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Encyclopedia > Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma

Born April 29,1848
Kilimanoor, Kerala, India
Died October 2,1906
Kilimanoor, Kerala, India
Occupation Painter

Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906) was an Indian King and painter who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. His paintings are considered to be among the best examples of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques of European academic art. Image File history File links Raja Ravi Varma Source: www. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ...


Raja Ravi Varma is most remembered for his paintings of beautiful sari clad women, who were portrayed as very shapely and graceful. His exposure in the west came when he won the first prize in Vienna Art Exhibition in 1873. After a successful career as a painter, Raja Ravi Varma died in (1906) at the age of 58. He is generally considered as one among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. For the city, see Sari, Iran. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A miniature, Kishengarh, Jaipur, Rajasthan Indian cave art at Bhimbetka The vast scope of the art of India intertwines with the cultural history, religions and philosophies which place art production and patronage in social and cultural contexts. ...

Contents

Early life

Ravi Varma, Woman Playing the Veena

Ravi Varma was born to Umamba Thampuratti and Neelakandan Bhattathiripad in the royal palace of Kilimanoor, which is situated 25 miles from Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), in Kerala, India. Ravi Varma showed talent at a young age. He got the patronage of Ayilyam Thirunal Maharaja of Travancore when he was 14 years of age, and was taught by the palace painter Rama Swamy Naidu. He was later taught oil painting by a British painter, Theodor Jenson. The power and forceful expression of European painting fascinated Ravi Varma, which came across to him as strikingly contrasting to stylized Indian artwork. Download high resolution version (493x704, 87 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (493x704, 87 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Woman playing the Veena. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... Entrance to the Kilimanoor Palace or Arch Kilimanoor palace is famous as the birth place of Raja Ravi Varma, the celebrated painter from India. ... , Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം TiruvanÅ­ntapuraṁ), also known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... from Swathithirunal website Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma (1831-1880) was the King of Travancore during 1860-1880. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ...

One of few landscapes painted by Raja Ravi Varma
One of few landscapes painted by Raja Ravi Varma

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Professional life

Raja Ravi Varma came to widespread acclaim after he won an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873[1] . He travelled throughout India in search of subjects. He often modeled Hindu Goddesses on South Indian women, whom he considered beautiful. Ravi Varma is particularly noted for his paintings depicting episodes from the story of Dushyanta and Shakuntala, and Nala and Damayanti, from the Mahabharata. Ravi Varma's representation of mythological characters has become a part of the Indian imagination of the epics. He is often criticized for being too showy and sentimental in his style. However his work remains very popular in India. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... For the 1934 film, see, see The Goddess (1934 film). ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... Dushyant (दुष्‍यंत) was an ancient king in Hindu mythology. ... The Recognition of Sakuntala is a play in Sanskrit written by Kalidasa. ... Nala is a character in Hindu mythology. ... Damayanti is a character in Hindu mythology. ... This article is about a system of myths. ...


Prominent works

The following is a list of the prominent works of Ravi Varma.

Ravi Varma, Shakuntala, a character in the epic Mahabharata
Ravi Varma, Shakuntala, a character in the epic Mahabharata
  • Village Belle
  • Lady Lost in Thought
  • Damayanti Talking to a Swan
  • The Orchestra
  • Arjuna and Subhadra
  • Lady with lemon
  • The Heartbroken
  • Swarbat Player
  • Shakuntala
  • Lord Krishna as Ambassador
  • Jatayu, a bird devotee of Lord Rama is mauled by Rawana
  • Victory of Indrajit
  • A Family of Beggars
  • A Lady Playing Swarbat
  • Lady Giving Alms at the Temple
  • Lord Rama Conquers Varuna
  • Nair Woman
  • Romancing Couple
  • Draupadi Dreading to Meet Kichaka
  • Shantanu and Matsyagandha
  • Shakuntala Composing a Love Letter to King Dushyanta
  • Girl in Sage Kanwa's Hermitage (Rishi-Kanya)

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (475x677, 62 KB) Summary MANOJTV Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (475x677, 62 KB) Summary MANOJTV Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ...

