FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Rallying" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rallying
Petter Solberg driving on gravel at the 2006 Cyprus Rally, a World Rally Championship event.
Petter Solberg driving on gravel at the 2006 Cyprus Rally, a World Rally Championship event.

Rallying is a form of motor competition that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars. This motorsport is distinguished by running not on a circuit, but instead in a point-to-point format in which participants and their co-drivers drive between set control points (stages), leaving at regular intervals from one or more start points. Rallies may be won by pure speed within the stages or alternatively by driving to a predetermined ideal journey time within the stages. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 453 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1578 × 2090 pixel, file size: 548 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rallying World Rally Championship Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 453 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1578 × 2090 pixel, file size: 548 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rallying World Rally Championship Metadata... Petter Hollywood Solberg (born November 18, 1974 in Askim), from Spydeberg i Østfold, Norway, is a professional rally driver. ... The Cyprus Rally was the sixth rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2005. ... The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ... There are many kinds of circuit An electric circuit interconnects electrical elements or electronic elements together usually to perform some useful function. ...

Contents

History

A Saab 96 V4 participating in a historic rally.
A Saab 96 V4 participating in a historic rally.

Image File history File links Peter_Rally1. ... Image File history File links Peter_Rally1. ... Saab 96 The Saab 96 is an automobile made by Saab. ... 1700 cc High Compression Ford Taurus V4 A V4 is an engine in V configuration, with 4 cylinders. ...

Brass era

The term "rally", as a branch of motorsport, dates from the first Monte Carlo Rally of January 1911. Until the late 1920s, few if any other events used the term. But rallying itself can be traced back to the 1894 Paris-Rouen Horseless Carriage Competition (Concours des Voitures sans Chevaux), sponsored by a Paris newspaper, Le Petit Journal, which attracted considerable public interest and entries from leading manufacturers. Prizes were awarded to the vehicles by a jury based on the reports of the observers who rode in each car; the joint winners were Panhard et Levassor and Peugeot, two companies still in business today. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... Stephane Sarrazin driving a Subaru Impreza WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlos Sainz driving a Toyota Corolla WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlssons replica 1963 Monte Carlo Saab 96 rally car at Linköping, on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of SAAB in 1997 The Monte... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Rouen Cathedral The entrance to Rouen Cathedral The Church of Jean dArc Abbey church of Saint-Ouen, (chevet) in Rouen Rouen, medieval house Rue St-Romain on a rainy day in Rouen Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on... Le Petit Journal was a daily Parisian newspaper that appeared between 1863 and 1944. ... Panhard, originally Panhard et Levassor, is a French automobile manufacturer. ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ...


This event led directly to a period of city to city road races in France and other European countries, which introduced many of the features found in later rallies: individual start times with cars running against the clock rather than head to head; time controls at the entry and exit points of towns along the way; road books and route notes; and driving over long distances on ordinary, mainly gravel, roads, facing hazards such as dust, traffic, pedestrians and farm animals. World map showing the location of Europe. ...


The first of these great races was the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris of June 1895, won by Emile Levassor in a Panhard-et-Levassor. His time for the 1,178 km (732 mile) course, running virtually without a break, was 48 hours and 48 minutes, an average speed of 24 km/h (15 mph). Just eight years later, in the Paris-Madrid race of May 1903, the Mors of Fernand Gabriel, running over the same roads, took just under five and a quarter hours for the 550 km (342 miles) to Bordeaux, an average of 105 km/h (65.3 mph). Speeds had now far outstripped the safe limits of dusty highways thronged with spectators and open to other traffic, people and animals; there were numerous crashes, many injuries and eight deaths. The French government stopped the race and banned this style of event. From now on, racing in Europe (apart from Italy) would be on closed circuits, initially on long loops of public highway and then, in 1907, on the first purpose-built track, England's Brooklands. Racing was going its own separate way. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... Brooklands was a motor racing circuit built near Weybridge in Surrey, England. ...


Italy had been running road events since 1895, when a reliability trial was run from Turin to Asti and back. The country's first true motor race was held in 1897 along the shore of Lake Maggiore, from Arona to Stresa and back. This led to a long and thriving tradition of road racing, including events like Sicily's Targa Florio (from 1906) and Giro di Sicilia (1912), which went right round the island, both of which continued on and off until after World War 2. The first Alpine event was held in 1898, the Austrian Touring Club's three-day Automobile Run through South Tyrol, which included the infamous Stelvio Pass. “Torino” redirects here. ... Asti is a city and comune in the Piemonte or Piedmont region, in north-western Italy, about 80 kilometres east of Turin in the plain of the Tanaro River. ... The Targa Florio was an open road endurance automobile race held near Palermo, Sicily. ... Some of the 48 hairpin turns near the top of the northern ramp of the Stilfserjoch (Passo dello Stelvio) The Stelvio Pass (Italian: , German: ), located in Italy, is at 2757 m the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps, and the second highest in the Alps, after the Col...


In April and May 1900, the Automobile Club of Great Britain (the forerunner of the Royal Automobile Club) organised the Thousand Mile Trial, a 15-day event linking Britain's major cities, in object to promote this novel form of transport. Seventy vehicles took part, the majority of them trade entries. They had to complete thirteen stages of route varying in length from 43 to 123 miles at average speeds of up to the legal limit of 12 mph, and tackle six hillclimb or speed tests. On rest days and at lunch halts, the cars were shown to the public in exhibition halls. The Royal Automobile Club is a private club and is not to be confused with RAC plc, a motorists organization, which it formerly owned. ...


