FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh

The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Hindi: राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ, English: National Volunteers' Organisation), also known as the Sangh or the RSS, is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. It was founded in 1925 by Dr. K.B. Hedgewar. The RSS is active throughout India, whilst it operates abroad by many names. In Myanmar it is Sanatan Dharma Swayamsevak Sangh (SDSS), in Mauritius the Mauritius Swayamsevak Sangh (MSS) and elsewhere through the Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh. Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hindutva (Hinduness, a word coined by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in his 1923 pamphlet entitled Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? ) is used to describe movements advocating Hindu nationalism. ... K.B.Hedgewar Dr. Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (April 1, 1889 - June 21, 1940) was an Indian nationalist. ... Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw , Largest city Yangon (Rangoon) Official languages Burmese Recognised regional languages Jingpho, Shan, Karen, Mon, Rakhine Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Senior General Than Shwe  -  Vice Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Vice-Senior General... Hindu Swayemsevak Sangh (Union of Self-Reliant Hindus) is a socio-religious public organization that engages in community activities, social services and religious work amongst the adherents of Hinduism across the world. ...


Their general philosophical outlook is cultural nationalism known as integral humanism, aimed at revitalizing the spiritual and moral traditions of India.[1] RSS believes that Hinduism is not simply a religion but a way of life.[2] The proclaimed purpose of the organization is "serving the nation and its people in the form of - Bharata Mata (Mother India) and protecting the interests of the People who treat India as their motherland". Integral humanism is the political philosophy practised by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the former Bharatiya Jana Sangh of India. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


RSS has never directly contested elections, but they support parties that support its outlook on key issues of swadeshi and cultural nationalism. Even though the RSS usually supports the Bharatiya Janata Party it has at times refused to support it due to difference of opinion with the party. [3][4]. The RSS are well-organized and have a hierarchical structure to their organization, with the sarsanghchalak being the highest rank. Swadeshi is the Indian term for the boycott of British goods. ... For Veer Savarkars book, see Hindutva (book). ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ... The Sarsanghchalak is the paramount leader of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ...


The RSS was banned in India thrice during periods in which the government of the time considered them a threat to the state: in 1948 after Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's assassination, during the 1975 Emergency in India, and after the 1992 Babri Masjid demolition. The bans were subsequently lifted after the Supreme Court of India declined to uphold the bans due to lack of evidence of their involvement in the alleged activities.[5] According to the CIA World Factbook, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is a militant and chauvinistic organization.[6] Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869–January 30, 1948) (Devanagari : मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी, Gujarati મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી) was a national icon who led the struggle for Indias independence from British colonial rule, empowered by tens of millions of common Indians. ... The Indian Emergency of (1975 - 77) is a 18-month period between 1975 and 1977, when President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, upon advice by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, declared a state of emergency under Article 352 of the Constitution of India, effectively bestowing her the power to rule by decree, suspending... A view of the Babri Mosque, circa pre-1992. ... The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. ... The World Factbook (ISSN 1553-8133; also known as the CIA World Factbook)[2] is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. ... The word militant has come to refer to any individual or party engaged in aggressive physical or verbal combat, normally for a cause. ... Chauvinism is extreme and unreasoning partisanship on behalf of a group to which one belongs, especially when the partisanship includes malice and hatred towards a rival group. ...

Contents

History

In 1925, Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, a Nagpur doctor after analysing history and recent developments, formed the Rashtriya Swayemsevak Sangh aiming to unite Hindus by organizing together.[7] Hedgewar proposed that Hindus must be united to face the challenges and protect the freedom and diversity of Indian civilization. The RSS was developed all over the country because of its nationalistic ideology and sacrifices of selfless karyakartas. The "pracharaks" or "full-time workers", who were spread all over the country and karyakartas who had got trained, made RSS as world's biggest social welfare organisation.[8] During the Indian independence movement, the RSS workers participated in all national moments called upon by INC. Though some Congress leaders tried to subsume RSS into the Congress and urged the RSS leaders to dismantle the organization, they slowly diverged away from the Congress. Dr. Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (April 1, 1889 - June 21, 1940) was an Indian nationalist. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... K.B.Hedgewar Dr. Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (April 1, 1889 - June 21, 1940) was an Indian nationalist. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial...


Partition activities

The Partition of India was a very traumatic event in the young nation's history. Millions of people, Sikh, Hindu and Muslim, attempted to migrate from India and Pakistan/East-Pakistan through the violence and the death toll was considerable.[9] This article is under construction. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


The organization gained considerable strength and support because of its various relief activities, organized for the migrating Hindus and successful protection of Hindus and Sikhs in the Hindu-Muslim riots during the time of the partition'


Gandhi's assassination and ban

Main article: Assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

After Mahatma Gandhi's assassination in 1948 by Nathuram Godse, some RSS members were jailed. Godse's connection with the RSS was investigated[10]; the RSS was suspected of involvement in or incitement towards Gandhi's assassination and was banned on February 4, 1948. Raj Ghat - Memorial marking the cremation spot of Mahatma Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, shot at point-blank range by Nathuram Godse, an activist of the Hindu Mahasabha. ... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... Nathuram Vinayak Godse (Marathi: नथूराम विनायक गोडसे) (May 19, 1910 – November 15, 1949) was the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Direct connection between Godse and the RSS was never proved.[11] RSS Leaders were acquitted of the conspiracy charge by the Supreme Court of India and following an intervention by the Court, the Indian Government agreed to lift the ban with condition that the RSS adopt a formal constitution. The second sarsanghchalak, Golwalkar began drafting a constitution for the RSS which he sent to the government in March 1949. In July of the same year, after many negotiations over the constitution and its acceptance, the ban on RSS was lifted.[7] ... M S Golwalkar Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, popularly known as Guruji was the second sarasanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, was born on 19 February 1906 at Ramtek near Nagpur, Maharashtra. ...


Organisation

The RSS has an estimated 4.5 million active members.[12] The RSS organises itself hierarchically.


