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Encyclopedia > Raetian
Raetic
Spoken in: Ancient Raetia 
Region: Eastern Alps
Language extinction: 3rd century
Language family: Tyrrhenian
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: und
ISO 639-3: xrr
Languages in Iron Age Italy, 6th century BC

Raetic or Rhaetic is a largely obscure language of antiquity, which used to be spoken in the province of Raetia, in the Eastern Alps, to the north and west of Venetic. It is sparsely attested, in inscriptions in various northern developments of the Etruscan alphabet, leaving room for much speculation on its ancestry. For a research history see Schumacher (1992) and Schumacher (1992) and Morandi (1999) for editions of the inscriptions. All recent authorities have stressed a connection with Etruscan (Rix 1998, Schumacher 1998). The Roman Empire ca. ... Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the Alps, usually defined as the area east of the Splügen Pass in eastern Switzerland. ... An extinct language (also called a dead language) is a language which no longer has any native speakers. ... // Overview Events 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men 212-216: Baths of Caracalla 230-232: Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east 235-284: Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire 250-538: Kofun era, the first... Current distribution of Human Language Families A language family is a group of related languages said to have descended from a common proto-language. ... A close relationship of the Etruscan language and the Rhaetic language has been established by Rix (1998), who together with the Lemnian language classifies them as Tyrsenian (Tyrsenisch, also Tyrrhenian), after the Tyrrhenoi. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone meaning sound, voice) is the study of the sounds of human speech. ... Unicode is an industry standard designed to allow text and symbols from all of the writing systems of the world to be consistently represented and manipulated by computers. ... Image File history File links Iron_Age_Italy. ... Image File history File links Iron_Age_Italy. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the Alps, usually defined as the area east of the Splügen Pass in eastern Switzerland. ... Venetic is an extinct Indo-European language that was spoken in ancient times in the Veneto region of Italy, between the Po River delta and the southern fringe of the Alps. ... Old Italic refers to a number of related historical alphabets used on the Italian peninsula which were used for some non-Indo-European languages (Etruscan and probably North Picene), various Indo-European languages belonging to the Italic branch (Faliscan and members of the Sabellian group, including Oscan, Umbrian, and South... Languages in Iron Age Italy, 6th century BC Etruscan was a language spoken and written in the ancient region of Etruria (current Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of what are now Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna (where the Etruscans were displaced by Gauls), in Italy. ...


In his Natural History (1st century AD), Pliny wrote about Alpine peoples: Naturalis Historia Pliny the Elders Natural History is an encyclopedia written by Pliny the Elder. ... The 1st century was that century which lasted from 1 to 100 according the Gregorian calendar. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ...

adjoining these (the Noricans) are the Raeti and Vindelici. All are divided into a number of states.[1] The Raeti are believed to be people of Tuscan race[2] driven out by the Gauls; their leader was named Raetus.[3]

Based on this information and Raetian inscriptions it is clear that Raetic is related to Etruscan. Raetic became extinct by the 3rd century, after the speakers were assimilated and adopted Latin (in south) and German (in north). Many inscriptions are known, but most of them are only fairly repetitive and short, probably mostly votive texts. The name of the Venetic goddess Reitia has commonly been discerned in the Raetic finds, but the two names do not seem to be linked. Noricum in ancient geography was a celtic kingdom in Austria and later a province of the Roman Empire. ... Raetia as province of the Roman Empire, ca. ... In ancient geography, Vindelicia is a country bounded on the south by Raetia, on the north by the Danube and the Vallum Hadriani, on the east by the Oenus (Inn), on the west by the territory of the Helvetii. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given, in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... // Overview Events 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men 212-216: Baths of Caracalla 230-232: Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east 235-284: Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire 250-538: Kofun era, the first... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


References

  • Morandi, Alessandro. (1999). Il cippo di Castelciès nell’epigrafia retica (Studia archaeologica, 103). Rome: Bretschneider
  • Prosdocimi, Aldo L. (2003-4). 'Sulla formazione dell'alfabeto runico.Promessa di novità documentali forse decisive'. Archivio per l'Alto Adige 97-98.427-440
  • Rix, Helmut. (1998). Rätisch und Etruskisch (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft; Vorträge und kleinere Schriften, 68). Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck.
  • Schumacher, Stefan. (1992). Die rätischen Inschriften. Geschichte und heutiger Stand der Forschung (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft; Sonderheft, 79). Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, 2nd ed. 2004.
  • Schumacher, Stefan. (1998). 'Sprachliche Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen Rätisch und Etruskisch'. Der Schlern 72.90-114.

External links

  • Raetic inscriptions Adolfo Zavaroni.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Raetia - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (727 words)
Little is known of the origin or history of the Raetians, who appear in the records as one of the most powerful and warlike of the Alpine tribes.
The Raetians are first mentioned (but only incidentally) by Polybius (Histories xxxiv.
Some of the valleys, however, were rich and fertile, and produced corn and wine, the latter considered equal to any in Italia.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Raetian language (195 words)
Raetian was a language spoken in ancient times by the tribes of the Raetians in the areas around the Alps (in Switzerland, Austria, North-Eastern Italy and Southern Germany).
Raetian became extinct by the 3rd century, after the speakers were assimilated and adopted Latin (in south) and German (in north).
An early theory said that Raetian was an intermediary language between Celtic languages (in East) and Illyrian language (in the west), however evidence showed some linguistic afinities with Etruscan, a Pre-Indo-European language which used to be spoken to the south, in Italy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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