In Germany, the challenging Herkomer Trophy Trial was first held in 1905, and the famous Prinz Heinrich Fahrt (Prince Henry Trial) in 1908. The first Alpine Trial was held in 1909, in Austria; by 1914, this was the toughest event of its kind, producing a star performance from Britain's James Radley in his Rolls Royce Alpine Eagle. Then in 1911 came the first Monte Carlo Rally (later known colloquially as the "Monte"), organised by the operators of the famous casino to attract wealthy sporting motorists. The competitive elements were slight, but getting to Monaco in winter was a challenge in itself. A second event was held in 1912. Rolls-Royce Limited was a British car and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls on 15 March 1906 and was the result of a partnership formed in 1904. ... Stephane Sarrazin driving a Subaru Impreza WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlos Sainz driving a Toyota Corolla WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlssons replica 1963 Monte Carlo Saab 96 rally car at Linköping, on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of SAAB in 1997 The Monte...


Two ultra long distance challenges took place at this time, the Peking-Paris of 1907 ("won" by Prince Scipio Borghese and Luigi Barzini in an Itala) and the New York-Paris of the following year (won by George Schuster and others in a Thomas Flyer), which went via Japan and Siberia. Each event attracted only a handful of adventurous souls, but in both cases the winners exhibited characteristics that modern rally drivers would recognise: meticulous preparation, mechanical skill, resourcefulness, perseverance and a certain single-minded ruthlessness. The New York-Seattle race of 1909, if shorter, was no easier. Rather gentler (and more akin to rallying) was the Glidden Tour, run by the American Automobile Association between 1902 and 1913, which had timing between control points and a marking system to determine the winners. Map of the route travelled The winner, Prince Scipione Borghese (left) with journalist Luigi Barzini sr (right) during their Peking to Paris rally. ... Itala Itala Itala was a exotic car manufacturer in Turin, Italy from 1904-1934, started by Matteo Ceirano and five partners in 1903. ... NY redirects here. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The Thomas Flyer was an automobile made by the E. R. Thomas Motor Car Co. ... It has been suggested that Western Siberia be merged into this article or section. ... NY redirects here. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... The Glidden Tours were promotional events held during the automotive Brass Era by the American Automobile Association (AAA). ... The AAA logo AAA (read triple-A), also known by its historic name of the American Automobile Association, is an American not-for-profit automobile lobby group and service organization that provides its members with many member benefits and services including but not limited to Nationwide Emergency Road Side Assistance...


In Britain meanwhile, the Scottish Automobile Club started its tough annual trial in 1902, the Motor Cycling Club allowed cars to enter its trials and runs from 1904 (London-Edinburgh, London-Land's End, London-Exeter — all these events are still in being as mud-plugging classic trials). In 1908 the Royal Automobile Club held its 2,000 mile International Touring Car Trial, and 1914 the important Light Car Trial for manufacturers of cars up to 1400 cc, to test comparative performances and improve the breed. In 1924, the exercise was repeated as the Small Car Trials. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Lands End shown within UK Lands End, the most westerly point in England The wreck of the RMS Mülheim at Lands End, 2003 This article relates to the location at the western tip of Cornwall; for other uses, see Lands End (disambiguation) Lands End... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in the southwest of England, also known as the Westcountry. ...


Inter War years

The First World War brought a lull. The Monte Carlo Rally was not resuscitated until 1924, but since then, apart from World War II and its aftermath, it has been an annual event and remains a round of the World Rally Championship. In the 1930s, helped by the tough winters, it became the premier European rally, attracting 300 or more participants. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ...


In the 1920s, numerous variations on the Alpine theme sprang up in Austria, Italy, France, Switzerland and Germany. The most important of these were Austria's Alpenfahrt, which continued into its 44th edition in 1973, Italy's Coppa delle Alpi, and the Coupe Internationale des Alpes (International Alpine Trial), organised jointly by the automobile clubs of Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and, latterly, France. This last event, run from 1928 to 1936, attracted strong international fields vying for an individual Glacier Cup or a team Alpine Cup, including successful Talbot, Riley, MG and Triumph teams from Britain and increasingly strong and well funded works representation from Adolf Hitler's Germany, keen to prove its engineering and sporting prowess with successful marques like Adler, Wanderer and Trumpf. Talbot is an automobile brand, whose history is one of the industrys most complex. ... 1965 Riley 1. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Triumph Logo (1978 version) 1934 Triumph Gloria Six 1937 Triumph Dolomite Roadster 1974 Triumph GT6 Coupé The Triumph Motor Company had its origins in 1885 when Siegfried Bettmann (1863-1951) and Moritz (Maurice) Schulte founded Bettmann & Co and started selling Triumph bicycles, from premises in London and from 1889 started... Hitler redirects here. ... Hood ornament Adler Standard 6 The Adler was a German automobile and motorcycle manufacturer produced from 1900 to 1957. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Wanderer vehicles Wanderer was a German automobile manufacturer from 1911 to 1939. ...


The French started their own Rallye des Alpes Françaises in 1932, which continued after WWII as the Rallye International des Alpes, the name often shortened to Coupe des Alpes. Other important rallies started between the wars included Britain's RAC Rally (1932) and Belgium's Liège-Rome-Liège (1931), two events of radically different character; the former a gentle tour between cities from various start points, "rallying" at a seaside resort with a series of manoeuvrability and car control tests; the latter a thinly disguised road race over some of Europe's toughest mountain roads. The RAC Rally is the best-known motor rally in the UK. It is a round in the international rallying championship. ...


