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Encyclopedia > Rallidae
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Rallidae
Purple-Swamphen-223.jpg
Purple Swamphen
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Rallidae
Vigors, 1825
Genera
  • Sarothrura
  • Himantornis
  • Canirallus
  • Coturnicops
  • Micropygia
  • Rallina
  • Anurolimnas
  • Laterallus
  • Nesoclopeus
  • Gallirallus
  • Rallus
  • Lewinia
  • Dryolimnas
  • Crex
  • Rougetius
  • Aramidopsis
  • Atlantisia
  • Aramides
  • Amaurolimnas
  • Gymnocrex
  • Amaurornis
  • Porzana
  • Aenigmatolimnas
  • Cyanolimnas
  • Neocrex
  • Pardirallus
  • Eulabeornis
  • Habroptila
  • Megacrex
  • Gallicrex
  • Porphyrio
  • Gallinula
  • Fulica

The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Nearly all members are associated with wetlands. There are exceptions, however, notably the Corncrake which breeds on farmland. my own picture File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Porphyrio porphyrio (Linnaeus, 1758) The Purple Swamphen, Purple Gallinule or Pukeko, Porphyrio porphyrio, is a large bird in the family Rallidae. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascideiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Many - see section below. ... Families  Otidae  Gruidae  Rallidae The diverse order Gruiformes contains about 12 bird families with, on first sight, little in common. ... Nicholas Aylward Vigors (1785 – October 26, 1840) was an Irish zoologist and politician. ... See genus (mathematics) for the use of the term in mathematics. ... Binomial name Crex crex (Linnaeus, 1758) The Corn Crake (Crex crex) is a small bird in the family Rallidae. ... Binomial name Atlantisia rogersi Lowe, 1923 The Inaccessible Island Rail, Atlantisia rogersi, is a small bird of the rail family, Rallidae. ... Binomial name Gallicrex cinerea (Gmelin, 1789) The Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) is a waterbird in the rail and crake family Rallidae. ... Species San Cristobal Moorhen, Gallinula silvestris Tristan Moorhen, Gallinula nesiotis Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus Gough Island Moorhen, Gallinula comeri Dusky Moorhen, Gallinula tenebrosa Lesser Moorhen, Gallinula angulata Spot-flanked Gallinule, Gallinula melanops Black-tailed Native-hen, Gallinula ventralis Tasmanian Native-hen, Gallinula mortierii The moorhens are medium-sized water birds... Species The coots are medium-sized water birds which are members of the rail family. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Binomial name Crex crex (Linnaeus, 1758) The Corn Crake (Crex crex) is a small bird in the family Rallidae. ...


The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. Reedbeds are a particularly favoured habitat. They are omnivorous, and those that migrate do so at night: most nest in dense vegetation. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. // Long-distance land bird migration Many species of land birds migrate very long distances, the most common pattern being for birds to breed in the temperate or arctic northern hemisphere and winter in warmer regions, often in the tropics or the southern hemisphere. ...


Most species walk and run vigorously on strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers, although nevertheless capable of covering long distances.


Island species often become flightless, and many of them are now extinct following the introduction of terrestrial predators such as cats, rats and pigs.


Many reedbed species are secretive, apart from loud calls, and crepuscular, and have laterally flattened bodies. In the Old World, long billed species tend to be called “rails” and short billed species “crakes”. North American species are normally called rails irrespective of bill length. Crepuscular is a term used to describe animals that are primarily active during the twilight. ... Political highlights of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and the fourth ranked in population. ...


The larger species are also sometimes given other names. The black coots are more open water than their relatives, and some other large species are called gallinules.

Eurasian Coot
Enlarge
Eurasian Coot

my own picture File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... my own picture File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Taxonomy

The family Rallidae has traditionally been grouped with two families of larger birds, the cranes and bustards to make up the order Gruiformes. The alternative Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, which has been widely accepted in America, raises the family to ordinal level as the Ralliformes. Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. ... Genera See text Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. ... Families  Otidae  Gruidae  Rallidae The diverse order Gruiformes contains about 12 bird families with, on first sight, little in common. ... The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy is a radical new approach to bird taxonomy based on DNA studies which gives an arrangement differing greatly from the more traditional approach used in list of birds. ...


