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Encyclopedia > Rat Pack

The Rat Pack is the nickname given to a group of popular entertainers most active between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s. Its most famous line-up featured Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr., Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop, who appeared together in films and on stage in the early 1960s. [1] Despite its reputation as a masculine group, the Rat Pack did have female participants, such as movie icons Shirley MacLaine, Lauren Bacall, and Judy Garland. Sinatra and friends Source: http://www. ... Sinatra and friends Source: http://www. ... The Rat Pack. ... Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was a jazz oriented popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor. ... This article is about the entertainer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was a jazz oriented popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the entertainer. ... The Rat Pack. ... Joey Bishop (born Joseph Abraham Gottlieb on February 3, 1918 in The Bronx, New York, USA) is a Jewish American actor. ... Shirley MacLaine (born Shirley MacLean Beaty April 24, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actress, well-known not only for her acting, but for her devotion to her belief in reincarnation. ... Betty Joan Perske (born on September 16, 1924), better known as Lauren Bacall, is a Golden Globe- and Tony Award winning, as well as Academy Award-nominated, American film and stage actress. ... Superscript text Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an Oscar-nominated American film actress, considered by many to be one of the greatest singing stars of Hollywoods Golden Era of musical film, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale from The...

Contents

The fifties Rat Pack

The name "Rat Pack" was first used to refer to a group of friends in Hollywood first informally organized around Humphrey Bogart, a group that included the young Frank Sinatra. The term "Rat Pack" was supposedly assigned to the original Bogart group by "Den Mother" Lauren Bacall, after seeing them return from a night in Las Vegas, she being the youngest of them all and seeing them to be tired and worn out said words to the effect of "You look like a goddamn rat pack", referring to the tired and haggard appearance of the other members of the group. According to another explanation, the term, "Rat Pack" was not Bacall's idea at all. It had started with Humphrey Bogart, Bacall's husband and frequent film co-star and a pal of Sinatra's, who named a group of his drinking buddies the Holmby Hills Rat Pack, after the location of one of Judy Garland and her husband Sid Luft's houses (a frequent hangout). Yet another explanation has it that the name referred to the way that an established pack of rats will belligerently reject an outsider who tries to join them. ... Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899 – January 14, 1957) was an iconic American actor of legendary fame who retained his legacy after death. ... Betty Joan Perske (born on September 16, 1924), better known as Lauren Bacall, is a Golden Globe- and Tony Award winning, as well as Academy Award-nominated, American film and stage actress. ... This article is about the city of Las Vegas in Nevada. ... Superscript text Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an Oscar-nominated American film actress, considered by many to be one of the greatest singing stars of Hollywoods Golden Era of musical film, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale from The... Sidney Luft (November 2, 1915 – September 15, 2005) was a film producer of world renown and is most famous for producing the film A Star Is Born, which starred his then-wife Judy Garland. ...


According to Stephen Bogart, members of the Holmby Hills Rat Pack were Sinatra (pack master), Garland (first vice-president), Bacall (den mother), Luft (cage master), Bogart (rat in charge of public relations), Swifty Lazar (recording secretary and treasurer), Nathaniel Benchley (historian), David Niven, Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, George Cukor, Michael Romanoff and Jimmy Van Heusen. According to this explanation, confirmed in David Niven's autobiography The Moon's a Balloon, the Rat Pack originally contained David Niven and did not contain either Sammy Davis or Dean Martin. Irving Paul Swifty Lazar (March 28, 1907 – December 30, 1993) was a legendary agent for Hollywood movie stars and authors. ... Nathaniel Benchley (November 13, 1915 - December 14, 1981) was an American author. ... David Niven (March 1, 1910 – July 29, 1983) was an Academy Award-winning British actor. ... Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was a four-time Academy Award-winning American star of film, television and stage, widely recognized for her sharp wit, New England gentility and fierce independence. ... Spencer Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor who appeared in 74 films from 1930 to 1967. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ... James Van Heusen (January 26, 1913 - February 7, 1990), often credited as Jimmy Van Heusen, was an American composer. ... David Niven (March 1, 1910 – July 29, 1983) was an Academy Award-winning British actor. ...


