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Encyclopedia > Ralph Waldo Emerson
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Born May 25, 1803(1803-05-25)
Boston, Massachusetts
Died April 27, 1882 (aged 78)
Concord, Massachusetts
Occupation Author, Transcendentalist,philosopher, essayist, poet
Nationality Flag of the United States United States
Literary movement Transcendentalism
Influences Montaigne, Vedas, William Wordsworth, Immanuel Kant, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Influenced Henry David Thoreau
Margaret Fuller
Orestes Brownson
Walt Whitman
Harold Bloom
Friedrich Nietzsche
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Charles Ives
George Santayana

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Boston redirects here. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... This article is about work. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... Transcendentalism was the name of a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy which emerged in New England in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. ... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... An essayist is an author who writes compositions which can be about any particular subject. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... ... Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England in the early-to mid-19th century. ... Michel Eyquem de Montaigne-Delecroix (IPA pronunciation: []) (February 28, 1533–September 13, 1592) was one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance. ... Veda redirects here. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ... Kant redirects here. ... Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (IPA: ) (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher and, with Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, one of the representatives of German idealism. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance... Margaret Fuller, by Marchioness Ossoli. ... Orestes Augustus Brownson (1803-1876) was a New England intellectual and activist, preacher and labor organizer. ... Walter Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. ... Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) (IPA: ) was a nineteenth-century German philosopher. ... Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. ... This photo from around 1913 shows Ives in his day job. He was the director of a successful insurance agency. ... George Santayana George Santayana (December 16, 1863, Madrid – September 26, 1952, Rome), was a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Transcendentalism was the name of a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy which emerged in New England in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. ...

Contents

Biography

Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston, son of the Rev. William Emerson, a Unitarian minister in a famous line of ministers. He gradually drifted from the doctrines of his peers, then formulated and first expressed the philosophy of Transcendentalism in his 1836 essay, Nature. As a result of this ground breaking work he gave a speech entitled The American Scholar in 1837, which is considered to be America's "Intellectual Declaration of Independence." He once said "Make the most of yourself, for that is all there is of you." Boston redirects here. ... The Rev. ... Historic Unitarianism believed in the oneness of God as opposed to traditional Christian belief in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). ... Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England in the early-to mid-19th century. ... Nature is a short book by Ralph Waldo Emerson published anonymously in 1836. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson Wikisource has original text related to this article: The American Scholar For the publication of Phi Beta Kappa, see The American Scholar (magazine) The American Scholar was a speech given by Ralph Waldo Emerson in 1837 to the Phi Beta Kappa Society in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...


Emerson's father, who called his son "a rather dull scholar", died in 1811, less than two weeks short of Emerson's 8th birthday. The young Emerson was subsequently sent to the Boston Latin School in 1812 at the age of nine. In October 1817, at fourteen, Emerson went to Harvard College and was appointed the Freshman's President, a position which gave him a room free of charge. He waited tables at Commons, a dining hall at Harvard, reducing the cost of his board to one quarter of the full fee, and he received a scholarship. To complement his meager salary, he tutored and taught during the winter vacation at his Uncle Ripley's school in Waltham, Massachusetts. The Boston Latin School is a public exam school founded on April 23, 1635, in Boston, Massachusetts, making it the oldest public school in America. ... Harvard redirects here. ... One of the early centers of the Industrial Revolution in northern America, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


After Emerson graduated from Harvard in 1821 at the age of eighteen, he assisted his brother in a school for young ladies established in their mother's house, after he had established his own school in Chelmsford; when his brother went to Göttingen to study divinity, Emerson took charge of the school. Over the next several years, Emerson made his living as a schoolmaster, then went to Harvard Divinity School, and emerged as a Unitarian minister in 1829. A dispute with church officials over the administration of the Communion service, and misgivings about public prayer led to his resignation in 1832. Chelmsford is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts located 32 miles from Boston. ... Göttingen marketplace with old city hall, Gänseliesel fountain and pedestrian zone Göttingen ( ) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Harvard Divinity School is one of the constituent schools of Harvard University, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States. ...