Species and genera

  • Genus Sarothrura (Flufftails)
    • White-spotted Flufftail, Sarothrura pulchra
    • Buff-spotted Flufftail, Sarothrura elegans
    • Red-chested Flufftail, Sarothrura rufa
    • Chestnut-headed Flufftail, Sarothrura lugens
    • Streaky-breasted Flufftail, Sarothrura boehmi
    • Striped Flufftail, Sarothrura affinis
    • Madagascar Flufftail, Sarothrura insularis
    • White-winged Flufftail, Sarothrura ayresi
    • Slender-billed Flufftail, Sarothrura watersi
  • Genus Himanthornis
    • Nkulengu Rail, Himantornis haematopus
  • Genus Canirallus
    • Grey-throated Rail, Canirallus oculeus
    • Madagascar Wood Rail, Canirallus kioloides
  • Genus Coturnicops
    • Swinhoe's Rail, Coturnicops exquisitus
    • Yellow Rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis
    • Speckled Rail, Coturnicops notatus
  • Genus Micropygia
    • Ocellated Crake, Micropygia schomburgkii
  • Genus Rallina
    • Chestnut Forest Rail, Rallina rubra
    • White-striped Forest Rail, Rallina leucospila
    • Forbes's Forest Rail, Rallina forbesi
    • Mayr's Forest Rail, Rallina mayri
    • Red-necked Crake, Rallina tricolor
    • Andaman Crake, Rallina canningi
    • Red-legged Crake, Rallina fasciata
    • Slaty-legged Crake, Rallina eurizonoides
  • Genus Anurolimas
    • Chestnut-headed Crake, Anurolimnas castaneiceps
    • Russet-crowned Crake, Anurolimnas viridis
    • Black-banded Crake, Anurolimnas fasciatus
  • Genus Laterallus
    • Rufous-sided Crake, Laterallus melanophaius
    • Rusty-flanked Crake, Laterallus levraudi
    • White-throated Crake, Laterallus albigularis
    • Grey-breasted Crake, Laterallus exilis
    • Black Rail, Laterallus jamaicensis
    • Galapagos Rail, Laterallus spilonotus
    • Red-and-white Crake, Laterallus leucopyrrhus
    • Rufous-faced Crake, Laterallus xenopterus
  • Genus Nesoclopeus
    • Woodford's Rail, Nesoclopeus woodfordi
    • Bar-winged Rail, Nesoclopeus poecilopterus
  • Genus Gallirallus
    • Weka, Gallirallus australis
    • Calayan Rail, Gallirallus calayanensis
    • New Caledonian Rail, Gallirallus lafresnayanus
    • Lord Howe Island Rail, Gallirallus sylvestris
    • Okinawa Rail, Gallirallus okinawae
    • Barred Rail, Gallirallus torquatus
    • New Britain Rail, Gallirallus insignis
    • Buff-banded Rail, Gallirallus philippensis
    • Guam Rail, Gallirallus owstoni
    • Roviana Rail, Gallirallus rovianae
    • Slaty-breasted Rail, Gallirallus striatus
  • Genus Rallus
    • Clapper Rail, Rallus longirostris
    • King Rail, Rallus elegans
    • Plain-flanked Rail, Rallus wetmorei
    • Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola
    • Bogota Rail, Rallus semiplumbeus
    • Austral Rail, Rallus antarcticus
    • Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus
    • African Rail, Rallus caerulescens
    • Madagascar Rail, Rallus madagascariensis
    • Brown-banded Rail, Rallus mirificus
    • Lewin's Rail, Rallus pectoralis
  • Genus Lewinia
    • Auckland Rail, Lewinia muelleri
  • Genus Dryolimas
    • White-throated Rail, Dryolimnas cuvieri
  • Genus Crex
    • African Crake, Crex egregia
    • Corn Crake, Crex crex
  • Genus Rougetius
    • Rouget's Rail, Rougetius rougetii
  • Genus Aramidopsis
    • Snoring Rail, Aramidopsis plateni
  • Genus Atlantisia
  • Genus Aramides
    • Little Wood Rail, Aramides mangle
    • Rufous-necked Wood Rail, Aramides axillaris