The sixties Rat Pack

The 1960s version of the group included Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr., Joey Bishop, and Peter Lawford, brother-in-law of John F. Kennedy, then a Massachusetts senator who was destined for the White House. Angie Dickinson, Juliet Prowse, and Shirley MacLaine were often referred to as the "Rat Pack Mascots", a title which made these ladies feel like "one of the boys". The post-Bogart version of the group was reportedly never called that name by any of its members — they called it the Summit or the Clan. "The Rat Pack" was a term used by journalists and outsiders, although it remains the lasting name for the group. Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was a jazz oriented popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the entertainer. ... Joey Bishop (born Joseph Abraham Gottlieb on February 3, 1918 in The Bronx, New York, USA) is a Jewish American actor. ... The Rat Pack. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Angie Dickinson (born September 30, 1931) is a famous American television and film actress who is probably best-known for her role as sultry Sgt. ... Juliet meets Kermit the frog on the Muppet Show. ... Shirley MacLaine (born Shirley MacLean Beaty April 24, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actress, well-known not only for her acting, but for her devotion to her belief in reincarnation. ...


As a result of Lawford's relation to Kennedy and Sinatra's connections to the Mafia, and the role the group played in campaigning for Kennedy and the Democrats, the Rat Pack had not only influence in entertainment and social circles but some influence politically as well. Sinatra expected that he would be part of Kennedy's circle after the election but was excluded, which in turn led to Peter Lawford's exclusion from the group after 1962. Lawford's role in Robin and the Seven Hoods was given to Bing Crosby and spiced up with several songs. (It wasn't the first time Sinatra had treated a Rat Packer that way; Davis's role in Never So Few was given to Steve McQueen when Sinatra and Davis had a temporary falling-out.) The Mafia (also referred to as Cosa Nostra or the Mob), is a criminal secret society which first developed in the mid-19th century in Sicily. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... Robin and the Seven Hoods is a 1964 musical film, starring the Rat Pack. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... The Movie Never So Fewis a 1959 film directed by John Sturges starring Frank Sinatra, Gina Lollobrigida, Peter Lawford, and Steve McQueen. ... Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool. He was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a popular anti-hero persona. ...


The Rat Pack often performed in Las Vegas, Nevada and were instrumental in the rise of Las Vegas as a popular entertainment destination. They played an important role in the desegregation of Las Vegas hotels and casinos in the early 1960s. Sinatra and the others would refuse to play in or patronize those establishments that would not give full service to African American entertainers including Davis. Once Rat Pack appearances became popular and the subject of media attention, the Las Vegas properties were forced to abandon segregation-based policies. This article is about the city of Las Vegas in Nevada. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Desegregation is the process of ending racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


Sinatra and friends had no idea this band of five would make entertainment history. The group was remarkable for its upbeat entertainment style and smooth musical and comedy routines, many of which were ad-libbed. Davis said when Sinatra called the initial gathering of the Rat Pack, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, French President Charles de Gaulle, and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev were planning a Paris Summit Conference. Not to be outdone, Sinatra observed, "We'll have our own little Summit meeting." The Vegas Summit did not draw diplomats, but it did draw high rollers, VIPs, celebrities, and entertainment buffs, who responded by the thousands. Dwight David Ike Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 - March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Chruščiov; IPA: , in English, , or , occasionally ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov; April 17 [O.S. April 5] 1894[1]–September 11, 1971) was the chief director of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


Often, when one of the members was scheduled to give a performance, the rest of the Pack would show up for an impromptu show, causing much excitement amongst audiences, and return visits. They sold out almost all of their appearances, and people would come pouring into Las Vegas, sometimes sleeping in cars and hotel lobbies when they could not find rooms, just to be part of the Rat Pack's entertainment experience. The marquees of the hotels at which they were performing as individuals might read "DEAN MARTIN - MAYBE FRANK - MAYBE SAMMY."


