FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Rajasthan" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rajasthan
  ?राजस्थान
Rajasthan
India
Coordinates: 26°54′N 75°48′E / 26.9, 75.8
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 342,236 km² (132,138 sq mi)
Capital Jaipur
Largest city Jaipur
District(s) 32
Population
Density
56,473,122 (8th)
• 165/km² (427/sq mi)
Language(s) Hindi, Rajasthani
Gujarati is also spoken
Governor Pratibha Patil
Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje
Established 1956-11-01
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (200)
ISO abbreviation IN-RJ
Website: www.rajasthan.gov.in

Coordinates: 26°54′N 75°48′E / 26.9, 75.8 Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]) pronunciation  is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. It encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert), which has an edge paralleling the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with Pakistan. The region borders Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north. Rajasthan covers an area of 342,239 km² (132,139 mi²). Image File history File links India_Rajasthan_locator_map. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Rajasthani (राजस्थानी) is a language of the Indo-Aryan languages family. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Governors of Rajasthan See Also Rajasthan Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Rajasthan | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Pratibha Patil (Marathi: प्रतिभा पाटील) (born December 19, 1934) is the 13th and current President of India. ... Chief Ministers of Rajasthan See Also Rajasthan Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Rajasthan | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Vasundhara Raje of Dholpur, Rajasthan Vasundhara Raje, born on March 8, 1953 in Mumbai, is the Chief Minister of Rajasthan, India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... () is an abugida script used to write, either along with other scripts, or exclusively, several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Marwari, Konkani, Bhojpuri, languages from Nepal like Nepali, Tharu Nepal Bhasa and sometimes Kashmiri and Romani. ... Image File history File links Rajasthan. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed . ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ... The Indus is a river; the Indus River. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ...


The state capital is Jaipur. Geographical features include the Thar Desert along north-western Rajasthan and the termination of the Ghaggar River near the archeological ruins at Kalibanga, which are the oldest in the subcontinent discovered so far. , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... The Ghaggar is a seasonal river in India, flowing when water is available from monsoon rains. ... Kalibanga is a town on the banks of river Ghaggar, Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan, India. ...


One of the world's oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu, and its world-famous Dilwara Temples, a sacred pilgrimage for Jains. Eastern Rajasthan has two national tiger reserves, Ranthambore and Sariska, as well as Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, famous for its bird life. For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan state, in western India. ... The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 2½ kilometers from Mount Abu, Rajasthans only hill station. ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahinsa, meaning non-injury and nonviolence. ... Ranthambore National Park, part of Project Tiger, is located in Rajasthan, India. ... Sariska is a national park in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... The Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan, India is a famous avifauna sanctuary that sees thousands of rare and highly endangered birds such as the Siberian Crane come here during the winter season. ... , Bharatpur (Hindi:भरतपुर) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ...


Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when all erstwhile princely states merged into India. The only difference between erstwhile Rajputana and Rajasthan is that certain portions governed directly by the British Government, in the former province of Ajmer-Merwara, were included. Portions lying geographically outside of Rajputana and belonging to Tonk state were given to Madhya Pradesh. is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ajmer-Merwara (also Ajmere-Merwara) is a former province of British India. ... Rajputana (or Raj(prut)tana), which means Land of the Rajputs rajput love old rotten cheese wanna see whitch cheese we like go to this web page http://home. ... Look up Tonk in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Rajasthan
Rajasthan has a rich and colorful history making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Shown here is the Chittorgarh Fort.

Historical traditions are that Rajputs, Nath, Jats, Bhils, Ahirs, Gujars, Meenas and some other tribes made a great contribution in building the state of Rajasthan. All these tribes suffered great difficulties to protect their culture and the land. Millions[1] of them were martyred for this land. ‘The Hinduan Suraj’ title to Udaipur was due to Bhils. Jats had been fighting since beginning. Gujars had been exterminated in Bhinmal and Ajmer areas fighting with the invaders. Bhils once ruled Kota and Bundi. Gujars were sardars in Alwar, Jodhpur and Ajmer areas. [1] Meenas were ruler of Dhundhar. The earlier contributions of warriors and protectors of the land Jats, Bhils, Gujars and Meenas were neglected and lost in history. [2] The history of human settlement in north Indian state of Rajasthan dates back to about 2500 BCE with parts of North Rajasthan at the heart of the Indus Valley Civilization[1]. It is also the famous land of the Rajput warriors renowned for their heroic deeds on the battlefield. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chittorgarh. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chittorgarh. ... Chittorgarh Fort A view of Chittorgarh Fort Chittorgarh Fort is a massive and majestic fort situated on a hilltop near Chittorgarh town in Rajasthan state in India. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste which decendend from India . ... The Sanskrit word Nātha (Hindi Nath) is the proper name of a siddha sampradaya (initiatory tradition) and the word itself literally means lord, protector, refuge. The related Sanskrit term Adi Natha means first or original Lord, and is therefore a synonym for Shiva, Mahadeva, or Maheshvara, and beyond these... Jats are now preeminently a farming community. ... Bhils are a tribal people of central India. ... The people of the Ahir tribe are traditionally cow herders and shepherds. ... Migrants in one of the several migratory waves that brought Indo-Europeans into South-Asia. ... Meenas, Meena or Mina is a community mainly found in Rajasthan, India. ... The Lake Palace in Udaipur Udaipur (उदयपुर) is a city in Rajasthan, India. ... , Bhinmal (भीनमाल), also known as Shrimal, is a town in the Jalore District of Rajasthan, India. ... Dhundhar is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. ...


