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Encyclopedia > Ralph Towner

Ralph Towner (b. Chehalis, Washington, March 1, 1940) is an American acoustic guitarist. He also plays piano, synthesizer, percussion and trumpet. Chehalis is a city located in Lewis County, Washington. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... Synthesizer as used in music, is a term derived from a Greek word syntithetai < synthesis (συντίθεται < σύνθεσις) and is used to describe a device capable of generating and/or manipulating electronic signals for use in music creation, recording and performance. ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register, above the French horn, trombone, baritone, euphonium, and tuba. ...


Born in 1940 in Chehalis, Washington, Towner is one of the most diversely talented musicians of the past half-century, and has made notable recordings of jazz, classical music, folk music, and world music. He began his career as a conservatory-trained classical guitarist, then joined world music pioneer Paul Winter's "Consort" ensemble in the late 1960s. Along with bandmates Paul McCandless, Glen Moore, and Collin Walcott, Towner left the Winter Consort in 1970 to form the group Oregon, which over the course of the 1970s issued a number of highly influential records mixing folk music, Indian classical forms, and avant-garde jazz-influenced free improvisation. At the same time, Towner began a longstanding relationship with the influential ECM record label, which has released virtually all of his non-Oregon recordings since his 1972 debut as a leader Trios/Solos. Towner has also made numerous appearances as a sideman, perhaps most famously on jazz fusion heavyweights Weather Report's 1972 album I Sing the Body Electric. Chehalis is a city located in Lewis County, Washington. ... Jazz is a musical art form that originated in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States around the start of the 20th century. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... “Folk song” redirects here. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... Paul Winters Greatest Hits (1998) Paul Winter (born August 31, 1939 in Altoona, Pennsylvania) is an American saxophonist (alto and soprano saxophone). ... Paul McCandless is an American jazz woodwind player and composer. ... Glen Moore is a jazz bassist who occasionally performs on piano, flute and violin. ... Collin Walcott (Born 24 February 1945, Died 8 November 1984) was an American jazz musician. ... Oregon is an American jazz and world music group, with core members Ralph Towner (guitar, piano, synthesizer, trumpet), Paul McCandless (woodwind instruments), and Glen Moore (double bass, violin, piano). ... Avant-jazz (also known as avant-garde jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines elements of avant-garde art music composition with elements of traditional jazz. ... ECM (Edition of Contemporary Music) is a record label founded in Munich, Germany in 1969 by Manfred Eicher. ... Bitches Brew (1970) by Miles Davis is considered the most influential early fusion album. ... Weather Report was a influential jazz fusion band of the 1970s and 1980s, pitting jazz with R&B, funk, and rock elements while still retaining an extremely high level of compositional and improvisational skills. ...


Unlike most jazz guitarists, Towner eschews amplification, using only 6-string nylon-string and 12-string steel-string guitars. As a result, he tends to avoid high-volume musical environments, preferring small groups of mostly acoustic instruments that emphasize dynamics and group interplay. Towner also obtains a percussive effect (e.g., "Donkey Jamboree," from Slideshow with Gary Burton) from the guitar by weaving a feather among the strings at the neck of the instrument. Both with Oregon and as a solo artist, Towner has made significant use of overdubbing, allowing him to play piano (or synthesizer) and guitar on the same track; his most notable use of the technique came on his 1974 album Diary, in which he plays guitar-piano duets with himself on most of the album's 8 tracks. In the 1980s, Towner began using the Prophet V synthesizer fairly extensively, but has since deemphasized his synthesizer and piano playing in favor of guitar. Left: Rosa Hurricane, a heavy metal-style solid body guitar. ... Slideshow is a modern concatenation of Slide Show. A slideshow is a display of a series of chosen images, which is done for artistic or instructional purposes. ... Gary Burton (born on 23 January 1943 in Anderson, Indiana) is a jazz vibraphone player, known for developing the then-innovative technique of playing the instrument with four mallets, rather than the usual two. ... Overdubbing is a technique used by recording studios to add a supplementary recorded sound to a previously taped musical recording. ...


Towner now lives in Rome, Italy. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...

Contents

Major collaborations

Oregon is an American jazz and world music group, with core members Ralph Towner (guitar, piano, synthesizer, trumpet), Paul McCandless (woodwind instruments), and Glen Moore (double bass, violin, piano). ... Marc Johnson, born in Omaha, Nebraska on 21 October 1953, is an American jazz bassist, composer and bandleader. ... Jan Garbarek (born March 4, 1947 in Mysen, Norway) is a Norwegian tenor and soprano saxophonist, active in the jazz, classical, and world music genres. ... Eberhard Weber (born January 22nd, 1940 in Stuttgart, Germany) is a bassist and composer. ... John Abercrombie (born December 16, 1944 in Port Chester, New York) is an American jazz guitarist. ... Gary Burton (born on 23 January 1943 in Anderson, Indiana) is a jazz vibraphone player, known for developing the then-innovative technique of playing the instrument with four mallets, rather than the usual two. ... Gary Peacock (born 12 May 1935 in Burley, Idaho) is an American jazz double-bassist. ...

Detailed list of recordings as a leader

  • Trios/Solos (1972) — co-leader with Glen Moore
  • Diary (1974)
  • Matchbook (1975) - co-leader with Gary Burton
  • Solstice (1975)
  • Sargasso Sea (1976) — co-leader with John Abercrombie
  • Solstice - Sound and Shadows (1977)
  • Batik (1978)
  • Old friends, new friends (1979)
  • Solo Concert (1979)
  • Five years later - co-leader with John Abercrombie [out of print]
  • Blue Sun (1983)
  • Slide show (1986) - co-leader with Gary Burton
  • City of eyes (1989)
  • Open letter (1992)
  • Oracle (1994) - with Gary Peacock
  • Lost and found (1996)
  • Ana (1997)
  • A closer view - with Gary Peacock
  • Anthem (2001)
  • Time Line (2006)

For a list of major Oregon recordings, please consult the group's entry. Oregon is an American jazz and world music group, with core members Ralph Towner (guitar, piano, synthesizer, trumpet), Paul McCandless (woodwind instruments), and Glen Moore (double bass, violin, piano). ...


External links

Listening

  • Ralph Towner on NPR, 2006

 
 

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