His first wife, Ellen Louisa Tucker, died of tuberculosis at 19 on February 8, 1831. Despite his having been married, there is evidence pointing to Emerson being bisexual.[1] During his earlier years at Harvard he found himself 'strangely attracted' to a young freshman named Martin Gay about whom he wrote sexually charged poetry. [2] Homosexuality would be only the first of his infatuations and interests, with Nathaniel Hawthorne numbered among them.[3] Emerson is distantly related to Charles Wesley Emerson, founder and namesake of Emerson College. Both were Unitarian ministers; Charles was a family name in Ralph Waldo Emerson's family. Their great ancestor, Thomas Emerson, immigrant, settled as early as 1640 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, and was the progenitor of a family of ministers and learned men. is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... Charles Wesley Emerson (1837 - 1908) was the founder and first president of Emerson College in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Emerson College was founded in 1880 by Charles Wesley Emerson as a school of oratory, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Ipswich is a coastal town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Emerson toured Europe in 1832 and later wrote of his travels in English Traits (1856). During this trip, he met William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Stuart Mill, and Thomas Carlyle. Emerson maintained contact with Carlyle until the latter's death in 1881. He served as Carlyle's agent in the U.S. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Wordsworth redirects here. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873), British philosopher, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. ... The most familiar view of Carlyle is as the bearded sage with a penetrating gaze Thomas Carlyle (December 4, 1795 – February 5, 1881) was a Scottish essayist, satirist, and historian, whose work was hugely influential during the Victorian era. ...


His travels abroad brought him to England, France (in 1848), Italy, and the Middle East. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


In 1835, Emerson bought a house on the Cambridge and Concord Turnpike in Concord, Massachusetts, now open to the public as the Ralph Waldo Emerson House, and quickly became one of the leading citizens in the town. He also married his second wife Lydia Jackson there. He called her Lydian and she called him Mr. Emerson. Their children were Waldo, Ellen, Edith, and Edward Waldo Emerson. Ellen was named for his first wife, at the suggestion of Lydia. The Cambridge and Concord Turnpike was an early turnpike between Cambridge and Concord, Massachusetts. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson House The Ralph Waldo Emerson House is a house museum located at 28 Cambridge Turnpike, Concord, Massachusetts, and a National Historic Landmark for its associations with American philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson. ...


Emerson's famous nephew was Charles Waldo Haskins, an accountant and founder of Haskin and Sells, later through mergers known as Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, a Big Four accounting firm in the United States. Charles Waldo Haskins born in 1852 into a leading American family (including uncle was Ralph Waldo Emerson). ... Deloitte & Touche (also referred to as Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, and branded as Deloitte. ...


Literary career

Ralph Waldo Emerson
Ralph Waldo Emerson

In September 1836, Emerson and other like-minded intellectuals founded the Transcendental Club, which served as a center for the movement, but did not publish its journal, The Dial, until July 1840. Emerson anonymously published his first essay, Nature, in September 1836. Ralph Waldo Emerson photogravure from 19th century book This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson photogravure from 19th century book This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Transcendental Club was the group of New England intellectuals of the early-to-mid-19th century which gave rise to Transcendentalism. ... The January 1920 issue of the Dial. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nature is a short book by Ralph Waldo Emerson published anonymously in 1836. ...


In 1838 he was invited back to Divinity Hall, Harvard Divinity School, for the school's graduation address, which came to be known as his Divinity School Address. His remarks managed to outrage the establishment and shock the whole Protestant community at the time, as he proclaimed that while Jesus was a great man, he was not God. At the time, such statements were rather unheard of. For this, he was denounced as an atheist, and a poisoner of young men's minds. Despite the roar of his critics, he made no reply, leaving it to others for his defense. He was not invited back to speak at Harvard for another 30 years, but by the mid-1880s his position had become standard Unitarian doctrine. Divinity Hall, Harvard Divinity School - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Ralph Waldo Emersons speech to the graduating class of Harvard Divinity School on July 15, 1838 is commonly known as his Divinity School Address. In the address, Emerson adumbrates many of the tenets of Transcendentalism against a more conventional Unitarian theology. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... “Atheist” redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Unitarianism is the belief...


