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Encyclopedia > Rathlin Island
Rathlin Island
Reachlainn
Rathlin

Coordinates: 55°17′32″N 6°11′30″W / 55.292132, -6.191685 Irish () is a Goidelic language spoken in Ireland. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Population 75
(2001 Census)
Irish grid reference 2170087126 T 2170087126
 - Belfast 47 miles
District Moyle District
County County Antrim
Constituent country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BALLYCASTLE
Postcode district BT54
Dial code 028 20
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
UK Parliament North Antrim
European Parliament Northern Ireland
Website: [1]
List of places: UKNorthern IrelandCounty Antrim
Rathlin Island's location
Bird sanctuary on Rathlin Island
Bird sanctuary on Rathlin Island
False-colour NASA Landsat image showing Rathlin, the Antrim coast, and Kintyre
False-colour NASA Landsat image showing Rathlin, the Antrim coast, and Kintyre


Rathlin Island (Irish: Reachlainn) is an island off the coast of County Antrim in Northern Ireland, and is the northernmost point of the region. Six miles (10 km) from the mainland, Rathlin is the only inhabited offshore island in Northern Ireland, and is the most northerly inhabited island off the Irish coast. The L-shaped island is 4 mi (7 km) from east to west, and 2.5 mi (4 km) from north to south. Rathlin is located only 15.5 mi (25 km) from the Mull of Kintyre, the southern tip of Scotland's Kintyre peninsula. It is part of the Moyle District Council area. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 733 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 838 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... The Irish national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Northern Ireland is divided into 26 districts for local government purposes. ... Moyle District Council is a Local Council in County Antrim in the north-east corner of Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland is one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Antrim Area: 2,844 km² Population (est. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The BT postcode area, also known as the Belfast postcode area covers Northern Ireland and was the last part of the United Kingdom to be coded, between 1970 and 1974. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The Police Service of Northern Ireland (Irish: Seirbhís Póilíneachta Thuaisceart na hÉireann) is the police service that covers Northern Ireland. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Location of NIFB districts The Northern Ireland Fire Brigade (NIFB) are the official fire fighters for Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Northern Ireland Ambulance Service (NIAS) is the ambulance service that serves the whole of Northern Ireland. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... North Antrim is a Parliamentary Constituency in the House of Commons and also an Assembly constituency in the Northern Ireland Assembly. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Northern Ireland is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of settlements in Northern Ireland—data from the 2001 census List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in Northern Ireland List of villages in Northern Ireland Lists of places within counties List of places in County Antrim List of places in County Armagh List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photograph of bird sanctuary on Rathlin Island, taken by User:Gordoni. ... Photograph of bird sanctuary on Rathlin Island, taken by User:Gordoni. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x948, 216 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rathlin Island Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x948, 216 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rathlin Island Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Antrim Area: 2,844 km² Population (est. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... This is a list of the extreme points of the United Kingdom: the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... The Mull of Kintyre refers to the most southwesterly section of the long Kintyre Peninsula in southwestern Scotland. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... Kintyre shown within Argyll Kintyre is a peninsula in western Scotland in the south-west of Argyll. ... Moyle District Council is a Local Council in County Antrim in the north-east corner of Northern Ireland. ...


A ferry (operated by Caledonian Macbrayne) connects the main port of the island, Church Bay, with the mainland at Ballycastle, 6 mi (9.7 km) away. The ferry carries foot passengers and a small number of vehicles. Caledonian Macbrayne won a 10-year contract for the service in 1996, providing it as a subsidised "lifeline" service. MV Juno (Iùno in Scottish Gaelic) arriving at Gourock on the Dunoon service The Caledonian MacBrayne headquarters building at Gourock pierhead and a visit from MV Caledonian Isles and MV Isle of Mull. ... Ballycastle (in Irish: Baile an Chaistil , ie townland of the castle) is a small town in County Antrim in Northern Ireland. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