Philosophical outlook

Raja Ravi Varma's philosophical outlook is not known or documented, especially his understanding of Western Art forms, though it should be acknowledged that he received formal and systematic training. Those who seek to critically examine his contribution are severely impaired in their project by the absence of any literature written by him. (one would require an interpretation of the diary[2] maintained by his younger Brother, C. Raja Raja Varma, himself an accomplished painter, who in later years assisted him in his paintings and was his personal secretary. [3] For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Also see articles: History of painting, Western painting Clio, muse of heroic poetry and history, by Pierre Mignard, 17th century. ... C. Raja Raja Varma was an accomplished Indian painter. ...


Criticism of Raja Ravi Varma

Ravi Varma's There comes Papa: Lady with Child. The lady in the picture is his daughter Rani Mahaprabha of Mavelikara, mother of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore
Ravi Varma's There comes Papa: Lady with Child. The lady in the picture is his daughter Rani Mahaprabha of Mavelikara, mother of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore

Raja Ravi Varma is often criticized for the fact that his paintings overshadowed traditional Indian art forms because of their widespread reproduction as oleographs, flooding Indian culture with his version of Indian myths, portrayed with a rather static realism. According to Dasgupta[citation needed], by dispensing with stylisation in favor of stiff academicism, Ravi Varma can be considered as having in one stroke undermined traditional Indian art, which was both dynamic and rich in form and content. One can find an illustration of this argument in the figures of Durga in West Bengal[4] or in the folk form of Madhubani Paintings[5]. In comparison, Ravi Varma's approach[6] clearly lacks this dynamism of expression. Moreover, his approach of frontality has severe limitations in terms of space and movement. By rejecting the traditional models of representation (for example, the Chitrasutra, the treatise on art outlined in Vishnudharmottara Purana), he has reduced mythic heroes to the level of ordinary humans, a form that has been copied in many depictions of mythic history in other media such as cinema and television. Dadasaheb Phalke, considered the father of Indian cinema, is thought to have been influenced by Ravi Varma's static realism. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (492x703, 49 KB) Summary MANOJTV Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (492x703, 49 KB) Summary MANOJTV Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1895 – 1985) was the ruler of Travancore as regent for her nephew, Chitra Tirunal from 1924 until 1931. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Chromolithography was the first method for making true multi color prints. ... The Vishnudharmottara Purana is a Hindu text dedicated to the arts. ... Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke (Marathi: दादासाहेब फाळके) (April 30, 1870 - February 16, 1944) is known as the father of Indian cinema. ...


Contemporary homages

Considering his vast contribution to Indian art, the Government of Kerala has instituted an award called Raja Ravi Varma Puraskaram, which is awarded every year to people who show excellence in the field of art and culture. Awardees include: A miniature, Kishengarh, Jaipur, Rajasthan Indian cave art at Bhimbetka The vast scope of the art of India intertwines with the cultural history, religions and philosophies which place art production and patronage in social and cultural contexts. ...

  • K G Subramanian (2001)
  • M V Devan (2002)
  • A Ramachandran (2003)
  • Vasudevan Namboodiri (2004).
  • Kanai Kunhiraman (2005)
  • V.S.Valliathan[2006]

A college dedicated to fine arts was also constituted in his honour at Mavelikara, Kerala. The renewed interest in Ravi Varma has spilled into the area of popular culture as films and music videos have started using his images. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fine art refers to arts that are concerned with beauty or which appealed to taste (SOED 1991). ... Mavelikkara is a town and a municipality in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ...


