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Encyclopedia > Ramon Magsaysay
Ramon Magsaysay


7th President of the Philippines
3rd President of the 3rd Republic
In office
December 30, 1953 – March 17, 1957
Vice President(s) Carlos P. García
Preceded by Elpidio Quirino
Succeeded by Carlos P. García

Born August 31, 1907
Iba, Zambales
Died March 17, 1957
Mt. Manunggal, Balamban, Cebu
Political party Nacionalista Party
Spouse Luz Banzon
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature Ramon Magsaysay's signature

Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 - March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. He was elected President under the banner of the Nacionalista Party. Ramon Magsaysay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Ramon Magsaysay. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Iba is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zambales, Philippines. ... Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Balamban is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... President and Mrs. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Image File history File links Magsaysay_Sig. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life and career

Ramon Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales to Exequiel Magsaysay, a blacksmith, and Perfecta del Fierro, a schoolteacher. Of Visayan descent, he nonetheless was ethnically affiliated with the Ilocanos of Iba and considered himself as one of them. He went to high school at Zambales Academy (ZA). Iba is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zambales, Philippines. ... Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... A blacksmith A blacksmith at work A blacksmith at work A blacksmiths fire Hot metal work from a blacksmith A blacksmith is a person who creates objects from iron or steel by forging the metal; i. ... Bisaya redirects here. ... The Ilocano or Ilokano people are the third largest Filipino ethnic group. ...


In 1927 he enrolled at the University of the Philippines. He took up a pre-law course and later shifted to engineering, all the while working as a chauffeur to support himself. However, he did not finish his course due to illness. Eventually he studied commerce at Jose Rizal College, graduating in 1931. Just out of college he started to work as chief mechanic for the Try Tran Bus Company in Manila. At the time the company was losing money, but after Magsaysay had introduced new working methods and had taken measures against corrupt employees, the company started to be profitable and he became the general manager. He first met his future wife, Luz Banzon, at the office of Try Tran, when she was picking up the payment for a bus company that her father had sold to Try Tran. They married on June 10, 1933. The Oblation UP Diliman, the flagship campus of the U.P. System UP Baguio UP Extension Program in Pampanga Temporary Campus UP Los Baños UP Manila This article is about the University of the Philippines System. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


When World War II broke out in the Philippines, Magsaysay joined the motor pool of the 31st Infantry Division of the Philippine army as a Captain. Following the fall of Bataan in 1942, he organized the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces that fought against the Japanese. He still maintained the rank of a Captain when the American forces liberated the Philippines in early 1945 although he commanded by then 12,000 men. He had refused to promote himself, but the American command made him a Major. At the end of the war he was appointed Military Governor of Zambales, inaugurated on February 4, 1945. Two months later, the provincial administration was transferred to a civilian Governor. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Congressman

On April 23, 1946, Magsaysay was elected as an Independent to the Philippine House of Representatives. In 1948, President Roxas chose Magsaysay to go to Washington as Chairman of the Committee on Guerilla Affairs, to help to secure passage of the Rogers Bill, giving considerable benefits to Philippine veterans. In the so-called "dirty election" of 1949, he was re-elected to a second term in the House of Representatives. During both terms he was Chairman of the House National Defense Committee. April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 8, 1949 in the Philippines. ...


Secretary of National Defense

The Magsaysay Story
Pocket Books edition 1957

In early August 1950 he offered President Quirino a plan to fight the Communist guerillas, using his own experiences in guerilla warfare during World War II. After some hesitation, Quirino realized that there was no alternative and appointed Magsaysay Secretary of National Defence on August 31, 1950. He intensified the campaign against the Hukbalahap guerillas, waging one of the most successful anti-guerilla campaigns in modern history. This success was due in part to the unconventional methods he employed, namely utilizing soldiers to distribute relief goods and other forms of aid to outlying, provincial communities. Where before Magsaysay the rural folk looked on the Philippine Army if not in distrust, at least with general apathy, during his term as Defense Secretary Filipinos began to respect and admire their soldiers. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 404 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (406 × 602 pixel, file size: 35 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Magsaysay Story is a biography of President Ramon Magsaysay by Carlos P. Romulo (then the Philippines ambassador to the U.S.) and Marvin M. Gray... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 404 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (406 × 602 pixel, file size: 35 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Magsaysay Story is a biography of President Ramon Magsaysay by Carlos P. Romulo (then the Philippines ambassador to the U.S.) and Marvin M. Gray... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Hukbalahap was the militant arm of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), formed in 1942 to fight the Japanese occupation in the Philippines during World War II. The term is a contraction of the Filipino term Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon which means Peoples Army... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ...


In June 1952 Magsaysay made a goodwill tour to the United States and Mexico. He visited New York, Washington, D. C. (with a medical check-up at Walter Reed Hospital) and Mexico City where he spoke at the Annual Convention of Lions International. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... ... Walter Reed Army Medical Center is a hospital run by the United States Army. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Lions Clubs International is the worlds largest service club organisation with 46,000 clubs and 1. ...


By 1953 President Quirino thought the threat of the Huks was under control and Secretary Magsaysay was becoming too powerful. Magsaysay met with interference and obstruction from the President and his advisers, in fear they might be unseated at the next presidential election. Although Magsaysay had at that time no intention to run, he was urged from many sides and finally was convinced that the only way to continue his fight against communism, and for a government for the people, was to be elected President, ousting the corrupt administration that, in his opinion, had caused the rise of the communist guerillas by bad administration. He resigned his post as defense secretary on February 28, 1953, and became the presidential candidate of the Nacionalist party, disputing the nomination with senator Camilo Osias at the Nacionalista national convention. Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ...


