren, long-time multi-Oscar-winning head of George Lucas's ILM special effects company. The top grossing film of that summer, and one of the top grossing films of that year, Schneer and Harryhausen signed another deal with Columbia for a series of four color films. The 7th Voyage of Sinbad is a 1958 fantasy movie directed by Nathan Juran, and the first of the Sinbad Trilogy, starring Kerwin Matthews as the durable legendary sailor Sinbad. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture special visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ...


1960's

After The Three Worlds of Gulliver (1960) and Mysterious Island (1961), both great artistic and technical successes, his next film is considered by film historians and fans as Harryhausen's masterwork, Jason and the Argonauts (1963), Among the film's several celebrated animation sequences is an extended fight between five actors and seven skeletal adversaries, a considerable advance on the single-skeleton fight scene in Sinbad. The sequence took over four months to complete, and helped to inspire an entire generation of subsequent filmmakers like Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, Tim Burton, and James Cameron, among many others. (When presenting Harryhausen with a special Academy Award, actor Tom Hanks told Harryhausen "Lots of people say Citizen Kane is the greatest film of all time... no way, it's Jason and the Argonauts!") The Three Worlds of Gulliver is a 1960 movie based on the novel Gullivers Travels by Jonathan Swift. ... A film made in 1961 by Morningside Productions. ... Jason and the Argonauts (1963) is a fictional fantasy adventure movie based upon the characters Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, regarded by many critics as one of the best fantasy films ever made. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer known for his off-beat and quirky style. ... James Francis Cameron (born August 16, 1954) is a three-time Academy Award winning director, producer and screenwriter. ... Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor, Emmy-winning director, voice-over artist and movie producer. ... Citizen Kane is a 1941 mystery/drama film released by RKO Pictures and directed by Orson Welles, his first feature film. ... Jason and the Argonauts (1963) is a fictional fantasy adventure movie based upon the characters Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, regarded by many critics as one of the best fantasy films ever made. ...


Harryhausen next made First Men in the Moon (1964), his only anamorphic film, based on the novel by H. G. Wells. For the earlier film, see The First Men in the Moon (1919 film) First Men in the Moon is a 1964 science fiction film directed by Nathan Juran. ... Anamorphic widescreen is a cinematography and photography technique for capturing a widescreen picture on standard 35mm film. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ...


Oddly and inexplicably, this series of four films were box office disappointments at the time of their original theatrical release. That, plus changes of management at Columbia Pictures, kept "Dymamation" films from being OK'd.


Harryhausen was then hired by Hammer Film Productions to demonstrate his skill by animating the dinosaurs in One Million Years B.C., released by 20th Century Fox in 1967, a box office smash, helped, in part, by the starring role of shapely Raquel Welch, in her second film. A poster for Dracula Prince of Darkness (1966). ... One Million Years B.C. is a 1966 (released in the U.S. in 1967) fantasy film starring Raquel Welch set - loosely - in the time of cavemen. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Raquel Welch (born September 5, 1940) is an American actress. ...


Springing from that success, Harryhausen next went on to make another dinosaur film, The Valley of Gwangi. The project had been developed for Columbia, which passed. Independent producer Schneer did a deal with Warner Bros. instead. It was a personal project that Harryhausen had been wanting to do for many years, as it was story-boarded by his original mentor, Willis' O'Brien for a 1939 project that never saw completion. Scripted by William Bast, the film was set in 1912 Mexico, in a parallel Kong story; cowboys capture a living Allosaurus and bring him to the nearest city for exhibition. Sabotage by a rival releases the creature on opening day and the creature wreaks havoc on the town until it's cornered and destroyed inside a burning cathedral. The film features a roping scene reminiscent of 1949's Mighty Joe Young and is the technical highlight of the film. The film was released in 1969 and not a financial success (it didn't fit in with the counter-culture audiences of that era). The Valley of Gwangi is a 1969 fantasy film directed by Jim OConnolly and written by William Bast. ... William Bast is a screen and television writer and author currently living in Los Angeles. ... Species type (Marsh, 1878) Paul, 1987 Mateus , 2006 jimmadseni Chure, 2000 vide Glut, 2003 Synonyms Creosaurus Marsh, 1878 Labrosaurus Marsh, 1879 Camptonotus Marsh, 1879  ?Epanterias Cope, 1878 Allosaurus (IPA: ) was a large (up to 11. ...


1970's - present

After a few lean years, Harryhausen re-teamed with Schneer, who talked Columbia Pictures into reviving the Sinbad character, resulting in The Golden Voyage of Sinbad (1974), and Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger (1977), both box office successes. The Golden Voyage of Sinbad made in 1974 and starring John Phillip Law as sinbad. ... Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger is a 1977 fantasy movie, the final installment of Ray Harryhausens Sinbad Trilogy and the penultimate movie in which Harryhausen would use the stop-motion technique which he had pioneered since the late 1940s. ...