Early in 1842, Emerson lost his first son, Waldo, to scarlet fever. Emerson wrote about his grief in two major works: the poem "Threnody", and the essay "Experience." In the same year, William James was born, and Emerson agreed to be his godfather. It has been suggested that Anticipatory Grief be merged into this article or section. ... Look up Threnody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A godparent, in many denominations of Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ...


In the 1840's Emerson was hospitable to Nathanial Hawthorne and his family, influencing Hawthorne during his three joyous years with Emerson.


Emerson made a living as a popular lecturer in New England and the rest of the country outside of the South. During several scheduled appearances that he was not able to make, Frederick Douglass took his place. Emerson spoke on a wide variety of subjects. Many of his essays grew out of his lectures. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Frederick Douglass, ca. ...


Emerson associated with Nathaniel Hawthorne and Henry David Thoreau and often took walks with them in Concord. Emerson encouraged Thoreau's talent and early career. The land on which Thoreau built his cabin on Walden Pond belonged to Emerson. While Thoreau was living at Walden, Emerson provided food and hired Thoreau to perform odd jobs. When Thoreau left Walden after two years' time, it was to live at the Emerson house while Emerson was away on a lecture tour. Their close relationship fractured after Emerson gave Thoreau the poor advice to publish his first book, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, without extensive drafts, and directed Thoreau to his own agent who made Thoreau split the price/risk of publishing. The book found few readers, and put Thoreau heavily into debt. Eventually the two would reconcile some of their differences, although Thoreau privately accused Emerson of having drifted from his original philosophy, and Emerson began to view Thoreau as a misanthrope. Emerson's eulogy to Thoreau is largely credited with the latter's negative reputation during the 19th century. Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance... Thoreaus Cove, Concord, Mass. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Emerson was noted as being a very abstract and difficult writer who nevertheless drew large crowds for his speeches. The heart of Emerson's writing were his direct observations in his journals, which he started keeping as a teenager at Harvard. The journals were elaborately indexed by Emerson. Emerson went back to his journals, his bank of experiences and ideas, and took out relevant passages, which were joined together in his dense, concentrated lectures. He later revised and polished his lectures for his essays and sermons.


He was considered one of the great orators of the time, a man who could enrapture crowds with his deep voice, his enthusiasm, and his egalitarian respect for his audience. His outspoken, uncompromising support for abolitionism later in life caused protest and jeers from crowds when he spoke on the subject. He continued to speak on abolition without concern for his popularity and with increasing radicalism. He attempted, with difficulty, not to join the public arena as a member of any group or movement, and always retained a stringent independence that reflected his individualism. He always insisted that he wanted no followers, but sought to give man back to himself, as a self-reliant individual. Asked to sum up his work late in life, he said it was his doctrine of "the infinitude of the private man" that remained central. Look up orator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Individualism is a term used to describe a moral, political, or social outlook that stresses human independence and the importance of individual self-reliance and liberty. ...


In 1845, Emerson's Journal records that he was reading the Bhagavad Gita and Henry Thomas Colebrooke's Essays on the Vedas.[4] Emerson was strongly influenced by the Vedas, and much of his writing has strong shades of nondualism. One of the clearest examples of this can be found in his essay "The Over-soul": Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Henry Thomas Colebrooke (June 15, 1765 - March 18, 1837) was an English orientalist. ... Veda redirects here. ... The term nondual is a literal translation of the Sanskrit term advaita, (meaning not two). ... In either anime or manga media variation of Shaman King, Over Soul ) is the general term referring to a type of shamanic magic a shaman uses to materialize a ghost onto the physical plane. ...

