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Encyclopedia > Raul Manglapus

Raul Manglapus (1918-1999) - Co-founder of the reformist Progressive Party of the Philippines. His achievements include, becoming the youngest ever foreign minister in 1957, and winning his senate seat by a landslide in 1961. He also ran for President in 1965 but lost to eventual dictator Ferdinand Marcos. 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Progressive Party of the Philippines - a reformist political party that is considered to be the earliest form of a genuine 3rd force party against the then dominant political pair of the Nacionalista Party and the Liberal Party. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ...

Manglapus first came to prominence due to his association with Ramon Magsaysay, the one-time mechanic turned populist politician who remains perhaps the most popular Filipino president in history. In 1953, Manglapus composed for then presidential candidate Magsaysay the catchy campaign jingle Mambo Magsaysay, a song which became wildly popular and is credited in some quarters as aiding immensely in the election of Magsaysay. Interestingly, Manglapus remained till the end of his life a prolific composer and musical performer. His compositions, distinct for their martial lilt, were mainly for election campaigns and commercials. Manglapus also wrote a musical comedy, Manifest Destiny: Yankee Panky. He was also the leading light of the Executive Combo Band, a jazz band composed mainly of his peers, and which jammed with prominent jazz-inclined performers in the political realm such as Amelita Ramos, wife of President Fidel V. Ramos, and King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. Late in life, Manglapus would serve as chairman of the Filipino Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (FILSCAP), Ramón Magsaysay Ramón Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 - March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Amelita Ming Ramos is the wife Fidel V. Ramos, President of the Republic of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX of Thailand His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej the Great (ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช, actually pronounced Phumiphon Adunyadet), King Rama IX of Thailand, born December 5, 1927, has been King of Thailand since 1946. ...

Manglapus, in some regards, stood out from his political peers, though not always to his advantage. A linguist and a snappy dresser, he sometimes conveyed the persona of an upstart elitist, an image which was not helped by a fluent American-tinged accent borne out of his education at the exclusive Ateneo de Manila university. This, and the lack of a traditional political machinery to support him, contributed to early electoral defeats. Nonetheless, by the time of the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, he had attained prominence and stablity in the Filipino political realm. Ateneo de Manila University (AdMU) is a private university run by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ...

Fortuitously, Manglapus was outside the Philippines when Marcos declared martial law in 1972. Marcos refused to allow Manglapus's wife and children to join him in exile, and they were forced to flee the country on board a small raft. Manglapus remained in exile for 14 years, dissuaded by an outstanding warrant of arrest should he return to the country. Even in exile, Manglapus remained as one of the leading Filipino opposition figures along with Benigno Aquino Jr., Jovito Salonga and Jose W. Diokno. During his years in exile, Manglapus headed the Movement for a Free Philippines (MFP) Benigno Ninoy Simeon Aquino Jr. ... Jovito Salonga also known as Ka Jovy is a Congressman for the 2nd District of Rizal in the Philippines. ...

Manglapus immediately returned to the Philippines upon the ouster of Marcos and the ascencion to the presidency of Corazon Aquino in 1986. The Aquino years provided a second lease in political life to the ageing statesman. He was elected to the Philippine Senate in 1987, but resigned before his term expired to serve once again as Secretary of Foreign Affairs for President Aquino. His tenure as Foreign Affairs Secretary was overshadowed by a remark he made during a Senate hearing on the rape of Filipina domestics in Kuwait during the 1990 Iraqi invasion. He quipped, to general outrage, that if rape were inevitable, one should relax and enjoy it. Despite the subsequent political firestorm, Manglapus withstood widespread calls for his resignation. After the election of his close associate Fidel V. Ramos as President in 1992, Manglapus decreased his political visibility, although retaining powerful positions such as chairman of the Philippine National Oil Company, and Ramos's political party, the Lakas-National Christian Democrats Union (NUCD). Corazón Aquino María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Philippine National Oil Company, owners of Petron, is a state owned company, founded in 1973. ... LAKAS Christian-Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or LAKAS-CMDis the current ruling political party in the Philippines. ...

Manlapus had established the Christian Socialists Movement in 1968, a party which eventually reorganized as the NUCD. Manglapus fostered ties with the other Christian Democratic parties in the world, such as that in Germany.

  Results from FactBites:
Senators Profile - Raul S. Manglapus (346 words)
Senator Raul Manglapus distinguished himself as a student, soldier, statesman, newspaperman and as a civic leader.
He was also professor of constitutional law, the first assistant attorney of the TaƱada, Palaez and Teehankee law firm, a partner in the Feria, Manglapus and Associates law Office; and was appointed Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs by President Magsaysay in 1954.
Senator Manglapus was born on October 20, 1918 in Manila, to Congressman Valentin Manglapus of Ilocos Sur, and the former Justina Sevilla of Malabon, Rizal.
U.S. Patience Growing Thin in Haggling Over Bases in the Philippines (955 words)
Manglapus flatly opposed U.S. use of Philippine bases before he was appointed Foreign Secretary last October by President Corazon Aquino.
Though he has not used his current position to oppose the bases explicitly, Manglapus has been asserting that the bases do not help defend the Philippines, are not relevant in the Philippines' battle against communist insurgents, and, save for Si ngapore, are not publicly supported by other non-communist Southeast Asian countries.
Manglapus, however, seems to represent only a tiny portion of his countrymen's v iews.
  More results at FactBites »



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