Schneer and Harryhausen finally were allowed by MGM to produce a big budget film with name actors and an expanded effects budget. It became the last feature film to showcase his effects work, Clash of the Titans (1981), for which he was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Special Effects. Harryhausen fans will readily discern that the armed-and-finned kraken (a name oddly borrowed from medieval Scandinavian folklore) he invented for Clash of the Titans is similar to the bipedal Venusian ymir he created twenty-five years earlier for 20 Million Miles to Earth. Clash of the Titans is a 1981 fantasy movie based on the myth of the Perseus. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... Pen and wash drawing by malacologist Pierre Dénys de Montfort, 1801, from the descriptions of French sailors reportedly attacked by such a creature off the coast of Angola. ... Ymir is killed by the sons of Borr in this artwork by Lorenz Frølich In Norse mythology, Ymir, also named Aurgelmir (Old Norse gravel-yeller) among the giants themselves, was the founder of the race of frost giants and an important figure in Norse cosmology. ... 20 Million Miles to Earth is an 82-minute 1957 black and white science fiction film scripted by Bob Williams and Christopher Knopf from an original treatment by Charlott Knight. ...


Oddly, and mainly due to his hermetic production style and the fact that he produced half of his films outside of Hollywood (living in London since 1960), none of Harryhausen's films was ever nominated for a special effects Oscar.


In spite of the box office success of "Clash", more sophisticated technology developed by ILM and others eclipsed Harryhausen's techniques, and MGM and other studios passed on making his follow-up story, Force of the Trojans, forcing Harryhausen and Schneer to retire from active filmmaking.


Harryhausen then concentrated his efforts on authoring a book, Film Fantasy Scrapbook (produced in three editions as his last three films were released) and supervising the restoration and release of (eventually all) his films to video, laserdisk, and later, DVD. A second book followed, My Animated Life, detailing his techniques and history, and then "The Art of Ray Harryhausen, featuring sketches and drawings for his many projects, some of them unrealized.


Harryhausen continues his life-long friendship with Ray Bradbury and another close friend, book and magazine writer and super Sci-Fi fan Forrest J. Ackerman, who loaned Harryhausen his photos of King Kong in 1933, right after Harryhausen had seen the film for the first time. Harryhausen also maintains his friendship with his long-time producer, Charles H. Schneer, who lives next door to him in a suburb of London, and model animation protege, Jim Danforth, still living in the Los Angeles area. Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... Forrest J Ackerman (born November 24, 1916 in Los Angeles, California) is a legendary science fiction fan and collector of science fiction-related memorabilia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stop motion master animator, and well known for his matte-painting skill. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Harryhausen also is an inspiration to other animators.


Harryhausen and Terry Moore appeared in small comedic cameo roles in the 1998 remake of Mighty Joe Young, and he has also provided the voice of a polar bear cub in the Will Ferrell film Elf. He also appears as a bar patron in Beverly Hills Cop III. Terry Moore: (born 1929) a film actress Terry Moore: (1912-1995) a Major League Baseball player [1] Terry Moore: a comic books writer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The original Mighty Joe Young movie poster. ... John William Will Ferrell (born July 16, 1967[1]) is an Emmy and Golden Globe nominated Irish-American comedian, impressionist and actor who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career. ... Elf is a 2003 Christmas-themed comedy film directed by Jon Favreau and released in the US on November 7, 2003. ... “Beverly Hills Cop III” redirects here. ...


Awards

During the 80s and early 90s, Harryhausen's growing legion of fans who had graduated into the professional film industry started lobbying the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to acknowledge Harryhausen's immense contribution to the film industry and he was finally awarded a Gordon E. Sawyer lifetime achievement award in 1992, making Harryhausen an international celebrity. A long series of appearances at film festivals, colleges, and film seminars around the world soon followed as Harryhausen met the millions of people who had grown up enjoying his amazing work. Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ...


Near the turn of the 21st century, Harryhausen was also honored with a well-deserved star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...


Inducted to the Monster Kid Hall Of Fame at The Rondo Hatton Classic Horror Awards


Harryhausen today

In 2002, young animators Seamus Walsh and Mark Caballero helped Harryhausen complete "The Story of the Tortoise & the Hare". This was the sixth and final installment of the Harryhausen fairy tales. The film was started in 1952 and completed in 2002, 50 years later. Caballero and Walsh refubished the original puppets and under Harryhausen's guidance, completed the film. The film went on to win the 2003 Annie award for best short film and gained world wide attention. Walsh and Caballero have since moved on to form their own stop motion company, Screen Novelties which is based in Los Angeles, CA.