    • Grey-necked Wood Rail, Aramides cajanea
    • Brown Wood Rail, Aramides wolfi
    • Giant Wood Rail, Aramides ypecaha
    • Slaty-breasted Wood Rail, Aramides saracura
    • Red-winged Wood Rail, Aramides calopterus
  • Genus Amaurolimnas
    • Uniform Crake, Amaurolimnas concolor
  • Genus Gymnocrex
    • Bald-faced Rail, Gymnocrex rosenbergii
    • Bare-eyed Rail, Gymnocrex plumbeiventris
  • Genus Amaurornis
    • Brown Crake, Amaurornis akool
    • Isabelline Bush-hen, Amaurornis isabellinus
    • Plain Bush-hen, Amaurornis olivaceus
    • Rufous-tailed Bush-hen, Amaurornis moluccanus
    • White-breasted Waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus
    • Talaud Bush-hen, Amaurornis magnirostris
    • Black Crake, Amaurornis flavirostris
    • Sakalava Rail, Amaurornis olivieri
    • Black-tailed Crake, Amaurornis bicolor
  • Genus Porzana
    • Little Crake, Porzana parva
    • Baillon's Crake, Porzana pusilla
    • Spotted Crake, Porzana porzana
    • Australian Crake, Porzana fluminea
    • Sora, Porzana carolina
    • Dot-winged Crake, Porzana spiloptera
    • Ash-throated Crake, Porzana albicollis
    • Ruddy-breasted Crake, Porzana fusca
    • Band-bellied Crake, Porzana paykullii
    • Spotless Crake, Porzana tabuensis
    • Henderson Island Crake, Porzana atra
    • Yellow-breasted Crake, Porzana flaviventer
    • White-browed Crake, Porzana cinerea
  • Genus Aenigmatolimnas
    • Striped Crake, Aenigmatolimnas marginalis
  • Genus Cyanolimnas
    • Zapata Rail, Cyanolimnas cerverai
  • Genus Neocrex
    • Colombian Crake, Neocrex colombianus
    • Paint-billed Crake, Neocrex erythrops
  • Genus Pardirallus
    • Spotted Rail, Pardirallus maculatus
    • Blackish Rail, Pardirallus nigricans
    • Plumbeous Rail, Pardirallus sanguinolentus
  • Genus Eulabeornis
    • Chestnut Rail, Eulabeornis castaneoventris
  • Genus Habroptila
    • Invisible Rail, Habroptila wallacii
  • Genus Megacrex
    • New Guinea Flightless Rail, Megacrex inepta
  • Genus Gallicrex
  • Genus Porphyrio
  • Genus Gallinula
    • San Cristobal Moorhen, Gallinula silvestris
    • Tristan Moorhen, Gallinula nesiotis
    • Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
    • Dusky Moorhen, Gallinula tenebrosa
    • Lesser Moorhen, Gallinula angulata
    • Spot-flanked Gallinule, Gallinula melanops
    • Black-tailed Native-hen, Gallinula ventralis
    • Tasmanian Native-hen, Gallinula mortierii
  • Genus Fullica
    • Red-knobbed Coot, Fulica cristata
    • Eurasian Coot or Common Coot, Fulica atra
    • Hawaiian Coot, Fulica alai
    • American Coot, Fulica americana
    • Caribbean Coot, Fulica caribaea
    • White-winged Coot, Fulica leucoptera
    • Andean Coot, Fulica ardesiaca
    • Red-gartered Coot, Fulica armillata
    • Red-fronted Coot, Fulica rufifrons
    • Giant Coot, Fulica gigantea
    • Horned Coot Fulica cornuta

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rallidae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules.
The family Rallidae has traditionally been grouped with two families of larger birds, the cranes and bustards to make up the order Gruiformes.
The alternative Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, which has been widely accepted in America, raises the family to ordinal level as the Ralliformes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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