Sarsanghchalaks

The Sarsanghchalak is the family head of the RSS organization. The individuals who have been Sarsanghchalkas are:

The position is decided by nomination by predecessor. The current sarsanghachalak of RSS is K. S. Sudarshan. K.B.Hedgewar Dr. Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (April 1, 1889 - June 21, 1940) was an Indian nationalist. ... Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (Nagpur, India April 1, 1889 – Nagpur, India June 21, 1940) was the founder of Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). ... M S Golwalkar Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, popularly known as Guruji was the second sarasanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, was born on 19 February 1906 at Ramtek near Nagpur, Maharashtra. ... Guruji may refer to the following: Sushil Kumarji Guruji Golwalkar This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras (commonly addressed as Balasaheb) was an Indian politician and former Sarsanghchalak, or chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the largest Hindu nationalist organisation in India. ... Balasaheb may refers to one of the following people from Maharastra, India. ... Dr. Rajendra Singh is an Indian politician and former Sarsanghchalak, or chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the largest Hindu nationalist organisation in India. ... K. S. Sudarshan (born June 18, 1931) is the current sarsanghachalak (appointed leader) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. ... Kuppahalli Sitaramayya Sudarshan (born June 18, 1931) is the current sarsanghachalak (appointed leader) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. ...


Shakha

"Shakhas" means "branch" in Sanskrit. Shakha (IAST ), literally branch or limb, is the Sanskrit term for a recension or version of Vedic texts according to a particular school. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


Most of the organisational work of the RSS is done through the coordination of shakhas, or branches. These shakhas are run every morning (prabhat shakha), evening (sayam shakha) or night (ratri shakha) for 1 hour in public places and are open to people of all castes, creeds or social and economic status. Currently more than 60,000 shakhas are run throughout India. Apart from 42,000 daily gatherings, there are about 5,000 weekly and 2,000 monthly gatherings conducted throughout the length and breadth of the country.[13]


These shakhas are usually operated in playing grounds without any offices. At the end of the shakha the prayer "Namaste Sadaa Vatsale Matrubhoome" (which means "My salutation to you forever, loving motherland") is recited. Category: ...


These shakhas are the core building blocks of RSS structure. During a Shakha, the activities consist of yoga, games, discussions on broad range of social topics, prayer to Bharat Mata and an inspirational session (baudhik). The RSS uniform consists of a black cap, white shirt and khaki-coloured shorts. On the day of 'Guru Poornima' the RSS volunteers pay tributes to the 'Bhagwa Dhwaj' - the saffron flag, which has considerable symbolic importance. For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yog, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices designed for the purpose of cultivating a steady mind. ... For other uses, see Game (disambiguation). ... Debate is a formalized system of (usually) logical argument. ... Social refers to human society or its organization. ... In Hinduism, Bharat Mata is a relatively modern mother goddess of fertility. ... The day of full moon, Purnima, in the month of Ashadh of the Hindu calendar is traditionally celebrated as Guru Purnima (IAST: , sanskrit: गुरु पूर्णिमा) by Hindus. ... For other uses, see Volunteer (disambiguation). ...


An RSS volunteer who attends shakha is referred to as a "Swayamsevak". A Swayamsevak is sometimes appointed as a Mukhya Shikshak, meaning group administrator, and is given the task of leading and organizing the Shaka's events.


Ideology

Main article: Hindutva

According to RSS its primarily goal is the "revival of national consciousness" or "national renaissance" because it feels that centuries of foreign rule has led to self-oblivion overtaking the society. RSS believes in a "burning devotion to the Motherland (India), a feeling of fraternity among all citizens, intense awareness of a common national life derived from a common culture and shared history and heritage", as well as to "activise the dormant Hindu society (of India), realise its past mistakes, to instill in it a firm determination to set them right, and finally to make it bestir itself to reassert its honour and self-respect".[14] RSS claims that its core ideology is based on Integral humanism and Cultural Nationalism. For Veer Savarkars book, see Hindutva (book). ... Integral humanism is the political philosophy practised by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the former Bharatiya Jana Sangh of India. ...


Other religions

The Sangh has declared publicly that its Hindutva philosophy states that Hindutva supports the philosophy Ekam Sat Viprah Bahudha Vadanti Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (translated to Truth is One, Sages Call it by Many Names. The Whole Universe is one Family).[15] However, it feels this society has been threatened by repeated persecution of Hindus, especially by Muslims. Persecution of Hindus refers to the religious persecution inflicted upon Hindus. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...

The RSS entirely agrees with Gandhiji's formulations that "There is in Hinduism room enough for Jesus, as there is for Mohammed, Zoroster and Moses" and that "majority of the Muslims of India are converts to that faith from Hinduism through force of circumstances."

With regards to claims of having an anti-Muslim stance, RSS spokesperson Ram Madhav has stated that such claims are a "distortion of RSS ideology". He asserts that the RSS "believes in the oneness of our culture and the country", and that "any opposition to this view could lead to disintegration as it in fact happened with the Partition. This accent against divisiveness should therefore not be seen as hatred towards any particular religion.[16]. This article is under construction. ...


The RSS denies that they are intolerant of any other religion, citing examples of RSS-dominated communities in India that have lived in relative peace with adherents of other religions.


Caste system

RSS rejects the caste system and believes in equality of all Hindus. Historically, the RSS has had several Dalit and middle caste members in their fold, several of whom are in key positions along their rank-and-file.[17]. An RSS sarsanghchalak quotes:"All our best attended shakhas are in the poor areas, not in the alienated middle class or rich upper caste suburbs or cities or towns. In simple words, the new Sangh Swayamsevak is mostly a backward caste or Dalit".[8] The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... Dalits, sometimes called Untouchables in the Indian caste system, are people who according to traditional Indian society are regarded as low caste. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Dalits, sometimes called Untouchables in the Indian caste system, are people who according to traditional Indian society are regarded as low caste. ...


