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Encyclopedia > Raton, New Mexico
Downtown Raton
Downtown Raton

Raton is a city in Colfax County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 7,282 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Colfax CountyGR6. The city is located just south of Raton Pass. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 497 KB) Raton, New Mexico. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 497 KB) Raton, New Mexico. ... Colfax County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Colfax County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Raton Pass (7834 feet) is a mountain pass along the Colorado-New Mexico border in the United States. ...

Contents

Name

Raton is a Spanish word for rat or mouse. Renamed from Willow Springs in the late 19th century. Feral mouse A mouse (plural mice) is a mammal that belongs to one of numerous species of small rodents. ...

Image File history File links Goathill3. ... Image File history File links Goathill3. ...

History

Raton Pass had been used by Spanish explorers and Indians for centuries to cut through the rugged Rocky Mountains, but the trail was just too rough for wagons on the Santa Fe Trail. In 1866, "Uncle Dick" Wootton, a mountain man and Indian Scout, recognized a chance to serve his fellow man and make a little profit at the same time. He blasted his way through the mountains, set up a toll gate and charged everyone who passed. What if they didn't want to pay? No problem, they could just turn around their team of oxen and take the detour 100 miles to the east. Traveling Indians didn't have to pay the toll. Rockies may also refer to the National League Baseball team, the Colorado Rockies. ... Trail logo The Santa Fe Trail was a historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Raton was founded at the site of Willow Springs, a stop on the Santa Fe Trail. The original 320 acres for the Raton townsite were purchased from the Maxwell Land Grant in 1880. In 1879, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway bought the toll road from "Uncle Dick" and established a busy rail line. Raton quickly developed as a railroad, mining and ranching center for the northeast part of the New Mexico territory, as well as the county seat and principal trading center of the area. Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting mark ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ...

NE New Mexico Web

    Geography

    Location of Raton, New Mexico

    Raton is located at 36°53′49″N, 104°26′24″W (36.897082, -104.439912)GR1. Image File history File links NMMap-doton-Raton. ...


    According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.0 km² (7.3 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


    Elevation: 6,680 ft (1,936 m)


    Demographics

    As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 7,282 people, 3,035 households, and 1,981 families residing in the city. The population density was 383.1/km² (992.4/mi²). There were 3,472 housing units at an average density of 182.6/km² (473.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.04% White, 0.23% African American, 1.59% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 16.19% from other races, and 3.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.96% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


    There were 3,035 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92. Matrimony redirects here. ...


    In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.


    The median income for a household in the city was $27,028, and the median income for a family was $31,762. Males had a median income of $24,946 versus $18,433 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,223. About 14.8% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[1] The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


    Transportation

    Train station
    Train station

    Railway Image File history File links Ratontrain2. ... Image File history File links Ratontrain2. ...

    Airport The Raton (Amtrak station) is located at 201 South First Street in Raton, New Mexico. ... The Southwest Chief snaking through Apache Canyon, NM The Southwest Chief (formerly the Southwest Limited) is a passenger train operated by Amtrak along a 2256-mile (3631-km) route through the Midwestern and Southwestern United States. ...

    • Raton Municipal Airport. Single Engine, Small Plane

    Major Highways

    Interstate 25 is an interstate highway in the western United States. ...

    Recreation

    Sugarite Canyon State Park is located 12 miles (19 km) NE of Raton, NM. Elev. 8,800 ft (2,682 m). Camping, Fishing, Hiking.


    NRA Whittington Center - Located 15 miles (24 km) SW of Raton, NM. Largest NRA shooting range in the US. National Competitions. High power rifle, skeet. National Rifle Association logo This article concerns the National Rifle Association of the USA. For the UK organisation, see National Rifle Association, UK The National Rifle Association, or NRA, is a non-profit group for the promotion of marksmanship, firearm safety, and the protection of hunting and personal protection firearm...


    Philmont Scout Ranch The Tooth of Time, an icon of Philmont Scout Ranch. ...


    Annual Events

    International Santa Fe Trail Balloon Rally - Hot Air Balloon Rally held around the Fourth of July.


    Raton Rodeo Association Rodeo - Held Every summer in June.


    Notable Natives

    • John R. Sinnock - US Mint engraver known for work on the FDR dime.
    • The Fireballs - Rock Band who had a number one hit with 1963's "Sugar Shack".

    John R. Sinnock designed the US Roosevelt dime. ... The Fireballs, sometimes billed as Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs, were an American rock and roll group of the 1950s and 1960s. ...

    External links


     
     

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