Family

Raja Ravi Varma was married to Rani Bhageerathi Bayi (Kochu Pangi Amma) of the Mavelikara Royal Family and to them were born three sons and two daughters. Their eldest son, Prince Kerala Varma, born in 1876 went missing in 1912 and was never heard from again. Their second son was Prince Rama Varma (b.1879), an artist who studied at the JJ School of Arts, Bombay, married to Srimathi Gowri Kunjamma, sister of Dewan PGN Unnithan. Their next son was Prince Raja Raja Varma. Raja Ravi Varma's elder daughter, Princess Mahaprabha, appears in two of his prominent paintings and was mother of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore. He had one more daughter, Princess Uma Bayi. His descendants comprise the Mavelikara Royal family while two of his grandaughters, including the said Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, were adopted to the Travancore Royal Family, the cousin family of the Mavelikara House, to which lineage the present Travancore Maharajah belongs. Mavelikkara is a town and a municipality in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Sri PGN Unnithan was the last Diwan (Prime Minister) of independant Travancore (Thiruvithamkoor). ... Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1895 – 1985) was the ruler of Travancore as regent for her nephew, Chitra Tirunal from 1924 until 1931. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Mavelikkara is a town and a municipality in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1895 – 1985) was the ruler of Travancore as regent for her nephew, Chitra Tirunal from 1924 until 1931. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ...


Books on Raja Ravi Varma

In English

  • Raja Ravi Varma - The Most Celebrated Painter of India: 1848-1906, Parsram Mangharam ,Bangalore, 2007
  • Raja Ravi Varma - The Painter Prince: 1848-1906, Parsram Mangharam ,Bangalore, 2003
  • Raja Ravi Varma and the Printed Gods of India, Erwin Neumayer & Christine Schelberger, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2003
  • Raja Ravi Varma : The Most Celebrated Painter of India : 1848 - 1906, Classic Collection,Vol I & II. Bangalore, Parsram Mangharam, 2005
  • Raja Ravi Varma : Portrait of an Artist , The Diary of C. Raja Raja Varma/edited by Erwin Neumayer and Christine Schelberger. New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2005
  • Divine Lithography, Enrico Castelli and Giovanni Aprile, New Delhi, Il Tamburo Parlante Documentation Centre and Ethnographic Museum, 2005
  • Photos of the Gods : The Printed Image and Political Struggle in India by Christopher Pinney. London, Reaktion Book, 2004

In Malayalam

  • Raja Ravi Varmayum chitrkalayum, Kilimanoor Chandran, Department of Culturural Publications, Kerala Government,1999.
  • Chithramezhuthu Koyithampuran ,P.N Narayana Pillai.
  • Raja Ravi Varma, N. Balakrishnan Nair.

Kilimanoor Chandran(b. ...

See also

A miniature, Kishengarh, Jaipur, Rajasthan Indian cave art at Bhimbetka The vast scope of the art of India intertwines with the cultural history, religions and philosophies which place art production and patronage in social and cultural contexts. ... Itihasa (Sanskrit: इतिहास -thus verily happened) is the sanskrit word for History. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Raja Ravi Varma

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Glow of hope, also called Woman with the lamp, is a painting by Raja Ravi Varma. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Kilimanoor Chandran, Ravi Varmayum Chitrakalayum(in Malyalam),Department of Culture,Kerala, 1998
  2. ^ A tour in Upper India, C . Raja Raja Varma was translated and published in a malayalam journal Thilakam edited by G Shankara Kurup, now out of print
  3. ^ "Raja Ravi Varma: Portrait of an Artist". May 05, 2006 Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Durga in West Bengal
  5. ^ Madhubani Paintings
  6. ^ Ravi Varma's approach

  Results from FactBites:
 
Varma, Raja Ravi (563 words)
Raja Ravi Varma was an Indian painter who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Ravi Varma was born in the royal palace of Kilimanoor, which is situated 25 miles from Thiruvananthapuram, in Kerala, India.
Varma is criticised for the fact that his paintings overshadowed the traditional art forms because of their widespread reproduction as oleographs, flooding the society with his form of myth, portrayed with static realism.
Raja Ravi Varma,Great Artist of Kerala, India (169 words)
Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906) was born in Kilimanoor Palace as the son of Umamba Thampuratti and Neelakandan Bhattathiripad.
His uncle Raja Raja Varma noticed the talent of the child and gave preliminary lessons on painting.
At the age of 14, Ayilyam Thirunal Maharaja took him to Travancore Palace and he was taught water painting by the palace painter Rama Swamy Naidu.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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