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Encyclopedia > Range (music)

In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. For a singing voice, this is known as vocal range. The range of a musical part is the distance between its lowest and highest note. The duration range is the difference between the shortest and longest rhythm used. Dynamic range is the difference between the quietest and loudest volume of an instrument, part or piece of music. For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... In music, a register is the relative height or range of a note, set of pitches or pitch classes, melody, part, instrument or group of instruments. ... Human voices may be classified according to their vocal range — the highest and lowest pitches that they can produce. ... This article is about music. ... A duration is an amount of time or a particular time interval. ... For other uses, see Dynamic range (disambiguation). ...


Its designated range is the set of notes the player should or can achieve while playing. All instruments have a designated range, and all pitched instruments have a playing range. Timbre, dynamics, and duration ranges are interrelated and one may achieve registral range at the expense of timbre. The designated range is thus the range in which a player is expected to have comfortable control of all aspects. Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ...


While some woodwind instruments have no theoretical upper limit to their range (although they often have practical limits), they generally cannot go below their designated range. This is not the case for brass instruments. All brass instruments can play beyond their designated ranges. Notes lower than the brass instrument's designated range are called pedal tones. The playing range of a brass instrument depends on both the technical limitations of the instrument and the skill of the player. A woodwind instrument is an instrument in which sound is produced by blowing against an edge or by a vibrating with air a thin piece of wood known as a reed. ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ... Pedal tones are special notes in the harmonic series of cylindrical-bore brass instruments. ...


While woodwind and brass instruments can play above (and in the case of brass instruments below) their designated ranges, it is not often called upon in classical arrangements. String musicians play the bottom of their ranges very frequently, but the top of a string instrument's range is rather fuzzy, and it is unusual for a string player to exceed the designated range. It is quite rare for wind musicians to play the extremes of their instruments. The most common exception is that of trombones. Bass trombones are occasionally asked to play pedal tones.


Typical ranges


*This chart displays only to a low C, though the octocontrabass clarinet extends down to at least a low A.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Range (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (133 words)
The range of a musical part is the distance between its lowest and highest note.
The duration range is the difference between the shortest and longest rhythm used.
Dynamic range is the difference between the quietest and loudest volume of an instrument, part or piece of music.
Baroque music: Information from Answers.com (4688 words)
Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 to 1750 (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points).
Musically the adoption of the figured bass represents a larger change in musical thinking—namely that harmony, that is "taking all of the parts together" was as important as the linear part of polyphony.
In contrast to the music written durring the Classical and Romantic period, which was usually quite complex and epic (given the birth of the symphony during the Classical period), Baroque music was usually very simple and somewhat predictable.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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