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Encyclopedia > Rauma, Finland

Rauma, or Raumo in Swedish, is a town of ca. 37,000 inhabitants on the west coast of Finland, 92 kilometres north of Turku, and 50 kilometres south of Pori. Granted town privileges on May 17th 1442 (then under the rule of Sweden), Rauma is known of its high quality lace (since the 18th century), Rauma and of the old wooden architecture of its centre (Old Rauma, Vanha Rauma), which is a Unesco world heritage site. Turku (IPA: , Swedish:  ), founded in the 13th century, is the oldest and fifth largest city in Finland, with a population of 174,868 (as of 2005). ... Court House of Pori The Juselius Mausoleum, designed by Josef Stenbäck For other uses, see Pori (disambiguation). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... White lace is often used in collars and other fabric borders. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... Old Rauma (Vanha Rauma in Finnish) is the wooden city centre of the town of Rauma, Finland. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Church of The Holy Cross, Rauma, Finland
Church of The Holy Cross, Rauma, Finland

In the 14th century, before being declared as a town, Rauma had a Franciscan monastery and a Catholic church. In 1550, the townsmen of Rauma were ordered to relocate to Helsinki, but this was successfully countered and Rauma could continue its growth. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1447 KB) Summary Pyhän ristin kirkko (The Church of The Holy Cross) in Wikipedia:Rauma, Finland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1447 KB) Summary Pyhän ristin kirkko (The Church of The Holy Cross) in Wikipedia:Rauma, Finland. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Monastery of St. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Founded 1550 Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area[1] - Of which land - Rank 185. ...


Practically the whole wooden town of Rauma was devastated in the fires of 1640 and 1682. The wooden city centre, which is how large the town was until 1809, has approximately 600 wooden buildings. The neo-renaissance style of many of the houses is a result of prosperity brought on by seafaring. In 1897 Rauma had the largest fleet of sailing boats in Finland, totalling 57 vessels. Goods were mainly exported to Germany, Stockholm and the Baltic states. In the 1890s, Rauma got a teacher's college (a 'seminar'), which was later annexed to the University of Turku. The department of education still exists in Rauma. Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Neo- is a prefix, derived from Greek that connotes a new or recent form of something, or a revival in a modern form. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Baltic states and the Baltic Sea The Baltic states or the Baltic countries is a term which nowadays refers to three countries in Northern Europe: Estonia Latvia Lithuania Prior to World War II, Finland was sometimes considered, particularly by the Soviet Union, a fourth Baltic state. ... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... The University of Turku (Finnish Turun yliopisto, Swedish Ã…bo universitet), located in Turku in southwestern Finland, is the second largest university in the country as measured by student enrolment. ...


After the second world war, Rauma developed into an industrial city, the main industries being shipbuilding, paper and pulp mills, and metal industry. Rauma is also the fifth largest port in Finland with almost six million tonnes of shipping per year. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Piece of A4 paper Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ... International Paper Company Wood pulp is the most common material used to make paper. ... A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences), or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ...


Rauma has its own dialect of Finnish, which is sometimes (less or more seriously) seen as an actual language (see Rauma dialect). The dialect inherits words from languages such as Swedish and English due to the seafaring past. The dialect has been diluted into mainstream Finnish in day-to-day use, but it is fairly well studied (mainly by Hj. Nortamo) and practiced as a hobby. Rauma and the surrounding municipality of Rauman maalaiskunta ("rural municipality of Rauma") were merged in 1993. A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Rauma language (rauman giäl) is a dialect of Finnish spoken in the town of Rauma, western Finland. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Frans Hjalmar Nortamo (better known as Hj. ... Rauman maalaiskunta (the rural municipality of Rauma) in Finland, often abbreviated Rauman MLK, was annexed to Rauma on January 1st, 1993. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...

Panorama image of Rauma, Finland
Panorama image of Rauma, Finland
Port in Rauma, Finland
Port in Rauma, Finland

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (12773x1635, 1963 KB) Panorama image of the town of Rauma, Finland on 24th December, 2004. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (12773x1635, 1963 KB) Panorama image of the town of Rauma, Finland on 24th December, 2004. ... Image File history File links Rauma_port. ... Image File history File links Rauma_port. ...

Statistics

2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

External links

  • Rauma - Official site
  • Rauma travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Länsi-Suomi - The city's most widely read newspaper

Coordinates: 61°08′N 21°30′E Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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