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Encyclopedia > Rappahannock River
The Rappahannock at sunset
The Rappahannock at sunset

The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia in the United States, approximately 184 mi (294 km). It traverses the entire northern part of the state, from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the west across the Piedmont to Chesapeake Bay south of the Potomac. It is considered by some to have been the boundary between the "North" (the Union) and the "South" (the Confederate States of America) during the Civil War, which are geographic regions still referenced today. An important river in U.S. history, it was the site of early settlements in the Virginia Colony and was later a major theater of battle in the American Civil War. It drains an area of 2,848 sq mi (7405 kmĀ²), approximately 6% of the state of Virginia. Much of the watershed is rural and forested but has seen growing development in recent decades with the southward expansion of the Virginia suburbs of Washington, D.C. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 3094 KB) The Rappahannock River. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 3094 KB) The Rappahannock River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shinning Rock Wilderness Area Blue Ridge Mountains (NPS) Most of the rocks that form the Blue Ridge Mountains, United States, are ancient granitic and metamorphosed volcanic formations, some exceeding one billion years in age. ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. ... The Potomac River at Great Falls, MD from Olmsted Island, water relatively low The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Map of the division of the states during the Civil War. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1... Combatants Union (remaining U.S. states) Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... Combatants Union (remaining U.S. states) Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ...

Contents


Description

It rises in the mountains at Chester Gap in western Fauquier County. It flows southeast past Remington and through Fredericksburg. Southeast of Fredericksburg it widens into a brackish tidal estuary approximately 50 mi (80 km) long, flowing past Tappahannock on the southern shore. It enters Chesapeake Bay approximately 15 mi (24 km) south of the mouth of the Potomac between Windmill Point and Stingray Point, approximately 50 mi (80 km) east of Richmond. The estuary of the river provides for oyster and crab fishing. Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1759 Seat Warrenton Area  - Total  - Water 1,687 km² (651 mi²) 4 km² (2 mi²) 0. ... Remington is a town located in Fauquier County, Virginia. ... Fredericksburg is an independent city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, 50 miles south of Washington, D.C., and 55 miles north of Richmond, Virginia. ... An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water which has a free connection with the open sea and within which sea water mixes with fresh water. ... Tappahannock is a town located in Essex County, Virginia. ... Stingray Point is a small community on the Chesapeake Bay near unincorporated Town of Deltaville in Middlesex County, Virginia. ... Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ... Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron, opened The name oyster is used for a number of different groups of mollusks which grow for the most part in marine or brackish water. ... Sections Dromiacea Raninoida Heterotremata Thoracotremata The term crab is often applied to several different groups of short (nose to tail) decapod crustaceans with thick exoskeletons, but only members of the Brachyura are true crabs; other taxa, such as hermit crabs, porcelain crabs, king crabs, and horseshoe crabs are, despite superficial...


It is joined by the Rapidan River from the west approximately 10 mi (16 km) northwest of Fredericksburg. The Rapidan River is a river in Virginia that flows from the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Rappahannock River. ...


History

Fredericksburg, Virginia, February 1863. View from across the Rappahannock River.
Fredericksburg, Virginia, February 1863. View from across the Rappahannock River.

The name of the river comes from an Algonquian language word lappihanne (also noted as toppehannock), meaning "river of quick, rising water" or "where the tide ebbs and flows." This name was taken from the name given to it by the local native population the Rappahannock Tribe. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1448x1060, 333 KB)Fredericksburg, Virginia, February 1863. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1448x1060, 333 KB)Fredericksburg, Virginia, February 1863. ... Fredericksburg is an independent city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, 50 miles south of Washington, D.C., and 55 miles north of Richmond, Virginia. ... Pre-contact distribution of Algonquian languages The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (the two Algic languages that are not Algonquian are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... The Rappahannock Tribe History In 1607, the Rappahannock were the dominant tribe of the Rappahannock River valley, maintaining thirteen villages along the north and south banks of the river that bears their name. ...


The settlement of the river valley began in the 1710s with the urging of Governor Alexander Spotswood. The James River had been surveyed up to its fall line, and the Spotswood encouraged settlement in a separate river valley. In 1714 he encouraged settlement by immigrants from the Palatinate and Switzerland on lands he controlled near Germanna in order to extract the iron ore deposits of the region. Events and Trends World Leaders King Louis XIV of France (1643 - 1715) Philippe II of Orléans, Regent of France (1715 - 1723). ... Alexander Spotswood c. ... The James River at Cartersville The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... The Palatinate (German: Pfalz), historically also Rhenish Palatinate (German: Rheinpfalz), is a region in south-western Germany. ... Introduction Germanna refers to a German colony in Virginia, settled in two waves, first in 1714 and then in 1717. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ...


During the American Civil War the river provided a recurring barrier and defensive line for the movement of troops. It was an especially difficult barrier for Union troops in attempts to advance into southern Virginia. Control of the river changed hands multiple times during the course of the war. Significant battles fought along the river include the Battle of Fredericksburg and the Battle at Rappahannock Station, fought in 1862. The defensive line of the river was finally circumvented by Ulysses S. Grant in the Overland Campaign of 1865, resulting in the final Union victory in the war. Map of the division of the states during the Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Ambrose E. Burnside Robert E. Lee Strength Army of the Potomac ~114,000 engaged Army of Northern Virginia ~72,500 engaged Casualties 12,653 (1,284 killed, 9,600 wounded, 1,769 captured/missing) 5,377 (608 killed, 4,116... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee The Overland Campaign, or Grants Overland Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June, 1864, in the American Civil War. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


See also

This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Virginia, as listed in The Hornbook of Virginia History (1994 edition). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rappahannock River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (523 words)
The name of the river comes from an Algonquian language word lappihanne (also noted as toppehannock), meaning "river of quick, rising water" or "where the tide ebbs and flows." This name was taken from the name given to it by the local native population the Rappahannock Tribe.
The settlement of the river valley began in the 1710s with the urging of Governor Alexander Spotswood.
The defensive line of the river was finally circumvented by Ulysses S. Grant in the Overland Campaign of 1865, resulting in the final Union victory in the war.
VCI - Rappahannock Tribe (407 words)
In 1607, the Rappahannock were the dominant tribe of the Rappahannock River valley, maintaining thirteen villages along the north and south banks of the river that bears their name.
The Rappahannock territory encompassed lands in the modern counties of Richmond, Northumberland, Lancaster, Essex, and Caroline.
Their mission is to preserve Rappahannock culture and social/political structures, establish a tribal land/trust, and implement housing and economic development projects while educating the public on the rich contributions they have made and continue to make to Virginia and the nation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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