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Encyclopedia > Randolph Churchill

Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer Churchill (May 28, 1911-June 6, 1968) was the son of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his wife Clementine. May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... This is a list of the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom since 1721. ... The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was an British statesman, best known as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (April 1, 1885 - December 12, 1977) (née Clementine Ogilvy Hozier) was the wife of Sir Winston Churchill. ...

He was married twice; his first marriage, to the well-known socialite Pamela Digby, later and better known as Pamela Harriman, produced a son, Winston Churchill, who followed in his footsteps as a member of Parliament, and by his second marriage he had a daughter, Arabella Churchill. He was a Conservative Member of Parliament for Preston from 1940 to 1945. The Honourable Pamela Beryl Digby (20 March 1920–5 February 1997) was a celebrated courtesan, diplomat and celebrity. ... This article is about the living politician. ... Arabella Churchill (born October 30th 1949) is a British philanthropist. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Preston is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

During World War II, Randolph Churchill went on a military/diplomatic mission to Yugoslavia in 1944. He and Evelyn Waugh narrowly escaped capture/death when the Germans undertook Operation Rösselsprung, and had paratroops and glider borne storm troops attack the Partisan headquarters where they were staying. An outcome was a formidable report detailing Tito's persecution of the clergy. It was "buried" by Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden (who also attempted to discredit Waugh) to save diplomatic embarrassment as Tito was then seen as a required ally of Britain and an official "friend". World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, in Cyrillic Југославија) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Evelyn Waugh, as photographed in 1940 by Carl Van Vechten Evelyn Arthur St. ... Operation Rösselsprung (Knights Leap) was a World War II iniative by the Germans, attempting to capture Josip Broz Tito near Drvar, thereby disrupting leadership of the communist partisan movement in Bosnia. ... The Column The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ... The Right Honourable Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC (June 12, 1897– January 14, 1977), British politician, was Foreign Secretary during World War II and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1950s. ...

Randolph Churchill's political career (and that of his son) was not as successful as Sir Winston's or his grandfather Lord Randolph's. He was appointed an MP during the war to fill a vacancy, but failed to keep his seat after the war. He stood for parliament on many other occasions, and was defeated at each — including losing to future Labour leader Michael Foot in 1951. He only entered Parliament during the war in an uncontested by-election. The Labour Party is the principal centre-left political party in the United Kingdom (see British politics). ... The Right Honourable Michael Mackintosh Foot (born 23 July 1913), British politician, was leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...

Randolph was often portrayed as the bête noire of the Churchills - irascible, bad-tempered, spoilt by his father, and with a serious drinking problem. But he inherited his father's literary flair, and carved out a career for himself as a successful writer. He started the official biography of his father in 1966, but had only finished the second volume by the time of his death in 1968. It was posthumously completed by Sir Martin Gilbert. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Sir Martin Gilbert (born October 25, 1936 in London) is a British historian and biographer and author of over seventy books on a range of historical subjects. ...

It is said that his father declined a peerage so as to not compromise his son's chances of a political career, since by 1911 it had become traditional for British Prime Ministers to come from the lower house of Parliament (the House of Commons). If Sir Winston Churchill had accepted a peerage (even near death), then his son would have automatically been forced to move to the House of Lords. (In 1963, hereditary peers were allowed to disclaim their titles, although the only peer to do so and become Prime Minister, Sir Alec Douglas-Home — previously the 14th Earl of Home — served very briefly in that office.) The Peerage is a system of titles of nobility which exists in the United Kingdom and is one part of the British honours system. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... British House of Commons Canadian House of Commons In some bicameral parliaments of a Westminster System, the House of Commons has historically been the name of the elected lower house. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Right Honourable Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, KT,1 PC (2 July 1903–9 October 1995), 14th Earl of Home from 1951 to 1963, was a British politician, and served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for a year from October 1963 to October... The title Earl of Home (pronounced Hume) was created in 1605 in the Peerage of Scotland for Alexander Home, who was also the sixth Lord Home. ...

He died of a heart attack in 1968, aged 57. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ...

  Results from FactBites:
BBC - History - Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965) (447 words)
Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born on 30 November 1874 at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire.
Churchill lost power in the 1945 post-war election but remained leader of the opposition, voicing apprehensions about the Cold War (he popularised the term 'Iron Curtain') and encouraging European and trans-Atlantic unity.
Churchill died on 24 January 1965 and was given a state funeral.
Lord Randolph Churchill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1654 words)
Lord Randolph was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough and Frances, daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.
Lord Randolph insisted that the principle of the bill should be accepted by the opposition, and that resistance should be focused on the refusal of the government to combine with it a scheme of redistribution.
At the conference of the Central Union of Conservative Associations, Lord Randolph was nominated chairman, despite the opposition of the parliamentary leaders.
  More results at FactBites »



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