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Encyclopedia > Rapid transit

A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. In most parts of the world these systems are known as a "metro", in London the system is called the "Underground", in Buenos Aires the network is called Subte, while in most of North America and in Glasgow, Scotland it is a "subway". The Mass Transit incident was an infamous event in professional wrestling that occurred on November 23, 1996 in Revere, Massachusetts. ... Metro may be: Relating to transport: Metro: a general term for a high-frequency urban public transport railway, synonymous with rapid transit, subway, or underground; from metropolitan railway A specific public transport system that style itself metro (e. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... An Inner Circle train arrives at West Street station. ... This article is about the country. ...


The oldest rapid transit system in the world is the London Underground, which opened in 1863.[1] The two primary ways that subway tunnels are constructed are by cut and cover and tunnel boring.[2] The world's most extensive urban rail systems are Tokyo's rail network and Osaka, Japan. The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... A tunnel boring machine that was used at Yucca Mountain. ... Shinkansen at Tokyo Station Tokyo subway line map The Ginza Line, Asias oldest subway line, first opened in 1927. ...


162 cities have rapid transit systems, totaling more than 8,000 km (4,900 miles) of track and 7,000 stations.[3] 25 cities have new systems under construction.[citation needed]

Washington's Metrorail, Metro Center station
Washington's Metrorail, Metro Center station
Moscow Metro, Arbatskaya station
Moscow Metro, Arbatskaya station

Contents

Image File history File links Metro_Center_upper_level. ... Image File history File links Metro_Center_upper_level. ... Washington Metro redirects here. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1122 KB) Summary A platform on the Moscow Metro system. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1122 KB) Summary A platform on the Moscow Metro system. ... A current official map of the Moscow Metro. ...

Definition

Further information: Passenger rail terminology

Rapid transit is a rail-based transportation system used within urban areas to transport people. To be considered a rapid transit system, it must meet certain criteria: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

  • an urban, electric mass transit railway system
  • totally independent from other traffic
  • with high service frequency[4]

Elevated versus submerged

Rapid transit systems can be elevated, on ground or underground. It is quite common for the city core network to be underground, although it varies from system to system which solution is used outside the city core.


The terms subway (American)[5] and underground (Outside America)[6] are often used to describe a rapid transit that operates solely or primarily underground. In some cities the word "subway" applies to the entire system, while in others only to those parts that are actually underground, but is commonly called "Metro". Rapid transit systems that are above street level may be called "elevated" systems in the US (often shortened to el or L, as Chicago's system is popularly referred to). In the UK, elevated systems are generally classified as light railways such as the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) in east London, although not all British light railways are elevated. Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... A Light rail system Historically, a railway built in Britain under the 1896 Light Railways Act This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England. ...


Uses and developments

Stratford station in London is shared by London Underground trains (left) and 'one' suburban rail services (right).
Stratford station in London is shared by London Underground trains (left) and 'one' suburban rail services (right).

Rapid transits are generally used in metropolitan areas to transport large numbers of people at high frequency. The extent of the rapid transit system varies greatly between cities, and there are multiple transport strategies that can take advantage of a rapid transit system. In larger metropolitan areas the underground system may extend only to the limits of the central city, or to its inner ring of suburbs with trains making relatively frequent station stops. The outer suburbs may then be reached by a separate commuter-, suburban- or regional rail network, where more widely spaced stations allow higher speeds. These trains are often more expensive, less frequent, and in some cities, operate only during rush hour periods. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1250x894, 384 KB) Summary Homeward passengers during the evening peak hour scurry from a Central Line train (heading for Hainualt via Newbury Park) on platform 6 to catch the mainline train (calling at Ilford, Romford and then all stations to Shenfield... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1250x894, 384 KB) Summary Homeward passengers during the evening peak hour scurry from a Central Line train (heading for Hainualt via Newbury Park) on platform 6 to catch the mainline train (calling at Ilford, Romford and then all stations to Shenfield... This article is about Stratford Regional station in London. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... One Railway (‘one’) is the brand name of London Eastern Railway Ltd, a British company which operates local, suburban and express services from London Liverpool Street in the City of London to East and North London, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire and East Anglia, otherwise known as the Greater Anglia network. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


