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Encyclopedia > Rainbow Six (novel)
Title Rainbow Six
First edition cover
First edition cover
Author Tom Clancy
Country United States
Language English
Series Ryanverse
Genre(s) Thriller, Novel
Publisher G P Putnam's Sons
Released August 1998
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 740 pp (first edition, hardback)
ISBN ISBN 0-399-14390-4 (first edition, hardback) & ISBN 0-425-17034-9 (paperback edition)
Preceded by Executive Orders
Followed by The Bear and the Dragon

Rainbow Six is a techno-thriller novel written by Tom Clancy. It focuses on John Clark, Ding Chavez, and a fictional multi-national counterterrorist unit codenamed Rainbow, rather than Jack Ryan and national politics. The novel was inspired in part by the early stages of the game of the same name, and the game and novel were written largely at the same time. However, the game had to be completed first, therefore the novel features a different ending. Image File history File links TomClancy_RainbowSix. ... Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Ryaniverse is fandom jargon for the fictional universe centered on Tom Clancys characters Jack Ryan, John Clark and the other characters associated with him in Clancys series of popular novels. ... Thriller is a broad genre of literature, film, and television. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... G. P. Putnams Sons was a major United States book publisher based in New York City, New York. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Executive Orders is a political and military thriller novel by Tom Clancy. ... The Bear and the Dragon is a political thriller novel by Tom Clancy featuring Jack Ryan. ... Techno-thrillers are a hybrid genre, drawing subject matter generally from spy thrillers, war novels, and science fiction. ... Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. ... John Terrence Clark (former name John Terrence Kelly) is a fictional character created by Tom Clancy who appears in many of Clancys novels. ... Domingo Chavez, better known as Ding Chavez, is a fictional character invented by Tom Clancy and appearing in many of his novels. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... The name Jack Ryan can refer to: Jack Ryan (Senate candidate), former candidate for U.S. Senate from Illinois and ex-husband of actress Jeri Ryan Jack Ryan (designer) created the Barbie doll. ... For information on the series see Rainbow Six Rainbow Six is the first in a series of first-person shooters computer and video games. ...

Several NATO countries have collectively organized an elite counterterrorist unit, composed of the best soldiers from the militaries of several nations, named Rainbow. Based in Hereford, England (real-life home of the 22nd SAS Regiment), the team is led by John Clark (who had the idea for Rainbow), a recurring character in Clancy's novels. Rainbow is "blacker than black", its American funding directed through the Department of the Interior by Capitol Hill, then through The Pentagon's Office of Special Projects, with no connection whatsoever to the Intelligence Community. Fewer than a hundred people in Washington, D.C. know that Rainbow exists. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... (This article is about Hereford in England. ... The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army, and arguably the most well trained special forces unit in current existence. ... A recurring character is a fictional character, usually in a prime time TV series, who is not a main character, but appears from time to time during the series run. ... The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally-owned land. ... Capitol Hill is the name of a district in the following cities: Capitol Hill, Denver, Colorado Capitol Hill, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Capitol Hill, Seattle, Washington Capitol Hill, Washington, DC It is also a common nickname for the United States Congress and the politicians who serve it (e. ... This article is about the U.S. military building. ... The Intelligence Community of the United States is an organization of several executive branch agencies within the federal government that are responsible for foreign and domestic intelligence, military planning, and espionage. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D...



"Rainbow Six" refers to John Clark, the leader of Rainbow. In military jargon, "six" refers to the commander.

The memo

The following is a transcript of the original memo written by John Clark that led to Rainbow's creation: A memorandum is an informal, or recorded, form of communication, usually used by businesses from executives to employees. ...

