FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rampart Scandal

The Rampart Scandal refers to widespread corruption of the Community Resources Against Street Hoodlums (C.R.A.S.H.) anti-gang unit of the LAPD Rampart Division in the late 1990's. More than 70 police officers in the CRASH unit were implicated in misconduct, making it one of the most widespread cases of documented police misconduct in U.S. history. The convicted offenses included beating gang members, planting evidence on suspects, stealing and dealing narcotics, bank robbery, falsifying reports, shooting unarmed suspects, and covering up these unprovoked shootings. [1] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Rampart Division of the Los Angeles Police Department serves the districts to the west and northwest of Downtown Los Angeles, including Echo Park, Pico-Union and Westlake. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... A police officer is a warranted employee of a police service. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Police misconduct refers to brutality, corruption or other objectionable actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ...


As of May, 2001, the Rampart investigation had brought 58 officers before an internal administrative board. Of these, 12 were suspended, seven resigned, and five were terminated. [2] As a result of the probe into falsified evidence and police perjury, 106 prior criminal convictions were overturned. [3] May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Timeline of Scandal

March 18, 1997 - Officer Kevin Gaines Road Rage Shootout

Around 4pm on March 18, 1997, undercover LAPD officer Frank Lyga shot and killed Rampart CRASH officer Kevin Gaines in self-defense following a case of apparent road rage. [4] [5] According to Lyga's and other witness testimony, Gaines, blasting rap music, pulled his green SUV up to Lyga's Buick. Gaines had a shaved head and wore his sweatshirt open to his navel, exposing the breadth of his chest. Lyga looked over at Gaines, who returned his stare, and said "Can I help you?" March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Police Department (usually known as the LAPD) is the police department of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kevin Gaines was an officer in the elite LAPD Community_Resources_Against_Street_Hoodlums unit implicated in the Rampart Scandal. ...


"No. Roll up that window, you punk motherf----r," Gaines responded, "or I'll put a cap up your ass."[5]


"Do you have a problem?" Lyga asked.


"I'm your problem, motherf----r!" replied Gaines. "Pull over right now and I'll kick your a--!" Gaines flashed gang signs at Officer Lyga and pointed to the side of the road.


Lyga nodded and said "Let's go." When Gaines pulled over, Lyga sped away, thinking he had avoided the unpleasant situation.


Gaines sped after Lyga, brandishing a steel-cased .45-calibre handgun. Lyga took out his gun and began frantically calling fellow officers for help using a hidden radio activated by a foot pedal. Lyga's voice can be heard on police recordings, "Hey, I got a problem. I've got a black guy in a green Jeep coming up here! He's got a gun!"


Pulling up at a stop light, Lyga testifies that he again heard Gaines shout "I'll cap you." Lyga fired his 9-millimetre Beretta into the SUV, lodging one bullet in Gaines' heart. Lyga radioed one final transmission: "I just shot this guy! I need help! Get up here!"


The killing of a black officer by a white officer created a highly publicized LAPD controversy and prompted allegations that Lyga's shooting was racially motivated. Within three days, Gaines' family hired Johnnie Cochran to sue the city of Los Angeles. Lyga reported that Gaines was the first to pull a gun, and that he responded in self-defence. Lyga told Frontline, "In my training experience this guy had 'I'm a gang member' written all over him." The Los Angeles Police Department (usually known as the LAPD) is the police department of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


In the ensuing investigation, the LAPD discovered that Gaines had apparently been involved in similar road rage incidents, threatening drivers by brandishing his gun. The investigation also revealed that Gaines was associated with rap recording label Death Row Records and its controversial owner, Marion "Suge" Knight. Investigators learned that Death Row Records, associated with the violent Los Angeles gang The Bloods, was hiring off-duty police officers like Gaines to serve as security guards. Kevin Gaines was an officer in the elite LAPD Community_Resources_Against_Street_Hoodlums unit implicated in the Rampart Scandal. ... Death Row Records is a record company that was founded in 1991 by Suge Knight and Dr. Dre, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including: Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg, and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt & Daz). ... Suge Knight, CEO of Death Row Records Marion Suge Knight, a. ... Death Row Records is a record company that was founded in 1991 by Suge Knight and Dr. Dre, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including: Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg, and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt & Daz). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The Bloods are one of the Los Angeles, California street gangs. ...


Lyga served desk duty for one year while the LAPD reviewed the details of the shooting. Following three seperate internal investigations, Lyga was exonerated of any wrong doing. The LAPD concluded that Lyga's shooting was "in policy" and not racially or improperly motivated.


Following the incident, the Gaines family retained attorney Johnnie Cochran and filed a wrongful death lawsuit against the city of Los Angeles for $25 million. The city eventually settled with Cochran for $250,000. Lyga was angry the city settled, denying him the chance to fully clear his name. Judge Schoettler wrote a letter to Chief Bernard Parks stating "Had the matter been submitted to me for a determination, I would have found in favor of the City of Los Angeles." Schoettler's letter alleged political reasons for settling the case, namely, City Attorney James Hahn was preparing to run for mayor and black voters were his primary demographic. [6] Johnnie L. Cochran, Jr. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Bernard Parks, currently a member of the Los Angeles City Council, is the former Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department. ... James Kenneth Jim Hahn (born July 3, 1950) is an American politician from the Democratic Party. ...