In Italy, Benito Mussolini's government encouraged motor sport of all kinds and facilitated road racing, so the sport quickly restarted after WWI, and in 1927 the Mille Miglia was founded, run over a 1,000 mile (1,600 km) loop of highways from Brescia to Rome and back. It continued in this form until 1938. Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. ... The Mille Miglia (Thousand Miles - pronounced miGlia) was an open-road endurance race which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen before the war, eleven from 1947). ... For the Italian administrative area, see Province of Brescia. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


The Liège of August 1939 was the last major event before WWII, and it became a symbol of defiance against the threat that was looming large. Germany's works teams were out in force, determined to secure for the Reich a victory that had so far eluded them; but they were thwarted by two gifted drivers in French cars, Belgium's Ginet Trasenster (Bugatti) and France's Jean Trevoux (Hotchkiss) who tied for first place. This was one of five Liège wins for Trasenster; Trevoux won four Montes between 1934 and 1951. Bugatti is one of the fastest marques of automobile and one of the most exclusive car producers of all time. ... Hotchkiss cars were made between 1903 and 1955 by the French company Hotchkiss et Cie in Saint-Denis, Paris. ...


Post war years

Rallying was again slow to get under way after a major war, but the 1950s were the Golden Age of the long-distance road rally. In Europe, the Monte Carlo Rally, the French and Austrian Alpines and the Liège were joined by a host of new events that quickly established themselves as classics: the Lisbon Rally (Portugal, 1947), the Tulip Rally (the Netherlands, 1949), the Rally to the Midnight Sun (Sweden, 1951, now the Swedish Rally) the Rally of the 1000 Lakes (Finland, 1951 - now the Rally Finland), and the Acropolis Rally (Greece, 1956). The FIA created a European Rally Championship of ten or twelve events (others being the German Rally, the Sestriere Rally in Italy and the Viking Rally in Norway). The Swedish Rally (now the Uddeholm Swedish Rally) is an automobile rally competition held in Värmland, Sweden in early February. ... The Neste Rally Finland (formerly known as 1000 Lakes Rally, renamed 1994 when Neste became the main sponsor, usually in Finland called as Jyväskylän Suurajot) is a Rally event driven in the first weekend of August in the Jyväskylä area in Central Finland. ... The Acropolis Rally Greece is the eighth rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2005. ... The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established in 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ...


Initially most of them were fairly gentlemanly, but the organisers of the French Alpine and the Liège (which moved its turning point from Rome into Yugoslavia in 1956) straight away made no bones about setting difficult time schedules: the Automobile Club de Marseille et Provence laid on a long tough route over a succession of rugged passes, stated that cars would have to be driven flat out from start to finish, and gave a coveted Coupe des Alpes to anyone achieving an unpenalised run; while Belgium's Royal Motor Union made clear that no car was expected to finish the Liège unpenalised - when one did (1951 winner Johnny Claes in a Jaguar XK120) they tightened the timing to make sure it never happened again. These two events became the ones for "the men" to do. But the Monte, because of its glamour, got the media coverage and the biggest entries (and in snowy years was also a genuine challenge); while the Acropolis took advantage of Greece's appalling roads to become a truly tough event. In 1956 came Corsica's Tour de Corse, 24 hours of virtually non-stop flat out driving on some of the narrowest and twistiest mountain roads on the planet - the first major rally to be won by a lady driver, Belgium's Gilberte Thirion, in a Renault Dauphine. Johnny Claes was a Formula One driver from Belgium. ... The Jaguar XK120 was a sports car manufactured by Jaguar Cars between 1949 and 1954. ... The Tour de Corse is a rally race held since 1956 on the Corsica island. ... The Renault Dauphine was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault from 1956 to 1962. ...


These events were road races in all but name, but in Italy such races were still allowed, and the Mille Miglia continued until a serious accident in 1957 caused it to be banned. The Mille Miglia (Thousand Miles - pronounced miGlia) was an open-road endurance race which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen before the war, eleven from 1947). ...


Outside Europe

In countries where there was no shortage of demanding roads across remote terrain, other events sprang up. In South America, the biggest of these took the form of long distance city to city races, each of around 5,000 to 6,000 miles (8,000-9,500 km), divided into daily legs. The first was the Gran Premio del Norte of 1940, run from Buenos Aires to Lima and back; it was won by Juan Manuel Fangio in a much modified Chevrolet coupé. This event was repeated in 1947, and in 1948 an even more ambitious one was held, the Gran Premio de la América del Sur from Buenos Aires to Caracas, Venezuela — Fangio had an accident in which his co-driver was killed. Then in 1950 came the fast and dangerous Carrera Panamericana, a 1,911 mile (3,075 km) road race in stages to celebrate the opening of the asphalt highway between the Guatemala and US borders, which ran until 1954. All these events fell victim to the cost of putting them on in an increasingly complex and developed world, although smaller road races continued long after, and a few still do in countries like Bolivia. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location within Lima Region Coordinates: Country Peru Region Lima Region Province Lima Province Settled 1535 Government  - Mayor Luis Castañeda Lossio Area  - City 804. ... Juan Manuel Fangio driving a Mercedes-Benz W196 in the 1986 Oldtimer Grand Prix at the Nürburgring Juan Manuel Fangio (June 24, 1911 - July 17, 1995) was a legendary race car driver. ... Chevrolet (IPA: ʃɛv. ... The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1980s Volvo 480 two-box coupé 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupe Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coupé A coup... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Nickname: La Sultana del Avila (English:The Avilas Sultan) La Sucursal del paraiso Motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural. ... The Carrera Panamericana was a race on open roads in Mexico, similar to the Mille Miglia and Targa Florio in Italy. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