Rajasthan includes most of Rajputana, comprised of a number of Rajput kingdoms as well as Jat kingdoms and a Muslim kingdom. The Jats were rulers in Bharatpur and Dholpur. Tonk was ruled by a Muslim Nawab. Jodhpur, Bikaner, Udaipur, and Jaipur were some of the main Rajput states. Rajput families rose to prominence in the 6th century CE. The Rajputs resisted the Muslim incursions into India, although a number of Rajput kingdoms eventually became subservient to the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire during those empires' peak of expansion. Rajputana (or Raj(prut)tana), which means Land of the Rajputs rajput love old rotten cheese wanna see whitch cheese we like go to this web page http://home. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste which decendend from India . ... The Jat people (IAST: , Hindi: , Punjabi: , Urdu: ‎) of Northern India and Pakistan, are descendants of Indo-Aryan/Indo-Scythian tribes. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... , Bharatpur (Hindi:भरतपुर) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Dholpur (also Dhaulpur) is a city in eastern Rajasthan state of India. ... Look up Tonk in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... The Lake Palace in Udaipur Udaipur (उदयपुर) is a city in Rajasthan, India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste which decendend from India . ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy List of Mughal emperors  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21...

The Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur was built by Rao Jodha in 1498.
The Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur was built by Rao Jodha in 1498.

Mewar led others in resistance to Muslim rule: Rana Sanga fought the Battle of Khanua against Babur, the founder of the Mughal empire; and Maharana Pratap Singh resisted Akbar in Haldighati. Other rulers like Raja Maan Singh of Amber were trusted allies. As the Mughal empire weakened, the Rajputs reasserted their independence. With the decline of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century, Rajputana came under attack from the Marathas and Pindaris, and the Maratha general Scindia captured Ajmer. The Rajput kings concluded treaties with the British in the early 19th century, accepting British sovereignty in return for local autonomy. Following the Mughal tradition as well as its strategic location Ajmer became a province of British India, while the autonomous Rajput states, the Muslim state [Tonk]), and the Jat states (Bharatpur and Dholpur) were organized into the Rajputana Agency. Download high resolution version (1984x1488, 802 KB) Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Download high resolution version (1984x1488, 802 KB) Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Rao Jodha was a suryavanshi rajput of rathore cula. ... Mewar is a region of south-central Rajasthan state in western India. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Khanwa (Khanua), Battle of (March 17, 1527), a finally disastrous conflict for Mewar, which led to the death of one the kingdoms greatest heroes, Maharana SANGRAM SINGH I, popularly known as Rana Sanga. ... Zāhir ud-DÄ«n Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... Raman Pratap Singh is a Fijian lawyer and politician of Indian descent. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Raman Pratap Singh is a Fijian lawyer and politician of Indian descent. ... Raja Man Singh(Man Singh I) was the Kacchwaha raja of Amber. ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... The Pindaris were the irregular horsemen who accompanied the Maratha armies in central India during the 18th century when the Mughal Empire was breaking up. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scindia Family of India. ... , Ajmer   (Hindi: अजमेर ) is a city in Ajmer District in Indias Rajasthan state. ... Rajputana, which means Land of the Rajputs is a region of western India, which now makes up the greater part of Rajasthan state. ...


Rajasthan's formerly independent kingdoms created a rich architectural and cultural heritage, seen today in their numerous forts and palaces (Mahals and Havelis) which are enriched by features of Hindu, Muslim and Jain architecture. Mahal is a small tows in chitoor district of Andhra Pradesh in India. ... View of a typical Haveli at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan Haveli (हवेली)is the term used for a private residence in Pakistan and North India. ...


Geography

The Thar desert covers the western half of Rajasthan.
The Thar desert covers the western half of Rajasthan.

The main geographic features of Rajasthan are the Thar Desert and the Aravalli Range, which runs through the state from southwest to northeast, almost from one end to the other, for more than 850 km. Mount Abu is at the southwestern end of the range, separated from the main ranges by the West Banas River, although a series of broken ridges continues into Haryana in the direction of Delhi where it can be seen as outcrops in the form of the Raisina Hill and the ridges farther north. About three-fifths of Rajasthan lies northwest of the Aravallis, leaving two-fifths on the east and south. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x636, 329 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x636, 329 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan state, in western India. ... The West Banas is a river of western India. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Raisina Hill is the most priced estate in Lutyens Delhi. ...


