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Encyclopedia > Raja

A Rajah, translated means a King. A Raja (Sanskrit rājan-) is a king, or princely ruler from the Kshatriya / Rajput lineages. The title has a long history in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, being attested from the Rigveda.[1] Raja can refer to: Rajan, the Sanskrit for king, ruler Raja Yoga, one of the four major Yogic paths of Hinduism Raja, a genus of rays. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... For other uses, see Monarch (disambiguation). ... For the Bollywood film of the same name see Kshatriya Kshatriya (Hindi: , from Sanskrit: , ) is one of the four varnas, or castes, in Hinduism. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste. ... The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ... Location of Southeast Asia // Prehistory Early Agricultural Societies Agriculture was a natural development based on necessity. ... Rig veda is the oldest text in the world. ...


Sanskrit word rājan- in an n-stem, with nominative rājā. It is cognate to Latin rēx, the Gaulish rīx etc. (originally denoting tribal chiefs or heads of small 'city states'), ultimately a vrddhi derivation from a PIE root *h₃reǵ- "to straighten, to order, to rule". The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... There were seven traditional Kings of Rome before the establishment of the Roman Republic. ... Gaulish is name given to the now-extinct Celtic language that was spoken in Gaul before the Romans, the Franks and the British Celts invaded. ... Vrddhi is a Sanskrit word meaning growth (cognate to English weird, Old English wyrd). ... This article is about the baked good, for other uses see Pie (disambiguation). ...


Rather common variants in Hindi, used for the same royal rank in (parts of) India include Rana, Rao, Raol, Rawal and Rawat. The female form, 'queen', mainly used for a Raja's wife, is Rani (sometimes spelled Ranee), from Sanskrit rājñī (compare Old Irish rígain). Old Irish is the name given to the oldest form of the Irish language which can be more or less fully reconstructed from extant sources. ...


Raja, the lower title Thakore and many variations, compounds and derivations including either of these were used in and around India by most Hindu and some Buddhist and Sikh rulers, while Muslims rather used Nawab or Sultan, and still is commonly used in India. Thakore, or Thakur, is an Indian feudal and colonial title in Hindi. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ...


However in Pakistan, Raja is still used by many Muslim Rajput clans as hereditary titles. Rajputs (Urdu: راجپوت) were the rulings clans of India during the classical period, i. ...


Raja is also used as a name by Hindus and Sikhs. For other uses, see Name (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Rajas in the Malay world

The ruler of Perlis (a constitutive peninsular state of federal Malaysia, most colleagues are Sultans; he is one of the electors who designate one of their number as King every five years) is to this day title the Raja of Perlis. State motto: no State motto Capital Kangar Royal Capital Arau Raja Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Regent Syed Faizuddin Putra Chief Minister Shahidan Kassim Area 810 km² Population  - Est year 2000 198335 State anthem Amin amin ya Rabaljalil Perlis (Jawi ڨرليس) in full Perlis Indera Kayangan, is the smallest state in Malaysia. ...

  • Various traditional princely states in Indonesia still style their ruler Raja, or did so until their abolition after which the title became hollow, e.g. Buleleng on Bali.

The White Rajahs refer to a dynasty that founded and ruled the Kingdom of Sarawak from 1841 to 1946. ... State motto: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti State anthem: Ibu Pertiwiku Capital Kuching Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertua Negeri Abang Muhammad Salahuddin  - Ketua Menteri Abdul Taib Mahmud History    - Brunei Sultanate 19th century   - Brooke dynasty 1841   - Japanese occupation 1941-1945   - British control 1946   - Accession into Malaysia 1963  Area  - Total 124,450... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kalimantan. ... Sir James Brooke Sir James Brooke (the most legendary person ever!!)(29 April 1803 – 11 June 1868) was born in Coombe Grove, near Bath, educated at Norwich School, England and became the first White Rajah of Sarawak. ... // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... Sulu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Buleleng is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia. ... This article is about the Indonesian island. ...

Compound and derived titles

A considerable number of princely styles, used by rulers, their families and/or even enobled courtiers, include the title/root Raja:

  • Rao Raja, a juxtaposition of two equivalent titles, was used by the rulers of Bundi until they were awarded the higher title of Maharao Raja.
  • Raja Bahadur is a typical Mughal compound, as the adjective Bahadur 'valourous' always raises one rank in the imperial court protocol; in the specific hierarchy among the (en)noble(d) Hindu retainers at the court of the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad, it was the equivalent of the rank Nawab for Muslim members of the retinue.
  • Maharaja and equivalent compound of variants on Raja with the prefix Maha- 'Great' (e.g. Maharana, Maharawal) mean 'Great King'; the word originally denoted a Raja who had conquered other Rajas, thus becoming a great ruler, but was soon adopted or awarded by the paramount ruler of India (Mughal or British) as a hollow style too, causing too massive title inflation and - devaluation to remain a truly high distinction.
  • Raja Perumal means 'godly king' - supposed to be the greatest title assigned to an Indian king. Legacy has it that kings with the title have time and time again defeated acts of denigration by Parama, the jealous warmonger.
  • Rajadhiraja means 'King of Kings'; again, through title devaluation this is less prestigious then the equivalents in most linguistic families.
  • Rajasaurus
  • in South India, the title of the Samrat (Hindu 'emperor') of Vijayanagar was Raya instead of (Maha)Raja.
  • A number of medieval rulers in Southeast Asia used variants such as the devotional titles Buddharaja and Devaraja or the geographically specific Lingaraja.
  • Uparaja (with its own variations and derivations; can mean viceroy or other high dynastic ranks).