In Africa, 1950 saw the first French-run Méditerranée-le Cap, a 10,000 mile (16,000 km) rally from the Mediterranean to South Africa; it was run on and off until 1961, when the new political situation hastened its demise. In 1953 East Africa saw the demanding Coronation Safari, which went on to become the Safari Rally and a World Championship round, to be followed in due course by the Rallye du Maroc in Morocco, and the Rallye Côte d'Ivoire in the Ivory Coast. Australia's RedeX Round Australia Trial also dates from 1953, although this remained isolated from the rest of the rallying world. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD ST185 in the 1993 edition The Safari Rally is considered by many to be the worlds toughest rally. ... The Rallye Côte dIvoire is a rally race held annually in the Ivory Coast in Africa. ...


Canada hosted one of the world's longest and most gruelling rallies during the 1960s, the Shell 4000 Rally. It was also the only one sanctioned by FIA in North America.[1] The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established in 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ...


Modern times

Juuso Pykälistö (FIN) in his Peugeot 206 WRC during the 2003 Swedish Rally.
Juuso Pykälistö (FIN) in his Peugeot 206 WRC during the 2003 Swedish Rally.

Rallying became very popular in Sweden and Finland in the 1950s, thanks in part to the invention there of the "specialsträcka", or special stage: shorter sections of route, usually on minor or private roads (predominantly gravel in these countries) away from habitation and traffic, which were separately timed. These at long last provided the solution to the conflict inherent in the notion of driving as fast as possible on ordinary roads. The idea spread to other countries, albeit more slowly to the most demanding events. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 411 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rallying World Rally Championship Swedish... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 411 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rallying World Rally Championship Swedish... Juuso Pykälistö (born May 21, 1975 in Padasjoki) is a Finnish rally driver. ... The Peugeot 206 is a supermini manufactured by the French automaker Peugeot since 1998. ... The Swedish Rally (now the Uddeholm Swedish Rally) is an automobile rally competition held in Värmland, Sweden in early February. ...


The Liège continued as uncompromisingly an open road event run to an impossible time schedule, and remained Europe's toughest rally until 1964, by which time it had turned to the wilds of Yugoslavia and Bulgaria to find traffic-free roads; but in the end the pressures were irresistible. The Coupe des Alpes struggled on until 1973 until it too succumbed, its demise no doubt hastened by the decision of the French motor sporting authorities to select the Tour de Corse as its representative event in inernational rally championships.

The RAC Rally had formally become an International event in 1951, but Britain's laws precluded the closure of public highways for special stages. This meant that it had to rely on short manoeuvrability tests, regularity sections and night mapreading navigation to find a winner, which made it unattractive to foreign crews. Then in 1961 Jack Kemsley was able to persuade the Forestry Commission to open their many hundreds of miles of well surfaced and sinuous gravel roads, and the event was transformed into one of the most demanding and popular in the calendar, by 1983 having over 600 miles of stage. It is now called the Wales Rally GB. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1153 × 786 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) peugeot 106 rally car in a service park I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1153 × 786 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) peugeot 106 rally car in a service park I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... 1995 Peugeot 106 XSi 1. ... The RAC Rally is the best-known motor rally in the UK. It is a round in the international rallying championship. ... The Forestry Commission (established in 1919) is a non ministerial Government Department responsible for forestry in Great Britain. ... The Wales Rally Great Britain is the twelfth rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2005. ...


The introduction of the special stage brought rallying effectively into the modern era. It placed a premium on fast driving, and enabled healthy programmes of smaller events to spring up in Britain, France, Scandinavia, Belgium and elsewhere.


Since then, the nature of the events themselves has evolved relatively slowly. The increasing costs both of organization and of competing has over the last twenty years brought progressively shorter rallies, shorter stages and the elimination of nighttime running, scornfully referred to as "office hours rallying" by older hands. Some of the older international events have gone, replaced by others from a much wider spread of countries around the world, until today rallying is truly a worldwide sport. At the same time, fields have shrunk dramatically, as the amateur in his near-standard car is squeezed out.


Rally car evolution

Timo Mäkinen's Mini Cooper S on display. Mini won the Monte Carlo Rally in 1964, 1965 and 1967.
Timo Mäkinen's Mini Cooper S on display. Mini won the Monte Carlo Rally in 1964, 1965 and 1967.

The main change over that period has been in the cars, and in the professionalisation and commercialisation of the sport. Manufacturers had entered works cars in rallies, and in their forerunner and cousin events, from the very beginning: the 1894 Paris-Rouen was mainly a competition between them; while the Thousand Mile Trial of 1900 had more trade than private entries. In 1973, this was taken a step further when the FIA created the World Rally Championship for Manufacturers, won in the first year by Alpine-Renault. Not until 1979 was there a World Rally Championship for Drivers, won that year by Björn Waldegård. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1821x1379, 463 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mini ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1821x1379, 463 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mini ... Timo Mäkinen, born 18 March 1938, in Helsinki, Finland, was one of the original Flying Finns of motor rallying. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... Stephane Sarrazin driving a Subaru Impreza WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlos Sainz driving a Toyota Corolla WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlssons replica 1963 Monte Carlo Saab 96 rally car at Linköping, on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of SAAB in 1997 The Monte... The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established in 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ... List of World Rally Constructors or Manufacturers Champions from 1973 to 2005 seasons. ... Alpine was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars which used rear mounted Renault engines. ... World Rally Driver Champions List ... Björn WaldegÃ¥rd (born November 12, 1943) is a Swedish rally driver. ...


