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Encyclopedia > Rainbow Warrior

This article is about the ship. You may be looking for NASCAR driver Jeff Gordon, sometimes nicknamed "Rainbow Warrior." Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Jeffery Michael Gordon (born August 4, 1971) is a professional American race car driver. ...

The Rainbow Warrior in port at Bastia in 2006
The Rainbow Warrior in port at Bastia in 2006

Rainbow Warrior is the name of a series of ships operated by the international environmental organization Greenpeace. The first ship was sunk by the French foreign intelligence agency (DGSE) while docked in Auckland harbour, New Zealand, on 10 July 1985. The current ship using the name was launched in 1989. Image:Rainbow warrior. ... Image:Rainbow warrior. ... Location within France Bastia (French & Corsican: Bastia), is a town and commune of northern Corsica, in France. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... An intelligence agency is a governmental organization that for the purposes of national security is devoted to the gathering of information (known in the context as intelligence) by means of espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. ... The Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (generally known as DGSE) is Frances external intelligence agency. ... For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...

Contents

The first Rainbow Warrior

The first Rainbow Warrior, a craft of 40 metres and 418 tonnes, was originally the MAFF trawler Sir William Hardy, launched in 1955. She was acquired for £40,000 and was renovated over four months, then re-launched on April 29, 1978 as Rainbow Warrior. The engines were replaced in 1981 and the ship was converted with a ketch rig in 1985. The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food was a UK government department, first created in September 1793 (relaunched in 1889) and called the Board of Agriculture. ... A modern Icelandic trawler A trawler is a fishing vessel designed for the purpose of operating a trawl, a type of fishing net that is dragged along the bottom of the sea (or sometimes above the bottom at a specified depth). ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Ketch on San Francisco Bay A ketch is a sailing craft with two masts: A main mast, and a mizzen mast aft of the main mast. ...


Rainbow Warrior was used as a support vessel for many Greenpeace protest activities against seal hunting, whaling and nuclear weapons testing during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


In early 1985 she was in the Pacific campaigning against nuclear testing. At the beginning of the year she evacuated some Marshall Islanders who were living on an atoll polluted by radioactivity from past American nuclear tests at the Pacific Proving Grounds. “Pacific” redirects here. ... Motto: Jepilpilin ke ejukaan Anthem: Forever Marshall Islands Capital (and largest city) Majuro Official languages Marshallese, English Government  -  President Kessai Note Independence  -  from the United States October 21, 1986  Area  -  Total 181 km² (213th) 69. ... Portion of a Pacific atoll showing two islets on the ribbon or barrier reef separated by a deep pass between the ocean and the lagoon. ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ...


She travelled to New Zealand to lead a flotilla of yachts protesting against French nuclear testing at Mururoa Atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago of French Polynesia. During previous nuclear tests at Mururoa, protest ships had been boarded by French commandos after sailing into the shipping exclusion zone around the atoll. For the 1985 tests Greenpeace intended to monitor the impact of nuclear tests and place protesters on the island to do some monitoring, in violation of the law. The French Government infiltrated the Canada-based organisation and discovered these plans. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... Moruroa (Mururura, Mururoa) (21°50S., 138°55W.) is an atoll in which forms part of the Tuamoto archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Categories: Stub | Polynesia ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ...


The Bombing

The Rainbow Warrior, then captained by Peter Willcox, was sabotaged and sunk just before midnight NZST (1pm BST, 8am EDT) on July 10, 1985 by two explosive devices attached to the hull by operatives of the French intelligence service (DGSE). One of the twelve people on board, photographer Fernando Pereira, returned to the ship after the first explosion to attempt to retrieve his equipment, and was killed when the ship was sunk by the second larger explosion. The sinking of the Rainbow Warrior, codenamed Operation Satanic [1], was a special operation by the action branch of the French foreign intelligence services, the Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE), carried out on July 10, 1985. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Logo of Francess Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE) / General Directorate for External Security. ... Fernando Pereira (1950–July 10, 1985) was a freelance Dutch photographer, of Portuguese origin, who drowned when French intelligence (DGSE) used two underwater mines to sink the ship Rainbow Warrior, owned by the environmental organisation Greenpeace on July 10, 1985 (see sinking of the Rainbow Warrior). ...


