In psychology, rationalization is the process of constructing a logical justification for a decision, action or lack thereof that was originally arrived at through a different mental process. Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... Logic (from ancient Greek λόγος (logos), meaning reason) is the study of arguments. ...
This process can be in a range from fully conscious (e.g. to present an external defense against ridicule from others) to mostly subconscious (e.g. to create a block against internal feelings of guilt). Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ...
For an example, consider a person who bought one of the first home computers in 1980 primarily motivated by the excitement of playing with a computer. If he felt that his friends would not accept "having fun" as a sufficient reason for the purchase, he might have searched for other justifications and ended up telling them how much time it was going to save him in doing his taxes.
Rationalization is one of the defense mechanisms proposed by Sigmund Freud, which were later developed further by his daughter Anna Freud. In psychoanalytic theory, a defence mechanism is an unconscious way to protect ones personality from unpleasant thoughts which may otherwise cause anxiety. ... Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 â September 23, 1939; IPA pronunciation: ) was an Austrian neurologist and the co-founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Anna Freud (December 3, 1895 - October 9, 1982) was the sixth and last child of Sigmund and Martha Freud. ...
Categories: Freudian psychology | Social psychology | Psychology stubs Cognitive dissonance is the perception of incompatibility between two cognitions, which can be defined as any element of knowledge, including attitude, emotion, belief, or behavior; in other words, it is the uncomfortable tension that comes from holding two conflicting thoughts at the same time. ...
Among philosophers, some consider psychology to be the philosophy of organic life, including within its subject matter the life of plants, animals, and men.
Both must be used, but scientific psychology is predominantly inductive and analytic, while rationalpsychology is largely deductive and synthetic.
Since the material object may be common to a number of sciences, psychology is related to the natural sciences of biology and physiology and to the philosophical sciences of logic, epistemology, cosmology, and ethics.
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