We live in succession, in division, in parts, in particles. Meantime within man is the soul of the whole; the wise silence; the universal beauty, to which every part and particle is equally related, the eternal ONE. And this deep power in which we exist and whose beatitude is all accessible to us, is not only self-sufficing and perfect in every hour, but the act of seeing and the thing seen, the seer and the spectacle, the subject and the object, are one. We see the world piece by piece, as the sun, the moon, the animal, the tree; but the whole, of which these are shining parts, is the soul.[5]

Emerson was strongly influenced by his early reading of the French essayist Montaigne. From those compositions he took the conversational, subjective style and the loss of belief in a personal God. He never read Kant's works, but, instead, relied on Coleridge's interpretation of the German Transcriptal Idealist. This led to Emerson's non-traditional ideas of soul and God. Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (February 28, 1533 - September 13, 1592) was an influential French Renaissance writer, generally considered to be the inventor of the personal essay. ... Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804) was a Prussian philosopher, generally regarded as one of Europes most influential thinkers and the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


Emerson is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts. Sleepy Hollow Cemetery is a cemetery located on Bedford Road in the center of Concord, Massachusetts. ...


Emerson's "Collected Essays: First (1841) and Second (1844) Series," including his seminal essays on "History," "Self-Reliance," "Compensation," "Spiritual Laws," "Love," "Friendship," "Prudence," "Heroism," "The Over-soul," "Circles," "Intellect," and "Art" in the first and "The Poet," "Experience," "Character," "Manners," "Gifts," "Nature," "Politics," and "Nominalist and Realist" in the second, is often considered to be one of the 100 greatest books of all time. Self-Reliance is an essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson. ... This article needs cleanup. ... In either anime or manga media variation of Shaman King, Over Soul ) is the general term referring to a type of shamanic magic a shaman uses to materialize a ghost onto the physical plane. ... The Poet is an essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson, written between 1841-1843 and published in his Essays, Second Series. ... Look up Experience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary This article discusses the general concept of experience. ...


Works

selected list

essays This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikibooks. ...

Poems "The Concord Hymn" "The Rhodora" Self-Reliance is an essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson. ... This article needs cleanup. ... In either anime or manga media variation of Shaman King, Over Soul ) is the general term referring to a type of shamanic magic a shaman uses to materialize a ghost onto the physical plane. ... The Poet is an essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson, written between 1841-1843 and published in his Essays, Second Series. ... Look up Experience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary This article discusses the general concept of experience. ... This article is about the physical universe. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson Wikisource has original text related to this article: The American Scholar For the publication of Phi Beta Kappa, see The American Scholar (magazine) The American Scholar was a speech given by Ralph Waldo Emerson in 1837 to the Phi Beta Kappa Society in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...


Named after Emerson

In May 2006, 168 years after Emerson delivered his "Divinity School Address," Harvard Divinity School announced the establishment of the Emerson Unitarian Universalist Association Professorship.[6] The Emerson Chair is expected to be occupied in the fall of 2007 or soon thereafter.


Camp Emerson, a camp based in the Berkshires, is named after Emerson himself.


The town of Emerson, Manitoba, Canada is also named after him. Emerson is a town in south central Manitoba, population 655. ...


Mount Emerson, regarded as part of the "Evolution Range" of the High Sierra Nevada near Bishop, California, is named after Emerson. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article...


Emerson Hospital In Concord MA is also named after the poet


Ralph Waldo Emerson Elementary and Middle School In Detroit MI is also named after the poet


See also

Classical liberalism (also known as traditional liberalism[1] and laissez-faire liberalism[2]) is a doctrine stressing the importance of human rationality, individual property rights, natural rights, the protection of civil liberties, constitutional limitations of government, free markets, and individual freedom from restraint as exemplified in the writings of Adam... This article is about the political philosophy based on private property rights. ... Contributions to liberal theory is a partial list of individual contributions on a worldwide scale. ... Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England in the early-to mid-19th century. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance... Ralph Waldo Emerson House The Ralph Waldo Emerson House is a house museum located at 28 Cambridge Turnpike, Concord, Massachusetts, and a National Historic Landmark for its associations with American philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson. ... The Emerson Literary Society began in 1882 in the town of Clinton, NY at Hamilton College. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Unitarianism is the belief... The New Thought Movement or New Thought is comprised of a loosely allied group of denominations, organizations, authors, philosophers, and individuals who share a set of metaphysical beliefs concerning healing, life force, visualization, and personal power. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Shand-Tucci, Douglas (2003). The Crimson Letter. New York: St Martens Press, 15-16. ISBN 0-312-19896-5. 
  2. ^ Richardson, Jr., Robert D (1995). Emerson: The Mind on Fire. University of California Press, p.9. ISBN 0520206894. 
  3. ^ Kaplan, Justin (1980). Walt Whitman, A Life. New York: Simon and Schuster, p.249. ISBN 0060535113. 
  4. ^ Sachin N. Pradhan, India in the United States: Contribution of India and Indians in the United States of America, Bethesda, MD: SP Press International, Inc., 1996, p 12.
  5. ^ The Over-Soul from Essays: First Series (1841)
  6. ^ Harvard Divinity School (May 2006). Emerson Unitarian Universalist Association Professorship Established at Harvard Divinity School. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-02-22.