It is common for rapid transit systems to be supplemented with other systems, either buses, trams and/or commuter trains. Because of the high density structure of the rapid transit, short haul trips are often more easily performed with tram lines or buses. Many cities have chosen to operate a tram system in the city core with the metro expanding beyond it. A typical example of this is Oslo that features a city core transport with trams, the metro stretching beyond the core to the city limits and commuter trains serving neighbouring boroughs.[7] Another common strategy is to use a bus feeding system to transport people to the transit stops and use the transits to carry them to the city centre or other bus routes. Using this system highly enhances the suburban bus system, since they are not required to drive all the way to the city centre. Vancouver utilises this strategy very efficiently.[8] For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The T-bane is the metro system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Oslo T-banedrift, a subsidiary of the municipality transit authority Oslo Sporveier. ... The SkyTrain is a two-line urban mass transit system operating in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...

Rapid transit is a common application of elevated railways. Some systems such as the SkyTrain in Vancouver are primarily above ground although there are underground stations downtown

Elevated railways were a popular way to build mass transit systems in cities around the beginning of the twentieth century, but they have fallen out of favour. Many elevated lines were later demolished and replaced by subways or buses. Elevated rail saw something of a resurgence in the late twentieth century, with the construction of a number of new lines such as the Docklands Light Railway in London[9] and the Bangkok Skytrain;[10] in the United States a few such lines have been built, including Miami's Metrorail[11] New York's AirTrain JFK[12] and the Las Vegas Monorail,[13] but these are typically seen as more futuristic, and are not representative of the overall trends in U.S. transit development, predominantly because these cities are building brand new rapid transit systems. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1180 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rapid transit User:Buchanan-Hermit/photographs/vancouver Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1180 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rapid transit User:Buchanan-Hermit/photographs/vancouver Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... The SkyTrain is a two-line urban mass transit system operating in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... Miami-Dade Transit logo Miami-Dade Transit is the public transit authority in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... AirTrain JFK is a 13 km (8. ... The Robert N. Broadbent Las Vegas Monorail is a mass transit system located in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. It is owned and operated by the Las Vegas Monorail Company. ... For the meaning in finance, see futures contract. ...


Integration with commuter trains

Beyond the extent of the metro, many cities use commuter trains. Many of these regional railways were first built to operate in one direction from a city centre terminus, but some have been extended across the city centre, sometimes running in tunnels. They offer suburban passengers a choice of stations and also provide useful transportation in the city. A notable example is the Paris RER system, where (in co-operation with the city's transit authority) several pairs of existing suburban lines running in opposite directions from the city have been extended in tunnels to join and form new routes across the city.[14][this source's reliability may need verification] They are provided with frequent service and, within the city, the same fares as the Métro are charged, providing an integrated network. The Paris style system is often called S-Bahn (in German), Linea S or Treno Suburbano (Italian) and Cercanías (Spanish). In Europe these systems are or have often been operated by the state railway. It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ... The RER (Réseau Express Régional, IPA , Regional Express Network) is an urban rail network in the ÃŽle-de-France région, notably Paris and its agglomeration. ... Paris Art Nouveau Metro sign The Paris Métro is the metro (underground) system in Paris, France. ... S-Bahn refers to suburban metro railways in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... Cercanías are commuter train networks that cover major metropolitan areas in Spain. ...

A modern EMU rapid transit commuter train operating on the Transperth system in Perth, Western Australia
A modern EMU rapid transit commuter train operating on the Transperth system in Perth, Western Australia

In some cases the rapid transit system runs to the suburbs and effectively functions as a regional rail service as well. Examples are the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)[15] and Washington Metrorail systems, though both are supplemented with other commuter train services. Where there are separate systems, the rapid transit system is typically a self contained service with its own dedicated tracks and stations and technologically incompatible with other railways. Suburban rail services, on the other hand, often share tracks and stations with long-distance trains (historically they were usually operated by the same company, which also owned the rails and carried freight, although this has become less common) and are subject to the same standards and regulations. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x681, 752 KB) Summary Photo taken (15th July 2005) and supplied by Nachoman-au. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x681, 752 KB) Summary Photo taken (15th July 2005) and supplied by Nachoman-au. ... Trains of the Singapore MRT. EMUs are often used for rapid transit lines. ... The new B Series trains delivered from 2004 service the popular Northern Suburbs Line and will run on the under construction Mandurah Line Transperth is the brand name of the public transport system in Perth, Western Australia. ... The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... “San Francisco” redirects here. ... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ...