Bundi is a city and a municipality of approximately 88,000 inhabitants (2001) in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in northwest India. ... The Asafia flag of Hyderabad This article is about Hyderabad State. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... The term Paramount Ruler, or sometimes Paramount King, is a generic description, rarely an actual title, for a number of rulers position in relative terms, as the summit of a feudal-type pyramid of rulers of lesser polities (such as vassal princes) in a given historical and geographical context, often... King of Kings or some literal parallel in various languages is a lofty title that has been used by several monarchies (usually empires in the informal sense of great powers) troughout history, and in many cases the literal title meaning King of Kings, i. ... Rajasaurus (Rajasaurus Narmadensis): A stocky, carnivorous dinosaur with an unusual head crest has been identified from bones collected in India. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... Samraat (Sanskrit samrãṭ) is an Ancient Indian title meaning Emperor. The title of empress is Samragyi (in Sanskrit, samrãjñī). Categories: | | ... Vijayanagara (often written Vijayanagar), in northern Karnataka, is the name of the now ruined capital city of the historic Vijayanagar empire in the Southern part of India. ... Ouparath, also Ouparaja, or Uparaja, are titles for viceregal positions reserved for of the Buddhist dynasties in Laos, Siam, Burma and Cambodia, as well as some minor tributary kingdoms of these. ...

Notes

  1. ^ where it is more accurately translated as "tribal chief"; see for example the dāśarājñá, the "battle of ten rajas"

3. In the book "One Grain of Rice" by Demi ISBN 0-590-93998X there are two main characters. One is the Raja and the other is a peasant girl called Rani. The book demonstrates the power of doubling where Rani asks to be rewarded by receiving a grain of rice on the first day and doubling each day for thirty days. The Battle of the Ten Kings () is a battle alluded to in Mandala 7 of the Rigveda (hymns 18, 33 and 83. ...


See also

The Janjua Rajput (Punjabi ਜਨ੍ਜੁਅ, Urdu: جنجوعہ) (also spelt Janjuha, Janjuah) is a highly dominant royal warrior clan of Northern India and Pakistan. ... The Ranial and Dhamial Rajputs of the Punjab region are branches of the famed Janjua Rajput clan. ... The Chibb Rajput Or chibb Rajas(Hindi: चिब, Urdu: چب) are one of the most dominant warrior clans of Punjab in India and Pakistan. ... Amir Ali Khan was a raja of Padal Pur of the united provinces in India during the 1930s and 1940s. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... For the Bollywood film of the same name see Kshatriya Kshatriya (Hindi: , from Sanskrit: , ) is one of the four varnas, or castes, in Hinduism. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste. ... Minhas or Manhas is a Rajput clan from the Jammu region of the Indian Subcontinent. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Sources and references

  • Indian Princely States, the most comprehensive, specialised site on (princely) (e)states in British India
  • RoyalArk (more elaborate, on a smaller number of dynasties)- here India
  • WorldStatesmen- Indian princely states, here K-Z

  Results from FactBites:
 
Raja - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (683 words)
Raja comes from the Sanskrit word rājan, and is cognate to the Latin rex (root of many royal titles in, mainly Romance, European languages), regnum, regis, the Gallic Rix and Irish rí etcetera.
Raja, the lower title Thakore and mainy variations, compounds and derivations including either of these were used in and around India by most Hindu and some Buddhist and Sikh rulers, while Muslims rather used Nawab or Sultan, and still is commonly used in India.
Raja Bahadur is a typical Mughal compound, as the adjective Bahadur 'valourous' always raises one rank in the imperial court protocol; in the specific hierarchy among the (en)noble(d) Hindu retainers at the court of the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad, it was the equivalent of the rank Nawab for Muslim members of the retinue
Raja - definition of Raja in Encyclopedia (218 words)
A Raja (sometimes spelled Rajah) is a king, or princely ruler.
Raja is used in India to distinguish a Hindu king from a Muslim Nawab or Shah, and still is commonly used in India.
Raja Yoga involves psycho-physical meditational techniques to attain experience of the truth and finally achieve liberation described in Hindu thought to be moksha.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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