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Encyclopedia > Rapper

Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. Originally, rapping was called MCing and accompanied DJing. Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop music is a style of popular music. ... A rhyme is the association of words with similar sounds, a technique most often used in poetry. ... Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording. ... Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique originated by Grand Wizard Theodore, an early hip hop DJ from New York (AMG). ... Audio mixing is used in sound recording, audio editing and sound systems to balance the relative volume and frequency content of a number of sound sources. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... A Master of Ceremonies or MC is the host of a staged event or other performance. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ...

Contents


Origins

Rapping (as a self-conscious artistic school) began as a variation on the toasting found in reggae, funk and dub music, mixed with influences from jazz-related performance poetry (Langston Hughes's album Weary Blues being an important example; the Beats also notable), radio DJ patter, and the tradition of playing the dozens. Among other influences and predecessors were talking blues records and such variations as Bob Dylan's Subterranean Homesick Blues; much of the work of James Brown and Parliament was also influential. The original rappers probably can be said to have been The Last Poets and Gil Scott-Heron with their recordings in the latter 1960s and earliest 1970s (such as Scott-Heron's famous "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" and "Whitey on The Moon"), but, slightly later, MCs (from "Master of Ceremonies") would improvise rhymes over the beats created by dancehall and club DJs. Early raps were frequently merely a sequence of boasts, or attempts to upstage the other MCs. See roots of rap music for earlier forms that also contributed to rap. Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Reggae is a style of music developed in Jamaica and is closely linked to the Rastafari movement, though not universally popular among Rastafarians. ... Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which developed in the early 1970s. ... Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... Bust of Homer, one of the earliest European poets, in the British Museum Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-04-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Langston Hughes, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1936 Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an African American poet, novelist, playwright, and newspaper columnist. ... The term beat generation was introduced by Jack Kerouac in approximately 1948 to describe his social circle to the novelist John Clellon Holmes (who published an early novel about the beat generation, titled Go, in 1952, along with a manifesto of sorts in the New York Times Magazine: This is... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... The dozens is an African American custom in which two competitors -- usually males -- go head to head in a competition of often ribald trash talk. ... The Talking blues was a style of rhythmic speech or near-speech where the melody is free but the rhythm is strict. ... Portrait photograph of Bob Dylan taken by Daniel Kramer Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman May 24, 1941) is widely regarded as one of Americas greatest popular songwriters. ... Subterranean Homesick Blues, a song written by Bob Dylan, was originally released on the album Bringing It All Back Home in 1965. ... James Brown is the name of several notable people: James Brown, soul and funk singer and bandleader, born 1933 James Brown, American TV personality, born 1955 James Brown, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (1766-1835) James Brown, British music journalist and magazine editor Jim Brown, né James Nathaniel Brown, American... The bands Parliament and Funkadelic are intrinsically linked and can not be easily separated. ... The Last Poets are a group of poets and musicians, arising from the late 1960s African American civil rights movement. ... Photo of Gil Scott-Heron. ... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1960s. ... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... The Revolution Will Not Be Televised is a famous poem and song by Gil Scott-Heron about the political and social turmoil of 1970s America. ... Possibly the biggest 1969 hit for The Last Poets, covered by Gil Scott Heron in 1972. ... The first rap record is generally acknowledged to have been King Tim III by the Fatback Band in 1979 (Toop, 1991), followed by rappings namesake: Sugarhill Gangs Rappers Delight (Toop, 1991), but there were many predecessors and early indicators of the possibilities of chanting rhymes over a...


The first record of this new school of rap was 1979's "King Tim III" by the Fatback Band (featuring the rapper King Tim III). The Sugarhill Gang followed the same year with "Rapper's Delight", that became a major hit and is based on Chic's oft-sampled disco track "Good Times". In 1981 Blondie became the first act popular with large and largely-Caucasian audiences to feature a contemporary-style rap sequence in their hit "Rapture." Rap is a way of poetically expressing oneself while rhyming on a beat. The Fatback Band (later, Fatback) were a 1970s and 80s American funk band. ... King Tim III (Personality Jock) is a 1979 (see 1979 in music) song by the Fatback Band from the disco album XII. Released a few months before Rappers Delight (which is often cited as the first commercially released hip hop song), this song has become perhaps the bands... The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group, known mostly for one hit, Rappers Delight, the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. ... Rappers Delight is a 1979 (see 1979 in music) single by American hip hop trio The Sugarhill Gang; it is widely acknowledged as the first hip hop hit single. ... Blondie is a rock band that first gained fame in the 1970s and early 1980s. ...