The northwestern portion of Rajasthan is generally sandy and dry. Most of the region is covered by the Thar Desert, which extends into adjoining portions of Pakistan. The Aravalli Range intercepts the moisture-giving southwest monsoon winds off the Arabian Sea, leaving the northwestern region in a rain shadow. The Thar Desert is thinly populated; the town of Bikaner is the largest city in the desert. The Northwestern thorn scrub forests lie in a band around the Thar Desert, between the desert and the Aravallis. This region receives less than 400 mm of rain in an average year. Summer temperatures can exceed 45°C in the summer months and drop below freezing in the winter. The Godwar, Marwar, and Shekhawati regions lie in the thorn scrub forest zone, along with the city of Jodhpur. The Luni River and its tributaries are the major river system of Godwar and Marwar regions, draining the western slopes of the Aravallis and emptying southwest into the great Rann of Kutch wetland in neighboring Gujarat. This river is saline in the lower reaches and remains potable only up to Balotara in Barmer district. The Ghaggar River, which originates in Haryana, is an intermittent stream that disappears into the sands of the Thar Desert in the northern corner of the state and is seen as a remnant of the primitive Saraswati river. A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... Bold text[[ // [[Image:Media:Example. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... The Northwestern thorn scrub forests are a tropical dry broadleaf forest ecoregion of Pakistan and northwestern India. ... This article is about precipitation. ... Godwar is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Marwar (मारवाड़) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. ... Shekhawati (शेखावाटी) is a semi-arid region located in the northeast part of Rajasthan, India. ... What follows is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official regions of India. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... The Luni is a river of western Rajasthan state, India. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... The Ghaggar is a seasonal river in India, flowing when water is available from monsoon rains. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... For the Vedic river, see Saraswati River. ...

The Aravalli Range adds diversity to the landscape of Rajasthan.
The Aravalli Range adds diversity to the landscape of Rajasthan.

The Aravalli Range and the lands to the east and southeast of the range are generally more fertile and better watered. This region is home to the Kathiarbar-Gir dry deciduous forests ecoregion, with tropical dry broadleaf forests that include teak, Acacia, and other trees. The hilly Vagad region lies in southernmost Rajasthan, on the border with Gujarat. With the exception of Mount Abu, Vagad is the wettest region in Rajasthan, and the most heavily forested. North of Vagad lies the Mewar region, home to the cities of Udaipur and Chittaurgarh. The Hadoti region lies to the southeast, on the border with Madhya Pradesh. North of Hadoti and Mewar is the Dhundhar region, home to the state capital of Jaipur. Mewat, the easternmost region of Rajasthan, borders Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Eastern and southeastern Rajasthan is drained by the Banas and Chambal rivers, tributaries of the Ganges. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2888x1926, 795 KB) Description Paysage des Ârâvalli en Inde Aravalli landscape in India Source Nataraja Statut 2003, G. Anfossi File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of India Aravalli Range ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2888x1926, 795 KB) Description Paysage des Ârâvalli en Inde Aravalli landscape in India Source Nataraja Statut 2003, G. Anfossi File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of India Aravalli Range ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests are a tropical dry broadleaf forest ecoregion of western India. ... Trinidad and Tobago dry forest on Chacachacare showing the dry-season deciduous nature of the vegetation The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ... For other uses, see Acacia (disambiguation). ... Vagad is a region in southeastern Rajasthan state of western India. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Mewar is a region of south-central Rajasthan state in western India. ... Udaipur   (उदयपुर) is a city and a municipal council in Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Chittorgarh (also Chittor, Chittaur, or Chittaurgarh) is an ancient city in Rajasthan state of western India. ... Hadoti, also known as Hadauti, Hadaoli, or Hadavati, is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Dhundhar is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... Mewat is a region of Rajasthan and Haryana states in northwestern India. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... The Banas is a river of Rajasthan state in western India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... “Ganga” redirects here. ...


The Aravali Range runs across the state from the southwest peak Guru Shikhar (Mount Abu), which is 1,722 m in height, to Khetri in the northeast. This divides the state into 60% in the northwest of the range and 40% in the southeast. The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with little water but improves gradually from desert land in the far west and northwest to comparatively fertile and habitable land towards the east. The area includes the Thar Desert. The south-eastern area, higher in elevation (100 to 350 m above sea level) and more fertile, has a very diversified topography. in the south lies the hilly tract of Mewar. In the southeast, a large area within the districts of Kota and Bundi forms a tableland. To the northeast of these districts is a rugged region (badlands) following the line of the Chambal River. Farther north the country levels out; the flat plains of the northeastern Bharatpur district are part of an alluvial basin. Guru Shikhar, a peak at an altitude of 5,676 feet (1722 meters), is the highest point in Rajasthan. ... , Khetri is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan in India. ... Mewar is a region of south-central Rajasthan state in western India. ... Kota can refer to: The Indonesian word for city. ... Bundi is a city and a municipality of approximately 88,000 inhabitants (2001) in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in northwest India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Bharatpur District has an area of 5,066 km². It is bounded by Rewari and Gurgaon districts of Haryana on the north, Mathura and Agra districts of Uttar Pradesh on the east, and the Rajasthan districts of Dholpur on the south, Karauli on the southwest, and Dausa and Alwar on... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ...