The RSS has recently expressed concern over caste-based political and social conflicts, they have urged Hindus to "get rid of this evil at the earliest".[18]Their resolution adopted at a national executive meeting said:

"Hindu society should take all necessary measures to ensure entry and access to every Hindu, irrespective of his caste, to their homes, temples, religious places, public wells, ponds, and other public places. Hindu society will have to get rid of this evil at the earliest.[18]"

The organisation further contends that "caste-based untouchability" and "feelings of high caste and low caste" were the main evils haunting the Hindu society and aims to eradicate Casteism from Indian society. To that end, the RSS has tried to reach out to prominent Dalit (traditionally the "Untouchable" Caste) leaders in India, such as poet and leader of the Dalit activist group "Dalit Panthers" Namdeo Dhasal.[19] The Dalit Panthers have been traditional adversaries of the R.S.S and peceived them as an "upper-caste" dominated party. However, negotiations with RSS chief K.Sudarshan on August 2006 led to reconciliations, when Sudarshan declared that the RSS categorically rejects all forms of caste discrimination in the organization. He further said: For other uses, see Untouchable. ... Dalits, sometimes called Untouchables in the Indian caste system, are people who according to traditional Indian society are regarded as low caste. ... Castes are hereditary systems of social occupation, endogamy, social culture, economic class, and political power. ...

The Dalits are our own flesh and blood, but because of some ill practices and social evils the practice of untouchability has brought havoc on those who were an integral part and defenders of Dharma. This has to be corrected through our deeds and actions.[19]" Dalits, sometimes called Untouchables in the Indian caste system, are people who according to traditional Indian society are regarded as low caste. ... For other uses, see Dharma (disambiguation). ...

Namadeo Dhasal said at the meeting with the RSS, "Yes, I do feel that the fight to eradicate caste has to be fought by Dalits and caste Hindus together carrying forward the tradition of Adi Sankara, which got broken somewhere in between." Dalits, sometimes called Untouchables in the Indian caste system, are people who according to traditional Indian society are regarded as low caste. ... Sri Adi Sankara Adi Shankaracharya or Adi Shankara (the first Shankara in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of Lord), Shankara (approximately 509- 477 BC (though some claim 788-820 CE)) was the most famous Advaita philosopher who had a profound influence on the growth...


Sudarshan then said, "I fully agree with what you have said here today".


In addition, the RSS has advocated for training Dalits and other backward classes to be temple high priests (a position traditionally reserved for Caste Brahmins and denied to lower castes). They argue that the social divisiveness of the Caste system is responsible for the lack of adherence to Hindu values and traditions and reaching out to the lower castes in this manner will be a remedy to the problem.[20] Castes are hereditary systems of social occupation, endogamy, social culture, economic class, and political power. ... Young Indian brahmachari Brahmin A Brahmin (less often Brahman) is a member of the Hindu priestly caste. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Appealing for social harmony and Hindu brotherhood, the organisation warned the community against the political parties, which it said had been drawing "political benefits" out of casteism and "Inventing caste based new conflicts in the Hindu society for the sake of political benefits [which has] has become a trend of many politicians these days.[18]"


Votebank politics

The RSS has spoken out against votebank politics of politicians who encourage caste based rivalries and have urged political parties to keep away from caste based politics and give an Indian culture to democracy. Look up Votebank in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

"No religion or sect is inferior to others. The whole society should be aware that every sect and caste of Bharat has a glorious history. The entire society should fully realize the essence of 'Na Hinduh Patito Bhavet' (No Hindu shall ever come to grief)"[18] ...

Islamic terrorism

Main article: Islamic terrorism

The RSS has spoken out against Islamic Fundamentalism and acts of Islamic terrorism carried out in various parts of India in recent years.[21] A Senior RSS leader Madan Das has said that there should be "no hesitation whatsoever in fighting against those who do not want peace and added that the world communities should fight terrorism together". They have labeled Islamists as "anti-national elements" and have alleged Pakistani involvement in the various terrorist acts.[22] In addition, the Islamist terror outfit Lashkar-e-Toiba is suspected for carrying out an unsuccessful attack on the headquarters of the RSS in Nagpur on June 1, 2006,[23][24] inviting condemnation of the outfit from politicians across the spectrum.[25] Islamist terrorism, sometimes called Islamic terrorism, is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. ... Islamic fundamentalism is a term used to describe religious ideologies seen as advocating a return to the fundamentals of Islam: the Quran and the Sunnah. ... Islamist terrorism, sometimes called Islamic terrorism, is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... Lashkar-e-Toiba (Urdu: لشكرِ طيبه laÅ¡kar-Ä• ṯaiyyiba, literally The Army of Pure, also transliterated as Lashkar-i-Tayyaba, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba or Lashkar-i-Toiba) is one of the largest and most active Islamic terrorist organizations in South Asia. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Israel

RSS welcomed the visit of Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to India in 2003 although Sharon's visit was condemned by the leaders of the Communist Party of India and Janata Dal for his stance on the Oslo Accords.[26] The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh unilaterally condemned these protests and statements.[27]. RSS spokesperson Ram Madhav said:   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. ... Janata Dal is an Indian political party which was formed through the merger one of the major Janata Party factions, the Lok Dal and a group of Congressmen led by V.P. Singh. ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... A spokesperson (person could be replaced with the gender of the person), or spokesmodel is a person who speaks on behalf of others, but is understood not to be necessarily part of the others (e. ...

The entire world acknowledges that Israel has effectively and ruthlessly countered terror in the Middle East. Since India and Israel are both fighting a proxy war against terrorism, therefore, we should learn a lesson or two from them. We need to have close cooperation with them in this field[27] A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...

Political influence

Part of a series on
Hindu politics
Major parties

Bharatiya Janata Party
Shiv Sena
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha Hindu politics refers to the political movements professing to draw inspiration from Hinduism. ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ... Shiv Sena (Devanāgarī: शिव सेना Śīv Senā), meaning Army of Shiva, referring to Shivaji is a nationalist political party in India founded on June 19, 1966 by Bal Thackeray, who is currently the president of the party. ... Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, a Hindu nationalist organization, was originally founded in 1915 to counter the Muslim League and the secular Indian National Congress. ...


Defunct parties
Bharatiya Jana Sangh
Ram Rajya Parishad Bharatiya Jana Sangh is the old name of Bharatiya Janata Party of India. ... Ram Rajya Parishad (), Sanskrit, Forum of Ramas Kingdom, was a traditionalist Hindu party in India. ...