In 2005, Harryhausen released a 2-DVD set of a complete collection of all his non-feature film work, including all his tests, demos, military work, a re-edit of all the biographical material that had been released in the mid-90s to VHS video under the title Aliens, Dragons, Monsters, and Me, and his entire set of fairy tales, including "The Story of the Tortoise & the Hare". The second disc profiles a making of documentary, behind the scenes and interviews with Harryhausen, Walsh, Caballero and narrator, Gary Owens. During this time he also provided commentary for the DVD releases of King Kong and Mighty Joe Young, and was extensively interviewed for documentaries included in the DVD release.


Currently he is preparing a third book for release, and he and a producing partner, Arnold R. Kunert are working on a series of animated shorts based on the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, the first of which is said to be "The Pit and the Pendulum". He is also working with Legend Films to reissue some of his early feature films on DVD in a series of colorized versions using an improved colorization process. According to Legend Films president Barry Sandrew, the filmmaker told him that his original vision was to do them in color, but said that both limited budgets and limited color film stocks back then made it hard for him to do backgrounds and keep them color-balanced the way that was needed to maintain the films' realism.[1] Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, editor, critic and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... The Pit and the Pendulum is a short story by Edgar Allan Poe. ... Legend Films, a San Diego-based company, was founded in August 2001. ... A colorized image of Laurel and Hardy, from March of the Wooden Soldiers (formally Babes in Toyland). ...


Harryhausen was also involved in the process of colorizing She, produced by Merian C. Cooper, who had originally intended to shoot the film in color — but at the last minute the budget was cut by RKO, forcing Cooper to shoot in black and white.[2] As a tribute to Cooper, Harryhausen color designed the film in a manner in which he feels Cooper would have wanted it exhibited. The colorized DVD includes an audio commentary by Harryhausen and Merian C. Cooper expert Mark Vaz who discuss the film and color choices. The colorized trailer for She premiered at the 2006 Comic-Con.[3] Harryhausen also helped design the color on another Legend Films release, Things to Come. She is a 1935 film produced by Merian C. Cooper. ... Merian C. Cooper Merian Caldwell Cooper (October 24, 1893, Jacksonville, Florida, USA — April 21, 1973, San Diego, California, USA, died of cancer) was an American aviator, American Air Force and Polish Air Force officer, adventurer, director, screenwriter and producer. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... This article is about the fan convention. ... Things to Come is a 1936 British science fiction film, produced by Alexander Korda and directed by William Cameron Menzies. ...


In July 2006, it was announced[4] that Harryhausen has licenced Bluewater Productions to create six comic book follow-ups to some of his most famous movies. The first three are "Sinbad: Rogue Of Mars," "20 Million Miles More" and "Wrath Of The Titans," and are scheduled for release in May 2007 followed by a further three: "Jason And The Argonauts: The Kingdom of Hades", "Back to Mysterious Island" and 10th Muse . Harryhausen will furnish new artwork, but not scripts. All will be five-issue miniseries. A one-shot, "10th Muse/ Shi crossover", is said to be released later this year. 10th Muse is a comic published by Image Comics. ...

Wrath of the Titans
Publisher Bluewater Productions
First appearance May 2007
Created by Ray Harryhausen and Darren G. Davis
Characteristics
Alter ego *

In comic books, first appearance refers to first comic book to feature a character. ...

Cultural References

  • Both the Tim Burton stop-motion film Corpse Bride and the Nick Park stop-motion film Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit featured a piano made by a piano maker called Harryhausen.
  • Peter Jackson, director of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, paid homage to Ray Harryhausen in The Fellowship of the Ring when a giant cave troll attacks the Fellowship, claiming that its movements mimic ones made by the monsters in Harryhausen's films.
  • In the 1974 film Flesh Gordon, there is a character named "Nesuahyrrah", which is "Harryhausen" spelled backwards.
  • The soundtrack of a mid-1980s short film, The Reproductive Cycle of Martian Peen Worms, makes references to Harryhausen. The soundtrack was produced by Church of the SubGenius co-founder John Stang.
  • The graphic novel "tommysaurus rex" by Doug TenNapel features a scene where the main character is fighting with a boy about whether or not King Kong is real and Harryhausen pops up to explain stop-motion and give the boy a signed drawing. In addition, on the back of tommysaurus rex, Harryhausen states " you made me look like mr.magoo."
  • The Playstation game Crypt Killer contains various enemies modeled from Harryhausen's creature designs. The game also includes a secret boss fight against the giant floating head of Harryhausen himself.
  • In the June 1977 comic book Ghost Rider #24 from Marvel Comics, a super-villain called The Enforcer mistakenly believes that the Ghost Rider's powers are the result of trickery, exclaiming: "My ring can disintegrate anything! Anything! Including all your Harryhausen special effects tricks!"
  • Inspired the record, "Worried About Ray", by rock group The Hoosiers in 2007, in which the bands imaginary friend is called ray and sculpts a monster similar to one of Harryhausens and moves in the same way.