Descendents and influence

Rapping can be seen as one of the four elements of hip hop: MCing (rapping), DJing (mixing, cutting and scratching), graffiti (tagging), and breakdancing. However, in the course of rap's history, new musical styles developed that use rapping - especially rapcore, also known as rap/rock or rap/metal, first introduced by crossover pioneer Run-DMC's collaboration with Aerosmith in 1986. Some alternative rap has musically very little to do with hip hop and rap music. Often consisting of bizarre soundscapes and vivid lyrics, abstract hip-hop has developed, largely in the underground. Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Graffiti is a type of deliberately inscribed marking made by humans on surfaces, both private and public. ... This USPS stamp depicts an 80s breakdancer and a boombox. ... Rapcore, also called rap/rock or rap/metal is the fusion of rap and rock, most often rapping and music that is closer to rock than rap, most often metal. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... Arrowsmith is a 1925 book by Sinclair Lewis. ...


Music outside of the United States has taken the rap style and blended it with completely different elements. Japanese dance music, for example, often uses rapping to complement or break up the singing parts, with lyrics containing upbeat themes set to energetic rhythms and clean, warm synths. A new offshoot of garage techno, dubbed Grime, has emerged in Britain, featuring acts like Dizzee Rascal and Wiley. Look up Grime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Grime is musical offshoot of the early 21st century UK Garage scene that developed in Londons East End between 2002-2004. ... Dylan Mills, known professionally as Dizzee Rascal, is a solo artist who came up in the UK Garage music scene. ...


The importance of rhyme

Undoubtedly, the most important element of rap lyrics is rhyme. In other forms of poetry, rhymes that span many syllables are often considered whimsical but in hip hop, the ability to construct raps with large sets of rhyming syllables is considered a sign of intelligence and achievement. For the same reason, rap music is sometimes referred to as "street poetry" or "street rhyme". To accomplish rhymes of this sophistication, rappers can use single rhyming words (intellectual/ineffectual) or they can use multiple words whose constituent syllables rhyme (octoroon/Doctor Dooom). Rap lyrics often contain long series of lines each of which rhyme with each other. Occasionally, entire songs are composed in this fashion where all lines rhyme with each other. Of course, the more intricate the rhymes are, the more abstract the song becomes. This is because the more focus given to impressive rhyming, the harder it becomes to write coherently. Battle raps can be written with complex rhyming techniques easier than raps that tell a story or convey a message because a battle rap can employ a vast array of metaphors to conjure images of rapper to rapper combat. A rhyme is the association of words with similar sounds, a technique most often used in poetry. ... An intellectual is a person who uses his or her intellect to study, reflect, and speculate on a variety of different ideas. ... An octoroon is the offspring of a quadroon and a European parent, having ancestry that is one-eighth Negroid. ... Keith Matthew Thornton, better known as Kool Keith, is an American rap artist and record producer. ... Battle raps are raps written about the idea of freestyle battles. ...


Rhyme is also integral to Freestyle battles. These contests pit two rappers together to lyrically insult and intimidate each other with impromptu lyrics. The ability to construct clever rhymes to insult the opponent "off the top of the dome" (dome being slang for head) is a critical skill to winning these contests. Freestyle battles are usually contests (though they can occur spontaneously) where rappers battle each other in the form of improvised raps. ...


Traditional Forms

In many traditional cultures there exist lyrical forms that could loosely be described as rapping. Examples of these include:

A khene player in Isan Mor lam (Thai/Isan: หมอลำ) is an ancient Lao form of song in Laos and Isan (Northeastern Thailand). ... Chastushka (часту́шка) is a form of Russian traditional song and poetry. ... Art and literature In music, a rhapsody is an enthusiastic instrumental composition of indefinite form. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek-speaking world in ancient times. ... With an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...

Related articles

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about:
Rapping
Hip hop
Breakdance - Turntablism - Graffiti - MCing - Hip-Hop Music - Hip hop collaborations - List of Rappers
Fashion - Feuds - Urban slang - Timeline
Genres
East Coast - West Coast - South - Gangsta - G-funk - Horrorcore - Jazz rap - Underground - Abstract - Nerdcore - Old Skool - Hardcore
Trip Hop - Freestyle - Hip house - Hip life - Go go - Miami bass - Nu soul - Ghettotech - Electro - Rap metal - Reggaeton - Merenrap - Urban Pasifika - Crunk