Although there had been exceptions like the outlandish Ford V8 specials created by the Romanians for the 1936 Monte Carlo Rally, rallies before WWII had tended to be for standard or near-standard production cars, a rule supported by manufacturers because it created a relatively even playing field. After the war, most competing cars were production saloons or sports cars with only minor modifications to improve performance, handling, braking and suspension. This kept costs down and allowed many more people to afford the sport using ordinary family cars, so entry lists grew into the hundreds.


But as public interest grew, car companies started to introduce special models or variants for rallying, such as the British Motor Corporation's highly successful Mini Cooper, introduced in 1962 and its successor the Mini-Cooper S (1963), developed by the Cooper Car Company. Shortly after, Ford of Britain first hired Lotus to create a high-performance version of their Cortina family car, then in 1968 the launched the Escort Twin Cam, one of the most successful rally car of its era. Similarly, Abarth developed high performance versions of the Fiat 124 roadster and 131 saloon. BMC rosette logo old BMC share A preserved BMC ambulance. ... Minis The Mini is the name of a small car produced from 1959 to 2000, and the name of its replacement (known as New MINI) launched in 2001. ... Jack Brabhams 1961 Cooper-Climax, the car that began the rear-engine revolution at the Indianapolis 500 The Cooper Car Company was founded in 1947 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper. ... 1933 Ford Model Y 1953 Ford Anglia E494A 1960 Ford Anglia 100E Ford Zephyr Six 1966 Ford Anglia 105E in Wales 1966 Ford Cortina Mk I in GT trim, with Lotus Cortina-like side stripe 1967 Ford Anglia 105E 1936 Fordson trucks ad Ford of Britain Limited was the manufacturing... Lotus Logo with monogram of its founder, Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. ... The Ford Cortina was a medium sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. ... The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ... Abarth logo Abarth is an Italian racing car maker founded by Italian-Austrian Karl (Carlo) Abarth in Turin in 1949. ... It has been suggested that Fiat 124 Sport Spider be merged into this article or section. ... Fiat 131 Volumetrico Abarth The Fiat 131 was a small/medium family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1974 to 1984. ...

Other manufacturers were not content with modifying their bread-and-butter cars. Renault bankrolled the small volume sports-car maker Alpine to transform their little A110 Berlinette coupé into a world-beating rally car, and hired a skilled team of drivers too; then in 1974 came the Lancia Stratos, the first car designed from scratch to win rallies, and the dominant asphalt rally car of its time. These makers overcame the rules of FISA (as the FIA was called at the time) by building the requisite number of these models for the road. Lancia Stratos Group 4 File links The following pages link to this file: Lancia Stratos Categories: Free use images ... Lancia Stratos Group 4 File links The following pages link to this file: Lancia Stratos Categories: Free use images ... Group 4 Lancia Stratos HF. The Stratos helped Lancia win the World Rally Championship in 1974, 1975 and 1976. ... 1974 Lancia Stratos HF Group 4 1970 Lancia Stratos 0, the first prototype of Lancia Stratos [1] The Lancia Stratos HF, widely known as Lancia Stratos was an automobile made by Italian car manufacturer Lancia. ... Lancia (Lan-cha) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat group in 1969. ... The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ... World Rally Championship - 1974 Rally Winners Category: ... World Rally Championship - 1975 Rally Winners Category: ... World Rally Championship - 1976 Rally Winners Category: ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... Alpine A110 1600S Alpine was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars which used rear mounted Renault engines. ... The Alpine A110 also known as the Berlinette was a sports car produced by the French manufacturer Alpine from 1961 to 1973. ... 1974 Lancia Stratos HF Group 4 Lancia Stratos 1974 The Lancia Stratos was an automobile made by Italian car manufacturer Lancia. ...


In 1980 a German car maker, not hitherto noted for their interest in motorsport, introduced a rather large and heavy coupé version of their family saloon, installed a turbocharged 2.1 litre five cylinder engine, and fitted it with four-wheel drive. Thus the Audi Quattro was born. International regulations had hitherto prohibited four-wheel drive, but FISA accepted that this was a genuine production car and changed the rules. The Quattro quickly became the car to beat on snow, ice or gravel, and in 1983 took Hannu Mikkola to the World Rally Championship title. Other manufacturers had no production four-wheel drive car on which to base their response, so FISA was persuaded to change the rules and open the Championship to cars in Group B. This allowed cars to be much further removed from production models, and so was created a generation of rallying supercars, of which the most radical and impressive were the Peugeot 205 T16 and the Lancia Delta S4, with flimsy fibreglass bodies roughly the shape of the standard car tacked on to lightweight spaceframe chassis, four wheel drive, and power outputs reportedly as high as 600 hp. Further Group B cars were developed by Ford (the RS200), British Leyland (the Metro 6R4) and many others, but these were less successful. The straight-5 or inline-5 is an internal combustion engine with five cylinders aligned in one row, sharing a single engine block and crankcase. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ... This article refers to the car named the Audi Quattro. ... Hannu Olavi Mikkola (born 24 May 1942 in Joensuu, Finland) is a retired world champion rally driver. ... Group B Ford RS200 The Group B referred to a set of regulations for competition vehicles in sportscar racing and rally racing regulated by the FIA. Group B was introduced by the FIA in 1982 as replacement for both Group 4 (modified grand touring) and Group 5 (touring prototypes) cars. ... The Peugeot 205 is a supermini produced by the French Car manufacturer Peugeot between 1983 and 1996. ... 1991 Lancia Delta HF Integrale Evoluzione 1991 Lancia Delta GT i. ... An RS200 seen in California in 2004. ... The British Leyland Motor Corporation (often abbreviated to simply BL), was a Britain in 1968. ... The Rover Metro is a supermini car that was produced by the Leyland Cars division of British Leyland and its successors. ...