There are exceptions; some London Underground lines share tracks with suburban rail services. In some cases, underground railway lines have been extended by taking over existing regional rail lines, notably parts of the Central and Northern Lines in London. (It also happens the other way round, as in the case of East London Line.) The Tyne and Wear Metro in the North East of England is another metro service which shares some of its tracks with suburban rail services. The extension of the system to Sunderland sees the metro sharing tracks with Northern train services between Sunderland and Pelaw.[16] The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... London Transport Portal The East London Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured orange on the Tube map. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ...


The Athens Metro's Blue Line shares tracks with suburban rail services in order to connect the metro to Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, but does not stop at the suburban rail stations because the platforms of the stations are much lower than the trains' floors.[17] In Australia, no dedicate metro exists, but regional railways serve also within the city centres, and they operate in the city centres like metro. The Athens Metro is the underground public transport system of Athens, Greece, constructed by the Attiko Metro company (Αττικό Μετρό, literally Attican metro) and the ISAP (Ilektrikoi Sidirodromoi Athinon-Pireos) company (Ηλεκτρικοί Σιδηρόδρομοι Αθηνών-Πειραιώς Athens - Piraeus Electric Railways). The Athens Metro is one of the most impressive underground Mass Transit systems in the world because... The E. Venizelos Athens International Airport The Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, which began operation in March 2001, serves the city of Athens in Greece. ...


In Hong Kong (KCR East Rail) and São Paulo, Brazil, metro-like frequent service is provided by electrifying existing railway lines, while continuing to share the tracks with the much less frequent intercity and freight trains.[citation needed] The KCR West Rail in Hong Kong is designed to accommodate intercity and freight traffic in future, whilst at present provides only metro-like service.[18] The Tung Chung Line on the MTR of Hong Kong serves between the urban centres on Hong Kong Island and Kowloon with the bedroom community of Tung Chung, yet the service is also essentially metro. Opening Date 10 October 1911 Stations 14 Number of trains 37 Service Area North, Tai Po, Sha Tin, Yau Tsim Mong, Sham Shui Po, Kowloon City The East Rail (東鐵) is one of the three lines of the KCR network in Hong Kong. ... This article is about the city. ... Opening Date 20 December 2003 Stations 9 Number of trains 23 Service Area Tuen Mun, Yuen Long, Tsuen Wan, Sham Shui Po The West Rail is one of the three lines of the KCRC network in Hong Kong. ... Passengers getting on and off a Tung Chung Line train The Tung Chung Line (東涌線) is one of the seven lines of the MTR system in Hong Kong. ... This article is about the metro system in Hong Kong. ... Overlook of Tung Chung from Ngong Ping Skyrail Location of Tung Chung in relation to the rest of Lantau Island Tung Chung is a growing township situated on the north-western coast of Lantau Island in Hong Kong, China. ...


In South Korea, the Seoul Subway Line 1 runs on the existing Gyeongbu, Gyeongin and Gyeongwon lines of the Korean Rail (Korail), and the subway (largely overground) shares tracks with the main line trains. In Taiwan, however, the existing main line trains and stations of the Taiwan Railway are demolished and replaced by metro lines following roughly the same routes (such as the Tamsui Line, see zh:臺鐵捷運化 or ja:台鉄捷運化). In Tokyo and Osaka, Japanese private companies operate the world's most extensive suburban railways, each with their own fare system that integrates with the entire system. Seoul Subway Line 1 of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway links central Seoul, South Korea to Uijeongbu Bukbu Station in the northeast, Incheon in the southwest, and Cheonan via Suwon in the south. ... The Gyeongbu Line (Gyeongbuseon) is the most important railway line in South Korea and one of the oldest, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan. ... The Gyeongin Line (Gyeonginseon) was the first railway line built on the Korean peninsula, built in 1899 and connecting Noryangjin to Incheon. ... The Gyeongwon Line is a railway line serving northeastern Gyeonggi Province in South Korea. ... The Korea Railroad Corportation, now known as Korail, is the national railroad operator in South Korea. ... The Taiwan Railway Administration (台灣鐵路管理局, a. ... The Danshui Line was a Taiwanese railway line, operated by the TRA, that connected the city of Taipei with the city of Danshui. ... Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ...