Worried About Ray is a song by London rock band The Hoosiers. ... The Hoosiers are a rock band from London. ... Pixars studio lot in Emeryville Pixar Animation Studios is an American seven time Academy Award winning computer animation studio based in Emeryville, California (USA). ... Monsters, Inc. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer known for his off-beat and quirky style. ... Tim Burtons Corpse Bride is a 2005 Academy Award-nominated stop-motion-animation film based loosely on a 19th century Russian-Jewish folktale version of an older Jewish story and set in a fictional Victorian era England. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... Peter Jackson CNZM (born October 31, 1961) is a three-time Academy Award, Golden Globe and BAFTA winning New Zealand filmmaker best known as the director of The Lord of the Rings trilogy, which he, along with his long time partner, Fran Walsh, and Philippa Boyens adapted from the novels... The Lord of the Rings film trilogy comprises three live action fantasy epic films; The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). ... For a description of the medieval homage ceremony see commendation ceremony Homage is generally used in modern English to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Mr. ... Flesh Gordon was a 1974 science fiction and comedy adventure film. ... J. R. Bob Dobbs The Church of the SubGenius is a postmodern religion, originally based in Dallas, Texas, which gained popularity in the 1980s and 1990s subculture, with a large presence on the Internet. ... Homestar Runner is a Flash cartoon series. ... The 7th Voyage of Sinbad is a 1958 fantasy movie directed by Nathan Juran, and the first of the Sinbad Trilogy, starring Kerwin Matthews as the durable legendary sailor Sinbad. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... See comedian Stand up comedian List of Comedians List of British comedians comics comic book comic strip underground comics alternative comics web comic sprite comics manga graphic novel List of comic characters This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Rat-Man is an Italian comic about an inept superhero of the same name, created by Leo Ortolani in 1990. ... Leonardo Ortolani, better konown as Leo, is an Italian comics author, creator of the popular comic strip series Rat-Man and Venerdì 12. ... See also: 1973 in film 1974 1975 in film 1970s in film years in film film // Events February 7 - Blazing Saddles is released in USA May 1 - George Lucas creates the first draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Legendary Black Beast of Aaaaarrrrrrggghhh The legendary Black Beast of Aaaaarrrrrrggghhh [King Arthurs pronunciation: ] is a famous creature from the movie Monty Python and the Holy Grail. ... Gregory Dale Bear (born August 20, 1951) is a science fiction author. ... Willis OBrien with his Academy Award. ... ... The Lost World is a 1912 novel by Arthur Conan Doyle concerning an expedition to a plateau (native name is Tepuyes) in South America (Venezuela) where prehistoric animals (dinosaurs and other extinct creatures) still survive. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... Ghost Rider is the name of several fictional supernatural anti-heroes in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... The Hoosiers are a rock band from London. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... God of War 2: Divine Retribution is a upcoming video game for the Sony PlayStation 2 video game console, and is the sequel to the original God of War. ... Jason and the Argonauts may refer to: the Greek myth of Jason and the Argonauts Jason and the Argonauts (film), a 1963 film with animation by Ray Harryhausen Jason and the Argonauts (TV movie), a TV movie made in 2000 This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated... Clash of the Titans is a 1981 fantasy movie based on the myth of the Perseus. ...