Districts

Seven divisions of the districts.
Seven divisions of the districts.

Rajasthan has 32 districts: Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Karauli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Sikar, Sirohi, Tonk, and Udaipur. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (781x711, 50 KB) Summary Map of w:Rajasthan state, India showing seven divisions of its 32 districts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (781x711, 50 KB) Summary Map of w:Rajasthan state, India showing seven divisions of its 32 districts. ... Rajasthan has 32 districts: Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bundi, Chittaurgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalor, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Karauli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Sikar, Sirohi, Sri Ganganagar, Tonk, and Udaipur. ... Rajasthan has 32 districts: Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bundi, Chittaurgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalor, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Karauli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Sikar, Sirohi, Sri Ganganagar, Tonk, and Udaipur. ... Ajmer is a district of Rajasthan. ... Alwar is a district in Rajasthan, India. ... Banswara District has an area of 5,037 km², 1. ... Baran District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Barmer is a district of Rajasthan, India. ... Bhilwara District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Bikaner District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Bharatpur District has an area of 5,066 km². It is bounded by Rewari and Gurgaon districts of Haryana on the north, Mathura and Agra districts of Uttar Pradesh on the east, and the Rajasthan districts of Dholpur on the south, Karauli on the southwest, and Dausa and Alwar on... Bundi District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Chittorgarh District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Churu District is a district of Rajasthan state of western India. ... Dausa District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Dholpur District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Dungarpur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Ganganagar District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Hanumangarh District is a district of Rajasthan state of western India. ... Jaipur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Jaisalmer District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Jalor District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Jhalawar District has an area of 6928 km², and a population of 1,180,342 (2001 census). ... Jhunjhunu District or Jhunjhunun District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Jodhpur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Karauli District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Kota (formerly Kotah) is a city in the northern Indian state of Rajasthan. ... 16. ... Pali District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Rajsamand District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Sawai Madhopur District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Sikar District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Sirohi District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Tonk District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Udaipur District is a district of Rajasthan in western India. ...


These districts are grouped into seven divisions:

  • Ajmer Division: Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk.
  • Bharatpur Division: Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karuali, Swai Madhopur.
  • Bikaner Division: Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh.
  • Jaipur Division: Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa.
  • Jodhpur Division: Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi.
  • Kota Division: Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota.
  • Udaipur Division: Banswara, Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, Udaipur, Rajsamand.Pratapgarh

Government and politics

Rajasthan's politics has mainly been dominated by the two state stalwarts, namely, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat and Mohan Lal Sukhadia of the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress respectively. Shri Sukhadia ruled Rajasthan for 17 years and died in February 1982 while Shri Shekhawat is now in the national political horizon. The earlier politics were dominated by the Congress party. The main opposition party was the Bharatiya Jansangh, headed by Rajasthan's most popular leader Bhairon Singh Shekhawat and the Swatantra party headed by former rulers of Rajasthan. The Congress rule was untouched till the year 1962. But in the year 1967, Jansangh headed by Shekhawat and Swatantra party headed by Rajmata Gayatri Devi of Jaipur reached the majority point, but couldn't form a government. In 1972, the Congress won a landslide victory. But after the declaration of emergency, Shekhawat became immensely popular, especially after a forced arrest. As soon as the emergency was lifted, a joint opposition Janta Party won a thundering landslide victory winning 151 of the 200 seats. Shekhawat became the Chief Minister. The government was dismissed by Indira Gandhi in 1980 after she restored power in Delhi. In the 1980 elections, the Janta Party split at the centre giving Congress a victory in Rajasthan. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (born October 23, 1923) is a former Vice-President of India. ... Mohan Lal Sukhadia was the longest serving chief minister of Rajasthan state in India. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major Indian political party. ... Indian National Congress, (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... A young Indira Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi, during one of the latters fasts Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: ) (19 November 1917 - October 31, 1984) She was the Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in...