The party did not last. On the 1986 Rallye de Portugal, four spectators were killed; then in May, on the Tour de Corse, Henri Toivonen went over the edge of a mountain road and was incinerated in the fireball that followed. FISA immediately changed the rules again: rallying after 1987 would be in Group A cars, closer to the production model. The Rallye de Portugal is the largest rally racing event held in Portugal. ... The Tour de Corse is a rally race held since 1956 on the Corsica island. ... Henri Toivonen (August 25, 1956 – May 2, 1986) was a Finnish rally car driver. ... In relation to motorsport governed by the FIA, Group A referred to a set of regulations providing production-derived vehicles for outright competition. ...


Drivers

Sébastien Loeb, the world's most successful rally driver in terms of WRC wins.
Sébastien Loeb, the world's most successful rally driver in terms of WRC wins.

Most of the works drivers of the 1950s were amateurs, paid little or nothing, reimbursed their expenses and given bonuses for winning (although there were certainly exceptions, such as the Grand Prix drivers who were brought in for some events). Then in 1960 came arguably the first rallying superstar (and one of the first to be paid to rally full time), Sweden's Erik Carlsson, driving for Saab, who, with fellow Swedish manufacturer Volvo, introduced new standards of professionalism to the building, preparation of rally cars and the organisation of their works teams. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 965 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 965 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Sébastien Loeb (born February 26, 1974) is a French rally driver and winner, with co-driver Daniel Elena, of the World Rally Drivers Championship title in 2004, 2005 and 2006 and of a record ten World Rallies in 2005. ... This is a list of records in the World Rally Championship. ... Erik Carlsson and Saab 96 pictured in 1999, Keystone Resort, USA Erik Carlsson, aka Carlsson på taket (Carlsson on the roof), born March 5, 1929 in Trollhättan. ... For other uses, see Saab (disambiguation). ... Volvo Cars is the premium car maker using the Volvo Trademark. ...


In the 1960s, the competitions manager of BMC, Stuart Turner, hired a series of brave and gifted young Finns, skills honed on their country's highly competitive gravel or snow rallies, and the modern professional driver was born. For a couple of decades, Scandinavians dominated the results, except in France where Alpine fostered its own golden generation; then as special stage rallying spread round the world they were challenged by drivers from Italy, Germany, Belgium, Spain and elsewhere. Today, a World Champion may be of any nationality, if he (or she) is gifted enough.


The World Rally Championship now visits nearly all continents, taking its stylish sideways driving style and specialized cars to a vast global market, estimated by some to be second only to the Formula One juggernaut. This has produced unprecedented levels of visibility in recent years, but in many ways removed the motorsport from its grassroots past. For better or worse, rally has become a lucrative business. The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Rally types

A Ford Escort Cosworth on a stage rally, driven by British driver Malcolm Wilson.
A Ford Escort Cosworth on a stage rally, driven by British driver Malcolm Wilson.

There are two main forms: stage rallies and road rallies. Since the 1960s, stage rallies have been the professional branch of the sport. They are based on straightforward speed over stretches of road closed to other traffic. These may vary from asphalt mountain passes to rough forest tracks, from ice and snow to desert sand, each chosen to provide an enjoyable challenge for the crew and a test of the car's performance and reliability. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1065x762, 434 KB)Malcolm Wilson in the Ford Escort Cosworth during the 1992 Scottish Rally. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1065x762, 434 KB)Malcolm Wilson in the Ford Escort Cosworth during the 1992 Scottish Rally. ... The Ford Escort was a small family car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ... Cosworth Logo Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958 specialising in engines for automobile racing. ... Malcolm Wilson is a well know British Rally driver. ...


The entertaining and unpredictable nature of the stages, and the fact that the vehicles are in some cases closely related to road cars, means that the bigger events draw massive spectator interest, especially in Europe, Asia and Oceania. World map showing the location of Europe. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ...


Road rallies are the original form, held on highways open to normal traffic, where the emphasis is not on outright speed but on accurate timekeeping and navigation and on vehicle reliability, often on difficult roads and over long distances. They are now primarily amateur events. There are several types of road rallies testing accuracy, navigation or problem solving. Some common types are: Regularity rally or a Time-Speed-Distance rally (also TSD rally, testing ability to stay on track and on time),[1] another is the Pan-Am or Monte-Carlo-style rally (testing navigation), and the Gimmick rally (testing logic). A road rally is a car rally that takes place on the public road. ... Regularity rallying is a form of motor sport usually conducted on public roads but sometimes including off-road and track sections. ...


