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Encyclopedia > Raisin
Raisins
Raisins
Raisins
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 300 kcal   1250 kJ
Carbohydrates     79 g
- Sugars  59 g
- Dietary fiber  4 g  
Fat 0.5 g
Protein 3 g
Calcium  50 mg 5%
Iron  1.9 mg 15%
Potassium  750 mg   16%
Sodium  11 mg 1%
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database

Raisins are dried grapes. They are produced in many regions of the world, such as the United States, Australia, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Greece, Turkey, Iran, Togo, Jamaica, South Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe. Raisins may be eaten raw or used in cooking and baking. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3223x2025, 3512 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Raisin ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3223x2025, 3512 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Raisin ... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... General Name, Symbol, Number calcium, Ca, 20 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 40. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... General Name, Symbol, Number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... Jordanian and Israeli salt evaporation ponds at the south end of the Dead Sea Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with the formula NaCl. ... Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily dietary intake level of a nutrient considered sufficient to meet the requirements of nearly all (97–98%) healthy individuals in each life-stage and gender group. ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis tiliifolia Vitis... Southern Europe is a region of the European continent. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Baking Baking is the technique of prolonged cooking of food by dry heat acting by conduction, and not by radiation, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones. ...

Contents

Etymology

The word raisin takes origin from the Latin word racemus, "a bunch of grapes". The origin of the Latin word is unclear. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


Varieties

Raisin varieties depend on the type of grape used. Seedless varieties include Thompson Seedless ( Sultana ) and Flame. Raisins are typically sun-dried, but may also be "water-dipped", or dehydrated. "Golden raisins" are made from Thompsons, treated with Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) , and flame dried to give them their characteristic color. A particular variety of seedless grape, the Black Corinth, is also sun dried to produce Zante currants, mini raisins that are much darker in color and have a tart, tangy flavour. Several varieties of raisins are produced in Asia and are only available at ethnic grocers. Green raisins are produced in Iran. Raisins in a variety of colors (green, black, white) and sizes are also produced in India. The sultana is a type of white, seedless grape of Turkish or Persian origin, as well as a type of raisin made from it; such sultana raisins are often called simply sultanas or They are commonly used in South Asian cooking, where they are called These are typically larger than... Sultana can refer to: the Sultana grape the title Sultana one of multiple ships named Sultana the Sultana bird This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Sulfur dioxide (or Sulphur dioxide) has the chemical formula SO2. ... Black Corinth grape (Genus Vitis). ... A Zante currant is a variety of small, sweet, seedless grape named for the Ionian island Zakynthos. ...


Nutritional value

Raisins are about 60% sugars by weight, most of which is fructose. Raisins are also high in antioxidants, and are comparable to prunes and apricots in this regard. Magnification of grains of sugar, showing their monoclinic hemihedral crystalline structure. ... Fructose (or levulose) is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) found in many foods and is one of the three most important blood sugars along with glucose and galactose. ... Space-filling model of the antioxidant metabolite glutathione. ... Prune refers to any of more than 125 varieties of fruit, most grown for drying. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ...


Sweetness

The natural sugar in raisins crystallizes during the drying process
The natural sugar in raisins crystallizes during the drying process

Raisins are sweet due to their high concentration of sugars. If they are stored for a long period, the sugar inside the fruit crystallizes. This makes the fruit gritty, but does not affect its usability. To de-crystalize raisins, they can be soaked in liquid (alcohol, fruit juice, or boiling water) for a short period, dissolving the sugar. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Raisin Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Raisin Metadata This... Magnification of grains of sugar, showing their monoclinic hemihedral crystalline structure. ... Frost crystallization on a shrub. ... Functional group of an alcohol molecule. ...


The Victorian parlour game called Snap-dragon involved raisins being plucked from a bowl of burning brandy. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... A parlour game is a group game played indoors. ... Fanciful image of a dragon playing Snap-dragon, from Robert Chambers Book of Days (1879) Snap-dragon (also known as Flap-dragon, Snapdragon, or Flapdragon) was an English parlour game popular from about the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries. ... A bottle of calvados Pays DAuge Brandy (short for brandywine, from Dutch brandewijn—burnt wine[1]) is a general term for distilled wine, usually 40–60% ethyl alcohol by volume. ...


References

  • C. D. Wu, J. F. Rivero-Cruz, M. Zhu, B. Su, A. D. Kinghorn (2005). "Antimicrobial Phytochemcals in Thompson Seedless Raisins (Vitis vinifera L.) Inhibit Dental Plaque Bacteria". American Society for Microbiology meeting. June 5-9. Atlanta.  Abstract

See also

It is a myth that people either go crazy for the flavor or they totally dislike it. ... A Zante currant is a variety of small, sweet, seedless grape named for the Ionian island Zakynthos. ... Binomial name L. The Redcurrant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family Grossulariaceae, native to parts of western Europe (France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, and northern Italy). ... The sultana is a type of white, seedless grape of Turkish or Persian origin, as well as a type of raisin made from it; such sultana raisins are often called simply sultanas or They are commonly used in South Asian cooking, where they are called These are typically larger than... Grape and raisin toxicity in the dog is a potential health threat to dogs that have eaten grapes or raisins. ...

External links

Look up raisin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Raisin
  • Raisins. Cooking.com. Retrieved on 2005-07-14.
  • Varietal & Nutritional Info. Raisins.org. Retrieved on 2007-04-19.
  • The World's Healthiest Foods: Raisins

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Raisin Rack (788 words)
The Raisin Rack is "Your locally owned Organic Grocer" offering an excellent variety of bulk grains, nuts, seeds, herbs as well as organically grown fruits and vegetables and a complete selection of vitamins, minerals, herbals and other nutrients from all major national brands.
Raisin Rack is pleased to announce that we are now carrying Kahiki frozen foods.
Living Naturally and Raisin Rack Natural Food Market have no means of independently evaluating the safety or functionality of the products offered by their suppliers and affiliates and thus can neither endorse nor recommend products.
Raisin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (585 words)
Raisins are very sweet due to the high concentration of their sugars, and if they are stored for a long period the sugar crystallises inside the fruit.
Raisins are also produced in Greece, especially in the areas of Peloponessus, Crete and smaller islands.
Five chemicals in raisins — oleanolic acid, oleanolic aldehyde, betulin, betulinic acid, and 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural — seem to be responsible for slowing the bacteria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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