There is good news and there is bad news. With the demise of the Soviet Union and other nation states with political positions adverse to American and Western interests, the likelihood of a major international confrontation is at an all-time low. This, clearly, is the best of good news.
But along with that we must face the fact that there remain many experienced and trained international terrorists still roaming the world, some with lingering contacts with national intelligence agencies - plus the fact that some nations, while not desirous of a direct confrontation with American or other Western nations, could still make use of the remaining terrorist "free agents" for more narrow political goals.
If anything, this problem is very likely to grow, since under the previous world situation, the major nation states placed firm limits on terrorist activity-these limits enforced by controlled access to weapons, funding, training, and safehavens.
It seems likely that the current world situation will invert the previous "understanding" enjoyed by the major countries. The price of support, weapons, training, and safehavens might well become actual terrorist activity, not the ideological purity previously demanded by sponsoring nation states.
The most obvious solution to this-probably-increasing problem will be a new multinational counterterrorist team.
I propose the code name Rainbow. I further propose that the organization be based in the United Kingdom. The reasons for this are simple:
* The UK currently, owns and operates the Special Air Service, the world's foremost—that is, most experienced—special operations agency.
* London is the world's most accessible city in terms of commercial air travel-in addition to which the SAS has a very cordial relationship with British Airways.
* The legal environment is particularly advantageous, due to press restrictions possible under British law but not American.
* The long-standing "special relationship" between American and British governmental agencies.
For all of these reasons, the proposed special-operations team, composed of U.S., UK, and selected NATO personnel, with full support from national intelligence services, coordinated at site...

The term Western world or the West (also on rare occasions called the Occident) can have multiple meanings depending on its context (i. ... The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army, and arguably the most well trained special forces unit in current existence. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Prime Minister Winston Churchill, (left) with President Franklin Roosevelt, at the 1945 Yalta Conference. ...

Plot summary

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

In a prelude to the story, Clark, Ding Chavez, and Alistair Stanley (a former SAS operative and second-in-command of Rainbow after Clark) are on a plane bound for England. They foil an attempted highjack of the plane by rather amateurish Basque separatists. Immediately after the plane lands, the three have to leave before the media arrive, so as to avoid losing the secrecy with which the operation was set up. Languages Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religions Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: Euskaldunak) are an indigenous people[] who inhabit parts of both Spain and France. ... Political separatism is a movement to obtain sovereignty and split a territory or group of people (usually a people with a distinctive national consciousness) from one another (or one nation from another; a colony from the metropolis). ...

A rather long section of the book describes the extreme training that Rainbow personnel go through, building a highly effective and cohesive pair of squad-sized operational units. Soon, a bank in Bern, Switzerland is taken over by would-be robbers lead by wanted terrorist Ernst Model. They have taken hostages and already executed one of them. A Rainbow team is deployed to the scene, and after a short standoff, is able to successfully breach the bank and kill the terrorists with no further loss of hostage lives. Location within Switzerland The city of Berne (German   , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna , Bernese German Bärn ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland and the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... A hostage is a person (sometimes another entity) which is held by a captor (often a criminal abductor) in order to compel another party (relative, employer, government. ...

Later cover art for Rainbow Six
Later cover art for Rainbow Six

Shortly after this incident, Rainbow is again deployed, this time to Austria, where two wanted German terrorists, husband and wife duo Hans Fürchtner and Petra Dortmund, had attempted to kidnap wealthy Austrian businessman Erwin Ostermann. While en route to a helicopter to make their getaway, the Rainbow teams are able to ambush and kill them. Image File history File links Tom_Clancy_-_Rainbow_Six_cover. ... Image File history File links Tom_Clancy_-_Rainbow_Six_cover. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ...