The New Zealand Police immediately initiated a murder inquiry into the sinking. With the assistance of the New Zealand public and an intense media focus the police quickly established the movements of all of the bombers. On July 12 two of the six bombers, posing as Swiss tourists and carrying Swiss passports, who had operated under orders were found and arrested. At trial they pleaded guilty to manslaughter and were eventually sentenced to a maximum of 10 years imprisonment. Most of the others were identified and three were interviewed by the New Zealand Police on Norfolk Island where they had escaped in the yacht Ouvea. They were not arrested due to lack of evidence that would satisfy the Australian authorities. Ouvea subsequently sailed, ostensibly for Nouméa, but was scuttled en route with the personnel transferring to a French naval vessel. Most of the DGSE members remained in French government service. The New Zealand Police (Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa in Māori) is the national police force of New Zealand, responsible for enforcing criminal and traffic law, enhancing public safety, maintaining order and keeping the peace throughout the country. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... German battlecruiser Derfflinger scuttled at Scapa Flow. ...


In September 1985 the French minister of defense Charles Hernu resigned and prime minister Laurent Fabius admitted, on television, that agents of the French secret service had sunk the boat on orders. Charles Hernu (born July 3, 1923, died January 17, 1990) was a French politician, most notably serving as Minister of Defense from 1981-85. ... Laurent Fabius (born 20 August 1946) is a former Socialist Prime Minister of France. ...


After the conviction and imprisonment of the two French agents, France threatened to block New Zealand exports to the European Economic Community (EEC) unless the two were released. In June 1986, in a political deal with the then Prime Minister of New Zealand David Lange and presided over by the United Nations Secretary-General, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, France agreed to pay compensation of NZ$13 million (USD$6.5 million) to New Zealand and 'apologise', in return for which Alain Mafart and Dominique Prieur would be detained at the French military base on Hao atoll for three years. However, the two spies had both returned to France by May 1988, after less than two years on the atoll, Mafart having ostensibly travelled to France for medical treatment (without returning at the conclusion of the treatment) and Prieur having become pregnant after her husband had been allowed to join her. “EU” redirects here. ... The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealands head of government and is the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the Parliament of New Zealand. ... David Russell Lange (who pronounced his name long-ee IPA: lɔŋi) CH, ONZ (4 August 1942 — 13 August 2005), served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989. ... The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. ... Javier Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra (born January 19, 1920 in Lima) is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Mafart was a DGSE agent and deputy commander of the Navy Frogmen Training Centre in Corsica. ... Prieur was a DGSE controller in the intelligence-gathering and evaluation wing, acting as Christine Cabons controller. ... Hao is a large coral atoll in the central part of the Tuamotu Archipelago. ...


In 1987, under heavy international pressure, the French government paid $8.16 million compensation to Greenpeace. In 2005 Admiral Pierre Lacoste, head of DGSE at the time, admitted that the death weighed heavily on his conscience and said that the aim of the operation had not been to kill. He acknowledged the existence of three teams: the crew of the yacht, reconnaissance and logistics (those successfully prosecuted), plus a two-man team that carried out the actual bombing and whose identities have never been officially confirmed.[1] Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ...


In September 2006 the French newspaper Le Parisien identified Gérard Royal, brother to Ségolène Royal the leading Socialist presidential candidate, as being the person who actually planted the limpet mines, but this statement appeared to be wrong, Royal being only part of the logistic team as known for a long time[2]. On the twentieth anniversary of the sinking it was also revealed that the French president François Mitterrand, himself, had given authorisation for the bombing.[3] Le Parisien (The Parisian) is a French daily newspaper covering both international and national news, and local news of Paris and suburbs. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ségolène Royal. ... Marie-Ségolène Royal (born 22 September 1953 in Dakar, Senegal, then a French colony), known as  , (IPA: ) is a French politician. ... Polish wz. ...   IPA: (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) served as President of France from 1981 to 1995, elected as representative of the Socialist Party (PS). ...