Indira Gandhi was murdered in the year 1984, and in the year 1985, a sympathy wave let the Congress sail through in the elections. But in 1989, which could be called a Shekhawat wave, the BJP-JD alliance won all 25 Lok Sabha seats and 140 of 200 seats in the assembly. Shekhawat became the Chief Minister for the second term. After the Babri Mosque demolition in Ayodhya, Shekhawat government was suspended by the P.M., Narsimha Rao and President's rule was introduced in Rajasthan. Election took place in the year 1993 in which his party won even after the breaking of its alliance with the Janta Dal. Shekhawat became the Chief Minister for the third term. This time he ran a successful third term. In 1998 elections, the BJP lost heavily due to the onion price rise issue. Ashok Gehlot ran a 5 year government. Shekhawat became the Vice-President of India in the year 2002 so he had to leave Rajasthan politics and the BJP. Vasundhara raje was appointed his succesor. She led the BJP in 2003 elections and led it to a victory. She is the Chief Minister of Rajasthan since then. Narpat Singh Rajvi is the Industry Minister, Ghanshyam Tiwari is the Education Minister, and Gulab Chand Kataria is the Home Minister. Next state elections are due in 2008. The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... A view of the Babri Mosque, pre-1992. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao (June 28, 1921 - December 23, 2004) was the ninth Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Rajasthan
The City Palace in Udaipur. Tourism forms an integral part of Rajasthan's economy.
The City Palace in Udaipur. Tourism forms an integral part of Rajasthan's economy.

Rajasthan's economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral. Wheat and barley are cultivated over large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are cash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India. There are mainly two crop seasons. The water for irrigation comes from wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan. // Rajasthans gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $33 billion in current prices. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Udaipur-citypalace. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Udaipur-citypalace. ... For other uses, see Pastoral (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... Pulses are defined by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape and color within a pod. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Vegetable oil or vegoil is fat extracted from plant sources. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... A vegetable oil or vegoil is an oil extracted from oilseeds or another plant source. ... Seeds which are grown for their oil. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... Indira Gandhi Canal is one of the biggest canal projects in India and perhaps in the world too. ...


The industrialization of Rajasthan slowly began in 1960s. The main industries are mineral based, agriculture based, and textiles. Rajasthan is the second largest producer of polyester fibre in India. The Bhilwara District produces more cloth than Bhiwandi, Maharashtra. For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... SEM picture of a bend in a high surface area polyester fiber with a seven-lobed cross section Polyester is a category of polymers, or, more specifically condensation polymers, which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. ... Bhilwara District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... , Bhiwandi is a city, in the district of Thane, in the western state of Maharashtra, in India, located 60 kms to the north-east of Mumbai and 15 kms to the north-east of Thane city. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ...


Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India. The state is the second largest source of cement. It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar, copper mines at Khetri and zinc mines at Dariba, Zawar mines at Zawarmala for zinc, rampura aghucha (opencast) near Bhilwara. Dimensional stone mining is also undertaken in Rajasthan: Jodhpur sandstone is mostly used in monuments, important buildings, residential buildings, etc. This stone is termed "chittar patthar". A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ... Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... For other uses, see Cement (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Salt (disambiguation). ... Sambar may refer to: Sambar, a kind of deer Sambar, a lentil-based dish common in South India This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Copper has played a significant part in the history of mankind, which has used the easily accessible uncompounded metal for nearly 10,000 years. ... , Khetri is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan in India. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... , Bhilwara is a town in Mewar region of Rajasthan, India, 600 km from Delhi. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ...


Endowed with natural beauty and a great history, tourism is flourishing in Rajasthan. The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer are among the most preferred destination of many tourists, Indian and foreign. Tourism accounts for eight percent of the state's domestic product. Many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels. Tourism has increased employment in the hospitality sector.


Demographics

Rajasthan has a mainly Rajasthani population. Hindus account for 88.8% of the population [3]. Muslims make up 8.5%, Sikhs 1.4% and Jains 1.2% of the population [4]. Rajasthan state is also populated by Sindhis, who came to Rajasthan from Sindh province (now in Pakistan) during the India-Pakistan separation in 1947. A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahinsa, meaning non-injury and nonviolence. ...


The mother tongue of the majority of people in Rajasthan is Rajasthani. Rajasthani and Hindi (the official language of India) are the most widely used languages in Rajasthan. After independence, Rajasthani was used as a medium of instruction, along with Hindi and English, in some schools. Some other languages used in Rajasthan are Sindhi, Gujarati and Punjabi. Rajasthani (राजस्थानी) is a language of the Indo-Aryan languages family. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... “Punjabi” redirects here. ...

See also: List of people from Rajasthan

—––This is a list of famous and notable people from Rajasthan, India. ...

Culture

The Thar desert near Jaisalmer.
The Thar desert near Jaisalmer.

Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which is both fascinating and mesmerizing. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music is of uncomplicated innocence and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds. Image File history File links Désert-du-Thar. ... Image File history File links Désert-du-Thar. ... Folk culture refers to the localized lifestyle of a subsistence or otherwise inward looking culture. ...