Ideas

Integral humanism
Hindu nationalism
Hindutva Integral humanism is the political philosophy practised by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the former Bharatiya Jana Sangh of India. ... Hindu nationalism is a nationalist ideology that sees the modern state of the Republic of India as a Hindu polity [1] (Hindu Rashtra), and seeks to preserve the Hindu heritage. ... For Veer Savarkars book, see Hindutva (book). ...

Major figures

Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar
Keshava Baliram Hedgewar
Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Deendayal Upadhyaya
Bal Thackeray Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856 - 1920), was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. ... Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was a national leader and a freedom fighter of India. ... Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Vināyak Dāmodar Sāvarkar (Marathi: विनायक दामोदर सावरकर) (May 28, 1883 – February 26, 1966) was an Indian politician and activist, who is credited with developing the Hindu nationalist political ideology Hindutva. ... Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, popularly known as Guruji, was the second sarasanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (Marathi: ) (April 1, 1889 – June 21, 1940) was the founder of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). ... Syama Prasad Mookerjee (also spelled as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee) (July 6, 1901 – May 23, 1953) was the founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. ... Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya (Hindi: पण्डित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय) (September 25, 1916 - February 11, 1968), along with Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, was an important leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, now the Bharatiya Janata Party. ... Bal Keshav Thackeray (Marathi: बाळ केशव ठाकरे) (born January 23, 1924), popularly called Balasaheb, and also Sher, Tiger, or Hindu Hridaysamrat, is the founder and president of the Shiv Sena, a Hindu nationalist, Marathi ethnocentric and populist party active mainly in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ...

Related authors

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Koenraad Elst · Francois Gautier
Sita Ram Goel · K. S. Lal
Harsh Narain · Yvette Rosser
Arun Shourie · Ram Swarup Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (26 June 1838 - 8 April 1894) (Bengali: Bôngkim Chôndro Chôţţopaddhae) (Chattopadhyay in the original Bengali; Chatterjee as spelt by the British) was a Bengali Indian poet, novelist, essayist and journalist, most famous as the author of Vande Mataram or Bande Mataram... Koenraad Elst is a Belgian orientalist, writer and researcher[1]. He has authored fifteen books on topics related to Hinduism, Indian history, and Indian politics. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Sita Ram Goel (DevanāgarÄ«: सीता राम गोयल, SÄ«tā Rām Goyal) (1921–2003), author and publisher, is an important figure amongst late 20th century Hindu thinkers. ... K.S. Lal is an Indian historian. ... Harsh Narain is an Indian author. ... Yvette Rosser is an American author, scholar and educationalist. ... Arun Shourie Arun Shourie (born 1941) is a prominent journalist, author, and politician of India. ... Ram Swarup (राम स्‍वरूप) (1920 - December 26, 1998) was an influential ideologue for the Hindutvamovement. ...


Politics
Government of India


This box: view  talk  edit

In 1973, Golwalkar passed away and Balasaheb Deoras took over the leadership, and continued until 1993, when Dr. Rajendra Singh took over from him. During this period, came the rise of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the political front of the RSS. Between 1975 and 1977, the RSS, along with socialists like Jayprakash Narayan launched a civil disobedience movement, to reject the national emergency and postponement of elections by Prime Minister and Congress President Indira Gandhi. The Jana Sangh was an integral part of the Janata Party coalition that defeated Indira Gandhi's Congress in a landslide in 1977. M S Golwalkar Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, popularly known as Guruji was the second sarasanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, was born on 19 February 1906 at Ramtek near Nagpur, Maharashtra. ... Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras (commonly addressed as Balasaheb) was an Indian politician and former Sarsanghchalak, or chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the largest Hindu nationalist organisation in India. ... Dr. Rajendra Singh is an Indian politician and former Sarsanghchalak, or chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the largest Hindu nationalist organisation in India. ... Bharatiya Jana Sangh is the old name of Bharatiya Janata Party of India. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Jayaprakash Narayan (October 11, 1902 - October 8, 1979), widely known as JP, was an Indian freedom fighter and political leader. ... For other uses, see Civil disobedience (disambiguation). ... A young Indira Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi, during one of the latters fasts Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: ) (19 November 1917 - October 31, 1984) She was the Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in... Bharatiya Jana Sangh is the old name of Bharatiya Janata Party of India. ... The Janata Party (Peoples Party in Hindi) was an Indian political party that contested the Indian Emergency (1975-77) and became the first political party to defeat the Indian National Congress in the 1977 elections, forming the national government from 1977 to 1980. ... A young Indira Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi, during one of the latters fasts Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: ) (19 November 1917 - October 31, 1984) She was the Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in...


During recent time, people who share RSS's ideology, many of whom have been swayamsevaks or former swayamsevaks have gone on to achieve the highest political positions in the Indian Politics. These leaders include Atal Behari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani, Narendra Modi, Shivraj Singh Chauhan, Pramod Mahajan, Gopinath Munde, Ram Prakash Gupta, Uma Bharathi, Ananth Kumar and B.S. Yeddyurappa. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (often wrongly spelt Behari; अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी in Devnagari) (born December 25, 1924) was the Prime Minister of India in 1996 and again from 1998 until May 19, 2004. ... Lal Krishna Advani (Sindhi: लाल कृष्ण आडवाणी, لال ڪرشنا آڏواڻي) ( ਲਾਲ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਆਡਵਾਨੀ ), also known as Lal Kishenchand Advani (Sindhi: लाल किशेन्चन्द आडवाणी, لال ڪشن چند آڏواڻي) (b. ... Narendra Dāmodardās Modī (Gujarātī: નરેન્દ્ર મોદી, born September 17, 1950) is the incumbent Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat since October 7, 2001. ... Shivraj Singh Chauhan (born 5 March 1959) is the current chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. ... Pramod Venkatesh Mahajan (प्रमोद वेंकटेश महाजन in Devanagari) (30 October 1949 – 3 May 2006) [1] was a prominent Indian politician. ... Gopinath Munde is former deputy chief minister of Maharashtra state in India and a senior Bharatiya Janata Party leader. ... Ram Prakash Gupta was chief minister of Uttar Pradesh and governor of Madhya Pradesh . ... Uma Bharathi is a popular forceful leader in Bharatiya Janata Party in India. ... Ananth Kumar (born 22 July 1959) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. ... Bokanakere Siddalingappa Yeddyurappa, Kannada: , (born February 27, 1943[1]) also known as B. S. Yediyurappa, B. S. Y. and Yeddi, is an Indian politician. ...