Also, in 2005 following release of UK government papers, it was confirmed that the French government tried to use French media to imply that the UK's MI6 was involved in the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior.[4] The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ...


Rainbow Warrior was refloated on 21 August 1985 and moved to a naval harbour for forensic examination. Although the hull had been recovered the damage was too extensive for economic repair and the vessel was scuttled in Matauri Bay in the Cavalli Islands, New Zealand on 2 December 1987, to serve as a dive wreck and fish sanctuary. The move was seen as a fitting end for the vessel. Indeed, the hull is now covered with a large colony of vari-coloured sea anemones.[5] is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The word forensic (from Latin: forensis - forum) refers to something of, pertaining to, or used in a court of law. ... A hull is the body or frame of a ship or boat. ... Situated 30kms north of KeriKeri, in the Bay of Islands, Matauri Bay is one of the most beautiful places in New Zealand, with over a kilometer of beautiful white sand and crystal clear water. ... The Cavalli Islands are a small group of islands of the east coast of the North Auckland Peninsula in northern New Zealand. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The original masts of the Rainbow Warrior currently stand outside the Dargaville Museum. Dargaville is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Rainbow Warrior in the arts

  • Several fictionalized films have been made about the ship including The Rainbow Warrior Conspiracy (1989), The Rainbow Warrior (1992),and two French films Operation Rainbow Warrior and Le Rainbow Warrior ( both 2006).
  • The band Tiger Lillies wrote a song, Bumhole, about French nuclear testing in Polynesia and explosion of the Rainbow Warrior.
  • The song 'Rainbow Warrior' is sung by 1980s hard rock band Europe. (It is doubtful that this song refers to the Greenpeace Rainbow Warrior.)
  • The first Rainbow Warrior is commemorated in a song, also called Rainbow Warrior, by Cobalt 60 on their album "Twelve", released in 1998.
  • New Zealand artist Don McGlashan wrote a song called Anchor Me in the mid-1980s, possibly influenced by the Rainbow Warrior bombing. In July 2005, some artists on the current music scene collaborated to remake the song to commemorate the bombing.
  • New Zealand band The Bats have a song called Green about Greenpeace and the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior on their 1993 album Silver Beet.
  • The glam metal band White Lion's album Big Game included a track named "Little Fighter" about the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior.
  • Argentinean metal band Rata Blanca wrote a song to honour the ship called Guerrero del Arco Iris which is the translation to Spanish of the ship's name.
  • In a story arc of the comic strip Bloom County the penguin Opus, on a quest to find his mother, mistakes the Rainbow Warrior for a cruise ship to Antarctica.
  • Blood on their Banner: Nationalist Struggles in the South Pacific (1989), by Pacific author David Robie, has several chapters about the Rainbow Warrior and French military strategies in the region from an indigenous Pacific independence struggles perspective.
  • An updated memorial edition of the 1986 book Eyes of Fire: The Last Voyage of the Rainbow Warrior, by shipboard author David Robie, reporting in text, photographs and cartoons on the final nuclear-free mission to Rongelap and Moruroa Atoll, was published in July 2005.[6]
  • Geffen Records released a double album, Greenpeace Rainbow Warriors, in 1989 and included songs from various noteworthy artists such as U2, INXS, The Pretenders, Talking Heads, and Peter Gabriel.
  • German speedfolk band Fiddler's Green has a song Raindow Warrior, devoted to the ship's history, on their 1995 album King Shepherd
  • Dominion of the Sword by British folk singer Martin Carthy. From album Right of Passage.
  • Faroese folk metal band Týr mythicized the ships' history in Rainbow Warrior on the album Eric the Red (2003).
  • Irish folk singer Luka Bloom has a song called Rainbow Warrior on his Salty Heaven album.