The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputali, Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchhighori, Tejaji etc. are the examples of the traditional Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis (often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc.) are also sung. Ghoomar is a traditional womens folk dance of Rajasthan, India which was developed by the Bhil tribe and was adopted by the Rajputs. ... A tribe of Roma from India, of the Dom branch. ... , Jaisalmer   (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Bhopa is a community in Rajasthan state of India. ... Chang may refer to: Chang (surname), a Chinese and Korean surname. ... Veer Teja (1074- 1103) was a Jat folk-deity who lived in the state of Rajasthan in India. ... The Dholak (sometimes dholaki) is a classical North Indian hand drum. ... Diagram of some sitar parts. ... Anant Kunte playing the sarangi (2007) The Sarangi (Sarangi [सारंगी] is a bowed string instrument of , Nepal. ...


Rajasthan is known for its traditional, colorful art. The block prints, tie and dye prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, Zari embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden furniture and handicrafts, carpets, blue pottery are some of the things commonly found here. Rajasthan is a shoppers' paradise, with beautiful goods found at low prices. Reflecting the colorful Rajasthani culture, Rajasthani clothes have a lot of mirror-work and embroidery. A Rajasthani traditional dress for females comprises an ankle length skirt and a short top, also known as a lehenga or a chaniya choli. A piece of cloth is used to cover the head, both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty. Rajasthani dresses are usually designed in bright colours like blue, yellow and orange. Fernando Zari(Roma(Roma),28 Novembre 1940)) è Vicepresidente, membro del comitato esecutivo della PKB Privatbank. ...

The Udaipur Palace
The Udaipur Palace

Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, intricately carved temples and decorated havelis, which were built by kings in previous ages. Jantar Mantar, Dilwara Temples, Chittorgarh Fort, Lake Palace Hotel, City Palaces, Jaisalmer Havelis are part of the true architectural heritage of India. Jaipur, the Pink City, is noted for the ancient houses made of a type of sand stone dominated by a pink hue. At Ajmer, the white marble Bara-dari on the Anasagar lake is exquisite. Jain Temples dot Rajasthan from north to south and east to west. Dilwara Temples of Mount Abu, Ranakpur Temple dedicated to Lord Adinath near Udaipur, Jain temples in the fort complexes of Chittor, Jaisalmer and Kumbhalgarh, Lodarva Jain temples, Bhandasar Temple of Bikaner are some of the best examples. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... View of a typical Haveli at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan Haveli (हवेली)is the term used for a private residence in Pakistan and North India. ... Tourists gather at Jantar Mantar Jantar Mantar (literally translated means Instrument Calculation) at Jaipur is one of the many unique and distinguished creations of the ambidextreous Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur. ... The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 2½ kilometers from Mount Abu, Rajasthans only hill station. ... Chittorgarh Fort A view of Chittorgarh Fort Chittorgarh Fort is a massive and majestic fort situated on a hilltop near Chittorgarh town in Rajasthan state in India. ... A Jain temple is called Derasar. ... The Jain Dilwara temples of India are located about 2½ kilometers from Mount Abu, Rajasthans only hill station. ... Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan state, in western India. ... Ranakpur in the state of Rajasthan is one of the five most important pilgrimage sites of Jainism. ... Chittorgarh (also Chittor, Chittaur, or Chittaurgarh) is an ancient city in Rajasthan state of western India. ... , Jaisalmer   (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Kumbhalgarh is a fortress in Rajsamand District of Rajasthan state in western India. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ...


Rajasthan is often called a shopper's paradise. Rajasthan is famous for textiles, semi-precious stones and handicrafts. The attractive designs of jewellery and clothes are eye-catching and invite shoppers. Rajasthani furniture has intricate carvings and bright colours. Rajasthani handicrafts are in demand due to the intricate work on them. Above all, Rajasthan's shopping appeals to both tourists and people from other parts of India due to its cheap prices for quality goods.


The main religious festivals are Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Gogaji, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami, as the main religion is Hinduism. Rajasthan's desert festival is celebrated with great zest and zeal. This festival is held once a year during winters. Dressed in brilliantly hued costumes, the people of the desert dance and sing haunting ballads of valor, romance and tragedy. There are fairs with snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats and folk performers. Camels, of course, play a stellar role in this festival. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... Gangaur is an auspicious local festival of Rajasthan and is celebrated with great zeal and devotion particularly in Jaipur. ... Teej (Hindi: तीज)is a fasting festival for Hindu women of some parts of India and Nepal. ... Gogaji is a folk- deity of Rajasthan in Idol of Gogaji India. ... Makara Sankranti is a mid-winter Hindu festival of India and Nepal. ... Janmashtami (जन्माष्टमी) is a celebration of the birth of Lord Krishna the eighth avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu, and every ritual in the celebration of this auspicious occasion is associated with various phases of his life, which have been immortalized in both... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Desert festival may refer to: Burning Man in the United States Dubai Desert Rock Festival in the United Arab Emirates Festival in the Desert in Mali International Festival of the Sahara in Tunisia Category: ...