Although the Rat Pack members remained close (with the exception of Peter Lawford), the Rat Pack began to fade in popularity with the rise of the 1960s counterculture, which sent their form of sophisticated "Establishment" entertainment into decline. Although its individual members remained hugely popular with the public, the Rat Pack as such had ceased to exist by the end of the 1960s. The counterculture of the 1960s began in the United States as a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservatism (and social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US governments extensive military intervention in Vietnam. ...


Revival

Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., and Frank Sinatra
Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., and Frank Sinatra

In 1987 Sinatra, Davis and Martin embarked on a World Tour, entitled 'Together Again'. At press conferences Sinatra rejected the use of the term 'Rat Pack'. The tour was fraught with difficulties as Martin's son had died in a plane crash earlier that year, and he left the tour the following year, being replaced by Liza Minnelli. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Liza May Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an Academy Award-winning and Tony Award-winning American actress and singer. ...


The Rat Pack was a 1998 TV movie about the group. The movie featured Ray Liotta as Frank Sinatra, Joe Mantegna as Dean Martin, Don Cheadle as Sammy Davis, Jr. and Angus Macfadyen as Peter Lawford. In a smaller role was William Petersen as President John F. Kennedy. The Rat Pack was a 1998 HBO TV movie about the Rat Pack. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ... Ray Liotta[1] (born December 18, 1954) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actor. ... Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was a jazz oriented popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor. ... Joe Mantegna as Detective Will Girardi in Joan of Arcadia Joe Mantegnas character, Fat Tony in The Simpsons Joseph Anthony Mantegna, Jr. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Don Cheadle (November 29, 1964) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. ... This article is about the entertainer. ... Angus Macfadyen (born September 21, 1963) is a Scottish actor. ... The Rat Pack. ... William Louis Petersen (born February 21, 1953) is an American actor, best known for playing Gil Grissom on CSI. // Petersen was born in Evanston, Illinois of Danish ancestry. ... The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


The production of the film was part of a "Rat Pack Revival." Currently, Rat Pack movies, recordings and filmed performances are again very popular. This reinvigorated popularity led to a memorable remake of Ocean's Eleven starring Matt Damon, George Clooney, Brad Pitt, Andy Garcia, Julia Roberts, Bernie Mac, and Carl Reiner, and a sequel, Ocean's Twelve, with the same cast. Ocean's Thirteen is currently being filmed. Oceans Eleven is a 2001 remake of the 1960 Rat Pack caper film Oceans Eleven. ... Matthew Paige Matt Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American screenwriter and actor. ... George Clooney (born May 6, 1961) is an Academy Award- and two-time Golden Globe winning American actor, director, producer and screenwriter, known for his role in the first five seasons of the long-running television drama ER (1994–99), and his rise as an A-List movie star in... William Bradley Brad Pitt(born December 18, 1963) is an American actor and film producer. ... Andy Garcia at the Incirlik hospital, Incirlik Air Base, December 7, 2001 Andy García (born April 12, 1956) is a Cuban-American actor. ... Julia Roberts is an Academy Award-winning American film actress and former fashion model. ... Bernie Mac (born Bernard Jeffrey McCullough on October 5, 1957 (sometimes incorrectly given as 1958) in Chicago, Illinois) is a two time Emmy Award-nominated American actor and comedian. ... Carl Reiner (born March 20, 1922) is an American actor, film director, producer, writer and comedian. ... Oceans Twelve is a 2004 film that takes place after the events of the 2001 movie Oceans Eleven. ... Oceans Thirteen is the third film and (according to Director Steven Soderbergh) final film in the Oceans trilogy. ...


As of 2007, Joey Bishop is the only male member of the Rat Pack who is still alive. 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joey Bishop (born Joseph Abraham Gottlieb on February 3, 1918 in The Bronx, New York, USA) is a Jewish American actor. ...