Rainbow Warrior II Rainbow Warrior is the name of a series of ships operated by Greenpeace. ... The band after a concert The Tiger Lillies are a three-piece band, based in London. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Europe is a Swedish hard rock band originally assembled as a progressive rock group; they later added keyboards to their sound in order to soften it, in hopes of gaining radio airplay. ... Decay scheme of 60Co Cobalt-60 (60Co) is a radioactive isotope of cobalt, with a half life of 5. ... Don McGlashan is a New Zealand musician and songwriter who has been a member of bands such as Blam Blam Blam, The Front Lawn, and The Mutton Birds. ... The Bats are an influential New Zealand rock band formed in 1982 in Christchurch by Paul Kean (bass), Malcolm Grant (drums), Robert Scott (guitar, vocals) and Kaye Woodward (vocals, other instruments). ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... White Lion - Bratislava Zoo, Slovakia The white lion is occasionally found in wildlife reserves in South Africa and is a rare color mutation of the Kruger subspecies of lion (Panthera leo krugeri). ... The Band Rata Blanca is a classic heavy metal band from Argentina that formed in the 1980s. ... Bloom County was a popular American comic strip by Berke Breathed which ran from December 8, 1980 until August 6, 1989. ... Modern genera Aptenodytes Eudyptes Eudyptula Megadyptes Pygoscelis Spheniscus For prehistoric genera, see Systematics Some penguins are curious. ... An early Opus appearance in the strip Bloom County Opus the Penguin is a character in the comic strips and childrens books of Berke Breathed, most notably the popular 1980s strip Bloom County. ... David Robie (1945-) is a New Zealand author, journalist and media educator who has covered the Asia-Pacific region for international media for more than two decades. ... David Robie (1945-) is a New Zealand author, journalist and media educator who has covered the Asia-Pacific region for international media for more than two decades. ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... INXS (pronounced In Excess) are an Australian rock group. ... The Pretenders are an Anglo-American rock band. ... Talking Heads were an American rock band existing between 1974 and 1991, composed of David Byrne, Chris Frantz, Tina Weymouth and Jerry Harrison. ... Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950, in Chobham,[1] Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... Fiddlers Green with new guitar player at the Schicksalsfest in Hergenrath (B) near Aachen Fiddlers Green is a German folk band from Erlangen, formed in 1990. ... Týr (pronounced [tʊiːɹ]) is a band from the Faroe Islands which plays a combination of heavy metal and folk music, and signed a worldwide deal with Austrias Napalm Records in early 2006, while previously signed to the Faroese record label Tutl. ... Eric the Red is the second full-length album by the Faroese Folk / Viking Metal band Týr. ... Luka Bloom, born Barry Moore, is an accomplished Irish folk-rock singer-songwriter. ...

The current Rainbow Warrior

The Rainbow Warrior in port at Genoa in 2007

The current Rainbow Warrior is a three-masted schooner (sailing ship) that was built from the hull of the deep sea fishing ship Grampian Fame. Built in Yorkshire and launched in 1957 she was originally 44 metres long and powered by steam. She was extended to 55.2 m in 1966. Greenpeace gave the vessel new masts, a gaff rig, new engine and a number of environmentally low-impact systems to handle waste, heating and hot water. She was officially launched in Hamburg on July 10, 1989, the fourth anniversary of the sinking of her predecessor. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 766 pixel, file size: 465 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sono in contatto personalmente con il proprietario della foto File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 766 pixel, file size: 465 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sono in contatto personalmente con il proprietario della foto File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... Traditional wooden cutter under sail. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gaff rig is a sailing rig in which the mainsail is a four-cornered fore-and-aft rigged sail controlled at its head by a spar called the gaff. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