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Freestyle rap is, strictly speaking, rapping that is done in the moment at pure free flow, with no previously composed lyrics, and reflecting a direct mapping of the mental state and performing situation of the artist. ... This is a list of rappers/MCs, DJs, and record producers that create, record, and/or perform hip hop music. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... This USPS stamp depicts an 80s breakdancer and a boombox. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Graffiti is a type of deliberately inscribed marking made by humans on surfaces, both private and public. ... Hip hop music is a style of popular music. ... Collaborations between hip hop artists is a frequent occurrence and one of the defining features of the genre. ... Alphanumeric List 1-9 1200 Techniques 2 Live Crew Fresh Kid Ice Luke Skyywalker Mr. ... Hip hop fashion is, according to KRS One, one of the nine extended elements of hip-hop culture. ... Feuds and rivalries have existed since the dawn of hip hop, which originated in the 1970s in New York City, United States. ... Hip-hop music uses a varied accumulation of slang terms that have changed as hip-hop itself has evolved and changed. ... 1970s New musical style arrives with first major rap record. ... Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... In the early 1990s, two styles of hip hop were popular. ... In the 1980s, hip hop music began to break into the mainstream of the United States. ... Southern rap (or Dirty South hip-hop) is a type of hip hop music that emerged in the late-1980s as a popular force, based out of Miami first, then extending to Atlanta, New Orleans, and St. ... Gangsta rap, also known as hardcore hip-hop refers to a subgenre of hip hop (rap music) which involves a lyrical focus on African American inner-city (ghetto) problems, and the violent lives and lifestyles of street-thugs and gangsters. ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Horrorcore is a genre of hip hop music that evolved from pioneers such as Ganxsta NIP, Esham, The Flatlinerz, Brotha Lynch Hung and The Gravediggaz. ... Jazz rap is a fusion of alternative hip hop music and jazz, developed in the very late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Alternative hip hop (Bohemian hip hop) is a style of hip hop distinguished by socio-political lyrics, sparse beats that sample few and/or unusual sources (see jazz rap) and uniquely positive rhymes. ... Abstract hip hop is a subgenre of alternative hip hop that differs from other hip hop music largely in the content of the lyrics. ... Nerdcore hip hop is a musical genre. ... The very first hip hop to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and early 1980s is called old school hip hop. ... Hardcore hip hop is a form of hip hop music that has confrontational, often violent lyrics, and generally sparse, gritty urban beats. ... Trip hop (also known as the Bristol sound) is a term coined by United Kingdom dance magazine Mixmag, to describe a musical trend in the mid-1990s; trip hop is downtempo electronic music that grew out of Englands hip hop and house scenes. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Hip house, also known as house rap, is a mixture of house music and hip-hop which arose during the 1980s in New York. ... Hip life is a fusion of two styles of music, Ghanaian highlife and American hip hop. ... Alternate meanings: See Go go (disambiguation) Go Go is a form of funk music which arose in the 1980s in Washington D.C.. In the late 1970s, funk had gone electronic, influenced by then popular disco acts, and began using drum machines, synthesizers and other instruments that many purists derided. ... Miami bass (booty bass, bass music) is a form of music known for deep, throbbing beats, hyperkinetic rhythms and, often, sexually explicit lyrics. ... Nu soul (AKA neo soul) is a musical genre that fuses R&B, 1970s style soul, and hip hop. ... Ghettotech is a form of electronic dance music based in Detroit that combines electro, hip-hop, techno, Miami bass, and ghetto house amongst a peppering of most other dance music styles (jungle, drum and bass, R&B) at fast tempos (around 145 to 170 bpm). ... Electro (also known as electro funk) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records that were closer to disco). ... Rap metal is a musical genre that takes influence from both rap music and heavy metal music. ... Daddy Yankee, a reggaeton artist. ... Merenrap, or meren-rap, is a style of hip hop music which was formed from the fusion of Dominican merengue music with rapping. ... Atlanta-based Lil Jon & the East Side Boyz often refer to themselves as the Kings of Crunk. ...

External links

  • A Rap Dictionary

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rapping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3089 words)
Rappers may showcase their skills by competing in freestyle battles in which they ridicule their opponents with improvised rhymes.
Rappers use double entendres, alliteration, and all other forms of wordplay that are also found in classical poetry.
Several gangsta rappers also laud the use of drugs such as marijuana, which occupies a significant place in the subject matter of modern hip hop.
Urban Dictionary: rapper (829 words)
Nelly is a rapper, and a good one at that.
Their only requirement to be a rapper is to wear a gold chain and wear some shitty tracksuits.
rappers are divided into many categories and subcategories, but the 2 dominant ones are simple.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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