Contents

Natural History

Rathlin is one of 43 Special Areas of Conservation in Northern Ireland. It is home to tens of thousands of seabirds, including Kittiwakes, Puffins and Razorbills – about 30 bird families in total. It is a popular place for birdwatchers, with a Royal Society for the Protection of Birds nature reserve offering spectacular views of Rathlin’s bird colony. The cliffs on this relatively bare island are impressive, standing 230 ft (70 metres) tall. Bruce's Cave is named after Robert (the) Bruce, also known as Robert I of Scotland: it was here that he was said to have seen the famous spider. The island is also the northernmost point of the Antrim Coast and Glens Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty[1]. Special Areas of Conservation in Northern Ireland are part of the European Natura 2000 network of sites with special flora or fauna. ... Species Rissa tridactyla Rissa brevirostris The Kittiwakes (genus Rissa) are two closely related seabird species in the gull family Laridae. ... Binomial name Fratercula arctica (Linnaeus, 1758) The Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica) is a seabird in the auk family. ... Binomial name Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758 The Razorbill, Alca torda, is a large alcid, 38-43 cm in length, with a 60-69 cm wingspan. ... The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is Europes largest wildlife conservation charity. ... Robert I, King of Scots (Mediaeval Gaelic:Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; 11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), usually known in modern English as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scotland from 1306 until his death in 1329. ... The 70,600 hectares of the Antrim Coast and Glens was designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in 1988[1] The designation takes in the coastline from Ballycastle in the north to Larne in the south of County Antrim, and includes Rathlin Island. ...


History

Rathlin was the site of an infamous massacre in July 1575, when the Earl of Essex ordered a force to the island, led by Francis Drake and John Norreys. The English killed hundreds of the women and children of Clan MacDonnell, who had taken refuge there [2][3]. In retaliation, Sorley Boy MacDonnell sacked the town of Carrickfergus.[citation needed] Year 1575 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex (1541 - 1576), an English nobleman, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Devereux. ... Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c. ... Sir John Norreys frequently referred to as John Norris (1547?–July 3, 1597) was a skillful and courageous English soldier of a Berkshire family of court gentry, son of Henry Norris, 1st Baron Norreys a life-long friend of Queen Elizabeth. ... Somhairle Buidh Mac Domhnaill (Charles of the Yellow Hair, son of Donnell) anglicised Sorley Boy MacDonnell (in Scotland, MacDonald) (c. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ...


Italian-Irish inventor Guglielmo Marconi tested his wireless by sending a signal from Ballycastle to Rathlin in 1898. Guglielmo Marconi, Marchese, GCVO (25 April 1874-20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, best known for his development of a radiotelegraph system, which served as the foundation for the establishment of numerous affiliated companies worldwide. ... Wireless telegraphy is the practice of remote writing (see telegraphy) without the wires normally involved in an electrical telegraph. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


More recently, Richard Branson crashed his hot air balloon into the sea off Rathlin Island in 1987 after his record-breaking cross-Atlantic flight from Maine, USA. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto; French is also an administrative language) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ...


The island formerly boasted a population of around 1,000, but its current winter population is around 75. This is swelled by visitors in the summer, most come to view the cliffs and their huge seabird populations. Many visitors come for the day, and the island has around 30 beds for overnight visitors. The visitors' centre at Church Bay is open from May to August, with minibus tours and bicycle hire available. The island is also popular with divers, who come to explore the many wrecked ships in the surrounding waters.


Rathlin Island's dialect of Irish is now extinct, but was in many respects closer to Scottish Gaelic in some of its features than much of Irish, particularly the southern dialects. Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


References

  1. ^ Environment and Heritage Service
  2. ^ John Sugden, "Sir Francis Drake", Touchstone-book, published Simon+Schuster, New York, ISBN 0-671-75863-2
  3. ^ Brief mention of the massacre
  • Culture Northern Ireland

See also

This page gives an overview of the complex structure of environmental and cultural conservation in the United Kingdom. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rathlin Island - MSN Encarta (201 words)
Rathlin Island, sparsely vegetated island, 10 km (6 mi) off the coast of Moyle, north-east Northern Ireland, and only 19 km (12 mi) from the Mull of Kintyre in Scotland.
The first part of Ireland to be raided by the Vikings (ad 795), the island is riddled with caves, one of which, now called Bruce’s Cave, is said to have been where Robert Bruce retreated in 1306 after being defeated by the English at Perth.
In 1898 Guglielmo Marconi used the island to test his experimental wireless, broadcasting from Ballycastle on the mainland.
Rathlin, Doon Point (4761 words)
Neither was it from coldness or caprice that she refused to comply with the wishes of her parents — her heart had been smitten by the manly form and pleasing address of Kennedy O'Neil, the son of a widow who resided on the mainland, near the cliff of Ballycastle.
The day was passed in a round of pleasure, for Kennedy was a general favourite, and the young men of the island endeavoured to entertain him in the best possible manner; and, as even¬ing was closing, he had the happiness to 'meet wi' and greet wi'" his true and faithful Mary.
In the morning the mother of Kennedy despatched a person to the island to inquire for her son ; but no other account could be given, but that he had put to sea at night-fall, just as the storm was beginning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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