Similarities to light rail

Main article: Light rail
Metro system of Amsterdam

There has always been some crossover between rapid transit and "lighter" streetcar/tram systems. For example, some lines of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company in New York City were elevated in built-up areas and ran at street level, often along streets, in less crowded areas. In many German cities, such as Hanover, the opposite applies, with trams descending into tunnels to cross the city centre. This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 887 KB) Metro system of Amsterdam I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 887 KB) Metro system of Amsterdam I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT) was a transportation holding company formed in 1896 to acquire and consolidate transit facilities in Kings County, now Brooklyn, New York. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Station Kröpcke The Hanover Stadtbahn is a Stadtbahn light rail system in the city of Hanover, Germany. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


In the other direction, interurban streetcars provided rapid transit-style transit from cities to suburbs and other cities, running mainly on separate rights-of-way track (sometimes sharing tracks with intercity rail), but using streetcar equipment. Most interurbans have been abandoned, but some (like the Norristown High Speed Line near Philadelphia) have been reconstructed to rapid transit specifications. An interurban streetcar line or interurban, also called a radial railway in Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas. ... A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ... Inter-city rail services are train services which cover larger distances than commuter trains. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... The Norristown High Speed Line (NHSL), operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority as Route 100 of the Suburban Transit Division, is a hybrid between light rail and rapid transit operating between Norristown Transportation Center and 69th Street Terminal, running entirely on its own right of way, inherited from the... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love endure Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country Commonwealth County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ...


Additionally, many streetcar/tram systems include underground and (less commonly) elevated sections, in which everything about the system except the right-of-way is built to streetcar standards. Notably, the first subway in the United States, Boston's Green Line, opened in 1897 to take streetcars off downtown streets, though it did carry elevated trains from 1901 until the Washington Street Tunnel opened. Likewise, San Francisco's Market Street Subway carries Muni Metro light rail on the upper tracks and Bay Area Rapid Transit metro trains on the lower level. Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Two trains at Park Street. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Market Street Subway is a subway tunnel in San Francisco, California, United States. ... Muni Metro is a mass transit system operated in the City and County of San Francisco by the San Francisco Municipal Railway, managed by the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. ... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ...


The coming of modern light rail in the 1970s brought new crossovers. New systems were built and old streetcar/tram systems were upgraded with higher capacity and speeds, but retaining some aspects of streetcars and trams. Some systems known as light rail, such as the Docklands Light Railway in London, Manchester Metrolink, Edmonton LRT, and New York City's AirTrain JFK, are indeed rapid transit systems but commonly described as light rail. In many Asian countries light rail also is generally used to refer to some sort of rapid transit system but not used to refer to street cars or trams. Other light-rail systems may use high platforms but otherwise run as streetcars. A few systems similar to interurban streetcars have come back, such as New Jersey's River Line, which operates over freight rails for most of its trip, and along streets on one end. The KCR Light Rail, which runs as streetcars, operates with high platforms, with some of its sections elevated or street level right-of-way, and some at ground-level by away from streets. This article is about light rail systems in general. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... A Metrolink tram in Manchester city centre. ... For other places with the same name, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... An Edmonton LRT train at Health Sciences Station. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... AirTrain JFK is a 13 km (8. ... An interurban streetcar line or interurban, also called a radial railway in Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... River Line system map The River Line (styled River LINE by NJ Transit) is a light rail system in New Jersey, United States that connects the cities of Camden and Trenton, New Jerseys capital. ... Opening Date 25 September 1988 Routes 9 Number of trains 1191 Service Area Tuen Mun, Yuen Long The KCR Light Rail is one of the four systems of the KCR network in Hong Kong. ...


Importance and functions

The metro in Warsaw - Wierzbno station.
The metro in Warsaw - Wierzbno station.