Flora and fauna

Though a large percentage of the total area is desert, and even though there is little forest cover, Rajasthan has a rich and varied flora and fauna. The natural vegetation is classed as Northern Desert Thorn Forest (Champion 1936). These occur in small clumps scattered in a more or less open forms. Density and size of patches increase from west to east following the increase in rainfall. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Ardeotis nigriceps (Vigors, 1831) The Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) is a bustard found in India and possibly Pakistan. ...


Some wildlife species, which are fast vanishing in other parts of India, are found in the desert in large numbers such as the Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), the Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), the Indian Gazelle (Gazella bennettii) and the Indian Wild Ass. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Ardeotis nigriceps (Vigors, 1831) The Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) is a bustard found in India and possibly Pakistan. ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Gazella bennettii (Sykes, 1831) The Chinkara is a species of gazelle found in South Asia. ... Binomial name Equus hemionus Pallas, 1775 The Onager (Equus hemionus) is a large mammal belonging to the horse family and native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, India, and Tibet. ...


The Desert National Park, Jaisalmer, spread over an area of 3162 km², is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert, and its diverse fauna. Great Indian Bustard, Blackbuck, chinkara, desert fox, Bengal fox, wolf, desert cat etc. can be easily seen here. Seashells and massive fossilized tree trunks in this park record the geological history of the desert. The region is a haven for migratory and resident birds of the desert. One can see many eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures. Short-toed Eagles (Circaetus gallicus), Tawny Eagles (Aquila rapax), Spotted Eagles (Aquila clanga), Laggar Falcons (Falco jugger) and kestrels are the commonest of these. Desert National Park, Rajasthan, India. ... , Jaisalmer   (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... For other uses of the term, see Fossil (disambiguation) Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other artifacts such as footprints. ... Migration occurs when living things move from one biome to another. ... Genera Several, see below. ... Genera Circus Geranospiza Polyboroides A Harrier is any of several species of diurnal birds of prey which fly low over meadows and marshes and hunt or harry small animals or birds (hence their common name). ... Falcons eat humans. ... A buzzard is one of several large birds, but there are a number of meanings as detailed below. ... The name kestrel is given to several different members of the falcon genus, Falco. ... Orders Falconiformes (Fam. ... Binomial name ( Gmelin, 1788) Light Green: nesting area Blue: wintering area Dark Green: resident all year The Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, buzzards and harriers. ... Binomial name Aquila rapax (Temminck, 1828) Tawny Eagle at Combe Martin Wildlife and Dinosaur Park, North Devon, England The Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax) is a large bird of prey. ... Binomial name Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811 The Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga), or just Spotted Eagle, is a large bird of prey. ... Binomial name Falco jugger Gray, 1834 The Laggar Falcon (Falco jugger) is a large bird of prey which occurs in the Indian subcontinent from extreme south-east Iran, south-east Afghanistan, Pakistan, through India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and north-west Myanmar. ...


Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is a very small sanctuary in Churu District, 210 km from Jaipur, in the Shekhawati region. This sanctuary is home to a large population of graceful Blackbuck. Desert Fox and desert cat can also be spotted along with typical avifauna such as partridge and sand grouse. Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is situated in Churu district of Northwestern Rajasthan in the Shekhawati region of India. ... Churu District is a district of Rajasthan state of western India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... Shekhawati (शेखावाटी) is a semi-arid region located in the northeast part of Rajasthan, India. ... Desert Fox can have multiple meanings: A nickname for German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Operation Desert Fox – a U.S.-U.K. bombing campaign against Iraq (December 16-December 18, 1998) The Desert Fox (movie) – a 1951 movie about Rommel This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Partridge (disambiguation). ... Genera Pterocles Syrrhaptes Sandgrouse is also the name of the journal of the Ornithological Society of the Middle East - see Sandgrouse (journal) The sandgrouse are a group of 16 near passerine bird species in the order Pteroclidiformes. ...


Education

The main universities in the state are :

The other major educational institutions are : List of Universities in Rajasthan state in India University of Rajasthan Jai Narain Vyas University Kota Open University Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University Mohanlal Sukhadia Univertsity Rajasthan Agriculture University National Law University, Jodhpur University of Bikaner Rajasthan Sanskrit University, Jaipur Rajasthan Ayurveda University, Paota... University of Rajasthan is the oldest university in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Mohanlal Sukhadia University is an university situated in Udaipur city in Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University is an University situated in Ajmer city in Rajasthan state in India. ... Jai Narain Vyas University was formerly known as University of Jodhpur and is situated in Jodhpur city in Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Rajasthan Agriculture University is an agricultural university located in Bikaner city of Rajasthan state in India. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Medical Colleges in Rajasthan Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur Govt. ... Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India (popularly known as BITS Pilani) is one of the oldest leading technology schools of India. ... The National Institute of Technology at Jaipur was established in the year 1963 in the pink city of India. ... Banasthali Vidyapith is a womens university situated in Rajasthan, India, 72 km from Jaipur. ... Image:Bdlb. ... The College of Technology & Engineering (CTAE) of Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, is a constituent college of the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology. ... MBM Engineering College at Jai Narain Vyas University in Jodhpur is considered one of the pioneering technical institutions in Rajasthan, India. ...