In a third incident, in Spain, terrorists take over WorldPark, a fictional amusement park. The terrorists take around thirty children hostage, and demand the release of Carlos the Jackal. Rainbow is again deployed. In an attempt to force the terrorists to surrender, John Clark orders the power to be cut. In retaliation, the terrorists execute a hostage—a terminally ill Dutch girl. The Rainbow team manages to eliminate all of the terrorists without further loss of life. (WorldPark may be a reference to PortAventura, a theme park located in Salou, Catalonia, Spain.) Ilich Ramírez Sánchez (born October 12, 1949) is a Venezuelan-born terrorist and mercenary. ... Terminal illness is a medical term popularized in the 20th century for an active and progressive disease which cannot be cured and is expected to lead to death and or death due to symptoms of disease. ... PortAventura is a theme park in the holiday resort of Salou, Catalonia, Spain, on the Costa Dorada (Gold Coast). It is 1 hour from Barcelona and has 2 airports within 30 minutes of it. ... Location of Salou The waterfront of the seaside resort, Salou The Torre Vella defence tower, Salou Salou (Greek Salauris) is a seaside resort and tourist center in Catalonia, about 10 km from Tarragona on the Costa Dorada, Spain. ... Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan, Spanish and Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ...

The surprising pace of terrorist incidents leads Clark to be suspicious; also, the terrorists involved in each incident are typically older, inactive terrorists not seen in many years. Later, Clark discovers that a retired KGB officer, Col. Dmitriy Popov, has been investigating Rainbow, but not soon enough to prevent Popov from having "cased" Rainbow once he figured out who they are. Note: This article is about the KGB of the USSR. KGB is also the official title of the Belarusian intelligence services. ...

The cause of the sudden outbreak of terrorism is radical eco-terrorists, who are coincidentally owners of a large and successful biotechnology firm. They engineer a modified version of the Ebola virus, nicknamed "Shiva"; they also engineer a vaccine for themselves. Their plan is to infect the air conditioning system at the Sydney Olympics, spreading the disease across the world when the infected attendees return home. They will then use their firm to distribute further quantities of the disease, disguised as a vaccine, to nearly every person in the world, killing everyone but their selected few, who will rebuild the world in a scientifically and environmentally friendly way. They've hired the ex-KGB officer investigating Rainbow, and instructed him to foment the terrorist incidents Rainbow has so adroitly handled, to increase awareness of terrorism in order to get a security contract for the Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia. The term eco-terrorism is a neologism used to describe threats and/or acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Ebola is the common term for a group of viruses belonging to genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, which cause Ebola hemorrhagic fever. ... “Nilakantha” redirects here. ... A vaccine is an antigenic preparation used to establish immunity to a disease. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ...

Later, Popov contracts members of the PIRA to ambush Rainbow on their home territory, to remove them from the equation of their impending attack. The ambush is successful, crippling Rainbow, leaving the way open for the deployment of Shiva at the Olympics. A Republican mural in Belfast depicting the hunger strikes of 1981. ...

As a reward, Popov is taken into the eco-terrorists' project, but when he learns of their plans, Popov has a crisis of conscience. He kills a survivalist in the movement named Foster, flees to New York and contacts John Clark directly to stop the plan. Fortunately, Ding Chavez and a few other members of Rainbow are onsite at the Sydney Olympics as security consultants, and are in place to stop the person who was going to infect the stadium's cooling system.

Having failed to destroy civilization with their plague, the eco-terrorists retreat to their refuge in the Brazilian rainforest, which they planned to do anyway, hoping to negotiate a deal to return to the U.S. in a few years. Clark is rather bitter about the fact that these people will likely be able to return to power in a few years because of the utter fairness of the constitution and law, and so decides to take the law into his own hands. Rainbow, under John Clark's leadership, deploys to the rainforest, first killing the terrorists' numerically superior but much less competent militia force, then blowing up the facility and stripping them of all of civilization's aids, including their clothes. The possibility that any of them may return is bleak, as Chavez wryly points out that even with all his equipment and training (Ranger School, among others), he himself would have a tough time surviving in such an environment. This article is about the rainforest in general. ... The United States Army Ranger School is an intense nine-week long combat leadership course, conducted in three three-week phases - at Fort Benning, Georgia, U.S.A., (the woodland terrain, Benning Phase), at Camp Rogers and Camp Darby, Georgia, (the Mountain Phase) at Dahlonega Georgia, and Florida Phase at...