The volume of passengers a metro train can carry is often quite high, and a metro system is often viewed as the backbone of a large city's public transportation system. In many cities passengers beginning their journeys on a streetcar/tram, bus, or suburban rail system must finish their journey into the city center on the metro, as their first mode of transport will terminate at a metro station to avoid congesting the city center above ground. Budapest is a perfect example where the two more modern metro lines connect with feeder buses and trams and also with two circular streetcar/tram routes (one closer to and one further from the city center) that allow travel between suburbs and also into the centre of the city by changing onto the metro. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 376 KB) Description: Warsaw Metro, station Wierzbo by kinlaw [1] from http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 376 KB) Description: Warsaw Metro, station Wierzbo by kinlaw [1] from http://www. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Wierzbno Station Wierzbno is one of the Warsaw Metro stations. ... Look up Backbone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mode of transport is a general term for the different kinds of transportation of people or cargo: Car Truck Ship Aircraft ... 81-717 type train The Budapest Metro (Hungarian: budapesti metró) is the metro system in the Hungarian capital Budapest. ...


In some cities, the urban rail system is so comprehensive and efficient that the majority of city residents use it as their primary means of transport. Berlin, Hong Kong, London, Madrid, Moscow, New York City, Paris, Seoul and Tokyo are such examples; these cities have the most extensive and convenient metro systems in the world. With 15 lines, the Tokyo subway is the largest rapid transit network in the world, transporting 7 million passengers daily.[19] The majority of suburban residents in addition to city dwellers do not own automobiles and depend on rail as the primary means of travel[citation needed]. Osaka, Japan is similar to Tokyo's system except about half as large, but still has a ridership exceeding that of New York City. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... The Madrid Metro is the large metro subway system serving the city of Madrid. ... A current official map of the Moscow Metro. ... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority as MTA New York City Transit. ... Line 5s crossing of the Seine on the Austerlitz viaduct. ... System Map (click to enlarge) The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is one of the most heavily used subway systems in the world, with over 4 million trips per day on the systems nine lines. ... Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... Simplified diagram of the Tokyo Metro and Toei networks Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line subway train departing Hiroo Station Toei O-Edo Line subway train arriving at Hikarigaoka Station Tokyo Waterfront Railway 70-000 series train, heading towards Osaki Station The Tokyo subway is an integral part of the worlds... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ...


In Europe, London (in 1st place) and Madrid (second) have the largest metro systems. The busiest metro system in Europe is Moscow, followed by Paris.


Due to a general low population density and a different urban plan, many cities in the United States have very low rates of transit usage. About one in every three users of mass transit in the United States and two-thirds of the nation's rail riders live in New York[20] (see Transportation in New York City). Cities like Chicago, Boston, Washington, D.C., and Philadelphia also have high ridership on their networks. But other cities in the U.S. where automobiles dominate transportation needs tend to have partial and/or poorly used systems, especially in sunbelt cities such as Phoenix, Los Angeles, Charlotte, Dallas, Las Vegas or Houston.[21] The Transportation System of New York City is a unique cooperation of complex, unique and grandiose systems of infrastructure. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Categories: Stub | Belt regions of the United States ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ... LYNX is the light rail service in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States that is set to begin service by December 2007. ... A DART Bus operating in downtown Dallas The Dallas Area Rapid Transit authority (or DART) is the transit agency in Dallas, Texas that operates buses, light rail (including an underground station), commuter rail, and HOV lanes in Dallas and 12 of its suburbs. ... The Robert N. Broadbent Las Vegas Monorail is a mass transit system located in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. It is owned and operated by the Las Vegas Monorail Company. ... METRORail is the light rail service in Houston, Texas, United States that started on January 1, 2004. ...


