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Encyclopedia > Rationale
Look up rationale in
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Rationale of the Krakówian type
Rationale of the Krakówian type

A rationale is a liturgical vestment worn by clergy, in particular by Bishops, in the Roman Catholic Church which uses full vestments. It is humeral ornament, a counterpart to the Pallium, and is worn over the chasuble. It is a large clasp, made of precious metal and ornamented with diamonds, whose edges are adorned with small bells.[1] The word is more commonly used to mean an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for something. Theory of justification is a part of epistemology that attempts to understand the justification of statements and beliefs. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 507 pixelsFull resolution (1333 × 845 pixel, file size: 235 KB, MIME type: image/png) Author: Piotr Jaworski; PioM EN DE PL Place: POLAND/PoznaÅ„; Date: 16:01, 28 August 2005 (UTC) Description: Rationale (Catholic Church) License for file: File historyClick... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 507 pixelsFull resolution (1333 × 845 pixel, file size: 235 KB, MIME type: image/png) Author: Piotr Jaworski; PioM EN DE PL Place: POLAND/PoznaÅ„; Date: 16:01, 28 August 2005 (UTC) Description: Rationale (Catholic Church) License for file: File historyClick... A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religions, especially the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Methodists, Lutheran and Anglican Churches. ... Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given religion. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religions, especially the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Methodists, Lutheran and Anglican Churches. ... now. ... A fifteenth-century chasuble The chasuble is the outermost liturgical vestment worn by clergy for the celebration of the Eucharist in Western-tradition Christian Churches that use full vestments, primarily the Roman Catholic Church, high church congregations in the Anglican Church, and by some clergy in the United Methodist Church. ...


During the Middle Ages it was worn by the Bishops of Würzburg, Ratisbon, Eichstätt, Naumburg, Halberstadt, Paderborn, Minden, Speier, Metz, Augsburg, Prague, Olmutz, Liège, and Toul. Its use largely died out in the 13th century, although there is evidence that it was worn at Reims until the 16th century. Some rationales can be found preserved at Bamberg and Ratisbon. The earliest pictures of rationales that exist are two pictures of Bishop Sigebert of Minden, a miniature and an ivory tablet, which were both incorporated in a Mass Ordo belonging to the Bishop.[1][2] The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Bishop of Eichstätt is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Eichstätt in the Archdiocese of Bamberg. ... Paderborn is a Roman-Catholic archdiocese in Germany; its seat is Paderborn. ... The Diocese of Toul was a Roman Catholic diocese seated at Toul in present-day France. ... Minden is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


The only Roman Catholic Bishops that wear rationales in the 21st century are the Bishops of Eichstätt, Paderborn, Toul, and Kraków. The modern rationale is a humeral collar, ornamented in the front and back with appendages. Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lesser Poland Powiat city county Gmina Kraków City Rights June 5th, 1257 Government  - Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area  - City 326. ...


Rationales are occasionally still worn by Bishops in the Celtic Christian Orthodox Church, a small community with historical links to the Old Catholic independent movement and Eastern Orthodoxy.[3][2] Episcopi vagantes (Episcopus vagans, singular) (Latin for wandering bishops) are persons who have been consecrated as bishops in a Christian church in some irregular fashion, especially those claiming to have valid Roman Catholic orders although their consecrations were not authorized by that church, or those having orders that the Roman... The Old Catholic Church is a community of Christian churches. ... ...


The rationale is named after the breast ornament of a Jewish high-priest, which was a wooden brooch, overlaid with enamelled metal, fastened high up on the breast of chasubles that had no central orphreys.[1]


References

  1. ^ a b c Andrew Casad and Drew Rosato (2002-03-20). "Sacerdotal Apologies" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b "Rationale". The Catholic Encyclopedia XII. (1911-06-01). New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  3. ^ Vestments of the Celtic Orthodox Christian Church. celticchristianity.org.

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Rationalisation in the SANDF: The Next Challenge - African Security Review Vol 6 No 2, 1997 (4186 words)
Rationalisation is inevitably a painful and often traumatic experience for the individuals concerned.
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Furthermore, due to the emotional sensitivity and the social effect of rationalisation, a vast number of role players are involved in the clarification of the processes which must be followed during rationalisation.
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