Rat Pack films

Dean and Sammy also had roles in The Cannonball Run (film) and Frank joined them in Cannonball Run II Some Came Running is a 1958 film which tells the story of a small-town army veteran who is torn between a local school teacher and a less virtuous woman he met while still in the Army. ... Oceans Eleven is a 1960 heist film directed by Lewis Milestone and starring five Rat Packers: Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr. ... Sergeants 3 is a 1962 remake of Gunga Din (1939) set in the American West, featuring Rat Pack icons Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr. ... 4 for Texas is a 1963 western comedy starring Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Anita Ekberg, and Ursula Andress, and featuring screen thugs Charles Bronson and Mike Mazurki, with a memorable cameo appearance by the Three Stooges (Larry Fine, Moe Howard, and Curly Joe DeRita). ... Robin and the Seven Hoods is a 1964 musical film, starring the Rat Pack. ... Marriage on the Rocks is a 1965 movie comedy with Frank Sinatra, Deborah Kerr, and Dean Martin. ... Texas Across The River is a 1966 western movie comedy with Dean Martin and Joey Bishop. ... The Cannonball Run is a campy, slapstick comedy movie released in 1981 that starred Burt Reynolds, Roger Moore, Dom DeLuise and Farrah Fawcett. ... See also Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash Cannonball Run II is a film that was released in 1984. ...


Live Concert Albums

  • 2001 The Rat Pack Live at the Sands
  • 2003 A Night on the Town With the Rat Pack
  • 2003 The Ultimate Rat Pack Collection: Live & Swingin’
  • 2004 The Rat Pack on Stage: Las Vegas/St. Louis

References in pop-culture

  • In the Jay-Z song "I Did it My Way" the song has multiple references of the Rat Pack including the line, "the Rat Pack, I'm Sinatra, Dame's Sam Davis, Biggs the smart one on the low like Dean Martin." The song has lyrics of "and more, much more then this, I did it my way."

MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... Celebrity Deathmatch is a claymation parody television show that pits celebrities against each other in a wrestling ring, almost always ending in a gruesome death of the celebrity who lost the match. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mystery Science Theater 3000, often abbreviated MST3K, is an American cult television comedy series created by Joel Hodgson and produced by Best Brains, Inc. ... Joel and the bots. ... Sammy Cahn (June 18, 1913 - January 15, 1993) was a songwriter and musician, playing the piano and violin. ... Ermenigildo Rizzo, nicknamed Jilly (May 6, 1917-May 6, 1992), was a restauranteur and entertainer. ... Shecky Greene (born Sheldon Greenfield, April 8, 1926), is a stand-up comedian who was best known for his live performances in the Catskills and on television in the 1950s and 1960s. ... Author Kitty Kelley Kitty Kelley (born April 4, 1942) is a prominent American investigative journalist who has written a number of best-selling biographies of celebrities and politicians. ... Robert Earl Wilson (name changed from Earl Lawrence Wilson) (October 2, 1934 - April 23, 2005) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Boston Red Sox (1959-60, 1962-66), Detroit Tigers (1966-1970) and San Diego Padres (1970). ... Sam Momo Giancana (June 15, 1908 — June 19, 1975) was a famous and powerful mafioso and boss of the Chicago Outfit from 1957-66. ... Judith Exner (1934-1999) was an American lady who was a mistress of both U.S. president John F. Kennedy and Mafioso Sam Giancana. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Mitch Miller (born Mitchell William Miller on July 4, 1911 to a Jewish family in Rochester, New York), is remembered as one of the best-selling recording artists of the 1950s and early 60s. ... Tom Servo Tom Servo is a fictional character from the American science fiction comedy television show Mystery Science Theater 3000 (MST3K). ... The Justice League, sometimes called the Justice League of America or JLA for short, is a fictional DC Universe superhero team. ...

See also

The Brat Pack was a group of young actors and actresses that became famous in the 1980s and frequently appeared in teen-oriented films together. ... The Frat Pack is an unofficial 1990s-2000s era nickname given to a group of male Hollywood actors, who have appeared together in many movies since the mid 1990s. ... For other meanings, see typecasting. ... The Rat Pack was the nickname given to a group of young, high-profile Canadian Liberal opposition Members of Parliament during the Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. ...

References

  1. ^ UNLV Libraries, The Rat Pack, retrieved May 2, 2007

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