It was in fact the close relationship between the Jan Sangh and the RSS that proved to be the Janata coalition's undoing, as non-Sangh constituents of the coalition insisted that all members of the Union Cabinet distance themselves from the RSS, as they were now members of the Janata Party. When Vajpayee and Advani in particular refused to do so, the coalition collapsed over what came to be known as the 'dual membership' issue. The cabinet of ministers of the Government of India led by the Prime Minister of India is referred to as the Union Cabinet in India. ... Vajpayee is a surname equivalent to Awasthi and Shukla especially prominent among North Indian Brahmins. ... Lal Krishna Advani (Sindhi: लाल कृष्ण आडवाणी) also known as Lal Kishenchand Advani (born November 8, 1927, Karachi, British India) was the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) until year-end 2005 and is Leader of the Opposition in the 14th Lok Sabha. ...


The RSS saw its stock rise as the BJP thrived upon the disenchantment of the masses with the Congress-led governments. By 1988, the BJP had 88 seats in the Lok Sabha, lower house of Parliament, and by 1996 it was the single-largest party. In 1998 it went on to head a coalition government that survived six years and another election in 1999. BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ...


Sangh Parivar

Main article: Sangh Parivar

Organizations which are inspired by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh's ideology refer themselves as the members of the Sangh Parivar. In most of the cases Pracharaks (Full time volunteers of the RSS) were deputed to start and manage these organizations. The largest organizations within the Sangh are the Bharatiya Janata Party, Vishva Hindu Parishad, Akhil Bhartiya Vidhyarthi Parishad and Bajrang Dal. Numerous other Hindutva organizations take inspiration from the RSS's actions. The Sangh Parivar is a loose family of organizations, which promote the ideology of Hindutva. ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ... (Devanāgarī: विश्व हिंदू परिषद, English: ), widely recognized by its initials VHP and the more common spelling Vishwa Hindu Parishad, is a Hindu organization in India, an offshoot of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... The Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (Hindi: ), ABVP, All-India Students Council), is a youth political group drawing its inspiration from the nationalist Indian Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... Bajrang Dal (Hindi: , English: ) is the youth wing of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), and one of the family of organizations (Sangh Parivar) based on the core ideology of Hindutva. ...


Social activity

The RSS was instrumental in relief efforts after the 1971 Orissa Cyclone and the 1977 Andhra Pradesh Cyclone.[28] The years before 1980 featured the Pre-1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons. ... The years before 1980 featured the Pre-1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons. ...


Khushwant Singh credits members of the RSS with helping and protecting Sikhs who were being targeted be members of the Congress(I) political party during the 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots.[29] He said: Khushwant Singh , born on 2 February 1915 in Punjab (Hadali, now a part of Pakistan) is one of the most prominent novelists and journalists of India. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The 1984 Anti-Sikh massacre took place in India after the assassination of Indira Gandhi on October 31, 1984. ...

"It was the Congress(I) leaders who instigated mobs in 1984 and got more than 3000 people killed. I must give due credit to RSS and the BJP for showing courage and protecting helpless Sikhs during those difficult days”[29] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

The RSS has also participated in relief efforts in the Indian State of Kashmir, which has been besieged by Islamic terrorism (see Terrorism in Kashmir). An RSS-affiliated NGO, Seva Bharati, has adopted 100 children, most of them Muslims, from militancy affected areas of the region to provide them education at least up to Higher Secondary level.[30] They have also taken care of many victims of the Kargil War of 1999.[31] Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Islamist terrorism, sometimes called Islamic terrorism, is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. ... Kashmir : Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Seva Bharathi is an Indian organization committed to social service projects, especially for the tribal and indigenous communities in India. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Combatants  India  Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists, Islamic militants (Foreign Fighters) Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Official Figures: 527 killed,[1][2][3] 1,363 wounded[4] 1 POW Pakistani Estimates: 357-500 killed[5][6] (Pakistan troops) 665+ soldiers wounded[5] 8 POW.[7] The Kargil War, also known...


The RSS assisted in relief efforts quite extensively during the 2001 Gujarat earthquake. They helped rebuild villages.[32] They "earned kudos" from many varied agencies and sources for their actions.[28] The 2001 Gujarat earthquake was reportedly the most devastating earthquake in India in recent history. ...


Sewa Bharati has also collaborated with several relief groups, such as the Catholics Bishops Conference of India to conduct relief operations in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Activities included building shelters for the victims, providing food, clothes and medical necessities.[33] They raised over one crore rupees for the effort in one week after the tsunami.[34] The RSS assisted relief efforts during the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake and the subsequent Tsunami.[35]. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... The Rupee (₨ or Rs. ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ...


In 2006, RSS participated in relief efforts to provide basic necessities such as food, milk and potable water to the people of Surat, Gujarat who were affected by massive floods in the region[36]. For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ...


Academic criticism

Accusations of fascism

The RSS has been accused by its opponents as a "reactionary group of Hindu fanatics with Fascist tendencies."[7]. Fascism is a term used to describe authoritarian nationalist political ideologies or mass movements that are concerned with notions of cultural decline or decadence. ...


Other academics, such as David James Smith, Professor of Indian Religions at Lancaster University, writes that despite the organization's past links with fascist ideologies, its decentralized nature and lack of emphasis with a supreme leader, and the central position that it awards to social system (rather than race), means that describing them as "fascist" is inappropriate.[37] Affiliations 1994 Group N8 Group Association of MBAs North West Universities Association Website http://www. ... Social structure (also referred to as a social system) is a system in which people forming the society are organized by a patterns of prelationships. ...