Alternate uses

Most underground systems are for public transportation, but a few cities have built freight or postal lines. One example was the Post Office Railway, which transported mail underground between sorting offices in London from 1927 until it was abandoned in 2003.[22] Similarly, until the 1970s the London Underground's Circle Line (originally the Metropolitan Railway) transported goods as well as running passenger trains. Another example was the Chicago Tunnel Company, which had a dense grid of tunnels under downtown Chicago.[23] During the Cold War an important secondary function of some underground systems was to provide shelter in case of a nuclear attack. For example, St-Petersburg and Moscow metro systems include a large number of hidden public shelters with water supply and air filtering facilities, military dormitories and bathrooms which currently belong to the Civil Defence Staff. Additionally, Russian and Soviet metros in federal cities are used for governmental telephone systems. Thus in Russia and Soviet Union subways are considered military objects and taking photographs there is prohibited. For other uses, see Mail (disambiguation). ... The Post Office Railway, also known as Mail Rail, is a narrow gauge driverless private underground railway in London built by the Post Office to move mail between sorting offices. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Pre-1910 photograph of the Chicago Tunnel Company The Chicago Tunnel Company built a unique freight tunnel network under the downtown of the city of Chicago. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Stations

Main article: Metro station

Urban rail systems have often been used to showcase economic, social, and technological achievements of a nation, especially in the Soviet Union and other Eastern European countries. With their marble walls, polished granite floors and splendid mosaics, the metro systems of Moscow and St. Petersburg are widely regarded as some of the most beautiful in the world. Modern metro stations in Russia are usually still built with the same emphasis on appearance. In the former Soviet Union and in Eastern Europe metro stations were seen as a way to get art out to the public, instead of containing it for the rich. This is also part of the reason of the use of more classical art and architecture instead of the more modern, streamlined style used in the West. A lot of metros built in the USSR and Eastern European countries use quite expensive materials in the construction of the stations.[24] Exterior open entrance to a metro station (Tribunal station in Madrid) A metro station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as metro and subway. It is often underground or elevated. ... A current official map of the Moscow Metro. ... Official Logo The Saint Petersburg Metro (Russian: ) is an underground rapid transit system in Saint Petersburg, Russia. ...


But the art also has a practical purpose, in addition to the pure aesthetic. Beautified metro systems show higher passenger numbers than other, more plain systems. A lot of cities, faced with congestion problems, are investing large amounts of money in public transport to decrease car use, and are faced with problems encouraging increased use of rapid transit without large capital investment or operating costs. By using relatively small amounts on grand architecture, art, cleanliness, accessibility, lighting and a feeling of safety, metros can get larger amounts of passengers; usually the extra investments in aesthetics are profitable for the metros.[25] An example of this is in Los Angeles where 0.5% of investments were used on art while in Stockholm the authorities publish a guide to the art in the stations.[26] This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Invest redirects here. ... This article is about building architecture. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... “Cleanup” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Easy Access be merged into this article or section. ... Not to be confused with lightning. ... Warning signs, such as this one, can improve safety awareness. ... The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ... Stockholm Metro, Hötorget Station on the green line Rådhuset Station on the blue line Kungsträdgården Station on the blue line T-Centralen, blue line August Strindberg at the Rådmansgatan station on the green line The Stockholm Metro, or Stockholms tunnelbana, is the metro system in... A guide book is a book for tourists or travelers that provides details about a geographic location, tourist destination, or itinerary. ...


Technology

This station of the Paris Métro Line 14 has automatic platform-edge doors.
This station of the Paris Métro Line 14 has automatic platform-edge doors.

Most rapid transit trains are electric multiple units. Power is commonly delivered by a third rail, or in systems without much length in tunnel, by overhead wires, for example the Tyne and Wear Metro in North East England. Most run on conventional steel railway tracks, although some use rubber tires such as the Montreal system, which relies on rubber tires to soften the effects of vibration (as the train cars are narrow) while using steel tracks to provide guidance. Crew sizes have decreased throughout history, with some modern systems now running completely unstaffed trains. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Line 5s crossing of the Seine on the Austerlitz viaduct. ... Platform Screen Doors full-height, Paris - Line 14 - St. ... The technology of rapid transit has changed over the years: // Train size and motive power Some urban rail lines are built to the full size of main-line railways; others use smaller tunnels, restricting the size and sometimes the shape of the trains (in the London Underground the informal term... For other kinds of motors, see motor. ... A multiple unit is a passenger train whose carriages have their own motors, either diesel (DMUs) or electric (EMUs), and do not need to be hauled by a locomotive. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in Washington, D.C., electrified to 750 volts. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... Bogie from an MP 89 Paris Métro rolling stock An MP 73 Paris Métro rolling stock Rubber tracks between Pont de Neuilly and Esplanade de la Défense Rubber-tyred metro is a form of rail transport, but using some road technology: the vehicles have wheels with rubber... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ...