Transport

Rajasthan has a good inter city surface transport system both in terms of railways and bus network. If one is covering the state as a tourist, one of the best ways to do so is by road. The fact that each of the major cities is about 250-300kms from the next one, helps planning the trip much better. The roads connecting these cities are also very well maintained barring a few patches where some maintenance work is currently underway.


Important cities and towns

Statistics

  • Population: 56.47 million (2001 Census, estimated at more than 58 million now)
  • Cities and Towns: 222
  • Major cities: Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bhilwara, Alwar, Sri Ganganagar ,Pali, Sikar, Bundi
  • Roads: 61,520 km. ( 2,846 km National Highway)
  • National highways crossing Rajasthan: Delhi-Ahmedabad, Agra-Bikaner, Jaipur-Bhopal and Bhatinda-Kandla
  • Climate: Generally dry with monsoon during July-August
  • Districts: 32
  • Languages: English and Hindi commonly used, as well as indigenous Rajasthani languages
  • Literacy: 61.03%
  • In the Indian province of Rajasthan alone for instance, between the years 1999 and 2002, crimes against Dalits by upper caste Hindus average at about 8024 a year, with 76 killings and 1838 cases of rape.

, Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Udaipur   (उदयपुर) is a city and a municipal council in Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Kota can refer to: The Indonesian word for city. ... , Ajmer   (Hindi: अजमेर ) is a city in Ajmer District in Indias Rajasthan state. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... , Bharatpur (Hindi:भरतपुर) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Bhilwara is a town in Mewar region of Rajasthan, India, 600 km from Delhi. ... Alwar is famous for its scenic landscape Alwar is a city in the Rajasthan state of western India. ... Ganganagar, also called Sri Ganganagar, is a city in Rajasthan state of western India. ... Pali is a town in Rajasthan state of western India. ... Sikar is a town in the state of Rajasthan in India. ... Bundi is a city and a municipality of approximately 88,000 inhabitants (2001) in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in northwest India. ... Rajasthani (राजस्थानी) is a language of the Indo-Aryan languages family. ...

See also

Rajasthan has 32 districts: Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bundi, Chittaurgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalor, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Karauli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Sikar, Sirohi, Sri Ganganagar, Tonk, and Udaipur. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 pp 587-588.
  2. ^ Dr Natthan Singh, Jat-Itihas, (Jat History), Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, F-13, Dr Rajendra Prasad Colony, Tansen marg, Gwalior, M.P, India 474 002 2004, page-91
  3. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/ 2001 Indian Census Data
  4. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/ 2001 Indian Census Data
  • Gahlot, Sukhvirsingh. 1992. RAJASTHAN: Historical & Cultural. J. S. Gahlot Research Institute, Jodhpur.
  • Somani, Ram Vallabh. 1993. History of Rajasthan. Jain Pustak Mandir, Jaipur.
  • Tod, James & Crooke, William. 1829. Annals & Antiquities of Rajasthan or the Central and Western Rajput States of India. 3 Vols. Reprint: Low Price Publications, Delhi. 1990. ISBN 81-85395-68-3 (set of 3 vols.)
  • Mathur, P.C., 1995. Social and Economic Dynamics of Rajasthan Politics (Jaipur, Aaalekh)

Thakur Deshraj (1903-1970) was a social worker, nationalist and a historian of Rajasthan in India. ... Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad Gwalior is an Organization of Jats in Gwalior region in Madhya Pradesh, India. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Rajasthan
Wikinews has related news:
Rajasthan
State of Rajasthan
Rajasthan Topics
Capital Jaipur
Divisions Ajmer | Bharatpur | Bikaner | Jaipur | Jodhpur | Kota | Udaipur
Districts Ajmer | Alwar | Banswara | Baran | Barmer | Bhilwara | Bikaner | Bharatpur | Bundi | Chittorgarh | Churu | Dausa | Dholpur | Dungarpur | Ganganagar | Hanumangarh | Jaipur | Jaisalmer | Jalore | Jhalawar | Jhunjhunu | Jodhpur | Karauli | Kota | Nagaur | Pali | Rajsamand | Sawai Madhopur | Sikar | Sirohi | Tonk | Udaipur
Major cities AlwarBhilwaraBikanerJaipurJaisalmerJodhpurUdaipur

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rajasthan,Rajasthan Tourism in Rajasthan India Tours (699 words)
Rajasthan is bound on the west and northwest by Pakistan, on the north and northeast by Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and on the southwest by Gujarat.
Rajasthan is a harsh, scorched land of savage summer heat but also full of the brightest colours.
Rajasthan, especially Jaipur, is one of the finest centres in the entire region for beautiful prints - specially on cotton fabrics and has perhaps India's largest centre of semi-precious / precious gems and stones.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m