In addition, accusations of "fascism" have been critiqued as overly simplistic by Jyotirmaya Sharma as inappropriate, calling them a "simplistic transference has done great injustice to our knowledge of Hindu nationalist politics".[38]


Militancy

Gerald James Larson, professor of Indian Cultures and Civilization and Director of Indian Studies at Indiana University described the RSS as a militant organization and a "right-wing religious movement which combined a communal Hindu nationalism with the rigid discipline of the old militant Naga mendicant orders".[11] Robert L. Hardgrave in his book India Under Pressure: Prospects for Political Stability also labeled the RSS as a militant organization.[39] According to Paul R. Brass, Professor Emeritus of Political Science and South Asian Studies at the University of Washington, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is the core of a family of militant Hindu nationalist organizations.[40] Indiana University, founded in 1820, is a nine-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... The word militant has come to refer to any individual or party engaged in aggressive physical or verbal combat, normally for a cause. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. ...


References

  1. ^ Christophe Jaffrelot, The Hindu nationalist Movement in India, Columbia University Press, 1998
  2. ^ Q & A: Ram Madhav The Hindu - April 14, 2004
  3. ^ http://www.infoahmedabad.com/2007/10/rss-unhappy-with-infighting-in-guj-bjp.html
  4. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/ie/daily/19981215/34950194.html
  5. ^ Analysis: RSS aims for a Hindu nation BBC - March 10, 2003
  6. ^ India The World Factbook
  7. ^ a b c Curran, Jean A. Jr. The RSS: Militant Hinduism Far Eastern Survey, Vol. 19, No. 10. (May 17, 1950), pp. 93-98.
  8. ^ a b K R Malkani: The RSS Story
  9. ^ #India
  10. ^ Jeevan Lal Kapur, Report of Commission of Inquiry Into Conspiracy to Murder Mahatma Gandhi, Home Ministry, 1971: pp 236, 243.
  11. ^ a b Gerald James Larson (1995). India's Agony Over Religion. State University of New York Press, p132. ISBN 079142412X. 
  12. ^ BBC NEWS | South Asia | Analysis: RSS aims for a Hindu nation
  13. ^ However, in recent years the number of Shakhas have gone down drastically.RSS might get trendy uniform next year Rediff - July 23, 2004
  14. ^ Mission & Vision,RSS Web Page
  15. ^ BJP Philosophy - Hindutva
  16. ^ Q&A: Ram Madhav,The Hindu
  17. ^ Sunday Mail, December 23, 1990
  18. ^ a b c d India's RSS urges war against 'evil' of casteism, The Times of India
  19. ^ a b Dalit leader buries the hatchet with RSS,Times of India
  20. ^ RSS for Dalit head priests in temples,Times of India
  21. ^ Double Jeopardy Rediff - March 14, 2000
  22. ^ Be vigilant against ‘jehadis’: RSS leader,The Tribune
  23. ^ Lashkar-e-Toiba,South Asia Terrorism Portal
  24. ^ Lashkar attack on RSS HQ foiled; 3 ultras shot,The Tribune
  25. ^ Terror attack on RSS HQ foiled, 3 Lashkar men shot dead,Times of India
  26. ^ Left wants 'killer' Sharon to go home,Rediff.com, September 09, 2003
  27. ^ a b RSS slams Left for opposing Sharon's visit
  28. ^ a b Ensuring transparency The Hindu - February 18, 2001
  29. ^ a b K. Singh: “Congress (I) is the Most Communal Party”, Publik Asia, 16-11-1989.
  30. ^ JK: RSS adopts militancy hit Muslim children,oneindia.in
  31. ^ Fund of Controversy Times of India - December 14, 2002
  32. ^ Goa rebuilds quake-hit Gujarat village Times of India - June 19, 2002
  33. ^ Relief missions from Delhi,The Hindu
  34. ^ Gestures shift to rehabilitation The Hindu - January 01, 2005
  35. ^ Tsunami toll in TN, Pondy touches 7,000 Rediff - December 29, 2004
  36. ^ RSS joins relief operation in flood-hit Surat,Organiser.org
  37. ^ Smith, David James, Hinduism and Modernity P188, Blackwell Publishing ISBN 0-631-20862-3
  38. ^ Hindu Nationalist Politics The Hindu - September 24, 2005
  39. ^ Robert L. Hardgrave (1984). India Under Pressure: Prospects for Political Stability. Westview Press, p67. ISBN 0865318603. 
  40. ^ Paul R. Brass (2003). The Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India. University of Washington Press, p6. ISBN 0295982586. 

For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... The World Factbook (ISSN 1553-8133; also known as the CIA World Factbook)[2] is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. ... K.R. Malkani was Ex-Lt. ... The term Home Ministry generally refers to the ministry in charge of domestic policy and law and order in several countries; In India, the Ministry of Home Affairs under the Minister for Home Affairs (India) In Singapore, the Ministry of Home Affairs under the Minister for Home Affairs (Singapore) During... The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), founded in 1966, is a university press that is part of State University of New York system. ... The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... The Times of India (TOI) is a leading English-language broadsheet daily newspaper in India. ... Flag flown by the UIF (Northern Alliance). ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Westview Press was founded in 1975 in Boulder Colorado by Fred Praeger. ... The University of Washington Press is the nonprofit book and multimedia publishing arm of the University of Washington. ...

Publications

  • "Panchajanya" (in Hindi), RSS weekly publication. 
  • "Organiser" (in English), RSS weekly publication. 
  • (1966) Bunch of Thoughts. Banglore, India: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana. ISBN 81-86595-19-8.  - Collection of Speeches by Golwalkar.
  • Weekly Swastika The Nationalist Bengali News Weekly

Books

  • Anderson, Walter K.; Damle, Sridhar D. (1987). The Brotherhood in Saffron. Delhi, India: Vistaar Publishers. 
  • Anand, Adeesh (2007). Shree Guruji And His R.S.S.. Delhi, India: MD Publication Pvt. Ltd.. 