Many early rallies were called trials, and a few still are, although this term is now mainly applied to the specialist form of motor sport of climbing as far as you can up steep and slippery hills. And many meets or assemblies of car enthusiasts and their vehicles are still called rallies, even if they involve merely the task of getting there (often on a trailer).


Rallying is a very popular sport at the "grass roots" of motorsport—that is, motor clubs. Individuals interested in becoming involved in rallying are encouraged to join their local automotive clubs. Club rallies (e.g. road rallies or regularity rallies) are usually run on public roads with an emphasis on navigation and teamwork. These skills are important fundamentals required for anyone who wishes to progress to higher-level events. (See Categories of rallies.) A road rally is a car rally that takes place on the public road. ... Regularity rallying is a form of motor sport usually conducted on public roads but sometimes including off-road and track sections. ... A public road is a road that is open to common use by the general population. ... Rallying makes up the majority of the grassroots of amateur motorsport, especially in the UK. Motor Clubs will usually run one or more rallies each year. ...


Rally courses

Toni Gardemeister driving on a "transport stage" during the 2005 Rally Finland.
Toni Gardemeister driving on a "transport stage" during the 2005 Rally Finland.

Rally is also unique in its choice of where and when to race. Rallies take place on all surfaces and in all conditions: asphalt (tarmac), gravel, or snow and ice, sometimes more than one in a single rally, depending on the course and event. Rallies are also run every month of the year, in every climate, bitter cold to monsoon rain. This contributes to the notion of top rally drivers as some of the best car control experts in the world. As a result of the drivers not knowing exactly what lies ahead, the lower traction available on dirt roads, and the driving characteristics of small cars, the drivers are much less visibly smooth than circuit racers, regularly sending the car literally flying over bumps, and sliding the cars out of corners. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Toni Gardemeister (born 31 March 1975) in Finland, is a professional rally driver. ... The Neste Rally Finland (formerly known as 1000 Lakes Rally, renamed 1994 when Neste became the main sponsor, usually in Finland called as Jyväskylän Suurajot) is a Rally event driven in the first weekend of August in the Jyväskylä area in Central Finland. ... Base layer of asphalt concrete in a road under construction. ... Gravel being unloaded from a barge Gravel is rock that is of a certain grain size range. ... Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons Trees covered with snow Snow covering a leaf. ... Snowflakes by Wilson Bentley, 1902 Ice is the name given to any one of the 14 known solid phases of water. ...


A typical rally course consists of a sequence of relatively short (up to about 50km/30mi), timed "special stages" where the actual competition takes place, and untimed "transport stages" where the rally cars must be driven under their own power to the next competitive stage within a generous time limit. Rally cars are thus unlike virtually any other top-line racing cars in that they retain the ability to run at normal driving speeds, and indeed are registered for street travel. Some events contain "super special stages" where two competing cars set off on two parallel tracks (often small enough to fit in a football stadium), giving the illusion they are circuit racing head to head. These stages, ridiculed by many purists, seem increasingly popular with event organizers. Run over a day, a weekend, or more, the winner of the event has the lowest combined special and super special stage times. Given the short distances of super special stages compared to the regular special stages and consequent near-identical times for the frontrunning cars, it is very rare for these spectator-oriented stages to decide rally results, though it is a well-known axiom that a team can't win the rally at the super special, but they can certainly lose it.


Pacenotes and reconnaissance

Pacenotes are a unique and major tool in modern rallying. Television spectators will occasionally notice the voice of a co-driver in mid-race reading the pacenotes over the car's internal intercom. These pacenotes provide a detailed description of the course and allow the driver to predict conditions ahead and prepare for various course conditions such as turns and jumps. In rallying, pacenotes are a commonly used method of accurately describing the route to be driven in extreme detail. ...


In many rallies, including those of the World Rally Championship (WRC), drivers are allowed to run on the stages of the course before competition and create their own pacenotes. This process is called reconnaissance or recce. During reconnaissance, the co-driver writes down shorthand notes (the pacenotes) on how to best drive the stage. Usually the drivers call out the turns and road conditions for the co-drivers to write down. These pacenotes are read aloud through an internal intercom system during the actual race, allowing the driver to anticipate the upcoming terrain and thus take the course as fast as possible. The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ...


Other rallies provide organizer-created "route notes" also referred to as "stage notes" and disallow reconnaissance and use of other pacenotes. These notes are usually created using a predetermined pacenote format, from which a co-driver can optionally add comments or transpose into other pacenote notations. Many North American rallies, such as the Rally America National Championship do not conduct recce but provide stage notes through the use of the Jemba Inertia Notes System, due to time and budget constraints.[2] Rally America, based in Golden Valley, Minnesota, is an auto racing organization that sanctions rallying in the United States. ... The Jemba Inertia Notes System is a computer software program used in rally racing that automatically prints out stage notes for competitors to use. ...


In the past, most rally courses were not allowed to be scanned prior to the race, and the co-drivers used only maps supplied by the organization. The exact route of the rally often remained secret until race day. Modern rallies have mostly converted to using organizer-supplied notes or allowing full reconnaissance, as opposed to racing the stages blindly. This change has been brought on in large part due to competitor demand. Because pacenotes allow a driver to plan for upcoming turns and road conditions, recce makes the competition experience faster, safer, and more satisfying for the entrant.