The Gaines-Lyga incident was subtly dramatized in the 2004 Academy Award winning film, Crash. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Look up crash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


November 6, 1997 - Officer David Mack Bank Robbery

On November 6, 1997, $722,000 was stolen in an armed robbery of a Los Angeles branch of Bank of America. After one month of investigation, assistant bank manager Errolyn Romero confessed to her role in the crime and implicated her boyfriend, L.A.P.D. officer David Mack, as the mastermind. Mack was sentenced to 14 years and three months in federal prison. He has never revealed the wherabouts of the money, bragging to fellow inmates that he will be a millionaire by the time he is released. [4] November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also Banc of America Securities, Banc of America Investment Services, Inc. ... David Mack is one of the central figures in the LAPD Rampart police corruption scandal. ...


CRASH Culture

In extensive testimony to investigators, Officer Rafael Pérez provided a detailed portrait of the culture of the elite CRASH unit. Perez insisted that 90% of CRASH officers were "in the loop," knowingly framing innocent suspects and perjuring themselves on the witness stand. Perez claims his superiors were aware of and encouraged CRASH officers to engage in misconduct; the goal of the unit was to arrest gang members by any means necessary. Perez described how CRASH officers were awarded plaques for shooting suspects, with extra honors if suspects were killed. Perez alleges that CRASH officers carried spare guns in their "war bags" to plant on suspects. In recorded testimony Perez revealed the CRASH motto: "We intimidate those who intimidate others." [3] Rafael Perez is the central figure in the LAPD Rampart Scandal. ...


Key Figures

Officer Rafael Pérez, at age 31 a nine-year veteran of the Los Angeles Police Department, was arrested on August 25, 1998 for stealing six pounds of cocaine from a department property room. The cocaine was estimated to be worth $800,000 on the street. [7] Rafael Perez is the central figure in the LAPD Rampart Scandal. ... “LAPD” redirects here. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


Officer David Mack was arrested for masterminding the November 6, 1997 robbery of $722,000 from a Los Angeles bank. He was sentenced to 14 years and three months in federal prison.[7] David Mack is one of the central figures in the LAPD Rampart police corruption scandal. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Political Aftermath

Police Chief Bernard Parks was not rehired by newly elected Mayor James K. Hahn in 2001. This arguably caused Hahn to lose the support of South Los Angeles's black community, leading to his defeat by Antonio Villaraigosa in the 2005 election.[citation needed] Bernard Parks, currently a member of the Los Angeles City Council, is the former Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department. ... James Hahn James Kenneth Hahn (born July 3, 1950) is an American politician from the Democratic Party. ... South Los Angeles South Los Angeles is the official name for a large geographic and cultural area lying to the south and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, California. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio Ramon Villar, Jr. ... The 2005 Los Angeles mayoral election took place on March 8, 2005, with a runoff election on May 17. ...


The ensuing pullback in Rampart Division CRASH operations following the scandal is believed to have enabled Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13), a notoriously violent gang, to establish a firm base of power in Westlake's considerable Salvadoran population.[citation needed] MS-13 gang member with gangs name tattooed in the back. ...


Sociologists like Mike Davis, contend, however, that the flow of cocaine into Los Angeles combined with the vast decline of living wage jobs in recent years has more to do with the increasing gang violence in Los Angeles than the disbanding of the CRASH unit, pointing to similarities between modern day gang violence in Los Angeles and the increase of violence in the 1980s, when crack cocaine first arrived via what is now known as the Iran Contra Affair, the local job market, particularly in the Black and Latino areas, became scarce, and when the CRASH unit was operating at full force. Mike Davis, 1999 (Photo by Anne Fishbein) Mike Davis is an American social commentator, urban theorist, and sociographer. ... Cocaine (see also: crack) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... A pile of crack cocaine ‘rocks’. Crack cocaine is a form of cocaine. ... In the Iran-Contra Affair, United States President Ronald Reagans administration secretly sold arms to Iran, which was engaged in a bloody war with its neighbor Iraq from 1980 to 1988 (see Iran-Iraq War), and diverted the proceeds to the Contra rebels fighting to overthrow the leftist and... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Notes

  1. ^ StreetGangs.com
  2. ^ PBS.org
  3. ^ a b PBS audio transcripts of Perez
  4. ^ a b Edward Lawson.com
  5. ^ a b Rolling Stone
  6. ^ PBS Timeline
  7. ^ a b Truth in Justice

  Results from FactBites:
 
2007 May « ValueWiki Blog (1689 words)
The Rampart Scandal may be the most widespread and well-documented case of police corruption and brutality in U.S. History.
Several Rampart cops were on the payroll of Death Row Records, and had strong ties to the violent Bloods gang.
The scope of the Rampart Scandal is enormous.
PBS - frontline: l.a.p.d. blues: the scandal: rampart scandal timeline (1976 words)
He concluded that the L.A.P.D. minimized the magnitude of the Rampart scandal and failed to acknowledge the extent to which its internal culture allowed corruption to fester.
Poole, a detective with the Robbery/Homicide Division, was a lead investigator on the Lyga-Gaines shooting and was later assigned to the Rampart Corruption Task Force, where he investigated the station-house beating of Ismael Jimenez.
In the first criminal case stemming from Perez's allegations, Sgt. Edward Ortiz, Brian Liddy, Paul Harper and Michael Buchanan, all of the Rampart CRASH unit, were tried on charges of perjury, fabricating arrests and filing false police reports.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m