Filmography

See also: 1941 in film 1942 1943 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Carole Lombard is killed in a plane crash when returning from a War Bond tour. ... See also: 1945 in film 1946 1947 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America The Bells of St. ... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... The original Mighty Joe Young movie poster. ... See also: 1950 in film 1951 1952 in film 1950s in film 1940s in film years in film film Events Sweden - May Britt is scouted by Italian film-makers Carlo Ponti and Mario Soldati Top grossing films North America David and Bathsheba Show Boat tie The Great Caruso and An... The year 1953 in film involved some significant events. ... The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms is a black and white 1953 science fiction film directed by Eugène Lourié. The films shooting title was Monster from Beneath the Sea. ... See also: 1953 in film 1954 1955 in film 1950s in film years in film film Events May 12 - The Marx Brothers Zeppo Marx divorces wife Marion Benda. ... film poster of It Came From Beneath The Sea It Came From Beneath The Sea is an American black and white 1955 science fiction film produced by Sam Katzman and Charles Schneer for Columbia Pictures Corp. ... // Events November 3 - The musical Guys and Dolls, starring Marlon Brando and Frank Sinatra, debuts. ... See also: 1955 in film 1956 1957 in film 1950s in film years in film film // Events November 15 - The film Love Me Tender starring Elvis Presley (his first film) opens. ... DVD Earth vs. ... 20 Million Miles to Earth is an 82-minute 1957 black and white science fiction film scripted by Bob Williams and Christopher Knopf from an original treatment by Charlott Knight. ... // October 21 - The movie Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, opens. ... The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad is a 1958 fantasy movie starring Kerwin Matthews as the durable legendary sailor Sinbad. ... // Events February 16- In the Money is released on this date. ... This article needs cleanup. ... See also: 1959 in film 1960 1961 in film 1950s in film 1960s in film years in film film // Events April 20 - for the first time since coming home from military service in Germany, Elvis Presley returns to Hollywood, California to film G.I. Blues August 10 - Filming of West... Mysterious Island (UK: Jules Vernes Mysterious Island) is a film made in 1961 by Morningside Productions. ... See also: 1960 in film 1961 1962 in film 1960s in film years in film film Events Last Year at Marienbad (Lannée dernière à Marienbad) released Top grossing films North America The Guns of Navarone Exodus The Parent Trap The Absent-Minded Professor The Alamo Swiss Family Robinson... Jason and the Argonauts (1963) is a fictional fantasy adventure movie based upon the characters Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, regarded by many critics as one of the best fantasy films ever made. ... // Events January 28 - Filming begins on Dr. Strangelove. ... For the earlier film, see The First Men in the Moon (1919 film) First Men in the Moon is a 1964 science fiction film directed by Nathan Juran. ... // Events January 29 - The film Dr. Strangelove is released. ... One Million Years B.C. is a 1966 (released in the U.S. in 1967) fantasy film starring Raquel Welch set - loosely - in the time of cavemen. ... // Events Top grossing films North America Thunderball Dr. Zhivago Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf? That Darn Cat! The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming Academy Awards Best Picture: A Man for All Seasons - Highland, Columbia Best Actor: Paul Scofield - A Man for All Seasons Best Actress: Elizabeth Taylor... The Valley of Gwangi is a 1969 fantasy film directed by Jim OConnolly and written by William Bast. ... // Cannes Film Festival opens, but closes in support of a French general strike without awarding any prizes. ... The Golden Voyage of Sinbad made in 1974 and starring John Phillip Law as sinbad. ... See also: 1973 in film 1974 1975 in film 1970s in film years in film film // Events February 7 - Blazing Saddles is released in USA May 1 - George Lucas creates the first draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger is a 1977 fantasy movie, the final installment of Ray Harryhausens Sinbad Trilogy and the penultimate movie in which Harryhausen would use the stop-motion technique which he had pioneered since the late 1940s. ... // Events In the Academy Awards, Peter Finch, Faye Dunaway and Beatrice Straight win Best Actor and Actress and Supporting Actress awards for Network. ... Clash of the Titans is a 1981 fantasy movie based on the myth of the Perseus. ... // January 19 - Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquires beleaguered concurrent United Artists. ...

References

  1. ^ Barry Sandrew, as quoted in the article San Diego: film colorization capital of the world
  2. ^ CGSociety - Ray Harryhausen Presents
  3. ^ Comic-Con 2006 :: Programming for Friday, July 21
  4. ^ Blue Water Productions comic follow-ups

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ray Harryhausen (2369 words)
Ray Harryhausen is the man behind an army of skeletons, a flock of harpies.
Ray is a towering cyclops, a multi-headed hydra, a gentle ape performing for a tiny audience.
Ray dubbed his stop-motion technique Dynamation, which was his fancy way of expressing the dynamics of the animated creatures, though it doesn't differ from the classic techniques of stop-motion animation.
Ray Harryhausen Profile (6105 words)
Ray asked the theater manager is he could borrow the stills to make copies for himself and the manager explained that he didn't own the stills but gave Ray the telephone number of the person who did, Forrest J. Ackerman.
Harryhausen continues to credit much of the success of this sequence to Kerwin Matthews uncanny ability to visualize the image he is supposed to be seeing and give the sequences the much needed eye contact between the actor and the animated figure, which would be inserted at a later time.
Ray has taken some heat about the fact that the Selenites are actually children in big bug suites but, as Ray has explained, it would have taken years to animate all of the Selenites.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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