For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Published as

  • Essays and Lectures: Nature; Addresses, and Lectures; Essays; First and Second Series; Representative Men; English Traits; The Conduct of Life (Joel Porte, ed.) (Library of America, 1983) ISBN 978-0-94045015-8.

Joel Miles Porte (November 13, 1933 – June 1, 2006) was an American literary scholar, who was an internationally renowned authority on the life and work of Ralph Waldo Emerson. ... Volumes in the Library of America series The Library of America (LoA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature. ... Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. ... Volumes in the Library of America series The Library of America (LoA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature. ...

Further reading

  • Strunk, William; et al (2006). The Classics of Style. The American Academic Press. ISBN 0-9787282-0-3. 
  • Soressi, B. (2004). Ralph Waldo Emerson (in Italian). Armando. ISBN 88-8358-585-2. “with preface by A. Ferrara” 
  • Mariani, G.; et al (2004). in Mariani, G.; Di Loreto, S.; Martinez, C.; Scannavini, A.; Tattoni, I.;: Emerson at 200 Proceedings of the International Bicentennial Conference (Rome, 16-18 October 2003). Aracne. 
  • Cavell, S. (2003). Emerson Transcendental Etudes. Stanford UP. ISBN 0-6742672-0-6. 
  • Geldard, Richard G. (2001). Spiritual Teachings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Lindisfarne Books. ISBN 0-9402625-9-2. “with introduction by Robert Richardson” 
  • Richardson, Jr., Robert D. (1995). Emerson: The Mind on Fire. University of California Press. ISBN 0-5202068-9-4. 
  • (1982) in Porte, Joel: Emerson in His Journals. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-6742486-1-9. 
  • Whicher, Stephen E. (1950). Freedom and Fate. An Inner Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Univ of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122704-5-2. 
  • Thurin, Erik (1981). Emerson As Priest of Pan: A Study in the Metaphysics of Sex. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006021-6-X. 

Joel Miles Porte (November 13, 1933 – June 1, 2006) was an American literary scholar, who was an internationally renowned authority on the life and work of Ralph Waldo Emerson. ...

External links

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Persondata
NAME Emerson, Ralph Waldo
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION American author, essayist, philosopher, poet
DATE OF BIRTH May 25, 1803
PLACE OF BIRTH Boston, Massachusetts
DATE OF DEATH April 27, 1882
PLACE OF DEATH Concord, Massachusetts

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1143 words)
Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
In 1835 Emerson married Lydia Jackson and settled with her at the east end of the village of Concord, Massachusetts, where he then spent the rest of his life.
Emerson's aim was not merely to charm his readers, but encourage them to cultivate 'self-trust', to become what they ought to be, and to be open to the intuitive world of experience.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (766 words)
Waldo Emerson is truly the center of the American transcendental movement, setting out most of its ideas and values in a little book, Nature, published in 1836, that represented at least ten years of intense study in philosophy, religion, and literature, and in his First Series of essays.
Born in 1803 to a conservative Unitarian minister, from a long line of ministers, and a quietly devout mother, Waldo--who dropped the "Ralph" in college--was a middle son of whom relatively little was expected.
Ralph Waldo Emerson : an estimate of his character and genius: in prose and verse by A. Bronson Alcott
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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