The method of tunnel construction used varies from place to place, depending on the situation. Cut-and-cover tunnels are constructed by digging up city streets, which are then rebuilt over the tunnel. Alternatively, tunnel-boring machines can be used to dig deep-bore tunnels.[2] A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... An underground pedestrian tunnel between buildings at MIT. Note the utility pipes running along the ceiling. ... A tunnel boring machine that was used at Yucca Mountain. ...


History

The first underground railway in the world was the London Underground.[27] London's system was proposed by Charles Pearson, as part of a city improvement plan, after the Thames Tunnel opened. After ten years of discussion, the British Parliament authorized the construction of an underground railway. Construction began in 1860 and was complete in 1863. The first trains that ran were steam locomotives.[28] An engraving from the Illustrated London News showing the initial construction stages of Londons Metropolitan Railway at Kings Cross in 1862 The history of rapid transit is generally considered to begin with the opening in 1863 of the Metropolitan Railway, now part of the London Underground. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ...


The first rapid transit systems in North America were elevated railways like Manhattan's Ninth Avenue Line (1868). The first underground transit line was a short piece of Boston's Green Line, opened in 1897, but this was a streetcar tunnel that only carried rapid transit trains from 1901 to 1908 (when Boston's first new rapid transit tunnel opened). North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Subway redirects here; for the restaurant named Subway, see Subway (restaurant). ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... The IRT Ninth Avenue Line, often called the Ninth Avenue Elevated, was the first elevated railway in New York City, first opened in 1868 as the West Side and Yonkers Patent Railway, a cable-hauled line. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Two trains at Park Street. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ...


In Buenos Aires Argentina, Line A, which opened to the public in 1913, is the oldest underground line of South America and of any Hispanic country and currently, its historic cars are still in use. For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


Maps and diagrams

The maps of diagrams of some of the larger rapid transit systems have themselves become cultural icons with artworks, books, websites, films and TV programmes revolving round them. The most well-known of all is the London Underground Map, but the maps of the New York Subway, The Paris Metro, Chicago CTA, Berlin U-Bahn (among others) receiving some of the most attention in the form of clothing (underwear,T-Shirts & ties seem especially popular); board games and puzzles; stationery and mousemats; shower curtains; tea-towels; fan sites; blogs; works of art; official copies and contentious infringements of copyright. A map or diagram of an urban rail or metro system. ... Original Tube Map by Beck The Tube map is the commonly-used name for the schematic diagram used to represent the lines and stations of the London Underground. ... South Ferry station 125th Street station The New York City Subway is a large rapid transit system in New York City, New York, United States. ... Paris Art Nouveau Metro sign The Paris Métro is the metro (underground) system in Paris, France. ... The L[1], variously, if perhaps incorrectly, styled L, El, EL, or L, is the rapid transit system that serves Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... The Oberbaumbrücke on the U1. ... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... A pair of mens briefs Undergarments, also called underwear or sometimes intimate clothing, are clothes worn next to the skin, usually under other clothes. ... T-Shirt A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt with short or long sleeves, a round neck, put on over the head, without pockets. ... Look up tie in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A board game is any game played with a premarked surface, with counters or pieces that are moved across the board. ... A puzzle is a problem or enigma that challenges ingenuity. ... Stationery is a general name given to paper and office supplies such as envelopes, notepads, pens, pencils, erasers, paper clips, staples, etc. ... Categories: Computer stubs ... A fansite or fan site, is a website created and maintained by the fans or devotees interested in a celebrity or a particular cultural phenomenon. ... It has been suggested that Online diary be merged into this article or section. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ...