The name

The name Rainbow Warrior comes from the book Warriors of the Rainbow by William Willoya and Vinson Brown, (1962, Naturegraph Publishers). According to The Greenpeace Story (Prentice Hall) Greenpeace plankholder Bob Hunter found a copy of the Warriors of the Rainbow and first read it 1971 during a voyage on rough seas of the North Pacific where the name Greenpeace was also conceived. The book describes what the authors say are Hopi prophecies of warriors who would be mankind's key to survival. The legend says these warriors would appear at a dark time when the fish would die in the streams, the birds would fall from the air, the waters would be blackened, and the trees would no longer be; mankind as we know it would all but cease to exist. Widely repeated accounts of the legend recorded in the Naturegraph book say "They will be called The Warriors of the Rainbow, Protectors of the Environment." Other accounts attribute the legend to a Cree woman, as told by a non-enrolled Oklahoma woman who says she is of Cherokee heritage.[7][8][9][10][11][12] Since the early 1970s, a legend of Rainbow Warriors inspired some environmentalists in the United States with a belief that their movement is the fulfillment of a Native American prophecy. ... For other meanings of pacific, see pacific (disambiguation). ... Since the early 1970s, a legend of Rainbow Warriors inspired some environmentalists in the United States with a belief that their movement is the fulfillment of a Native American prophecy. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.nzherald.co.nz/index.cfm?c_id=1&ObjectID=10333480
  2. ^ Guerres secrètes à l'Élysée, by Paul Barril, ed Albin Michel, Paris (1996)
  3. ^ http://www.lemonde.fr/web/article/0,[email protected],[email protected],0.html
  4. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,13509-1894623,00.html
  5. ^ http://www.geocities.com/shipwrecks_magazine/rainbow.htm
  6. ^ http://www.southpacificbooks.co.nz/robie.asp
  7. ^ http://www.abcbookworld.com/?state=view_author&author_id=4407
  8. ^ William Willoya and Vinson Brown. Warriors of the Rainbow: Strange and Prophetic Dreams of the Indians. (1963) ISBN 0911010246
  9. ^ http://ces.fgvsp.br/index.cfm?fuseaction=noticia&IDnoticia=24824&IDidioma=2
  10. ^ Michael I. Niman. People of the Rainbow: A Nomadic Utopia. (1997) ISBN 0870499882
  11. ^ http://www.johntarleton.net/niman.html
  12. ^ http://www.welcomehome.org/rainbow/prophecy/stone.html

External links

  • Official Greenpeace page on the Rainbow Warrior
  • New Zealand website on the Rainbow Warrior
  • Australian Greenpeace website on the Rainbow Warrior
  • 20th anniversary of the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior (on Greenpeace site)
  • Specifications of the Rainbow Warrior (on Greenpeace site)
  • "The Rainbow Warrior Affair"
  • New Zealand police report on Operation Wharf, the Rainbow Warrior homicide inquiry
  • "Felling of a Warrior", 15 July 2005, The Guardian - article on 20th anniversary of Rainbow Warrior bombing including updates on further developments in the case.
  • "How Rainbow Warrior was played down", 23 August 2005, The Guardian.
  • "French tried to blame Britain for sinking Greenpeace flagship", 28 November 2005, The Times - newspaper article on regarding attempt by French government to use French media, at the time, to implicate UK's MI6 in the sinking.
  • "A photographer's date with a nuclear death", Pacific Journalism Review, 2(1), November, 1995 - A reflective article 10 years after the bombing.

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Rainbow Warrior (722 words)
The Greenpeace flagship Rainbow Warrior is used to deliver humanitarian and medical aid organised by Medecins Sans Frontieres to the inland village of Lamno.
Arguably, the Rainbow Warrior's greatest moments were in her decades-long struggle to end nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific.
As the skipper stops the engines and the crew head for the lower deck, the Rainbow Warrior is rammed by a French tug ripping a hole in her hull, fortunately above water level.
Rainbow Warrior - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1394 words)
The first Rainbow Warrior, a craft of 40 metres and 418 tonnes, was originally the MAFF trawler Sir William Hardy, launched in 1955.
Rainbow Warrior was used as a support vessel for many Greenpeace protest activities against seal hunting, whaling and nuclear weapons testing during the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Rainbow Warrior was refloated on August 21, 1985 and moved to a naval harbour for forensic examination.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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