In the epilogue, the Horizon Corporation is said to have suffered a major blow with the mysterious loss of its chairman, but was rebounding with a new drug to combat heart attacks, Kardiklear. Popov is living on an ranch in Montana, which he bought from the Foster estate; just before he killed him, Foster told Popov that he'd discovered gold on his Montana property but it hadn't meant anything to him in view of the future he was embarking on. Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked...

Spoilers end here.

Literary significance and criticism

The novel has been criticized (as evidenced by readers' reviews on Amazon.com) for a narrow view and a number of implausible plot devices. The most common complaint is the infallibility of Rainbow members and the lack of complexity in their characters. International fans were dismayed at stereotypes, such as the British and Australian use of "chaps". Amazon. ...

However, the book does have elements that have been seen in real life. The book's premise of a specialized task force consisting of members of several different branches of military created to deal with terrorists is one that was used by the coalition forces in Iraq, i.e., Task Force 145. There are also many principles of hostage stituation tactics and strategies that are employed by police and SWAT forces. Task Force 145 is a U.S. military special forces group specifically charged with hunting down al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and, prior to his death on June 7, 2006, Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. ...

The rather mystical device that is used by the Rainbows to detect life through walls (and later, jungle) is an extrapolation on the DKL Lifeguard, a hand-held device marketed by DKL (www.dklabs.com) with those same claimed abilities. After the initial ballyhoo surrounding the announcement of such a device and its ramifications for all sorts of activities, United States Department of Energy interest in personnel rescue caused the device to be tested by the DOE's Scandia National Labs in New Mexico, with results skeptically reported on James Randi's website. [1] In an LA Times article [2], Clancy admitted, "It's possible I have been conned..." The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ... James Randi (born August 7, 1928), stage name The Amazing Randi, is a stage magician and scientific skeptic best known as a debunker of pseudoscience. ...

Regardless of criticism, the novel has sold millions of copies around the world.

Factual inaccuracies

There are a number of factual inaccuracies in the book, most of them relating to the military

  • A Canadian airport was referred to as the RCAF Gander. Since the RCAF ceased to exist in 1968 with the unification of the Canadian Forces any base at Gander would be prefaced by CFB (Canadian Forces Base).
  • Clancy refers to the Heckler & Koch MP5/10(MP510A2)submachine gun as the Heckler & Koch MP-10, when it actually is just a MP5 using 10mm ammunition.
  • Eddie Price is referred to as a former Colour Sergeant, and spot promoted to Sergeant Major. The SAS does not have Colour Sergeants, but Staff Sergeants, and there is no rank of Sergeant Major - it is an appointment, with the rank normally being that of a Warrant Officer.
  • There is no such thing as an "NCO Club" in the British Army. All ranks are members of one of three messes: Officers Mess (for commissioned officers), Sergeants Mess (for sergants and warrant officers), and Junior Ranks Mess (for junior ranks). An officer entering another mess (such as the Sergeants Mess) is highly irregular and requires permission, although the SAS tend to waive such barriers.
  • Dave Woods is referred to as a Colour Sergeant in the Royal Military Police, which is a rank that they do not use; he would instead be a Staff Sergeant.
  • There is a scene set in a pub in which a footbal game between Manchester United and Glasgow Rangers is shown on the television. At the time of the book's setting, these two teams had never played each other, due to their being in different leagues. Furthermore, the barman describes the result as a 'tie' whereas a British person would almost certainly use the word 'draw'.