See also

Stockholm Metro, Rådhuset Station
Stockholm Metro, Rådhuset Station
The solar-powered Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue station. (New York City Subway)
The solar-powered Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue station. (New York City Subway)

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1531 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Stockholm Metro ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1531 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Stockholm Metro ... Stockholm Metro, Hötorget Station on the green line RÃ¥dhuset Station on the blue line KungsträdgÃ¥rden Station on the blue line T-Centralen, blue line August Strindberg at the RÃ¥dmansgatan station on the green line The Stockholm Metro, or Stockholms tunnelbana, is the metro system in... RÃ¥dhuset Station on the blue line RÃ¥dhuset metro station. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 554 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rapid transit Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue (New York City Subway) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 554 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rapid transit Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue (New York City Subway) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... The track configuration around Stillwell Avenue Stillwell Avenue station from the Q tracks Stillwell Avenue station, also known as Coney Island Terminal or Stillwell Avenue-Coney Island station, at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, is the worlds largest single rapid transit terminal facility and notable as the most... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority as MTA New York City Transit. ... All-four is an urban transport scheme first annunciated by the Brooklyn_Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT—New York City) in the 1930s in which different transportation technologies are chosen and implemented in an integrated system. ... Busways redirects here. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... This is an alphabetical list of cities worldwide that have a rapid transit system, or a light-rail system with some elements of rapid transit. ... A metrophile is a person whos hobby is the study of metro (subway, underground) systems. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Bangkok Skytrain. ... A rubber-tyred train of the Paris Métro. ... S-Bahn refers to suburban metro railways in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Transit fares are fees charged for travel on publicly chartered or operated transportation systems, including subways, trolleys and buses (as these are known in northeastern parts of the United States). ... U-Bahn is the German abbreviation for Untergrund-Bahn (literally, underground railway), referring to a means of urban rapid transit, internationally known as subway, underground or metro. ... Urban rail transit is an all-encompassing term for various types of local rail systems serving urban or older suburban areas. ...

References

  1. ^ "London, England, United Kingdom". National Geographic. Retrieved on 2006-10-13. 
  2. ^ a b "Subway". World Book. ISBN 0-7166-0104-4. 
  3. ^ World Metro List. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  4. ^ FAQ. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  5. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-08230-1. 
  6. ^ Definition of "Underground". Chambers Reference Online. Retrieved on 2006-11-28.
  7. ^ Lokaltog, T-banen, Trikken. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  8. ^ Setp_sys_Route_Map.pdf. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  9. ^ Docklands Light Railway - About DLR. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  10. ^ Bangkok Mass Transit System Company Limited - BTS SkyTrain. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  11. ^ Miami-Dade Metrorail. Retrieved on 2007-09-09.
  12. ^ AirTrain History. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  13. ^ Las Vegas Monorail - History. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  14. ^ UrbanRail.Net > Métro de PARIS. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  15. ^ [Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District] (2003). BART Strategic Plan.
  16. ^ Tyne & Wear Metro. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  17. ^ Olympic Games 2004: five major projects for Athens. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  18. ^ Hong Kong West Rail Heavy Rail Line, China. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  19. ^ Tokyo transportation fact sheet (PDF). Web Japan. Retrieved on 2006-11-27.
  20. ^ MTA - Transportation Network. Retrieved on 2006-12-02.
  21. ^ [Public Transport Association] (18). Heavy Rail Transit Ridership Report. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  22. ^ Rail Mail Home. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  23. ^ The Chicago Tunnel Company Railroad Home Page. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  24. ^ Metro Arts and Architecture. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  25. ^ 10 Ways to Enhance Your Community: Unleash the Power of Public Transportation. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  26. ^ Metro Arts and Architecture. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  27. ^ History - Introduction. Transport for London. Retrieved on 2006-02-12.
  28. ^ "Subway". Encyclopædia Britannica online. Retrieved on 2006-12-02. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Rapid transit

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Bay Area Rapid Transit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6576 words)
The San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District is a special governmental agency created by the State of California consisting of Alameda County, Contra Costa County, and San Francisco County.
A rapid transit system in the San Francisco Bay Area was first proposed in 1946 by Bay Area business leaders concerned with increased post-war migration and congestion in the region.
Acting on the recommendations, the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District was formed by the state legislature in 1957, comprising the counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, and San Mateo.
Rapid transit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4107 words)
A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway system, usually in an urban area, with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic.
Those who prefer the terms "rapid transit" or "metro" tend to view this as a less important characteristic and include systems that are entirely elevated or at ground level (at grade).
Before any plans were made for transit systems with underground tunnels and stations, several railway operators built tunnels for their trains, usually to reduce the grade of the railway line.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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