See also

The Sangh Parivar is a loose family of organizations, which promote the ideology of Hindutva. ... The Rashtriya Sevika Samiti (National Women Volunteers Committee) is the womens wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... Bharatiya Jana Sangh is the old name of Bharatiya Janata Party of India. ... (Devanāgarī: विश्व हिंदू परिषद, English: ), widely recognized by its initials VHP and the more common spelling Vishwa Hindu Parishad, is a Hindu organization in India, an offshoot of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ... Bajrang Dal (Hindi: , English: ) is the youth wing of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), and one of the family of organizations (Sangh Parivar) based on the core ideology of Hindutva. ... The Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP, Hindi for All-India Students Council), is a youth political group drawing its inspiration from the nationalist Indian Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and now linked to the Bharatiya Janata Party. ... The Rashtriya Sikh Sangat (National Sikh Union) is a Sikh political organisation affiliated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... BMS sticker Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (Indian Workers Union), is the largest central trade union organization in India. ... Hindu Munnani (Tamil:இந்து முன்னணி) is a religious and cultural organization based in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu which claims to defend the Hindu religion, protect Hindu religious monuments and to espouse the cause of the Hindu religion and Hindu temple priests. ... Hindu Swayemsevak Sangh (Union of Self-Reliant Hindus) is a socio-religious public organization that engages in community activities, social services and religious work amongst the adherents of Hinduism across the world. ... National HSC Logo Hindu Students Council (also known as HSC) is an organization of Hindu students in the United States of America. ... The Swadeshi Jagaran Manch is an Indian political organisation committed to the promotion of Swadeshi (Indigenious) industries and culture. ... The Durga Vahini (Army of Durga) is the womens wing of the Vishva Hindu Parishad. ... Seva Bharathi is an Indian organisation committed to social service projects, especially for the tribal and indigenious communities in India. ... The Bharatiya Kisan Sangh (Indian Farmers Union) is a Indian farmers representative organisation affiliated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... Logo of Balagokulam Balagokulam is a childrens movement founded during the middle of 1970 in Kerala, India. ... Established in the Year 1977, Vidya Bharati Akhil Bhartiya Shikshan Sansthan has today earned the distinction of being the largest single Organisation in the field of EDUCATION. Under the umbrella of Vidya Bharti, over 18,000 educational institutions operate in Bharat. ... The Bharatiya Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram is an organisation working for the socio-economic upliftment and development of Indias indigenious tribes, called vanavasis. ... Keshava Baliram Hedgewar ( केशव बालीराम हेडगावार )(Nagpur, India April 1, 1889 – Nagpur, India June 21, 1940) was the founder of Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). ... Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, popularly known as Guruji, was the second sarasanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... Syama Prasad Mookerjee (also spelled as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee) (July 6, 1901 – May 23, 1953) was the founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. ... Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya (Hindi: पण्डित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय) (September 25, 1916 - February 11, 1968), along with Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, was an important leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, now the Bharatiya Janata Party. ... Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras (commonly addressed as Balasaheb) was an Indian politician and former Sarsanghchalak, or chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the largest Hindu nationalist organisation in India. ... Atal Bihari Vajpayee (Hindi: , IPA: ) (born December 25, 1924) was the Prime Minister of India, briefly in 1996, and again from March 19, 1998 until May 19, 2004. ... Lal Krishna Advani (Sindhi: लाल कृष्ण आडवाणी, لال ڪرشنا آڏواڻي) ( ਲਾਲ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਆਡਵਾਨੀ ), also known as Lal Kishenchand Advani (Sindhi: लाल किशेन्चन्द आडवाणी, لال ڪشن چند آڏواڻي) (b. ... Dr. Rajendra Singh is an Indian politician and former Sarsanghchalak, or chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the largest Hindu nationalist organisation in India. ... Ashok Singhal is the international president of Vishwa Hindu Parishad. ... Kuppahalli Sitaramayya Sudarshan (born June 18, 1931) is the current sarsanghachalak (appointed leader) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. ... Praveen Togadia is an oncologist from Gujarat, India, and the International General Secretary of the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), a major Hindutva organization advocating for a Hindu Rashtra in India. ... Uma Bharti (born May 3, 1959, Madhya Pradesh, India) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). ... Narendra Dāmodardās Modī (Gujarātī: નરેન્દ્ર મોદી, born September 17, 1950) is the incumbent Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat since October 7, 2001. ... Vinay Katiyar is a BJP politician from the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... Hindu nationalism is a nationalist ideology that sees the modern state of the Republic of India as a Hindu polity [1] (Hindu Rashtra), and seeks to preserve the Hindu heritage. ... For Veer Savarkars book, see Hindutva (book). ... Integral humanism is the political philosophy practised by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the former Bharatiya Jana Sangh of India. ... Ram Janmabhoomi (राम जन्मभूमि) refers to a tract of land in the North Indian city of Ayodhya which is claimed as the birthplace of Rama. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Greater India. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Hinduism is going through a phase of regeneration and reform through the vehicle of several contemporary movements, collectively termed as Hindu reform movements. ... Ayyavazhi (IPA: )(Tamil:அய்யாவழி [1] -Path of the father) is a dharmic belief system[2] which originated in South India in the 19th century. ... Arya Samaj (Aryan Society or Society of Nobles) is a Hindu reform movement in India that was founded by Swami Dayananda in 1875. ... The Ramakrishna Mission Emblem The Ramakrishna Mission (Bengali: ) is an association founded by Sri Ramakrishnas chief disciple and religious leader, Swami Vivekananda on May 1, 1897. ... Gandhism (or Gandhi-ism) is an informal reference to the vision, core inspirations, principles, beliefs and philosophy of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian Independence Movement. ... For Veer Savarkars book, see Hindutva (book). ... The Delhi campus of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram The Sri Aurobindo Ashram was founded by Sri Aurobindo on the 24 November 1926 (Siddhi Day). ... Parisada Hindu Dharma was a major reform movement and society [1] that assisted in the revival of Hinduism in Indonesia . ... Bhakti (Devanāgarī: भक्ति) is a word of Sanskrit origin meaning devotion and also the path of devotion itself, as in Bhakti-Yoga. ... The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or castes. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... Persecution of Hindus refers to the religious persecution inflicted upon Hindus. ... Shuddhi is Sanskrit for purification. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Sri Aurobindo (Bangla: শ্রী অরবিন্দ Sri Ôrobindo, Sanskrit: श्री अरविन्द Srī Aravinda) (August 15, 1872–December 5, 1950) was an Indian/Hindu nationalist, scholar, poet, mystic, evolutionary philosopher, yogi and guru [1]. After a short political career in which he became one of the leaders of the early movement for the freedom of India... Dr. A.K. Coomaraswamy // Life of Dr. A.K. Coomaraswamy Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy (22 August 1877 Colombo - 9 September 1947 Needham, Massachusetts) was the son of the famous Sri Lankan legislator and philosopher Sir Mutu Coomaraswamy and his English wife Elizabeth Beeby. ... Alain Daniélou, born at Neuilly-sur-Seine (Paris) October 4, 1907, and died January 27, 1994 in Switzerland, was a French historian, intellectual, musicologist, Indologist, and noted Western convert to Shaivite Hinduism. ... Koenraad Elst is a Belgian orientalist, writer and researcher[1]. He has authored fifteen books on topics related to Hinduism, Indian history, and Indian politics. ... David Frawley (or Vāmadeva Śāstrī वामदेव शास्त्री) is an author on Hinduism, Yoga and Ayurveda, founder and director of the American Institute for Vedic Studies in Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... Sita Ram Goel (Devanāgarī: सीता राम गोयल, Sītā Rām Goyal) (1921–2003), author and publisher, is an important figure amongst late 20th century Hindu thinkers. ... Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar, popularly known as Guruji, was the second sarasanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. ... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... Harsh Narain is an Indian author. ... Gedong Bagus Oka (1921 - 2002) was a prominent Hindu reformer and philosopher in Indonesia. ... The Mother - Mirra Alfassa For other uses, see The Mother (disambiguation). ... A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (September 1, 1896–November 14, 1977) was the founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (popularly known as the Hare Krishnas). Born as Abhay Charan De, in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. ... Raja Ram Mohan Roy is regarded as the Father of the Bengal Renaissance Ram Mohan Roy, also written as Rammohun Roy, or Raja Ram Mohun Roy (Bangla: রাজা রামমোহন রায়, Raja Rammohon Rae), (May 22, 1772 – September 27, 1833) was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj, one of the first Indian socio-religious... Pandurang Shastri Vaijnath Athavale (Gujarati: , Marathi: ) (October 19, 1920 – October 25, 2003), known as dada (Gujarati: , Marathi: ), meaning elder brother in marathi) A philosopher and social reformer who gave discourses upon Srimad Bhagawad Geeta and Upnishads. ... Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bangla: রামকৃষ্ণ পরমহংস Ramkrishno Pôromôhongsho), born Gadadhar Chattopadhyay (Bangla: গদাধর চট্টোপাধ্যায় Gôdadhor Chôţţopaddhae) [1], (February 18, 1836–August 16, 1886) was a Hindu religious teacher and an influential figure in the Bengal Renaissance of the Nineteenth century. ... Swami Dayananda Saraswati (दयानन्‍द सरस्‍वती) was born in Tamil Nadu. ... Satsvarupa dasa Goswami is a disciple of A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, who founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), better known in the west as the Hare Krishna movement. ... Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Vināyak Dāmodar Sāvarkar (Marathi: विनायक दामोदर सावरकर) (May 28, 1883 – February 26, 1966) was an Indian politician and activist, who is credited with developing the Hindu nationalist political ideology Hindutva. ... Keshub Chunder Sen Keshub Chandra Sen (Bengali: কেশব চন্দ্র সেন Keshob Chôndro Shen) (also spelt Keshab Chunder Sen) (1838-1884) was a Bengali intellectual and a noted religious reformer. ... Swami Sivananda Saraswati (Sep 8, 1887—Jul 14, 1963), was a Hindu spiritual leader and a well known proponent of Yoga and Vedanta. ... Arun Shourie Arun Shourie (born 1941) is a prominent journalist, author, and politician of India. ... Ram Swarup (राम स्‍वरूप) (1920 - December 26, 1998) was an influential ideologue for the Hindutvamovement. ... Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856 - 1920), was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Swami Vivekananda (Sanskrit: , Svāmi Vivekānanda) (January 12, 1863 – July 4, 1902), whose pre-monastic name was Narendranath Dutta (Bengali: , Nôrendrônath Dôt-tô), was one of the most famous and influential spiritual leaders of the philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga. ... Mukunda Lal Ghosh (January 5, 1893 in Gorakhpur, in northern India - March 7, 1952), better known as Paramahansa Yogananda, was a Bengali yogi and guru. ... Swami Vipulanada (Tamil: சுவாமி விபுலாநந்தர்), also known as Vipulananda Adigal (March 27, 1892 - July 19, 1947), was a Sri Lankan Tamil Hindu social reformer, literary critic, author, poet, teacher and ascetic from the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. ... Arumuka Navalar ஆறுமுக நாவலர் the pre eminent Hindu reformer of Sri Lanka was a product of period of intense religious transformation amongst Sri Lankan Tamils. ...

External links

is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kamat's Potpourri: Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) (313 words)
The Rastriya Swayamsevak Sangh -- RSS or the National Association of Self-helpers, is a very large, voluntary organization focusing on development of the society based on Hindutwa -- the essence of Hinduism.
The RSS was founded by Dr. K.B. Hedgewar in 1925 when he unfurled the Bhagawadhaj-saffron flag-at a camp in Amaravati.
RSS was again banned during the emergency by Indira Gandhi, but its forces were instrumental in defeating Mrs.
The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (4305 words)
The RSS was established in 1925 as a kind of educational body whose objective was to train a group of Hindu men who would work together to unite the Hindu community, so that India could once again become an independent country.
In its inception, the RSS had two basic aims: (1.) to unite and train Hindus to face the enemy, any alien party that was attempting to subjugate Hinduism; and (2.) to radicalize the Hindus to hasten the British withdrawal from India.
The RSS was beginning to attract, and continues to attract, low income Hindus and small shopkeepers, who were concerned with their opportunities in a government that favoured the high class or minorities.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m