The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... A Canadian Forces Base or CFB (fr. ... Heckler & Koch G41 Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) (pronounced [1]) is a German weapons manufacturing company famous for various series of small firearms, notably the MP5 submachine gun, the MP7 personal defense weapon, USP series of handguns, high-precision PSG1 sniper rifle, and the G3 and G36 assault rifles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Heckler & Koch MP5. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Colour Sergeant (CSgt or C/Sgt) is an non-commissioned rank in the Royal Marines, ranking above Sergeant and below Warrant Officer Class 2. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... Colour Sergeant (CSgt or C/Sgt) is an non-commissioned rank in the Royal Marines, ranking above Sergeant and below Warrant Officer Class 2. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers. ... For other uses, see Mess (disambiguation). ... Colour Sergeant (CSgt or C/Sgt) is an non-commissioned rank in the Royal Marines, ranking above Sergeant and below Warrant Officer Class 2. ... The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the branch of the British Army responsible for the policing of service personnel and providing a military police presence on service property, operations and exercises. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ... Manchester Uniteds emblem Manchester United F.C. (often abbreviated to Man United or just Man U, pronounced man-yoo) is an English football club based at Old Trafford in Greater Manchester. ... Rangers Football Club is among the worlds most successful football clubs. ...

External links

  • Below the topmost article on the page
  • Text of an article about the DKL LifeGuard

Release Details

  • 1998, USA, G P Putnam's Sons ISBN 0-399-14390-4, Pub date ? August 1998, hardcover
  • 1998, UK, Michael Joseph Ltd ISBN 0-7181-4336-1, Pub date 27 August 1998, hardback
  • 1998, USA, Putnam Pub Group ISBN 0-399-14413-7, Pub date ? August 1998, hardcover (Limited Edition)
  • 1998, USA, Demco Media ISBN 0-606-17207-6, Pub date ? September 1998, unbound
  • 1998, USA, Random House ISBN 0-375-70324-1, August 1998, paperback (Large Type Edition)
  • 1999, USA, Berkley Pub Group ISBN 0-425-17005-5, Pub date ? September 1999, paperback
  • 1999, USA, Berkley Publishing Group ISBN 0-425-17034-9, pub date September 1999, mass market paperback
Books by Tom Clancy

1980s: The Hunt for Red October | Red Storm Rising | Patriot Games | The Cardinal of the Kremlin | Clear and Present Danger
1990s: The Sum of All Fears | Without Remorse | Debt of Honor | Executive Orders | SSN | Rainbow Six
2000s: The Bear and the Dragon | Red Rabbit | The Teeth of the Tiger
Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. ... The Hunt for Red October is Tom Clancys first novel, published in 1984. ... Red Storm Rising is a 1986 techno-thriller novel by Tom Clancy and Larry Bond about a Third World War in Europe between NATO and Warsaw Pact forces, set around the mid-1980s, probably in 1986 or 1987. ... Patriot Games (1987) is a book by Tom Clancy. ... The Cardinal of the Kremlin is a novel by Tom Clancy, featuring his character Jack Ryan. ... Clear and present danger is a term used in the case Schenck v. ... The Sum of All Fears is a best-selling thriller novel by Tom Clancy, and part of the Jack Ryan series. ... Without Remorse is a novel by Tom Clancy set in 1971, in the middle of the Vietnam War. ... Debt of Honor (1994) is a novel by Tom Clancy. ... Executive Orders is a political and military thriller novel by Tom Clancy. ... SSN (1996) is a novel by Tom Clancy following the missions of the US Navy nuclear attack submarine (SSN) USS Cheyenne during a fictional war with China over the Spratly Islands. ... The Bear and the Dragon is a political thriller novel by Tom Clancy featuring Jack Ryan. ... Red Rabbit (2002) is a novel by Tom Clancy. ... The Teeth of the Tiger is a 2003 techno-thriller novel by Tom Clancy. ...

1990s: Submarine | Armored Cav | Fighter Wing | Marine | Into the Storm | Airborne | Carrier | Every Man a Tiger
2000s: Special Forces | Shadow Warriors | Battle Ready
Marine is a 1996 book written by Tom Clancy about the inner workings of a Marine Expeditionary Unit. ... Every Man a Tiger is Tom Clancys second book in his study of command series. ... Shadow Warriors Inside the Special Forces a non-fiction book written by Tom Clancy with help from General Carl Stiner (Ret. ...



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