Historic rallying

In the wake of the ever-more advanced rally cars of the twenty-first century comes the trend towards historic rallying (also known as classic rallying), in which older cars compete under older style rally rules.[3][4] This is a popular sport and even attracts some of the drivers of the twentieth century back into the driving seat. Many who enter, however, have started their competition careers in historic rallying. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Rally driving techniques

The Scandinavian flick, or Pendulum turn, is a technique used in rallying. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with bootleg turn. ... Left-foot braking is the technique of using the left foot to operate the brake pedal in a car, leaving the right foot dedicated to the accelerator pedal. ... Airborne Fiat Uno on the 1992 Noreaster road rally, Cambridgeshire, England Hill Jumping (also known as ramping) is an activity that involves driving an automobile at high speeds up a hill in an attempt to get the vehicle airborne at the hills crest. ... Heel-and-toe is a driving technique used in performance driving. ...

Notable rallies and championships

Many rally events above are part of larger championship series events such as: Image of a subaru WRX at the Rally of Victoria, October 2003. ... Image of a subaru WRX at the Rally of Victoria, October 2003. ... For the high-performance version of the Impreza WRX, see the Subaru Impreza WRX STI The Subaru Impreza WRX, also colloquially known as a WRX (Rex) is a turbocharged version of the Subaru Impreza, an all-wheel drive automobile. ... Australian Rally Championship, West Australian Round, night stage. ... The Acropolis Rally Greece is the eighth rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2005. ... The Circuit of Ireland International Rally is an annual automobile rally, which was first held in 1931. ... The Corona Rally Mexico is the third event on the World Rally Championship for 2005. ... A support truck during the 2004 Dakar The Dakar Rally (or simply The Dakar; formerly known as The Paris Dakar Rally and now as The Lisbon Dakar Rally) is an annual off-road race, organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation. ... The Murmansk–Vladivostok Expedition Trophy is the worlds longest winter motor rally. ... Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ) is a city in the extreme northwest of Russia (north of the Arctic circle) with a seaport on the Kola Gulf, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from... Vladivostok (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated close to the Russo-Sino border and North Korea. ... Stephane Sarrazin driving a Subaru Impreza WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlos Sainz driving a Toyota Corolla WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlssons replica 1963 Monte Carlo Saab 96 rally car at Linköping, on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of SAAB in 1997 The Monte... Monte Carlo is a very wealthy section of the city-state of Monaco known for its casino, gambling, beaches, glamour, and sightings of famous people. ... The Neste Rally Finland (formerly known as 1000 Lakes Rally, renamed 1994 when Neste became the main sponsor) is a Rally event driven in first weekend of August in the Jyväskylä area in Central Finland. ... The Olympus Rally was run in Washington State in 1985, 1986, 1987, and 1988. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Juha Kankkunen wins the 1986 edition in a Peugeot 205 T16 The Propecia Rally of New Zealand is oldest WRC event to be held in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The RAC Rally is the best-known motor rally in the UK. It is a round in the international rallying championship. ... The Wales Rally Great Britain is the twelfth rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2005. ... The Rally of Turkey was the seventh rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2005. ... The Rally of Poland (Rajd Polski) is the second oldest rally in the world after the famous classic Monte Carlo. ... The Rallye de Portugal is the largest rally racing event held in Portugal. ... The Rallye des Pharaons is an FIM sactioned event that takes place in Egypt, with Cairo being both the start and finish point, and covers 3,100 km. ... Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD ST185 in the 1993 edition The Safari Rally is considered by many to be the worlds toughest rally. ... The Supermag Rally Italia Sardinia is the seventh rally on the World Rally Championship schedule for 2006. ... The name San Remo can refer to several different things: San Remo, Italy – a large town in Italy San Remo, Victoria – a town in Victoria, Australia The San Remo – an apartment building in New York City This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Sandblast Rally is a car rally racing event that happens in Cheraw and Patrick, South Carolina, USA. Recently, the events have been held February of each year. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12N... The Scottish Rally Championship is a series of rallies run throughout Scotland over the course of a year. ... The Swedish Rally (now the Uddeholm Swedish Rally) is an automobile rally competition held in Värmland, Sweden in early February. ... Targa Newfoundland is the first event of its kind to be held in North America. ... Targa Tasmania is a tarmac-based rally racing event held on the island state of Tasmania, Australia, annually since 1991. ...

The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ... The Junior World Rally Championship (JWRC) is a complementary series to the World Rally Championship (WRC) as is the World Rally Production Car Championship (WRPCC). ... The FIA Production World Rally Championship, or PWRC, is a companion series to the World Rally Championship, and is driven on the same stages. ... The Canadian Rally Championship consists of 6 full national events for 2005. ... Rally America, based in Golden Valley, Minnesota, is an auto racing organization that sanctions rallying in the United States. ... Australian Rally Championship, West Australian Round, night stage. ...

See also

A road rally is a car rally that takes place on the public road. ... This article refers to the European autosport of Rallycross. ... RallyCross is a type of car competition in the U.S., sponsored by the Sports Car Club of America. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

References

  1. ^ TSD Rally Retrieved 13 August 2006
  2. ^ Rallying Glossary Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  3. ^ UK HRCR's Historic Road Rally Retrieved 13 August 2006
  4. ^ Historic Rally Association (Australia) Retrieved 13 August 2006
  5. ^ Expedition Trophy 2005 Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  6. ^ Royal Automobile Club of Jordan Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  7. ^ Propecia Rally New Zealand
  8. ^ Cobertura On Line Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  9. ^ Sanremo Rally Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  10. ^ Rally America Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  11. ^ United States Rally Championship Retrieved 13 August 2006.

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m