Presidency

President and Mrs. Magsaysay with Eleanor Roosevelt at the Malacañang Palace.

In the Election of 1953, Magsaysay was decisively elected president over the incumbent Elpidio Quirino. He was sworn into office wearing the Barong Tagalog, a first by a Philippine president. Image File history File linksMetadata Magsaysay_Roosevelt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Magsaysay_Roosevelt. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American political leader who used her stature as First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945 to promote her husbands (Franklin D. Roosevelts) New Deal, as well as civil rights. ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 10, 1953 in the Philippines. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... A painting of Philippine president Joseph Estrada sporting a barong from a Barong designer popular among celebrities A Barong Tagalog (or simply Barong) is an embroidered formal garment of the Philippines. ...


As president, he was a close friend and supporter of the United States and a vocal spokesman against communism during the Cold War. He led the foundation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization also known as the Manila Pact of 1954, that aimed to defend South East Asia, South Asia and the Southwestern Pacific from communism. He was also known for his integrity and strength of character. Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty or the Manila Pact, was an international organization for collective defense established on September 8, 1954. ...


During his term, he made Malacañáng Palace literally a "house of the people", opening its gates to the public. Depiction of the Malacañan Palace at the back of the 20-peso bill. ...


One example of his integrity followed a demonstration flight aboard a new plane belonging to the Philippines Air Force (PAF). President Magsaysay asked what the operating costs per hour were for that type of aircraft, then wrote a personal check to the PAF, covering the cost of his flight. The Philippine Air Force (PAF) is the air force of the Philippines. ...


Death

On March 16, 1957 Magsaysay left Manila for Cebu City where he spoke at three educational institutions. That same night, at about 1 a.m., he boarded the presidential plane "Mt. Pinatubo", a C-47, heading back to Manila. In the early morning hours of March 17, his plane was reported missing. It was late in the afternoon that day that newspapers reported that the airplane had crashed on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu and that 26 of the 27 passengers and crew aboard were killed. Only newspaperman Néstor Mata survived. Vice President Carlos P. García, who was on an official visit to Australia at the time, assumed the presidency to serve out the last eight months of Magsaysay's term. March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Mount Pinatubo is an active volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ... The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota is a military transport that was developed from the Douglas DC-3 airliner. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nestor Mata is one of the Philippines most durable journalists, with a career spanning over six decades. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ...


An estimated 2 million people attended Magsaysay's burial on March 22, 1957. He was survived by first lady/wife Luz Banzon-Magsaysay (1915-2004) with 3 children: Teresita (b. 1934), Milagros (b. 1936) and former congressman, and now senator Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. (b. 1938) is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... President and Mrs. ... Ramon Magsaysay Jr. ...


Trivia

Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Gen. ... William Cameron Townsend is a prominent christian missionary whose ministry began in the early twentieth century. ... Wycliffe Bible Translators is an international, interdenominational or parachurch organization with U.S. headquarters in Orlando, Florida. ... SIL International is a worldwide non-profit evangelical Christian organization whose main purpose is to study, develop and document lesser-known languages in order to expand linguistic knowledge, promote literacy and aid minority language development. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Starship Troopers Starship Troopers is a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein, first published (in abridged form) as a serial in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction (October, November 1959, as Starship Soldier) and published hardcover in 1959. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Juan Rico, as played by Casper Van Dien in the 1997 film adaptation of the novel Starship Troopers. ...

See also

The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Magsaysay award is given in honor of the late President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay. ... Ramon Magsaysay Jr. ...

External links

  • The Philippine Presidency Project

References

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 
  • Townsend, William Cameron (1952). Biography of President Lázaro Cárdenas. 

      See the SIL International Website at:   Establishing the Work in Mexico.

  • Carlos P. Romulo and Marvin M. Gray: The Magsaysay Story (The John Day Company, 1956, updated - with an additional chapter on Magsaysay's death - re-edition by Pocket Books, Special Student Edition, SP-18, December 1957)
Preceded by
Valentin Afable
Representative, Zambales
1946 - 1953
Succeeded by
Enrique Corpus
Preceded by
Ruperto K. Kangleon
Philippine Secretary of National Defense
1950 - 1953
Succeeded by
Oscar T. Castelo
Preceded by
Elpidio Quirino
President of the Philippines
1953 - 1957
Succeeded by
Carlos P. García

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ramon Magsaysay Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (951 words)
Ramon Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales, on Aug. 31, 1907, to Exequiel Magsaysay, a flsmith, and Perfecta del Fierro, a schoolteacher.
Magsaysay was among those instrumental in clearing the Zambales coast of the Japanese prior to the landing of American liberation forces on Jan. 29, 1945.
Magsaysay also signed the first Agricultural Commodities Agreement with the United States in 1957, thus perpetuating the colonial pattern of the nation's economy, and was also responsible for the passage of the Antisubversion Law, which curtailed the citizens' democratic rights of assembly, free speech, and belief.
Ramon Magsaysay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (772 words)
Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death.
Magsaysay with Eleanor Roosevelt at the Malacañang Palace.
President Magsaysay patterned his people–oriented government on the principles which he found in the 1952 edition of the biography of past President Lázaro Cárdenas of Mexico, which was written by William Cameron Townsend, the founder of Wycliffe Bible Translators and the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL International).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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